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The Company Share

Legal Regulation and Public Policy

David Milman

In this accessible and insightful book David Milman examines the phenomenon of the company share in an holistic way, tracing the origins of the share and describing the diversity present within the family of shares. Using a comparative approach, key chapters consider the circumstances under which shares are acquired, the property law perspective relevant to shares and the rights and obligations of those who hold shares. The book concludes with some speculation on how the share might evolve in the future in the light of technological change and the development of other capital raising investments.
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Table of cases

David Milman

UK Court Decisions

Abbar v SEDCO [2013] EWHC 1414 (Ch) 123

Re Abbey Leisure Ltd [1990] BCLC 342 124

Abbey National Building Society v Building Societies Commission (1989) 5 BCC 259 46

Abbott v Philbin [1960] AC 352 41

Abingdon Health Ltd v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 800 (TC) 14, 35

Acatos and Hutcheson plc v Watson [1995] BCC 446 58

Adelaide Electric Supply Co Ltd v Prudential Assurance Co Ltd [1934] AC 122 13

AG for Belize v Belize Telecom [2009] UKPC 10 106

Akers v Samba Financial Group [2017] UKSC 6 90, 97

Alexander v Automatic Telephone Co [1900] 2 Ch 56 137

Allen v Gold Reefs of West Africa [1900] 1 Ch 656 106, 118

Al Nakib Investments (Jersey) Ltd v Longcroft [1990] 1 WLR 1390 48, 49

AMG Global Nominees (Private) Ltd v Africa Resources Ltd [2008] EWCA Civ 1278 61

Andrews v Gas Meter Co [1897] 1 Ch 361 35

Re Anglesea Colliery Co (1866) LR 1 Ch App 555 16

Anzen Ltd v Hermes One Ltd [2016] UKPC 1 110

Arab Bank v Mercantile Holdings [1994] Ch 71 8

Arbuthnott v Bonnyman [2015] EWCA Civ 536 (Re Charterhouse Capital Ltd) 77

Archer v Fabian Investments Ltd [2017] UKPC 9 94

Archer v Registrar General [2004] UKPC 31 103

Arenson v Casson Beckman Rutley & Co [1975] 3 All ER 901 89

Ashbury Railway Carriage and Iron Co Ltd v Riche (1875) LR 7 HL 653 128

Ashdown v Griffin [2017] EWHC 2601 (Ch) 86

Re Astec plc [1998] 2 BCLC 556 118, 133

Atlasview Ltd v Brightview Ltd [2004] EWHC 1056 (Ch) 92

Attorney General’s Reference (No. 2 of 1982) [1984] QB 624 6

Aveling Barford Ltd v Perion Ltd [1989] BCLC 626 112

Baber v Kenwood Manuf Co Ltd and Whinney Murray & Co [1978] 1 Lloyds Rep 175 89

Baird’s Case (1870) LR 5 Ch App 725 139

Bairstow v Queen’s Moat Houses plc [2002] BCC 91 114, 139

Baker v Potter [2005] BCC 855 53

Re Barry and Staines Linoleum Ltd [1934] Ch 227 68

Bartlett v Barclays Bank Trust Co Ltd (No. 2) [1980] 1 Ch 515 144

Re Bayswater Trading Co Ltd [1970] 1 WLR 343 17

BBMB Finance (Hong Kong) Ltd v Eda Holdings Ltd [1990] 1 WLR 209 73

Re Bede Steam Shipping Co Ltd [1917] 1 Ch 123 140

Begum v Hossain [2015] EWCA Civ 717 89

Re Bell Bros (1891) 65 LT 245 98

Berry v Tottenham Hotspur Football Club [1935] Ch 718 98

Re Bestwood plc [1989] BCLC 606 147

Bilkus v King [2003] EWHC 2516 (Ch) 86

Birch v Cropper (1889) 14 App Cas 525 35

Re Bird Precision Bellows Ltd [1985] 3 All ER 523 85

Bishop v Bonham [1988] 4 BCC 347 93

Blackwell v HMRC [2017] EWCA Civ 232 4

Bligh v Brent (1837) 2 Y & C Ex 268 26, 128

Blomqvist v Zavarco plc et ala [2016] EWHC 1143 (Ch) 63

Bloomenthal v Ford [1897] AC 156 73

Re Blue Arrow plc [1987] BCLC 585 44, 87

Re Blue Index Ltd [2014] EWHC 2680 (Ch) 40

Blue Metal Industries v Dilley [1970] AC 827 80

Booth v Booth et alia [2017] EWHC 457 (Ch) 116

Borland’s Trustee v Steel Bros [1901] 1 Ch 279 4

Re Bowling and Welby’s Contract [1895] 1 Ch 663 17

BP Exploration (Libya) Ltd v Hunt (No. 2) [1983] 2 AC 352 83

Bradbury v English Sewing Cotton Co Ltd [1923] AC 744 5

Bradford Banking Co v Briggs & Co (1886) 12 App Cas 29 93

