Competition Policies and Consumer Welfare
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Competition Policies and Consumer Welfare

Edited by Lahcen Achy and Susan Joekes

The fundamental goal of competition law is to support productivity and innovativeness; in fact, the short-term effect of enforcement actions is often a reduction in product prices. This book reports the findings of consumer market studies into a range of goods and services in developing countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. It finds a pervasive lack of competition in those markets, which not only reduces the standard of living of consumers, including poor and vulnerable groups, but also softens the incentives on firms to improve the efficiency of their operations and the quality of their products
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Chapter 8: International money transfer services in Uzbekistan

Golib Kholjigitov


One of the main competition issues in the distribution sector is that dominant companies may use restrictive practices to protect their market position, including through vertical agreements with their agents. This chapter examines this topic in the market for international money transfer services (remittance payments) in Uzbekistan. It is based on research done by the research arm (the Antimonopoly Policy Improvement Center, APIC) of the national competition authority (the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Demonopolization, Support of Competition and Entrepreneurship). Ancillary studies and field surveys were commissioned from academic and commercial researchers in Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan had a population of approximately 26 million people in the mid-2000s, at the time that this research was carried out. In population terms it is the third largest country, after Russia and Ukraine, of the 11 countries of the former Soviet Union that now constitute the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). In income terms, however, it is one of the poorest, with GDP per capita about a quarter of the level of Russia in 2005. Only Moldova, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan had lower income levels at that time.

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