Migration, Citizenship and Identity
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Migration, Citizenship and Identity

Selected Essays

Stephen Castles

Stephen Castles provides a deeper understanding of recent ‘migration crises’ in this fascinating and highly topical work. The book links theory and methodology to real-world migration experiences, with a truly global perspective and in-depth analysis of the links between economics, migration and asylum and refugee issues.
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Chapter 15: Root Causes

Selected Essays

Stephen Castles and Nicholas Van Hear


Previous chapters have explored the governance of migration in relation to the forms and consequences of human mobility. At various times over the last forty years or so there have also been attempts to address the forces and factors which generate migration: these attempts have been cast as 'addressing the root causes of migration'. Since the causes of migration are diverse, and a matter of much debate, there is not an explicit set of governance policies and practices than can be said to address them, but rather a slew of approaches that have shifted over time and according to circumstances. We review some of the main approaches to 'root causes' in this chapter.

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