Re Bradford Investments plc (No 2) [1991] BCLC 688 63

Brady v Brady [1989] AC 755 60

Brassard v Smith [1925] AC 371 101

Bratton Seymour Service Co Ltd v Oxborough [1992] BCC 471 16, 106, 141

Re Brenfield Squash Racquets Club Ltd [1996] 2 BCLC 184 78

British American Nickel Corp v O’Brien [1927] AC 369 140

Brown v British Abrasive Wheel Co [1919] 1 Ch 291 76

Bruce v Gartlan [2011 EWHC 4047 (Ch) 71

BTI 2014 LLC v Sequana SA [2016] EWHC 1686 (Ch), [2017] EWHC 211 (Ch) 115

Re BTR plc [2000] 1 BCLC 740 69, 89, 130

Buck v Buck (1808) 1 Camp 547 25

Buckingham v Francis [1986] PCC 347 88

Re Bugle Press Ltd [1961] 1 Ch 270 80

Burgess v Purchase & Sons (Farms) Ltd [1983] Ch 216 89

Burkinshaw v Nicholls (1878) 3 App Cas 994 73

Burnden Holdings (UK) Ltd v Fielding [2018] UKSC 14 114

Burns v Siemens Bros Dynamo Works [1919] 1 Ch 225 90

Burry & Knight Ltd v Knight [2014] EWCA Civ 604 108

Bushell v Faith [1970] AC 1099 120

BWE International v Jones [2004] 1 BCLC 406 96

Byng v London Life Assurance [1990] 1 Ch 170 119

Re Cabot Global Ltd [2016] EWHC 2287 (Ch) 126

Cadbury Schweppes plc v Halifax Share Dealing Ltd [2006] EWHC 1184 (Ch) 73

Campbell v Campbell [2017] EWHC 182 (Ch) 74

Caparo Industries plc v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605 48, 49

Re Carlton Holdings Ltd [1971] 2 All ER 1082 80

Re Castiglione’s Will Trusts [1958] Ch 549 90

Castledine v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 145 (TC) 34

Cavendish Square Holding BV v Talal el Makdessi [2015] UKSC 67 77

Chai v Peng [2017] EWHC 792 (Fam) 87

Champagne Perrier-Jouet SA v HH Finch Ltd [1982] 1 WLR 1359 139

Chapterild v Hudsons Bay Co (1723) 2 P Wms 207 128

Charles Forte Investments v Amanda [1964] Ch 240 98

Chaston v SWP Group [2002] EWCA Civ 1999 60

Re Cheadle [1900] 2 Ch 620 91

Chen v Ng [2017] UKPC 27 71, 100

Re Chesterfield Catering Co [1977] Ch 373 124

Re Chez Nico Restaurants Ltd [1991] BCC 736 80

Chilukuri v RP Explorer Master Fund [2013] EWCA Civ 1307 88

Choithram International SA v Pagarani [2000] UKPC 46 99

Chong v Alexander [2016] EWHC 735 (Ch) 16, 120

Citco Banking Corp NV v Pussers Ltd [2007] UKPC 13 76

Clark v Urquhart [1930] AC 28 48

Claughton v Mitchell [2005] EWCA Civ 993 141

Clavis [2016] UKFTT 253 (TC) 116

Claygreen Ltd, Re [2005] EWHC 2032 (Ch) 103

Clearwell International Ltd v MSL Group Holdings Ltd [2012] EWCA Civ 1440 123

Clemens v Clemens Bros Ltd [1976] 2 All ER 268 5, 109, 118, 121, 126

Re Clifford [1912] 1 Ch 29 91

Colonial Bank v Whinney (1886) 11 App Cas 426 72

Commissioners of the Inland Revenue v Laird Group [2003] UKHL 54 4

Re Compania de Electricidad de la Provincia de Buenos Aires Ltd [1980] Ch 146 16

Re A Company (00370 of 1987) ex parte Glossop [1988] BCLC 570 115

Re A Company [1983] 2 WLR 381 130

Re Consolidated Goldfields of New Zealand Ltd [1953] Ch 689 16

Constable v Executive Connections Ltd [2005] 2 BCLC 638 76

Re Copal Varnish Ltd [1917] 2 Ch 349 100

Re Coroin Ltd [2013] EWCA Civ 781 90, 126

Corran v Butters [2017] EWHC 2294 (Ch) 77, 113

Cosmetic Warriors Ltd v Gerrie [2017] EWCA Civ 324 86, 96

Cottrell v King [2004] 2 BCLC 413 125

Craven-Ellis v Canons Ltd [1936] 2 KB 403 8

Cream Holdings Ltd v Davenport [2011] EWCA Civ 1287 106

Cukurova Finance International Ltd v Alfa Telecom Turkey Ltd [2009] UKPC 19 and [2013] UKPC2 94

Cumbrian Newspapers v Cumberland and Westmoreland Herald Newspaper and Printing Co Ltd[1987] Ch 1 43

Curistan v Official Receiver for Northern Ireland (Re Sheridan Entertainments Ltd) [2015] NI Ch 10 73, 131

Cusack v Holdsworth [2016] EWHC 3084 (Ch) 78

Dafen Tinplate Co Ltd v Llanelly Steel (1907) Ltd [1920] 2 Ch 124 76

Daimler v Continental Tyre Co [1916] 2 AC 307 7

Dalby v Bodilly [2005] BCC 627 109

Dawson v Bell [2016] EWCA Civ 96 53

DD Growth Premium 2x Fund v RMF Market Neutral Strategies (Master) Ltd [2017] UKPC 36 64

