A Global Primer
Chapter 5: Folklore, cultural heritage and traditional knowledge
The chapter describes initiatives by WIPO and UNESCO for the protection of folklore beginning with the development of guidelines for copyright legislation and model provisions on national intellectual property law, followed by efforts to develop an international instrument. It highlights other measures adopted by UNESCO, including recommendations on folklore, and instruments to curb illicit trade in cultural property, protect natural and cultural heritage, safeguard intangible cultural heritage, and promote the diversity of cultural expressions. The chapter also touches on a renewed focus on traditional knowledge by WIPO in the late 1990s through fact-finding missions to identify the needs and expectations of rights-holders in different regions of the world and how they could be addressed under intellectual property law. These efforts culminated in the establishment by WIPO in 2000 of the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore to facilitate discussions on traditional knowledge.
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