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The Economics of Open Access

On the Future of Academic Publishing

Thomas Eger and Marc Scheufen

Addressing the recent debate on how the future of academic publishing might look in a purely digital environment, this book analyzes the experiences of researchers with, as well as attitudes towards, ‘Open Access’ (OA) publishing. Drawing on a unique, in-depth survey with more than 10,000 respondents from 25 countries, Thomas Eger and Marc Scheufen discuss their findings in the light of recent policy attempts which have been trying to foster OA, revealing considerable shortcomings and lack of knowledge on fundamental features of the academic publishing market.
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Contents

Thomas Eger and Marc Scheufen

Acknowledgments
List of abbreviations
1.  Introduction
1.1  Development of the academic publishing market and the serials crisis
1.2  Copyright protection in academic publishing
1.3  The origins of open access in academic publishing
2.  The academic publishing market
2.1  The economics of academic publishing
2.1.1  The reward structure in science
2.1.2  The organization of academic publishing
2.2  The academic journal publishing market
2.2.1  The supply side
2.2.1.1  Characteristics of journal publishers
2.2.1.2  Characteristics of different research fields
2.2.2  The demand side: journal prices and the serials crisis
2.3  The open access movement
2.3.1  Open access publishing: an overview
2.3.1.1  The gold road
2.3.1.2  The green road
2.3.2  Recent developments
2.3.2.1  General development
2.3.2.2  Policy development
2.3.2.2.1  Support by national parliaments and governments and by the European Commission
2.3.2.2.2  Support by research funders
2.3.2.2.3  Support by universities and research institutes
2.4  Preliminary results
3.  An international survey analysis
3.1  Research setting
3.1.1  Research questions
3.1.2  Conducting the survey
3.2  Descriptive statistics
3.2.1  A general overview
3.2.2  By research field
3.2.2.1  The gold road
3.2.2.2  The green road
3.2.2.3  Conclusions
3.2.3  By country
3.2.3.1  The gold road
3.2.3.2  The green road
3.2.3.3  Conclusions
3.3  Empirical analysis
3.3.1  Method
3.3.2  The gold road
3.3.3  The green road
3.4  General conclusions
4.  Policy implications and the way forward
4.1  Alternative policy instruments
4.2  The financial viability of a large-scale transition to gold OA
4.3  Limits to OA
4.3.1  Limits to gold OA
4.3.2  Limits to green OA
4.4  Fundamental requirements for an efficient transition to OA
4.4.1  Proper incentives for academic publishers
4.4.2  Quality assurance
4.4.3  Proper assessment of scholars
4.4.4  Guarantee of academic freedom
4.5  Conclusions
5.  Summary and outlook
Appendix 1  The academic journal market
The data
Journals in different fields of research
Appendix 2  Open access journals
The DOAJ data
OA journals in different fields of research
Appendix 3  An international survey analysis
Descriptive statistics
Empirical results
Appendix 4  The questionnaire
Part A: Personal questions
Part B1: Gold road of OA (i.e. OA journals)
Part B2: Rating of OA journals
Part C1: The green road (OA repositories)
Part C2: Rating of OA repositories
References
Index