Re Dee Valley Group plc, [2017] EWHC 184 (Ch) 122, 140

Derry v Peek (1889) 14 App Cas 337 48

Re Diamix plc [2002] BCC 707 80

Re Discoverers Finance Corp, Lindlar’s Case [1910] 1 Ch 312 54, 99

Dixon v Blindley Heath Investments [2015] EWCA Civ 1023 98

Re D’Nick Holdings plc (Eckerle v Wickeder Westfalenstahl) [2013] 3 WLR 1316 5, 16, 92

Re DR Chemicals Ltd (1989) 5 BCC 39 127

Re Duomatic Ltd [1969] 2 Ch 365 17, 108

Duvergier v Fellows (1832) 5 Bing 248 25

Re Easynet Global Services Ltd [2018] EWCA Civ 10 80

Eclairs Group Ltd v JKX Oil and Gas plc [2015] UKSC 71 97, 148

ECO3 Capital Ltd v Ludsin Overseas Ltd [2013] EWCA Civ 413 49

Egon Zehnder v Tillman [2017] EWCA Civ 1054 66

Eid v Al Kazemy [2004] EWCA Civ 1811 53

Re El Sombrero Ltd [1958] Ch 900 117

Eley v Positive Life Assurance Co (1876) 1 Ex D 88 107

Elliott v The Hollies Ltd [1998] 1 BCLC 627 71

Erlanger v New Sombreo Phosphate Co Ltd (1878) 3 App Cas 1218 51

Estmanco (Kilner House) Ltd v GLC [1982] 1 WLR 2 16, 117, 140

Re Evertite Locknuts Ltd [1945] Ch 220 80

Re EW Savory Ltd [1951] 2 All ER 1036 35

Re Exchange Travel Holdings Ltd [1991] BCLC 728 90

Re Fagins Bookshop plc [1992] BCLC 118 103

Fargro v Godfrey [1986] BCLC 370 5

Farstad Supply A/S v Enviroco Ltd [2011] UKSC 16 16

F & C Alternative Investments v Barthelemy [2011] EWHC 1731 (Ch) 139

Re FH Lloyd Holdings plc [1985] BCLC 293 7

First Global Media Group v Larkin [2003] EWCA Civ 1765 115

Foss v Harbottle (1843) 2 Hare 461 110, 129

Fox-Davies v Burberry plc [2017] EWCA Civ 1129 71

Re Fry [1946] Ch 312 99

Fulham FC v Richards [2011] EWCA Civ 855 16, 110

Galloway v Halle Concerts Society [1915] 2 Ch 233 137

Gardner v Iredale [1912] 1 Ch 700 63

Gardner v Parker [2004] EWCA Civ 781 129

Re Geers Gross plc [1988] BCLC 140 97

Re German Date Coffee Co Ltd (1882) 20 Ch D 169 124

Gillatt v Sky Television Ltd [2000] 2 BCLC 103 89

Global Corporate Ltd v Hale [2017] EWHC 2277 (Ch) 113, 114

Gluckstein v Barnes [1900] AC 240 51

Goldtrail Travel Ltd v Onur Air Tasimacilik AS [2017] UKSC 57 130

Governments Stocks and Other Securities Investment Co v Christopher [1956] 1 WLR 237 47

