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Competition Damages Actions in the EU

Law and Practice, Second Edition

David Ashton

In this revised and much expanded second edition David Ashton provides a comprehensive review of the EU damages directive (Directive 2014/104/EU) and its implementation, bringing the book up to date with the latest advances in EU Competition Law damages actions. This edition also features insights from practising lawyers on national developments in over 10 countries across Europe and an updated, separately authored, chapter on the quantification of loss. This book will provide practising lawyers and scholars alike with a clear, well-structured and updated guide to EU Competition Law Damages.
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TABLE OF LEGISLATION

Law and Practice, Second Edition

David Ashton

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

 

1968 Brussels Convention on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (consolidated version, OJ L 299, 31.12.1972, p 32)    12.04, 12.05, 12.06

Art 6(1) 12.74

Art 21 12.103

Art 22 12.103

Convention on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters done at Lugano on 16 September 1988 (OJ L 319, 25.11.1988, p 9) 12.04

Convention on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters done at Lugano on 30 October 2007 (OJ L 339, 21.12.2007, p 3) 12.04

Art 69(4) 12.04

Art 69(5) 12.04

COUNCIL OF EUROPE

 

European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms 1.12

Art 6 1.12, 5.132, 11.184

Art 13 11.2

Protocol 1, Art 1 11.254

EUROPEAN UNION

 

Treaty establishing the European Community

Art 3 5.17

Art 10 1.01

Art 61 13.03

Art 65 13.03

Treaty on European Union (consolidated version, OJ C 115, 9.5.2008, p 13)

Art 4(3) 1.01, 4.107, 5.17

Art 6(1), (3) 1.12

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (consolidated version, OJ C 115, 9.5.2008, p 13)

Art 34 1.07, 1.09, 1.15

Art 45(3) 1.14

Art 49 1.07

Art 56 109, 1.15

Art 101 0.01, 0.02, 0.09, 0.14, 1.05, 1.06, 1.07, 1.09, 1.10, 1.15, 1.18, 1.20, 2.01, 2.02, 2.06, 2.07, 2.08, 2.14, 2.34, 2.37, 2.39, 2.50, 2.51, 2.83, 3.12, 3.51, 3.75, 4.104, 5.10, 5.63, 7.17, 7.19, 7.20, 7.24, 7.81, 8.13, 9.31, 9.54, 10.01, 10.14, 10.39, 11.90, 12.08, 12.09, 12.78, 13.18, 13.35

Art 101(1) 0.02, 2.09, 2.12, 2.14, 2.64, 5.14, 5.16, 5.18, 11.128

Art 101(2) 2.08, 2.54, 2.56

Art 101(3) 0.09, 0.13, 2.12, 3.49

Art 102 0.01, 0.09, 0.14, 1.05, 1.06, 1.07, 1.09, 1.10, 1.15, 1.18, 1.20, 2.34, 2.37, 2.39, 2.50, 2.51, 2.52, 2.83, 3.12, 3.51, 5.10, 5.63, 7.17, 7.18, 7.24, 7.91, 8.13, 10.01, 10.14, 10.39, 11.90, 12.09, 13.18, 13.35

Art 157 1.09

Art 263 9.19, 11.45

Art 267 10.07, 11.37

Art 339 4.76, 5.91, 5.92, 5.105

Art 340(2) 3.16, 3.17, 6.10

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (OJ C 303, 14.12.2007, p 1) 1.12

Art 17(1) 11.254

Art 47 1.12

Agreement of 19 October 2005 between the European Community and the Kingdom of Denmark on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (OJ L 79, 21.3.2013, p 4) 12.05

Commission Regulation (EC) No 622/2008 of 30 June 2008 amending Regulation (EC) No 773/2004, as regards the conduct of settlement procedures in cartel cases (OJ L 171, 1.7.2008, p. 3) 4.03, 4.186

Art 16a(2) 4.116

Commission Regulation (EC) No 773/2004 of 7 April 2004 relating to the conduct of proceedings by the Commission pursuant to Articles 81 and 82 of the EC Treaty (OJ L 123, 27.4.2004, p. 18) 4.62

Art 10a 4.132

Art 15 4.62

Art 15(1) 4.62

Art 16a 4.62

Art 16(1) 5.93, 5.94

Art 16a(2) 4.63

Council Decision 2005/370/EC of 17 February 2005 concluding on behalf of the Community the Aarhus Convention on access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters of 25 June 1998 (OJ L 124, 17.5.2005, p. 1) 11.73, 11.75

