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The Economics of Open Access

On the Future of Academic Publishing

Thomas Eger and Marc Scheufen

Addressing the recent debate on how the future of academic publishing might look in a purely digital environment, this book analyzes the experiences of researchers with, as well as attitudes towards, ‘Open Access’ (OA) publishing. Drawing on a unique, in-depth survey with more than 10,000 respondents from 25 countries, Thomas Eger and Marc Scheufen discuss their findings in the light of recent policy attempts which have been trying to foster OA, revealing considerable shortcomings and lack of knowledge on fundamental features of the academic publishing market.
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Appendix 1 The academic journal market

Thomas Eger and Marc Scheufen

Extract

In analyzing the academic journal market, we have relied on three data sources: (1) Data on journals contained in the Journal Citation Report (JCR, 2014) from Thomson Reuter’s Web of Science (WoS); (2) Data on journal prices from Bergstrom and McAffee (2013); (3) Metadata from the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) on all OA journals, following the definition of pure OA as outlined in the Budapest Open Access Initiative. All of these data sources were matched and adapted to create a data sample which yields information on all relevant aspects by publisher and by discipline. The process of creating the sample shall be explained briefly for a better understanding of the results presented in chapter 2. We will start with sources (1) and (2) as both are used to analyse the academic journal market in chapter 2.2. The sample we used for chapter 2.3 draws upon databases (1) and (3). We will explain data source (3) in Appendix 2 as it refers to the data creation of OA journals.

In chapter 2.2.1 we use data on journals contained in the JCR (2014) from WoS.1 We match the regular JCR data with data on journals in particular disciplines and data on journals of particular publishers. First, the discipline-specific information is retrieved from WoS. For comparability with the metadata from the DOAJ, we retrieve only journals in disciplines that can unambiguously be assigned to the categorization of the Directory,2 a criterion that led us to omit journals from...

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