Chapter III: Conclusion
The conclusion of treaties differs according to the number of States participating. There are few rules as to the adoption of bilateral treaties. States may conduct their negotiations through all the channels they see fit. It can even happen that an agreement is concluded by a simple phone call between foreign ministers, as apparently occurred on the question of the bridge over the Great Belt between Finland and Denmark. In other words, the two States concerned may negotiate in whatever setting they prefer and then adopt, sign and sometimes ratify the treaty in one single act. The position is different in the case of adoption of treaties under the auspices of international organizations (for example, the International Labour Organization) or in conferences convened by international organizations (for example, the Kyoto Conference of 1997). The sheer number of States participating in such events requires a specific procedure to be followed. We will now go through the main stages of the conclusion of a multilateral treaty making, where appropriate, references to what usually happens in the case of bilateral commitments. The first stage is that of the negotiation. The conference or the meeting will be called by a secretariat set up by the States concerned (for example, the Rome Conference on the International Criminal Court (ICC)) or by the organization concerned (for example the UN). The rules of procedure for that conference will have to be agreed.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.