Art 4 11.58

Art 9 11.58

Art 9(1) 11.58, 11.61, 11.72

Art 9(2) 11.59, 11.60, 11.61, 11.66, 11.70, 11.72, 11.74

Art 9(3) 11.61, 11.67, 11.71, 11.72, 11.74

Council Directive 76/207/EEC of 9 February 1976 on the implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women as regards access to employment, vocational training and promotion, and working conditions (OJ L 39, 14.2.1976, p. 40) 2.73

Council Directive 85/374/EEC of 25 July 1985 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning liability for defective products (OJ L 210, 7.8.1985, p 29) 2.75–2.82

Recital 11 2.82, 2.85

Council Directive 93/13/EEC of 5 April 1993 on unfair terms in consumer contracts (OJ L 95, 21.4.1993,p 29)

Art 7(1), (2) 11.49

Council Regulation 17/62/EEC (first regulation implementing Articles 85 and 86 of the Treaty) (OJ L 13, 21.2.1962, p 204) 0.09

Art 19(3) 5.16

Council Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 of 21 December 1989 on the control of concentrations between undertakings (OJ L 395, 30.12.1989, p 1) 13.15

Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (OJ L 12, 16.1.2001, p 1) 12.04, 12.06, 12.124, 12.138–12.140

Recital 19 12.04

Art 5(3) 2.60

Art 27 12.103

Art 28 3.68, 12.108

Council Regulation (EC) No 1206/2001 of 28 May 2001 on cooperation between the courts of the Member States in the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters (OJ L 174, 27.6.2001, p 1) 4.35, 4.36, 4.37, 4.39, 4.40, 4.42, 4.45, 4.47

Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003 of 16 December 2002 on the implementation of the rules on competition laid down in Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty (OJ L 1, 4.1.2003, p 1) 0.08, 0.09, 0.12, 4.186, 5.89, 8.17, 10.07

Recital 7 0.11, 5.128

Recital 13 5.11

Art 2 3.49, 3.51

Art 3 0.10

Art 3(1) 8.10

Art 3(2) 13.01, 13.24

Art 6 0.10

Art 7 4.118, 5.10

Art 9 4.117, 5.09, 5.10

Art 15(1) 0.10, 4.88, 4.109, 4.131, 10.01, 10.02, 10.03, 10.06, 10.25, 10.27

Art 15(3) 10.04, 10.06, 10.13, 10.14, 10.21, 10.27, 10.34

Art 16 5.02–5.26, 5.27

Art 16(1) 5.02–5.05, 5.24, 5.27, 5.65, 5.71, 11.106

Art 28(2) 5.92, 5.105

Art 30 5.89, 5.91, 5.92, 5.129

Art 30(1) 5.88

Art 30(2) 5.88, 5.90, 5.94

Directive 2000/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 June 2000 on combating late payment in commercial transactions (OJ L 200, 8.8.2000, p 35) 9.119, 9.120

Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage (OJ L 143, 30.4.2004, p. 56)

Art 12 11.62, 11.64

Art 12(1) 11.66

Art 13(1) 11.63

Art 13(2) 11.68

Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the enforcement of intellectual property rights (OJ L 157, 30.4.2004, p 45) 5.124

Recital 18 11.57

Recital 21 5.125

Art 4(1) 11.56

Art 8 5.125

Directive 2009/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on injunctions for the protection of consumers’ interests (OJ L 110, 1.5.2009, p 30)

Art 4(1) 11.50

Directive 2011/7/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on combating late payment in commercial transactions (recast) (OJ L 48, 23.2.2011, p 1) 9.118, 9.119

Recital 15 9.118

Arts 2, 7 9.118

Directive 2014/104/EU of 26 November 2014 on certain rules governing actions for damages under national law for infringements of the competition law provisions of the Member States and of the European Union (OJ L 349, 5.12.2014, p 1) 0.17, 2.35, 3.14, 3.50, 3.62, 3.83, 3.86, 3.132, 3.140, 3.141, 3.143, 3.144, 3.151, 3.152, 3.155, 3.156, 4.32, 4.51, 4.52, 4.54, 4.55, 4.57, 4.109, 4.113, 4.159, 4.172, 4.173, 4.174, 4.175, 4.178, 4.179, 4.190, 5.37, 5.38, 5.39, 5.72, 5.74, 5.75, 5.114, 5.117, 6.15, 7.35, 7.43, 7.44, 7.49, 7.53, 7.76, 8.08, 8.09, 8.15, 8.56, 8.64, 8.68, 9.56, 9.57, 9.74, 9.78, 9.80, 9.81, 9.83, 9.85, 9.86, 9.93, 9.98, 9.110, 9.117, 10.26, 11.41, 11.43, 11.259, 11.268