Graham v Every [2014] EWCA Civ 191 85, 109

Gray, Petitioner (Re Braid Group Holdings) [2016] CSIH 68 77

Greenhalgh v Arderne Cinemas [1951] Ch 286 44

Greenhalgh v Mallard [1943] 2 All ER 234 96

Greenwell v Porter [1902] 1 Ch 530 122

Re Greythorn Ltd [2002] BCC 559 80

Re Grierson Oldham and Adams Ltd [1968] Ch 17 80

Guinness Peat Group plc v British Land Co plc [1999] BCC 536 87

Gunewardena v Conran Holdings Ltd [2016] EWHC 2893 (Ch) 106

Hague v Dandeson (1848) 2 Exch 741 93

Hall v Cable & Wireless plc [2011] BCC 543 50

Halle v Trax BW Ltd [2000] BCC 1020 132

Re Halt Garages Ltd [1982] 3 All ER 1016 123

Halton International Inc (Holdings) SARL v Guernoy Ltd [2006] 1 BCLC 78 119

Ham v Ham [2013] EWCA Civ 1301 18

Hamilton v Brown (Re C & MB Holdings Ltd) [2016] EWHC 191 (Ch) 57, 128, 131, 142

Hamilton College London Ltd v Ahmad [2013] EWHC 2072 (Ch) 91

Harris v Jones [2011] EWHC 1518 (Ch) 109

Harrison v Pryse (1740) Barn Ch 324 128

Re Harvard Securities Ltd [1997] 2 BCLC 369 91

Re Hastings-Bass [1975] Ch 75 52, 76

Hawks v Mcarthur [1951] 1 All ER 22 97

Henry Head v Ropner Holdings [1952] Ch 124 55

Hecquet et alia v McCarthy et alia [2006] EWHC 832 (Ch) 92

Hedley Byrne v Heller [1964] AC 465 49

Re Hellenic and General Trust Ltd [1976] 1 WLR 123 79

Higgins v Swanlea Ltd [2016] EWHC 1147 (Ch) 104

Hilder v Dexter [1902] AC 474 52

HMRC v Alan Blackburn Sports Ltd [2008] EWCA Civ 1454 52

Re Hoare & Co (1933) 150 LT 374 80

Hogg v Cramphorn [1967] Ch 254 52

Re Hoicrest Ltd [2000] 1 WLR 414 71

Re Holders Investment Trust Ltd [1971] 1 WLR 583 122, 140

Holt v Faulks [2001] BCC 50 78

Re Home and Foreign Investment Agency Ltd [1912] 1 Ch 72 43

Hong Kong and China Gas Co v Glen [1914] 1 Ch 527 63

Hook v Sumner [2016] BCC 220 132

Hosking v Marathon Asset Management LLP [2016] EWHC 2418 (Ch) 19

Houldsworth v City of Glasgow Bank (1879) 4 Ex D 216 (1880) 5 App Cas 317 109, 136, 151

House of Fraser plc v ACGE Investments Ltd [1987] AC 387 44

House of Fraser plc v Midland Bank (Overseas) Nominees (1985) 1 BCC 99, 526 147

Howard Smith v Ampol Petroleum [1974] AC 821 52, 108

Hunter v Moss [1993] 1 WLR 934 (High Court), [1994] 1 WLR 452 (CA) 91

Hunter v Senate Support Services Ltd [2005] 1 BCLC 175 52, 76

Re Hunting plc [2005] 2 BCLC 211 36, 73

Hussein v Haus of Vanity Ltd [2017] EWHC 2615 (Ch) 124

Hussain v Mukhtar [2016] EWHC 424 (QB) 49

ICAP Management Services Ltd v Berry [2017] EWHC 1321 (QB) 100

Idemitsu Kosan Co Ltd v Sumitomo Corporation [2016] EWHC 1909 (Comm) 54

Re Imperial Chemical Industries [1936] 2 All ER 363 70

Ingram v Ahmed [2016] EWHC 1536 (Ch) 87

International Credit and Investment Co (Overseas) Ltd v Adham [1994] 1 BCLC 66 101

Re Inverdeck Ltd [1998] BCC 256 98

Investment Trust Corp Ltd v Singapore Traction Co Ltd [1935] Ch 615 34, 119

IRC v Crossman [1937] AC 26 4, 87

Re ISIS Factors plc [2004] BCC 359 71

Re Isle of Thanet Electricity Co [1950] Ch 161 36

Jaber v Science and Information Tech Ltd [1992] BCLC 764 133

Jackson v Dear [2014] 1 BCLC 186 106

Jackson Lloyd Ltd and Mears Group plc v Smith UKEAT/0127/13/LA(4 April 2014) 100

James v Buena Ventura Nitrate Grounds Syndicate Ltd [1896] 1 Ch 456 17

Jarvis Motor (Harrow) Ltd v Carabott [1964] 1 WLR 1101 74

Jaybird Group Ltd v Greenwood [1986] BCLC 319 132

JB v MB [2015] EWHC 1846 (Fam) 85

Re JELF Group plc [2015] EWHC 3857 (Ch) 78

Jobson v Johnson [1988] 4 BCC 347 53

Johnson v Gore Wood & Co [2002] 2 AC 1 4, 105, 129

Johnson v Lyttle’s Iron Agency (1877) 5 Ch D 687 75

Joint Administrators of LB Holdings Intermediate 2 Ltd v Lomas (Lehman) [2017] UKSC 38 142

Joseph v Pebrer (1825) 1 C & P 507 25

JRRT (Investments) Ltd v Haycraft [1993] BCLC 401 117

Kellar v Williams [2000] UKPC 4 52

Keisner v Terrus Group Ltd [2007] 1 BCLC 303 53

Re Kidner [1929] 2 Ch 121 115

Kings Court Trust Ltd v Lancashire Cleaning Services Ltd [2017] EWHC 1094 (Ch) 103

