Financialisation and the Financial and Economic Crises
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Financialisation and the Financial and Economic Crises

Country Studies

Edited by Eckhard Hein, Daniel Detzer and Nina Dodig

The contributions to this book provide detailed accounts of the long-term effects of financialisation and cover the main developments leading up to and during the crisis in 11 selected countries: the US, the UK, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Germany, Sweden, Italy, France, Estonia, and Turkey. The introductory chapter presents the theoretical framework and synthesizes the main findings of the country studies. Furthermore, the macroeconomic effects of financialisation on the EU as a whole are analysed in the final chapter.
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Chapter 12: Financialisation and the financial and economic crises: the case of Turkey

Serdal Bahçe, Hasan Cömert, Nilgün Erdem, Elif Karaçimen, Ahmet Haşim Köse and Özgür Orhangazi


This study aims to evaluate the relationship between the real sector and the financial sector in the era of neoliberalism. To this end, we focus on the implications of financial developments for the main macroeconomic variables, including consumption, investment and income distribution. We also explore the impacts of the recent crisis on Turkish economy and the policies taken in response to the crisis. The overall findings of this report provide considerable support to four interrelated arguments. First, many well established properties of financialisation in advanced countries are not found in the Turkish case. Second, as opposed to domestically driven financialisation tendencies, financial flows, a part of global financialisation, have dominated important trends in the Turkish economy. Third, under the significant influence of financial flows, in general, the Turkish economy has shown a debt-led consumption boom type growth. Fourth, although the role of the export shock in explaining the impact of the recent crisis on the Turkish economy is very distinctive, the role of financial flows in the recent and especially previous crises are very important as well.

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