Recital 10 6.17, 8.10

Recital 11 6.17

Recital 12 7.06, 9.111, 9.112, 9.116, 9.129

Recital 13 7.07

Recital 14 4.56

Recital 15 4.56, 4.60, 4.107, 4.109, 10.02

Recital 16 4.56

Recital 17 4.35

Recital 18 3.53

Recital 23 4.54

Recital 25 4.117

Recital 26 4.126, 5.114, 5.115, 5.119

Recital 27 4.126

Recital 28 8.65

Recital 30 10.10, 10.12, 10.13, 10.35

Recital 31 11.257

Recital 32 11.258

Recital 33 3.63

Recital 34 5.33, 5.78, 5.80

Recital 35 5.33, 5.35

Recital 36 9.23, 9.52

Recital 37 8.50, 8.63

Recital 38 8.63, 8.66, 8.67, 9.17

Recital 39 3.38

Recital 40 3.22

Recital 41 7.54

Recital 44 3.63, 3.70

Recital 47 7.32, 7.50

Art 1(1) 8.10

Art 1(2) 8.10

Art 2(2) 8.09

Art 2(3) 8.10

Art 2(4) 11.255, 11.256

Art 2(12) 5.32, 9.15

Art 2(14) 7.46

Art 2(16) 4.124

Art 2(18) 4.125

Art 3 3.126, 3.127, 7.04, 7.11

Art 3(1) 3.14

Art 3(2) 7.03, 9.108, 9.127, 9.128

Art 3(3) 3.38, 7.75, 7.77

Art 5 4.112, 5.124

Art 5(1) 4.52, 4.54, 4.56, 4.58, 4.59

Art 5(2) 4.52, 4.56, 4.58, 4.59

Art 5(3) 4.53, 4.54, 10.11

Art 5(5) 5.100

Art 5(8) 4.55

Art 6 4.112, 4.119, 4.120, 4.126, 4.129, 4.130

Art 6(5) 4.87, 4.116, 4.117, 4.127, 4.133–4.135, 11.255

Art 6(6) 4.119, 4.127, 4.149, 5.117, 11.255

Art 6(7) 4.116, 10.08

Art 6(8) 4.126

Art 6(9) 4.119, 4.126

Art 6(11) 10.09, 10.10, 10.11, 10.12, 10.13, 10.15, 10.35

Art 7 4.112, 4.119, 4.120, 4.121

Art 7(1) 4.119, 11.258

Art 7(2) 4.119, 11.258

Art 7(3) 4.119, 11.255, 11.257, 11.258

Art 8(2) 4.61

Art 9 4.118, 5.27–5.37, 5.83

Art 9(1) 5.30, 5.32, 5.35, 5.70, 5.76

Art 9(2) 5.31, 5.32, 5.35, 5.70

Art 10 9.23, 9.51

Art 10(1) 3.30, 9.04

Art 10(2) 3.53, 9.08, 9.09, 9.10, 9.12, 9.14, 9.58, 9.59, 9.95

Art 10(3) 9.06, 9.20, 9.38, 9.58

Art 10(4) 4.181, 9.06, 9.11, 9.15, 9.16, 9.21, 9.57, 9.60, 9.97

Art 11 8.82, 8.93

Art 11(1) 8.45, 8.46, 8.71, 8.81

Art 11(2) 8.70, 8.71, 8.72, 8.73, 8.75

Art 11(3) 8.73, 8.75

Art 11(4) 8.60, 8.62, 8.63, 8.64, 8.81, 8.83, 9.21, 9.22

Art 11(5) 8.50, 8.62, 8.63, 8.71, 8.76

Art 11(6) 8.63, 8.64

Art 12 3.106, 3.108, 3.126, 3.127, 7.11

Art 12(1) 3.14, 3.62, 3.106

Art 12(2) 3.62

Art 12(3) 3.22, 7.03

Art 12(5) 3.63, 3.70, 7.54

Art 13 3.31, 3.46, 3.52, 3.56, 3.57, 3.71, 3.111, 3.114

Art 14 3.108

Art 14(1) 3.50, 3.51, 3.52

Art 14(2) 3.55, 3.56, 3.57, 3.58, 3.96, 3.107

Art 15(1) 3.67, 3.69, 3.71

Art 15(2) 3.160

Art 17(1) 3.63, 7.52, 7.54

Art 17(2) 3.58, 7.31, 7.36, 7.37, 7.38, 7.40

Art 17(3) 10.16, 10.22, 10.26, 10.36

Art 18(1) 9.24

Art 20 5.37

Art 20(2) 5.37

Art 21(1) 0.17

Art 22 3.96

Art 23 0.17

Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2001 regarding public access to European Parliament, Council and Commission documents (OJ L 145, 31.5.2001, p 43) 4.68, 4.69, 4.73, 4.78, 4.86, 4.92, 4.112, 4.129, 4.130

Art 4 4.70, 4.85, 4.88

Art 4(2) 4.75, 4.78, 4.87

Art 4(3) 4.78, 4.83

Art 6(5) 4.87

Art 7 4.68

Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 October 2004 on cooperation between national authorities responsible for the enforcement of consumer protection laws (OJ L 364, 9.12.2004, p 1)

Art 3(b) 11.51, 11.55

Art 3(c) 11.52, 11.53

Art 3(k) 11.51

Arts 21–27 11.52

Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II) (OJ L 199, 31.7.2007, p 40)

Recital 6 13.25

Recital 21 13.31

Art 4 13.06–13.07, 13.31

Art 4(1), (2), (3) 13.07

Art 5 13.06

Art 6 13.06

Art 6(3) 13.08–13.42, 13.40

Art 6(3)(a) 13.30, 13.32, 13.39, 13.41

Art 6(3)(b) 13.12–13.28, 13.29, 13.32

Art 6(4) 13.10

Art 7 13.06

Art 8 13.06

Art 9 13.06

Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (OJ L 351, 20.12.2012, p 1) 2.62, 12.03, 12.04, 12.05, 12.06 , 12.12, 12.14, 12.40, 12.102

Recital 44 3.72, 12.117

Art 1(1) 12.06

Art 1(2) 12.06, 12.17

Art 4 12.06, 12.14, 12.48, 12.49, 12.94, 12.122, 13.13

Art 4(1) 12.15

Art 6(1) 12.11, 12.122

Art 7 12.122, 12.122

Art 7(2) 2.60, 12.46, 12.51–12.73, 13.13, 13.29, 13.39, 13.42

Art 7(5) 12.47

Art 8(1) 12.10, 12.49, 12.74–12.101, 12.103, 12.114, 13.13, 13.14, 13.42

Art 9 12.122

Art 25 12.18. 12.19, 12.23, 12.24, 12.29, 12.30, 12.32, 12.42

Art 25(1) 12.17

Art 29 12.10, 12.70, 12.103, 12.104–12.111, 12.112, 12.113, 12.119, 12.120, 12.121, 12.122, 12.123, 12.124, 12.125, 12.126, 12.128, 12.136–12.137, 12.140

Art 29(1) 12.103, 12.136

Art 29(3) 12.103, 12.137

Art 30 3.72, 3.160, 12.10, 12.102, 12.103, 12.111, 12.112–12.121, 12.122, 12.124, 12.125, 12.128, 12.131, 12.136–12.137

Art 30(1) 12.116, 12.118

Art 30(2) 12.114, 12.137

Art 30(3) 12.103, 12.115–12.117, 12.130, 13.14

Art 31(1) 12.103

Art 33 12.122, 12.126, 12.127, 12.128

Art 34 12.122, 12.128

Art 62(1) 12.15

Art 63(1) 12.13, 12.16

NATIONAL

Austria

Cartel Law (Kartellgesetz, KartG)

§37a 2.42, 2.43, 3.113, 3.114, 7.66

§37a(1) 9.128

§37a(4) 9.48, 9.51

§37(1) 5.129

§37c(2) 7.37

§37e 8.82, 8.83, 8.84

§37d(1) 7.10

§37f(1) 3.114

§37f(2) 3.108

§37f(3) 3.108, 3.110

§37f(4) 3.109, 3.110

§37h(20 9.51

§37i(2) 5.62

§37(2) 5.129, 5.131

Code of Civil Procedure (Zivilprozessordnung, ZPO)

§12 8.83

§273 7.66

General Civil Code (Allgemeines bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, ABGB)

