A New Framework
Chapter 5: De facto secessions
This chapter analyzes situations of de facto secession—where a secessionist group secedes from its mother state and exercises effective control over its own territory, but where the international community, for a variety of reasons, refuses to acknowledge the existence of the secessionist entity as a new sovereign state. The chapter focuses on three situations: Northern Cyprus, Nagorno-Karabakh, and the so-called frozen conflicts in the former Soviet republics of Georgia (South Ossetia and Abkhazia). It analyzes, for each of these situations, whether the underlying reasons for the international community’s refusal to recognize these secessionist entities stem from law or politics, or a combination of both.
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