The Prevalence of Informal Work and Labour
In this concluding chapter, we synthesize the lessons learned so as to draw some conclusions on the way forward for the study of the shadow economy and shadow labour. These lessons relate to not only how the shadow economy and shadow labour is measured but also the size and character of this realm as well as how it can be explained and tackled. To synthesize what has been found, first, we review the findings regarding the measurement methods used to evaluate the extent and nature of the shadow economy and shadow labour. With this understanding in hand, the second section then turns to drawing some concluding comments about the size and character of the shadow economy when the indirect MIMIC method is used, followed in the third section by some conclusions about the size and nature of the global shadow labour force using the survey method. Revealing that both the direct and indirect measurement methods highlight how there is a close relationship between the size and character of the shadow economy and shadow labour force, and various country-level economic and social conditions, we then turn our attention in the fourth section to how to tackle the shadow economy and shadow labour force.
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