§893 3.119

§1295 2.43

§1301 8.26

§1302 8.26, 8.80, 8.81

§1311 2.41

§1346 8.81

§1480 9.128

§1489 9.48, 9.51, 9.128

England and Wales

Civil Liability (Contribution) Act 1978

s 1(1) 8.48

s 2(1) 8.48

Civil Procedure Rules 4.15

Pt 19-II 11.119

Rule 19.6 11.122, 11.123

Rule 19.6(1) 11.119, 11.121

Rule 19.6(4) 11.119

Pt 19-III 11.124

Rule 19.10 11.125

Pt 31 4.13

Rule 31.17 4.15

Competition Act 1998 11.152

s 2(1) 11.128

s 18(1) 7.91, 7.92

s 47A-E 11.152

s 47A 2.32, 5.42, 5.43, 5.48, 5.51, 7.93, 9.25

s 47A(8) 9.31, 9.33

s 47A(9) 5.36, 5.43

s 47B 11.123, 11.127–11.134, 11.139

s 47E 2.32

s 49A-E 11.152

s 58 5.42

s 60 3.79

s 60(1), (2) 3.79

Competition Act 2002

s 14(5) 7.79

Competition Appeal Tribunal Rules 2003 9.36

Rule 19(2)(k) 4.13

Rule 31 9.26

Rule 31(1) 9.27

Competition Appeal Tribunal Rules 2015 9.29, 9.36, 11.152

Rule 19(2)(p) 4.13

Rules 71–72 10.18

Rule 78 11.155

Rule 78(2) 11.156

Rule 119 9.26, 11.134, 11.153

Rule 119(3) 9.27

Consumer Rights Act 2015 5.41, 9.29, 10.19, 11.152–11.153

Sch 8 2.32, 9.26, 11.152

Damages Act 2017

Part 2 3.83–3.86

Part 6 4.149

Part 7 4.149

para 9 3.84

para 11 3.85

Enterprise Act 2002 11.116, 11.126

s 16(1), (4) 10.18

s 19 11.127

European Communities Act 1972

s 2(1) 2.30

Foreign Limitation Periods Act 1984

s 1 9.36

Judicature Acts of 1873 and 1875 4.12

Limitation Act 1980

s 2 9.25

s 32 9.34

Finland

Code of Judicial Procedure (oikeudenkäymiskaari) 4.26

Competition Act (kilpailulaki, 948/2011) 2.68

s 20 9.62

s 20(1) 2.68

s 49(2) 10.22

Competition Damages Act (laki kilpailuoikeudellisista vahingonkorvauksista, 1077/2016) 2.68, 5.64, 7.42, 8.29, 8.86, 8.87, 9.62, 10.22

s 2(2) 9.129

s 2(3) 7.41

s 3 5.64

s 8(1) 4.26

s 10 9.57

Interest Act (korkolaki, 633/1982)

s 4 9.130

s 7 9.129

s 12 9.130

Limitations Act (laki velan vanhentumisesta, 728/2003) 9.63

s 19(2) 8.86

Tort Liability Act (vahingonkorvauslaki, 412/1974) 8.85, 9.63

France

Civil Code (Code civile) 9.83

Art 1214 8.49

Art 1240 1.16, 2.44, 2.45, 2.64

Art 1382 2.64

Art 2224 9.81

Art 2238 9.92

Art 2241 9.88

Civil procedure code (Code de procédure civile)

Art 9 4.19

Art 10 4.23

Art 11 4.23

Art 138 4.23

Art 145 4.20

Art 149 4.20

Art 275 4.22

Art 497 4.20

Code de commerce 4.173

Art L. 420–1 2.46, 2.64

Art L. 420–2 2.46, 2.64

Art L. 420–3 2.46

Art L. 423–17 5.73

Art L. 462–3 4.166, 10.28, 10.29

Art L. 462–7 9.91

Art L. 463–6 4.112, 4.162

Art L. 470–5 10.33

Art L. 481–2 5.71, 5.72, 5.74, 9.86

Art L. 481–3 7.10, 7.44

Art L. 483–2 4.23

Art L. 483–3 4.23

Art L. 483–5 4.1694.172

Art L. 483–9 4.170, 4.178

Consumer Code (Code de la consommation)