Kirby v Wilkins [1929] 2 Ch 444 90, 92

Kuwait Asia Bank EC v National Mutual Life Nominees Ltd [1991] 1 AC 187 141

Lagunas Nitrate Co v Lagunas Syndicate [1899] 2 Ch 392 51

Lakatamia Shipping Co Ltd v Su [2014] EWCA Civ 636, [2015] 1 WLR 291 6

Re LCM Wealth Management Ltd [2013] EWHC 3957 (Ch) 77

Leedon Ltd v Hurry [2010] UKPC 27 126

Re Lehman Brothers Europe Ltd [2017] EWHC 2031 (Ch) 123

Llewellyn v Kasintoe Rubber Estates Ltd [1914] 2 Ch 670 17

Lloyd v Popely [2000] BCC 338 96

Lomas v Burlington Loan [2016] EWHC 2417 (Ch) 4, 36

Re London and Globe Finance Corp Ltd [1902] 2 Ch 416 93

Longman v Bath Electric Tramways Ltd [1905] 1 Ch 646 73, 99

Lonrho plc v Bond [1989] 5 BCC 193 146

Lonrho plc v Bond (No. 2) [1989] 5 BCC 776 147

Lonrho plc v Edeman [1989] 5 BCC 68 147

Re Lonrho plc (No. 2) [1988] 4 BCC 234 147

Lowry v Consolidated African Selection Trust Ltd [1940] AC 648 52

Re Luckings’s Will Trusts [1968] 1 WLR 866 144

Macaura v Northern Assurance Co [1925] AC 619 6, 129

MacMillan Inc v Bishopsgate Investment Trust plc (No. 3) [1996] 1 WLR 387 101

Mactra Properties Ltd v Morshead Mansions Ltd [2009] BCC 335 98

Re Malaga Investments [1987] 3 BCC 569 117

Marin Subsea Ltd v EDS and T & T Holdings Ltd [2017] CSOH 120 53

Marks and Spencer plc v BNP Paribas Securities Services Trust Co (Jersey) Ltd [2015] UKSC 72 107

MCC Proceeds v Lehman Bros [1998] 2 BCLC 659 73

McGuiness v Bremner plc [1988] BCLC 673 117

McKillen v Misland (Cyprus) Investments Ltd [2012] EWCA Civ 179 90

McQuillan v HMRC [2017] UKUT 0344 (TCC) 3

Michaels v Harley House (Marylebone) Ltd [1999] 1 BCLC 670 53

Millam v Print Factory (London) 1991 Ltd [2007] EWCA Civ 322 100

Mills v Northern Railway Co of Buenos Aires (1870) 5 Ch App 621 45

Mills v Sportsdirect.com Retail Ltd [2010] 2 BCLC 143 29

Milroy v Lord (1862) 4 De G F & J 264 99

Molineaux v The London, Birmingham and Manchester Insurance Co Ltd [1902] 2 KB 589 69

Moodie v W & J Shepherd (Bookbinders) Ltd [1949] 2 All ER 1044 96

Morgan v Tate & Lyle [1952] TR 477 81

Morrice v Aylmer (1874) 44 LJ Ch 212 43

Mosely v Koffyfontein Mines [1904] 2 Ch 108 62

Moxton v Litchfield (Re LCM Wealth Management Ltd) [2013] EWHC 3957 (Ch) 88

Musselwhite v CH Musselwhite & Sons Ltd [1962] Ch 964 117

Mutual Life Insurance Co of New York v The Rank Organisation Ltd [1985] BCLC 11 125

