The Role of CESEE Countries
Edited by Marek Belka, Ewald Nowotny, Pawel Samecki and Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald
In the global financial crisis, competitiveness gaps between Euro area countries caused additional strain. This book discusses the various dimensions of competitiveness, with a special focus on Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe. With products becoming ever more technically sophisticated and global interconnectedness on a relentless rise, quality, customer orientation and participation in production networks are as important as relative costs and prices. For Europe to proceed with convergence and to resist global competitive pressures, policies to boost productivity and innovation are therefore vital.
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Chapter 5: Globalization and growth: the case of China
China’s economy has been remarkably successful since market-oriented reforms were introduced in 1979. Its growth of real gross domestic product (GDP) has averaged over 9 per cent per annum over this period, propelling China to become the world’s fourth-largest economy in the span of a couple of decades. However, recently, there has been doubt as to the sustainability of its economic growth. This may come as a surprise to many, but not to those who have studied its particular path of economic transition. This chapter analyses how the ‘gradualist’ path of economic reform taken by China predicted the current state of uncertainty regarding its growth prospects. It then discusses China’s approach to economic growth. Next the chapter analyses the benefits and challenges of globalization and argues that it may be the best remedy for resolving the structural problems resulting from China’s transition and growth process.
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