Art L. 622–1 11.189, 11.190, 11.192, 11.194, 11.195

Art L. 622–2 11.189

Art L. 623–1 11.194–11.200

Art L. 623–4 11.197

Art L. 623–24 11.198

Loi n° 68–678 relative à la communication de documents et renseignements d’ordre économique, commercial, industriel, financier ou technique à des personnes physiques ou morales étrangères, 26 July 1968 4.38, 4.39, 4.42, 4.44

Loi n° 2012–1270 relative à la régulation économique outre-mer et portant diverses dispositions relatives aux outre-mer, 20 November 2012 4.166

Ordonnance n° 2017–303 relative aux actions en dommages et intérêts du fait des pratiques anticoncurrentielles, 9 March 2017 3.144, 3.151

Art 3 4.23, 4.170, 4.178, 5.71, 5.72, 5.74, 7.10, 7.44, 9.86

Art 3 4.166

Art 12 4.168, 9.87

Germany

Act on Administrative Offenses (Ordnungswidrigkeitengesetz, OWiG) 2.34

§46(1) and (3) 4.150

Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, BGB)

§31 8.20

§138 11.264

§195 9.37

§199 9.37

§199(3) 9.42

§203 9.43

§204(2) 9.43

§249 7.08

§252 7.08

§254 3.102

§276(1), (2) 2.66

§823 9.44

§823(1) 2.67

§823(2) 2.66, 2.67, 3.91

§830 8.76

§831 8.20

§840 8.76

§849 9.126

§852 9.47

Code of Civil Procedure (Zivilprozessordnung, ZPO) 2.36

§32 8.77

§68 8.77

§74 8.77

§101 8.77

§138(4) 8.78, 8.79

§142 3.95, 4.25

§253(2) 7.58

§273(2) 4.155

§286(2) 5.56

§287 3.95, 7.36, 7.58, 7.59, 7.62, 7.63, 7.65, 7.66, 11.263

§286 6.34

Penal Procedural Code (Strafprozessordnung, StPO) 2.34

§406 4.152

§406e(1) 4.150

§406e(2) 4.151, 4.152, 4.153

Penal Code (Strafgesetzbuch, StGB)

§§263, 298 2.34

Gesetz gegen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen (GWB) 2.34

§1 2.34, 2.37, 2.39, 2.40, 8.16, 8.17

§§19, 20 2.34, 2.37, 2.39

§33 2.42, 7.62

§§33a 2.34, 2.36, 3.87, 8.19, 9.47

§33a(1) 2.36, 2.38, 2.40, 2.66, 2.68, 5.58, 8.16

§33a(3) 7.36, 7.59

§33a(4) 9.126

§33b 2.34, 2.362.70, 5.56, 5.61

§33c 2.34, 2.36

§33c(2) 3.96

§33e 8.76

§33g 4.24

§33h 9.38

§33h(6) 9.43, 9.46

§33(3) 3.87, 3.88, 5.58, 9.44, 9.45

§33(4) 5.58, 5.59, 5.61, 8.19, 11.202

3§33(5) 9.44, 9.45

§ 34 7.10, 11.202

§34a 11.202

§81(3a) 8.18, 8.19

§ 89 2.36

§89b 4.24

§89c 4.24

§89c(5) 4.152

§90(2), (5) 10.20

7. GWB-Novelle 2.37

9. GWB-Novelle 2.35, 4.24, 4.156, 9.38

Hungary

Competition Act 7.49

Italy

Constitution

Art 10(2) 5.81

Civil Code (Codice civile)

Art 1223 7.13

Art 1226 7.13, 7.68

Art 1227 7.13

Art 1968 9.97

Art 2055 8.92

Art 2947 9.94

Civil Procedure Code

Arts 39, 40 3.160

Art 96 10.35, 10.38

Arts 210, 213 4.32

Consumer Code (Codice del consume)

Art 2(2) 3.162

Art 140(9) 3.162

Art 140-bis 11.214, 11.215, 11.216

Decreto legislativo no 3, 19 January 2017 3.157, 4.180, 5.77, 5.80, 7.46, 7.47, 8.95, 10.37, 11.216, Art 1(1) 11.216

Art 1(2) 7.11

Art 4(7) 10.35

Art 4(8) 4.181

Art 7 5.77, 5.79

Art 7(1) 5.76, 5.78, 5.81

Art 7(2) 5.81

Art 8 9.94

Art 8(1) 9.95

Art 8(2) 9.97

Art 9 8.93, 8.96

Art 10 3.157

Art 10(1) 3.157

Art 10(2) 3.158

Art 10(3) 3.159

Art 11 3.157, 3.160

Art 12 3.157, 3.160

Art 13 3.157

Art 14(1) 7.13

Art 14(2) 5.78, 7.45

Art 14(3) 10.36

Art 18 11.217

L. 287/90

Art 2 3.154

Latvia

Commercial Law (Komerclikums)

