The Economics of Climate-Resilient Development
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The Economics of Climate-Resilient Development

Edited by Sam Fankhauser and Thomas K.J. McDermott

Some climate change is now inevitable and strategies to adapt to these changes are quickly developing. The question is particularly paramount for low-income countries, which are likely to be most affected. This timely and unique book takes an integrated look at the twin challenges of climate change and development. The book treats adaptation to climate change as an issue of climate-resilient development, rather than as a bespoke set of activities (flood defences, drought plans, and so on), combining climate and development challenges into a single strategy. It asks how the standard approaches to development need to change, and what socio-economic trends and urbanisation mean for the vulnerability of developing countries to climate risks. Combining conceptual thinking with practical policy prescriptions and experience the contributors argue that, to address these questions, climate risk has to be embedded fully into wider development strategies
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Chapter 11: Migration and climate-resilient development

Maria Waldinger


Maria Waldinger 11.1 INTRODUCTION Most strategies for climate resilience focus on in situ adaptation. That is, measures are put in place to enable people and economic activities to remain in their original location (Castells- uintana et al., Chapter 4, this Q volume). In this scenario, migration is seen as a failure in adaptation, as a last- esort response when all else has failed. Such involuntary migration is r associated with high economic, social and psychological costs. However, moving away from hazard zones in a planned and proactive way can also be an adaptation tool. In some cases it may be the most effective way of remaining climate resilient. Migration has been a frequent and often effective response to climate variability and change in the past. However, the motivations to migrate are complex. The effect of climate on migration decisions also depends crucially on socio- conomic, political and institutional conditions. These e conditions affect vulnerability to climate risks and hence how important climate is in determining migration decisions. People migrate for many reasons – economic, political or social. An economic migrant leaves his or her place of residence primarily in order to improve living standards and quality of life or to take up employment outside their original location. A political migrant migrates to locations of more political freedom, for example, where freedom of speech is guaranteed. Social causes for migration include migration for marriage or family reunion. Environmental migration is migration with the prime motive to move from environmentally poor to environmentally...

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