Edited by Kleio Akrivou and Alejo José G Sison
Chapter 11: Two kinds of human integrity: towards the ethics of the inter-processual self
AbstractThroughout the history of philosophy and psychology, a search has been made to find common origins that demonstrate how the self and human action and human growth are understood. This research finds that different authors – in philosophy and psychology – form two distinct and contrasting conceptions of a virtuous self and human integrity. One is an autonomous understanding of the self as primarily a rationalist subject and agent, with a relevant conception of integrity as autonomous, principled will. The second is a more relational–systemic and processual understanding of self and agency. This is presented as an inter-processual self (IPS). It is premised on the systemic balancing of three fundamentals of being human: the self as part of nature; the self as subject-agent; and the self as a person. Congruently two contrasting ways of understanding and presenting the self and development ensue in modern life. It is argued that these two conceptions of the self and integrity offer two incommensurable moral psychologies. A critique of the autonomous understanding of the self, human action and human integrity is found to be limited and lacking balance. The authors argue for a moral psychology premised on an IPS and its resulting conception of human integrity and human growth as congruent with the premises of virtue ethics. It is suggested that this moral psychology can ensure a gradual process whereby human beings collaboratively generate shared action pathways for the common good.
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