Challenges for Transport and Public Services
Edited by Karst T. Geurs, Roberto Patuelli and Tomaz Ponce Dentinho
Chapter 5: Ensuring accessibility to daily activities for different population segments with respect to sharp increases in mobility costs
The share of the household budget being spent on mobility is rising dramatically (Büttner et al. 2013). While residential costs can be estimated both easily and accurately, mobility costs and travel times are often underestimated or even ignored in household location decisions (see Büttner et al. 2012). This disconnect between mobility costs and household location decisions severely impacts upon the budgets of many households in Germany’s Munich region. This chapter aims to analyse how changes in mobility constraints – due to the influence of rising mobility costs on household budgets – can impact upon daily activity schedules, mobility behaviour, and residential and activity locations. By applying prospective shocks to mobility costs, the research seeks to explore and evaluate the resilience of different households to such shocks (that is, the ability of a household to absorb mobility cost stresses without changing its fundamental structure).
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