In 1950, after three years of independence, India became a constitutional democracy. The Constitution abolished untouchability, the centuries-old lingering issue. At the same time, while Hindi was identified as the national language, for the unity of the country, for 15 years English was accorded the same status to facilitate communication between non-Hindi-speaking states/people and those who spoke Hindi. Finally, following the Constitution, the first free election was held in 1952, a remarkable feat for a country without any prior experience in the matter. After five years, the second election was held in 1957, establishing the tradition of a vibrant democracy for the future.
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