Political pundits and intellectuals, both in India and elsewhere, wondered if India could survive as a democracy given its huge diversity. But despite the challenges, it did. The chapter pinpoints major aspects of India’s success. Firstly, leaders who fought for India’s freedom continued to be active for a long time in post-independent India establishing a strong foundation for a democratic society with an appropriate institutional framework. Other factors include pluralism of religion, linguistic organization of states, administrative setup of the government through the selection of intelligent and capable individuals who kept the army away from politics, Hindi cinema and Bollywood movies which people enjoyed immensely throughout India, free mobility of people throughout the country, emerging communications technology and a common passion by Indians for the game of cricket. They have all been instrumental in maintaining the unity of the country.
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