Edited by Sam Fankhauser and Thomas K.J. McDermott
Chapter 9: Climate-resilient development in agrarian economies
Mintewab Bezabih, Stefania Lovo, Gregor Singer and Courtney McLaren 9.1 INTRODUCTION The negative impacts of climate change are arguably most felt by the predominantly agrarian and rain- economies of many developing fed countries (Kurukulasuriya et al., 2006; Dinar et al., 2012). It is such vulnerability that has underscored the importance of mechanisms that enhance the agricultural sector’s capacity to cope better with the adverse impacts of climate change (Maddison, 2007; Bryan et al., 2011). Climate change poses an additional challenge to the mainstay agricultural sector, which is already faced with resource degradation, caused by heavy dependence on natural resources and agricultural stagnation, forming a nexus of deepening poverty and further dependence on ecologic ally fragile environments (Mellor, 1988; Dasgupta and Mäler, 1994; Berry et al., 2003). The need for substantial increases in food production to meet the demands of a growing population adds further pressure for growth in the agricultural sector (Berry et al., 2003; New Climate Economy, 2014). Improved climate resilience is required such that adaptive capacity is built in a manner that is compatible with the needs of the agricultural sector to meet increasing demand and to replenish the natural resource base. Indeed, in the case of the more severe states of nature of climate change, modifying existing agricultural practice will be insufficient and instead an integrated approach addressing the aforementioned challenges is emphasized (Howden et al., 2007). Accordingly, climate- esilient r development is focused on integrating consideration of climate impacts in development strategies, such that climate...
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