After independence, India had to promptly resolve three issues. First was the identity of the country, that is, what is India? Unlike other nations, India could not be identified by a religion or a language since its people belonged to different religions, spoke different languages and belonged to different castes. The leaders settled with the title Republic of India to encompass all people despite diversity. The second problem was the relocation of more than 8 million people who migrated from Pakistan. The third concern was the integration of more than 600 princely states into the Republic of India. Difficult as they were, all these challenges were successfully addressed and resolved.
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