Re National Savings Bank (1866) 1 Ch App 547 142

Nilon Ltd v Royal Westminster Investments SA [2015] UKPC 2 71

Nisbet v Shepherd [1994] BCC 91 17

North West Transportation Co v Beatty (1887) 12 App Cas 589 118

Northern Counties Securities Ltd v Jackson & Steeple Ltd [1974] 1 WLR 1133 118

Re Nuneaton Borough AFC [1989] BCLC 454 16

Re Nuneaton Borough AFC (No. 2) [1991] BCC 44 78

Ocean Coal Co v Powell Duffryn Steam Coal Co [1932] 1 Ch 654 98

O’Neill v Phillips [1999] 1 WLR 1092 85, 133

Ooregum Gold Mining Co of India v Roper [1892] AC 125 45, 62

Re Opera Photographics Ltd [1989] 1 WLR 634 117

Re Ossory Estates plc [1988] BCLC 213 63

Panel on Takeovers and Mergers v King [2017] CSOH 156 57

Park Business Interiors Ltd v Park [1992] BCLC 1034 63

Parke v Daily News Ltd [1962] Ch 927 155

Parkstone Ltd v Gulf Guarantee Bank plc [1990] BCC 534 75

Pearson v Primeo Fund [2017] UKPC 19 16, 100, 124

Peek v Gurney (1873) LR 6 HL 377 48

Pelling v Families Need Fathers Ltd [2002] 1 BCLC 645 108, 132

Pender v Lushington (1877) LR 6 Ch D 70 117, 118

Percival v Wright [1902] 2 Ch 421 104

Re Perkins, ex parte Mexican Santa Barbara Mining Co (1890) 24 QBD 613 91

Peskin v Anderson [2001] 1 BCLC 372 31, 104

Re Peveril Gold Mines Ltd [1898] 1 Ch 122 108

Re Piccadilly Radio plc [1989] BCLC 683 103

Pilkington v United Railways of Havana [1930] 2 Ch 108 37

Re Pinecord Ltd [1995] BCC 483 138

Pinfold v Ansell [2017] EWHC 889 (Ch) 86

Re Planet Organic Ltd [2000] 1 BCLC 366 35, 78, 85

Re Polly Peck International plc (No. 3) [1996] 1 BCLC 428 128

Possfund Custodian Trustee v Diamond [1996] 1 WLR 1351 49

Re Powell-Cotton’s Resettlement [1957] Ch 159 43

Power Adhesives Ltd v Sweeney [2017] EWHC 676 (Ch) 52, 76

Precision Dippings Ltd v Precision dippings Marketing Ltd [1986] Ch 447 139

Premier Telecom Communications Group v Webb [2014] EWCA Civ 994 89

Re Press Caps Ltd [1949] Ch 434 80

Preston v Grand Collier Dock Co (1840) 11 Sim 327 137

Profinance Trust SA v Gladstone [2002] 1 WLR 1024 85

Progress Property v Moorgarth Group [2010] UKSC 55 123

Prudential Assurance Co v Chatterley-Whitfield Collieries Ltd [1949] AC 512 81

Prudential Assurance v Newman Industries Ltd (No. 2) [1982] Ch 204 143, 144

Puddephatt v Leith [1916] 1 Ch 200 122

Puzitskaya v St Paul’s Mews (Islington) Ltd [2017] EWHC 905 (Ch) 117, 120

Qayoumi v Oakhouse Property Holdings [2003] 1 BCLC 352 132

R v Boyle Transport (Northern Ireland) Ltd [2016] EWCA Crim 19 8

R v Cawood (1724) 2 Ld Raym 1361 25

R v Dodd (1808) 9 East 516 25

R v International Stock Exchange ex parte Else Ltd [1993] BCC 11 46, 104

R v Kylsant [1932] 1 KB 442 48

R v Lorang (1930) 22 Cr App Rep 167 60

R v Rigby, Bailey and Rowley [2005] EWCA Civ 3487 51

R v Stratton (1808) 1 Camp 549 25

R v Webb (1814) 14 East 406 25

R v Williams [1942] AC 541 72

R (on the application of Sky Blue Sports and Leisure Ltd) v Coventry City Council [2016] EWCA Civ 453 9

R (on the application of ZAI Corporate Finance) v AIM Disciplinary Committee of the London Stock Exchange [2017] EWHC 778 (Admin) 28

Raffermati v Capello Hair Designs Ltd [2017] EWHC 3134 (Ch) 5

Randhawa v Turpin [2017] EWCA Civ 1201 17

Rayfield v Hands [1960] Ch 1 140

Re RBS Rights Issue Litigation [2017] EWHC 463 (Ch) 56

Reinhard v Ondra LLP [2015] EWHC 26 (Ch), [2015] EWHC 1869 (Ch) and [2015] EWHC 2943 (Ch) 19, 139

Re Rica Gold Washing Co (1879) 11 Ch D 36 124

Re Ricardo Group plc (No. 1) [1989] BCLC 566 147

Re Ricardo Group plc (No. 2) [1989] BCLC 766 147

Re Ricardo Group plc (No. 3) [1989] BCLC 771 147

Richards v IP Solutions Group Ltd [2016] EWHC 1824 (QB) 77

Rights and Issues Investment Trust v Stylo Shoes Ltd [1965] Ch 250 34, 44

Re Ringtower Holdings Ltd (1989) 5 BCC 82 100

Risdon Iron and Locomotive Works v Furness [1906] 1 KB 49 141

Re Rose [1952] Ch 499 99

Rose v Lynx Express Ltd [2004] EWCA Civ 447 96

Ross v Telford [1997] BCC 945 117

Rowell v John Rowell & Sons Ltd [1912] 2 Ch 609 75

Royal British Bank v Turquand (1856) 6 El and Bl 327 136

Royscot Trust Ltd v Rogerson [1991] 2 QB 297 48

Rush Hair Ltd v Gibson-Forbes [2016] EWHC 2589 (QB) 54

Russell v Northern Bank Development Corp [1992] 1 WLR 588 119, 125

Salford Estates (No. 2) Ltd v Altomart Ltd [2015] BCC 306 111

Salomon v Salomon & Co Ltd [1897] AC 22 66

Re Saltdean Estate Co Ltd [1968] 1 WLR 1844 36

Re Sam Weller & Sons Ltd (1989) 5 BCC 810 116

Re Saul D Harrison and Sons plc [1994] BCC 475 130, 155

Re Scandinavian Bank plc [1987] BCLC 220 13, 14

Re Schweppes Ltd [1914] Ch 322 44

Scotto v Petch [2001] BCC 889 97

Scottish Insurance Corp v Wilson & Clyde Coal Co [1949] AC 462 35, 81

Sears v Minco [2016] EWHC 433 (Ch) 49

Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Deverell [2001] Ch 340 141

Secure Capital SA v Credit Suisse AG [2017] EWCA Civ 1486 95

Re Severn and Wye and Severn Bridge Rwy Co [1896] 1 Ch 559 115

Sharp v Blank [2015] EWHC 3220 (Ch) 104, 134

Sharp v Blank [2017] EWHC 3390 (Ch) 134

Shearer v Bercain Holdings Ltd [1980] 3 All ER 295 55, 151

Re Sherborne Park Residents Co Ltd (1986) 2 BCC 99,528 132

Short v Treasury Commissioners [1948] 1 KB 116 88

Sidebottom v Kershaw, Leese & Co Ltd [1920] 1 Ch 154 76

Re Simo Securities Trust Ltd [1971] 1 WLR 1455 45

Singh v Singh [2016] EWHC 1432 (Ch) 91

Sivagnanam v Barclays Bank [2015] EWHC 3985 (Comm) 129

Re Smith [2017] EWHC 3332 (Comm) 96

Smith v Charles Building Services Ltd [2006] EWCA Civ 14 71

Smith v Croft (No. 1) [1986] 2 BCC 99,010 132

Smith New Court Securities Ltd v Scrimgeour Vickers (Asset Management) Ltd [1997] AC 254 48

