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A Political Economy of African Regionalisms

An Overview of Asymmetrical Development

Wil Hout and M. A.M. Salih

This book analyses the main factors influencing the political economy of Africa’s asymmetrical regionalism, focusing on regional and sub-regional trade, investment, movement of people, goods and services. It pays particular attention to the way in which regional and sub-regional dynamics are impacted by extra-regional relations, such with the EU, US, China and India. Because African regionalism is influenced not only by economic processes, peace and security are also analysed as important factors shaping both regional and sub-regional relations and dynamics.
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Abbreviations

Wil Hout and M. A.M. Salih

ACPAfrica, the Caribbean and Pacific
AECAfrican Economic Community
AfCFTAAfrican Continental Free Trade Area
AfCHPRAfrican Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights
AfDBAfrican Development Bank
AFISMAAfrican-led International Support Mission to Mali
AFRC/RUFArmed Forces Revolutionary Council/Revolutionary United Front
AFTAASEAN Free Trade Area
AGOAAfrican Growth and Opportunity Act
AMIBAfrican Union Mission in Burundi
AMISAfrican Union Mission in Sudan
AMISECAfrican Union Mission for Support to the Elections in Comoros
AMISOMAfrican Union Mission in Somalia
APECAsia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
APFAfrican Peace Facility
APRMAfrican Peer Review Mechanism
APSAAfrican Peace and Security Architecture
APSCAfrican Peace and Security Council
ARIIAfrican Regional Integration Index
ASA SummitAfrica‒South America Summit
ASEAN ASFAssociation of South East Asian Nations African Standby Force
AUAfrican Union
BIATAction Plan on Boosting Intra-African Trade
BMICEMaghreb Bank for Investment and Foreign Trade
BRICSBrazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
CAPCommon African Position
CEN-SADCommunity of Sahel-Saharan States
CETCommon External Tariff
CEWSContinental Early Warning System
CMACommon Monetary Area
COMESACommon Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
DACDevelopment Assistance Committee
DCdeveloping country
DRCDemocratic Republic of the Congo
EACEast African Community
ECCASEconomic Community of Central African States
ECOMOGEconomic Community of West African States Monitoring Group
ECOSOCEconomic and Social Commission
ECOWASEconomic Community of West African States
ECWASEconomic Commission for West African States
EECEuropean Economic Community
EPAEconomic Partnership Agreement
EUEuropean Union
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization
FDIforeign direct investment
FOCACForum on China‒Africa Cooperation
FOMUCForce multinationale en Centrafrique
G8Group of Eight
G20Group of Twenty
GDPgross domestic product
GIIGender Inequality Index
GNIgross national income
HCTHigh Commission Territory
HDIHuman Development Index
ICISSInternational Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty
ICTinformation and communication technology
IDPinternally displaced person
IGADIntergovernmental Authority on Development
IHDIInequality-Adjusted Human Development Index
IMFInternational Monetary Fund
ITECIndian Technical and Economic Cooperation
MPIMultidimensional Poverty Index
MSCMediation and Security Council
NEDLACNational Economic Development and Labour Council
NEPADNew Economic Partnership for Africa’s Development
N-FNegotiating Forum
NIEONew International Economic Order
OAUOrganization of African Unity
ODAofficial development assistance
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
PanWisePan-African Network of the Wise
PAPPan-African Parliament
PSCPeace and Security Council
PTAPreferential Trade Area of Eastern and Southern Africa
RECRegional Economic Community
SACUSouthern African Customs Union
SADCSouthern African Development Community
SADCCSouthern African Development Coordination Conference
SAPStructural Adjustment Programme
SDGSustainable Development Goal
SSASub-Saharan Africa
TFTATripartite Free Trade Area
TICADTokyo International Conference on African Development
UCDPUppsala Conflict Data Program
UDEACCustoms and Economic Union of Central Africa
UEMOAEconomic and Monetary Union of West Africa
UKUnited Kingdom
UMAArab Maghreb Union
UNUnited Nations
UNAMIDUnited Nations‒African Union Mission in Darfur
UNCTADUnited Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDPUnited Nations Development Programme
UNECAUnited Nations Economic Commission for Africa
USUnited States
WTOWorld Trade Organization