The Prevalence of Informal Work and Labour
Compared with the voluminous academic literature on measuring and explaining the shadow economy and shadow labour force, much less has been written on how to tackle this realm. Given that the major reason for measuring and explaining the shadow economy and shadow labour force is so that it can be tackled, this major gap in the literature needs to be filled. Part IV of this book seeks to do so. To achieve this, this chapter begins by providing an analytical framework for understanding the current policy approaches that are available and used across the world to tackle the shadow economy and shadow labour force. To commence this analysis of the policy approaches, it is necessary to recognize that until very recently, governments have largely sought to tackle the shadow economy and shadow labour force by seeking to repress this sphere. Today, however, a growing number of governments are no longer seeking to eradicate the shadow economy and shadow labour force. Rather, there has been growing recognition across governments that they are seeking to move the shadow economy and shadow labour into the formal economy (Dekker et al., 2010; European Commission, 2007a; ILO, 2015; Small Business Council, 2004, Williams, 2006a; Williams and Nadin, 2012a, 2012b, 2013, 2014; Williams and Renooy, 2013). The rationale for this shift is several-fold.
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