Soden v British and Commonwealth Holdings plc [1998] AC 298 49, 142

Re Sound City (Films) Ltd [1947] Ch 169 44

Re South of England Natural Gas and Petroleum Co [1911] 1 Ch 573 47

Spaul v Spaul [2014] EWCA Civ 679 99

Spencer v Kennedy [1926] 1 Ch 125 68

SRM Global Master Fund v HM Treasury [2009] EWCA Civ 788 82

Standard Chartered Bank v Walker [1992] BCLC 603 121

Staray Capital Ltd v Cha [2017] UKPC 43 76

Steinberg v Scala (Leeds) Ltd [1923] 2 Ch 452 70

Stevens v Mysore Reefs (Kangundi) Mining Co Ltd [1902] 1 Ch 745 45

Re Sticky Fingers Restaurant Ltd [1992] BCLC 84 118

Stothers v Willam Steward (Holdings) Ltd [1994] 2 BCLC 266 96

Strahan v Wilcock [2006] EWCA Civ 13 85

Stubbs v Slater [1910] 1 Ch 632 94

Studholme v Minister of Fuels [1951] 2 KB 804 81

Re Suburban and Provincial Stores Ltd [1943] Ch 156 44

Sugarman v CJS Investments LLP [2014] EWCA Civ 1239 119, 121

Re Sussex Brick Co Ltd [1904] 1 Ch 598 71

Re Sussex Brick Co Ltd [1961] Ch 289 (Note) 80

Re Swaledale Cleaners Ltd [1968] 1 WLR 1710 98

Swindon Reds 20 Ltd v McCrory [2014] EWHC 2152 (Ch) 70

Swiss Bank Corp v Lloyds Bank [1982] AC 584 93

System Control plc v Munro [1990] BCLC 659 63

Takeda Pharmaceutical Co Ltd v Fougera Sweden Holding 2 AB [2017] EWHC 1995 (Ch) 53

Tarling v Govt of Singapore (1980) 70 Cr App Rep 77 74

Tartsinis v Navona Management Co [2015] EWHC 57 (Comm) 53

Tett v Phoenix Property and Investment Co Ltd [1986] BCLC 149 97

Thakkar v Thakkar [2017] EWFC 13 91

Re The Bahia and San Francisco Rwy Co (1868) LR 3 QB 584 73

The Children’s Investment Fund UK v HM Attorney General [2017] EWHC 1379 (Ch) – reversed on appeal [2018] EWCA Civ 1605 3, 118

