New Models of Participation and Expertise in the United States and Europe
Edited by Thierry Delpeuch and Jacqueline E. Ross
"Intelligence-led policing" is an emerging movement of efforts to develop a more democratic approach to the governance of intelligence by expanding the types of expertise and the range of participants who collaborate in the networked governance of intelligence. This book examines how the partnership paradigm has transformed the ways in which participants gather, analyze, and use intelligence about security problems ranging from petty nuisances and violent crime to urban riots, organized crime, and terrorism. It explores changes in the way police and other security professionals define and prioritize these concerns and how the expanding range of stakeholders and the growing repertoire of solutions has transformed both the expertise and the deliberative processes involved.
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Chapter 13: The role of trust in the exchange of police information in the European multilevel system
Information sharing among security agencies in the EU and beyond has rapidly grown in importance due to the development of information and communication technology and the reaction to security threats mostly related to new forms of terrorism that have emerged since the late 1990s. The paper shows that enhanced information sharing has produced tensions between security interests and data protection. The EU is trying to facilitate information sharing and to force police agencies to apply the principle of availability, establishing the rule that police agencies should share information with agencies from other EU Member States in the same way as with agencies from their own country. However, the paper shows that the strategy to force information sharing by legal rules does not sufficiently take into account the role of trust as a prerequisite for the effective exchange of police information.
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