Spaces of Refugee Flight in the Eastern Mediterranean
Edited by Natalia Ribas-Mateos
Confronting questions of globalization, mobilities and space in the Mediterranean, and more specifically in the eastern Mediterranean, this book introduces a new type of complexity and ambiguity to the study of the global. In this theoretical frame an increasingly urban articulation of global logics and struggles, and an escalating use of urban space to make political claims, not only by citizens but also by foreigners, can be found. By emphasizing the interplay between global, regional and local phenomena, the book examines new forms and conditions, such as the transformation of borders, the reconfiguration of transnational communities, the agency of transnational families, new mobilities and diasporas, and transnational networks of humanitarian response.
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Chapter 4: The reconfiguration of Mediterranean migration routes after the war in Syria: narratives of the ‘Egyptian route’ to Italy (and beyond)
The context of Mediterranean migration routes to Europe has been partly modified by the Syrian diaspora and one of the consequences has been the reopening of the ‘Egyptian route’ to Italy. This chapter provides an analysis of the departure context determined by the socio-political changes that occurred in Egypt after 2011 and examines the main features of the Italian arrival context, which is characterized by an insufficient emergency-based reception system for refugees and unaccompanied minors. It also presents a sea-crossing ethnography by looking at the specific conditions affecting the Egyptian sea route to Italy, including the most important socio-political factors that have caused the Egyptian route to reopen, the main characteristics of the route and the primary features of the Italian reception system.
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