Water Resource Management and the Law
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Water Resource Management and the Law

Edited by Erkki J. Hollo

Scarcity of water, floods and erosion caused by climate change have made the management of water resources a challenge to national and international actors worldwide. States have also initiated water projects to improve social welfare, often with significant impacts on the environment. This book combines close analysis of the legal structures of water rights with consideration of the modes of water management projects to illustrate current water-related problems in terms of practical solutions in a global context.
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Chapter 10: The Columbia River Treaty between Canada and the United States of America – time for change?

Nigel Bankes

Abstract

The Columbia River Treaty between Canada and the United States was concluded in 1961 and entered into force in 1964. The Treaty is recognized as an outstanding example of the cooperative development of an international river basin based upon the idea of sharing the benefits of that cooperation. The Treaty principally addresses two values, flood control and power. The Treaty has no set termination date but either party may give ten years notice as of September 2014 to terminate the power sharing provisions. The flood control provisions change automatically in 2024. However, the Treaty has also been subject to criticism on the grounds that it fails to reflect a broader suite of values, including ecological values. Both parties have been considering their position with respect to possible amendments. This chapter describes the balance struck by the original Treaty and the positions of both parties with respect to possible amendments. Keywords: Chapter 10 (Bankes): Columbia River Treaty, power control, flood control, ecosystem-based function, sharing of benefits, British Columbia

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