Handbook on Ethnic Minorities in China
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Handbook on Ethnic Minorities in China

Edited by Xiaowei Zang

This much-needed volume explains who ethnic minorities are and how well do they do in China. In addition to offering general information about ethnic minority groups in China, it discusses some important issues around ethnicity, including ethnic inequality, minority rights, and multiculturalism. Drawing on insights and perspectives from scholars in different continents the contributions provide critical reflections on where the field has been and where it is going, offering readers possible directions for future research on minority ethnicity in China. The Handbook reviews research and addresses key conceptual, theoretical and methodological issues in the study of ethnicity in China.
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Chapter 9: The state of research on urban Chinese ethnicity: urban Mongols

William Jankowiak and B Shurentana

Abstract

In chapter 9, William Jankowiak and B Shurentana provide an overview of themes and trends in the study of ethnicity in urban China. First, because minority research has been primarily conducted among rural ethnic groups, there are few studies of urban ethnic populations. To date, most research has focused on the relationship between cultural assumptions and how state policies have shaped who is and who is not a minority. With a few notable exceptions, it was not until the twentieth-first century that some of China’s 55 official urban minorities’ (e.g., Hui, Uyghur, Mongol, Tibetan, Sebei, Halka) family life were studied. Jankowiak and Shurentana summarize research on China’s urban ethnicity along with an ethnographic overview of Mongolian life in Hohhot, capital of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR), as a way to illustrate how the urbanization process has reconfigured what it means to be a member of an ethnic minority group in Chinese society.

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