New Models of Participation and Expertise in the United States and Europe
Edited by Thierry Delpeuch and Jacqueline E. Ross
Chapter 3: The joint production of intelligence in local security partnerships: French initiatives in local risk management
Since the late 1980s, French studies have identified major trends in local security management, particularly the increasing decentralization of public institutions active in the field of security through greater delegation of security powers to mayors, city councils, regional township associations and local security partnerships and through efforts to expand the range of preventive responses to an increasingly differentiated set of concerns about crime and social dysfunction (see Delpeuch 2005; Roché 2004, 2005; Mucchielli and Robert 2002; Froment et al. 2003; Mouhanna and Ferret 2005; Cartuyvels and Mary 1999; Le Goff 2008). An influential paradigm of ‘local security governance’ emphasizes the proliferation of specialized institutions at the municipal level and the importance of negotiating and coordinating solutions among a heterogeneous set of public and private actors (Maillard and Roché 2005). At the same time, however, relatively little attention has been paid to the role that the pursuit and analysis of intelligence plays in local security partnerships, that is, to the ways in which diverse local actors obtain and share information or use that information to diagnose and develop coherent approaches to the security concerns that bring them together. A notable exception to the dearth of scholarship in this area is the pioneering work of Dominique Monjardet, whose studies showed the extent to which police work requires street-level actors to adapt to local terrain, understand local conditions, and establish a close rapport with other institutional actors and with the local population (Monjardet 1996; Jobard 2000).
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