Aquaculture Law and Policy
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Aquaculture Law and Policy

Global, Regional and National Perspectives

Edited by Nigel Bankes, Irene Dahl and David L. VanderZwaag

With aquaculture operations fast expanding around the world, the adequacy of aquaculture-related laws and policies has become a hot topic. This much-needed book provides a three-part guide to the complex regulatory landscape. The expert contributors first review the international legal dimensions, including chapters on law of the sea, trade, and access and benefit sharing. Part Two offers regional perspectives, discussing the EU and regional fisheries management organizations. The final part contains eleven case studies exploring how leading aquaculture producing countries have been putting sustainability principles into practice.
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Chapter 19: Conclusion: a summary of common themes

Nigel Bankes, Irene Dahl and David L VanderZwaag


As demonstrated in the various chapters of this volume, the law and policy frameworks governing aquaculture are exceedingly complex. A tangled array of international guidelines and codes of practice for aquaculture have emerged, especially under the auspices of the FAO, along with numerous multilateral agreements, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, emphasizing the needs to protect and wisely use coastal and marine environments. In an increasingly globalized world, issues of international trade and access and benefit sharing of aquatic genetic resource are becoming more prevalent. Legal and policy directions also flow from the regional level, for example from regional fisheries management organizations and bodies and the European Union. National legal systems add a further layer of complexity with aquaculture activities often subject to a plethora of laws and multiple agencies. A reality standing out in all the national case studies is the constantly changing law and policy seascapes. Many countries still struggle along without specifically tailored aquaculture legislation and continue to rely on an array of relevant legislation such as fisheries acts, land use laws and general environmental protection statutes. As described by one writer, countries seem to be stuck with designing the aquaculture law and policy boat while sailing it.

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