A Reference Guide
Chapter 5: WIPO’s decision-making structure, processes and practices
The World Intellectual Property Organization’s decision-making structure is often described as complex. In 2014, for instance, a UN Joint Inspection Unit report observed that WIPO has ‘one of the most complex governance structures’ in the UN system. This complexity arises in part from WIPO’s historical origins and evolution; most notably from the amalgamation of several existing treaty-based structures into WIPO and the progressive adding of new treaties. The World Intellectual Property Organization’s main decision-making organs coexist with the governing bodies of the Unions created by a number of WIPO-administered IP treaties, several of which date back to the late 19th century. Further, the main convention-based organs established by the WIPO Convention are complemented by several layers of subsidiary bodies also involved in decision-making and/or negotiations, including committees, expert committees established by treaty provisions, and working groups. Some of these bodies focus on governance matters (such as the Program and Budget Committee (PBC) and the Independent Advisory Oversight Committee (IAOC)), and others on more substantive and technical matters of IP. (Figure 5.1 presents a visual view of the WIPO’s decision-making structure, focusing on the composition and relationships of WIPO’s main decision-making organs, subsidiary bodies, and the governing bodies of a number of WIPO treaties.) Diplomatic conferences are further important components of WIPO’s governance system.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.