Theakston v London Trust plc [1984] BCLC 390 149

Thomas v Dawson [2015] EWCA Civ 706 85

Re Thundercrest Ltd [1994] BCC 857 127

Topham v Charles Topham Group Ltd [2003] 1 BCLC 123 56

Re TPD Investments [2017] EWHC 657 (Ch) 86

Re TR Technology Investment Trust plc (1988) 4 BCC 245 145, 147

Re Transatlantic Life Assurance Co [1980] 1 WLR 79 70, 99

Trevor v Whitworth (1887) 12 App Cas 409 8, 58, 151

Re TXU Europe plc [2011] EWHC 2072 (Ch) 123

Re UK Euro Group plc [2007] 1 BCLC 812 11

Union Music Ltd v Watson [2003] 1 BCLC 453 43

Re Uniq plc [2012] 1 BCLC 783 55, 155, 158

VB Football Assets v Blackpool FC (Properties) Ltd [2017] EWHC 2767 (Ch) 86

Re VGM Holdings Ltd [1942] 1 Ch 235 60

Village Cay Marina Ltd v Acland [1998] BCC 417 90

Ving v Robinson and Woodcock Ltd (1912) 56 Sols Jo 412 125

Vujnovich v Vujnovich (1989) 5 BCC 740 124

Wallersteiner v Moir (No. 2) [1975] 2 All ER 849 132

Re Walter L Jacob & Co Ltd [1989] BCLC 345 11

Wann v Birkinshaw [2017] EWCA Civ 84 88

Re Waste Recycling Group plc [2004] 1 BCLC 352 69, 75, 89, 130

Watchstone Group plc v Quob Park Estate Ltd [2017] EWHC 2621 (Ch) 127

Re Watercor Ltd [2017] EWHC 1814 (Ch) 86

Watson v Spratley (1854) 10 Ex 222 26

Watson v Watchfinder.co.uk Ltd [2017] EWHC 1275 (Comm) 41

Webb Hale & Co v Alexandria Water Co [1905] 93 LT 339 37

Weir v Secretary of State for Transport [2005] EWHC 2192 (Ch) 75, 133

Welton v Saffery [1897] AC 299 139

Re Whitchurch Insurance Consultants Ltd [1993] BCLC 1359 118

White v Bristol Aeroplane Co Ltd [1953] Ch 65 44, 118

Re White Star Line Ltd [1938] Ch 458 137

Will v United Lankat Plantations [1914] AC 11 36

Williams and Humbert Ltd v W & H Trade Marks (Jersey) Ltd [1986] AC 368 81

Wilson v Jaymarke Estates Ltd [2007] UKHL 29 86

Winpar Holdings v Joseph Holt Group plc [2002] BCC 174 7

Wood v Capita Insurance Services [2017] UKSC 24 54

Wood v Odessa Waterworks Co (1889) 42 Ch D 636 112

Wood Preservation Ltd v Prior [1969] 1 WLR 1977 53

Woodlands v Hinds [1955] 1 WLR 688 72

Wootliff v Rushton-Turner [2017] EWHC 3129 (Ch) 109

Re Wragg [1897] 1 Ch 796 63

Re XYZ Ltd (1986) 2 BCC 99,250 77, 85

Re Yenidje Tobacco Co Ltd [1916] 2 Ch 426 124

Zavarco plc v Nasir [2017] EWHC 2877 (Ch) 76

Zayo Group International Ltd v Ainger [2017] EWHC 2542 (Comm) 54

European Court of Justice

Alpine Investments BV v Minister van Financien (C 384/93) [1995] 2 CMLR 209 11

Audiolux SA v Groupe Bruxelles Lambert SA (C 101/08) [2010] Bus L Rev 197 130

British American Tobacco and Reynolds Industries v Commission (142 and 156/1984) [1988] 4 CMLR 24 12

Centros (C 212/97) [2000] 2 WLR 1048 32

Ciudad de La Luz (Joined cases T319 and T321/12) (General Court, 3 July 2014) (unreported) 9

Commission v Belgium (C503/99) [2002] ECR I-4809) [2002] ECR I-4809 84

Commission v France (C483/99) [2002] ECR I-4781 84

(Commission v Germany) (Volkswagen) (C112/05) (unreported) 118

Commission v Portugal (C367/98) [2003] 2 WLR 1 84

Commission v Spain (Case C338/06) (unreported) 126

Commission v Spain (C463/00) [2003] ECR I-4581 84

Commission v UK (C98/01) (unreported) 84

Europemballage Corp and Continental Can v European Commission (C6/72) [1973] CMLR 199 ECR 215 12

R v Secretary of State for Transport ex parte Factortame Ltd (C221/89) [1992] 3 WLR 288 65

Siemens AG v Nold (C42/95) [1997] 1 BCLC 291 126

Sindesmos v Greece (C381/89) [1992] ECR I-2111 126

Cases on the European Convention on Human Rights

Agrotexim v Greece [1996] EHRR 250 75

Bramelid and Malmstrom v Sweden (1982) 5 EHRR 249 74, 75

Grainger v UK [2012] ECHR 1675 82

Lithgow v UK (1986) 8 EHRR 329 82

Ruiz-Mateos v Spain [1993] 16 EHRR 505 74

International Court of Justice

Barcelona Traction, Power and Light Co (Belgium v Spain) [1970] ICJ Rep 3 83, 134

Guinea v Democatic Republic of Congo (Diallo’s case – preliminary objections) [2007] ICJ Re 582 134

Decisions of Foreign National Courts

Alico Life International Ltd v Thema International Fund plc [2016] IEHC 363 129

Australasian Centre for Corporate Responsibility v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [2016] FCAFC 80 122, 128

Banfi Ltd v Moran [2006] IEHC 257 71

Beck v Weinstock [2013] HCA 15 36

Re Bloxham (in liquidation) [2017] IEHC 664 18

Re CA Pacific Finance Ltd [2000] 1 BCLC 494 90

Chen Hong Qing v Mi Jingtian [2017] HKCFI 1148 96

Re Cork Electric Supply Co Ltd [1932] IR 314 35

Curtis v JJ Curtis & Co Ltd [1986] BCLC 401 125

Dodge v Ford Motor Co 170 NW 668 (Mich 1919) 114

Duggan v Stoneworth Investments Ltd [2000] 1 IR 563 79

Esso Standard (Inter-America) Inc v JW Enterprises Inc [1963] 37 DLR (2d) 598 80

Gambotto v WCP Ltd (1995) 182 CLR 432 76

Gold v Penney [1960] NZLR 1032 53

Grant v John Grant & Sons Pty Ltd (1950) 82 CLR 1 103

Gray v Portland Bank (1807) 3 Mass 364 125

Lee v Evans (1964) 112 CLR 276 47

McCausland v Surfing Hardware International Holdings Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 902 77

O’Neill v Ryan [1993] ILRM 557 129

Re Park Magic Mobile Solutions Ltd [2017] IEHC 287 71

Petroceltic International v Worldview Capital Management SA [2015] IEHC 612 128

Petroships Investment Pte Ltd v Wealthplus Pte Ltd [2016] SGCA 17 5, 129

Phelan v Goodman [2001] IEHC 172 97

Private Motorists Provident Society v AG [1984] ILRM 988 74

RPB Solutions Ltd v Avoca Holdings Ltd [2010] 2 NZLR 857 92

SEC v Ralson Purina (1953) 346 US 119 47

Smyth v Investec Bank Ltd (674/1016) [2017] ZASCA 147 92

Sons of Gwalia v Margaretic [2007] HCA 1 49

Stokes v Continental Trust Co (1906) 78 NE 1090 125

Re Sugar Distributors Ltd [1995] 2 IR 194 4

Sydney Futures Exchange v Australian Stock Exchange (1995) 13 ACLC 369 4

Tangney v The Clarence Hotels Co Ltd [1933] IR 51 98

Re Walls Properties Ltd [2007] IESC 41 79

Wambo Coal Pty Ltd v Sumiseki Materials Co Ltd [2014] NSWCA 326 114