Art 20 8.43

Competition Law (Konkurences likums)

Art 21 7.70, 7.71

Lithunia

Civil Code (Civilinis kodeksas) 9.78, 9.132

Code of Civil Procedure (Lietuvos Respublikos civilinio proceso kodeksa) 4.27, 4.28, 5.69, 5.70, 10.24

Law on Competition (Lietuvos Respublikos konkurencijos i ştatymas (No VIII-1099, 23 March 1999)) 4.159, 9.133

Portugal

Constitution

Art 52(3) 11.223

Civil Code (Código civil) (Decreto-Lei 47344/66, of 25 November 1966)

Art 306 9.102

Art 309 9.101

Art 498 9.101, 9.102

Arts 562–564 3.168

Lei 83/95, of 31 August 1995 (Act on the right of procedural participation and actio popularis) 11.223

Spain

Civil Code (Código civil)

Art 1303 2.49

Art 1902 2.47, 2.48, 2.50, 9.98

Law 15/2007, Ley de Defensa de la Competencia, 3 July 2007 2.47

Law 3/2013, Ley de creación de la Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia, 4 June 2013 2.47, 3.163, 7.48

Art 1 2.50, 2.51

Art 2 2.50, 2.51

Art 5(2) 10.39

Art 71 2.51

Art 72 2.51, 3.163, 7.11

Art 74 9.98

Art 75 5.84

Art 75(1) 5.83

Art 75(2) 5.84

Art 76(3) 7.48

Art 76(4) 10.49

Art 78(1) 2.51, 7.11

Art 78(3) 3.166, 3.167

Art 79(1) 3.163

Art 79(2) 3.164

Law 1/2000, Ley de Enjuiciamiento Civil, 7 January 2000 2.47, 2.50, 3.163, 11.218, 11.222

Art 217 3.167

Real Decreto-ley 9/2017, 26 May 2017 2.47, 2.50, 3.163

Sweden

Act on class actions (Lag om grupprättegång, 2002:599) 11.205, 11.207, 11.208, 11.212, 11.213

Competition Act (Konkurrenslag, 1993:20) 9.70, 9.71, 11.211

§33 9.69

Competition Act (Konkurrenslag, 2008:579) 9.72, 11.211

Competition Damages Act (Konkurrensskadelag, 2016:964) 9.74–9.76, 11.212, 11.213

Limitations Act (Preskriptionslag, 1981:130)

§2 9.64

§5 9.67, 9.68

The Netherlands

Constitution (Grondwet)

Art 17 11.184

Act Establishing the ACM (Instellingswet Autoriteit en Markt)

Art 7 4.157

Act on Collective Settlement of Mass Claims (Wet Collectieve Afhandeling Massaschade) 11.174, 11.176, 11.178–11.186

Civil Code (Burgerlijk Wetboek)

Art 2:26 11.175

Art 2:285 11.175

Art 3:305a 11.174–11.177

Art 3:310 9.53

Art 6:95–6:97 3.135, 3.136

Art 6:100 3.130, 3.135, 3.136, 3.137

Art 6:1931 7.40

Code of Civil Procedure (Wetboek van Burgerlijke Rechtsvordering)

Art 44a(1) 10.21

Art 152 5.63

Art 161a 5.63

Art 843a 4.31

Implementation Act (Implementatiewet richtlijn privaatrechtelijke handhaving mededingingsrecht) 3.125, 3.132, 3.134, 11.268

USA

US Constitution

Art III 3.171

Cartwright Act 3.177

Class Action Fairness Act 2005 3.191, 11.239–11.243

Clayton Act, 15 USC §16

§4 3.171, 3.179

§5a 5.04

§16 3.179

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 11.227

Rule 23 3.178, 11.228–11.238

Rule 23(a) 11.228

Rule 23(b) 11.228, 11.230, 11.231, 11.232, 11.233, 11.237

Rule 26(b)     4.184

Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act of 1982 13.22

§6a 13.21

Sherman Act 13.15

§1 3.171

§2 … 3.171

§7(1) 13.21, 13.22

§7(2) 13.22