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The Sale of Misattributed Artworks and Antiques at Auction

Anne L. Bandle

The glamour and mystery of the art auction, gathering interested buyers from across the globe, makes it one of the most fascinating marketplaces in existence. ‘Sleepers’, artworks or antiques that have been undervalued and mislabelled due to an expert’s oversight and consequently undersold, appear regularly. This fascinating new book provides the first extensive study of the phenomenon of sleepers through an in-depth analysis of the contractual relationships, liability and remedies that arise in the context of auction sales.
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Table of cases

Anne L. Bandle

Accidia Foundation v Simon C. Dickinson [2010] EWHC 3058 (Ch), [2010] All ER (D) 290 (Nov), Chancery Division, 26 November 2010 78
Ace Wire & Cable Co. v Aetna Casualty & Surety Co., 60 N.Y.2d 390 (1983) 216
Ailsa Craig Fishing Co. Ltd v Malvern Fishing Co. Ltd [1983] 1 WLR 964 167
Alchemy (International) Ltd v Tattersalls Ltd (1985) EG 675 157
Alta T. Clay v Sotheby’s Chicago Inc., 257 F. Supp. 2d 973; 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 25683 208
Associated Picture Houses Ltd. v Wednesbury Corporation [1948] 1 KB 223 181
Attorney General v Leveller Magazine Limited [1979] AC 440298
Avrora Fine Arts Investment Ltd v Christie, Manson & Woods Ltd [2012] EWHC 2198 (Ch) (27 July 2012) 152, 170, 1723, 1968, 264, 273, 2936
Axa Sunlight Services Plc v Campbell Martin Ltd and Others [2011] EWCA Civ. 133, [2012] Bus LR 203 172
Bell v Lever Brothers [1932] AC 161 187, 189
Benton v Campbell, Parker & Co. Ltd [1925] 2 KB 410150
Blue Chip Emerald LLC v Allied Partners Inc., 299 A.D.2d 278 (2002), 750 N.Y.S.2d 291 226
Boinest v Leignez, 31 S.C.L. 464, 2 Rich. 464, 1846 WL 2230 (Ct. App. Law 1846)230
Brent v Green, 33 Va. (6 Leigh) 16 (1835) 2545
Caparo Industries v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605, [1990] 2 WLR 358 195
Charles Blackman and Ors v Peter Gant and Anor [2010] VSC 229 51
Chelmsford Auctions Ltd v Poole [1973] QB 542150
Christie’s Inc. v Croce, 5 F.Supp.2d 206 (S.D.N.Y. 1998) 229
Christie’s Inc. v Jerome Davis and Susan B. Davis, 247 F.Supp.2d 414 (S.D.N.Y. 2002) 212
Colello v Collelo, 9 A.D.3d 855, 780 N.Y.S.2d 450 (2004) 240
Coleridge v Sotheby’s [2012] EWHC 370 (Ch) Official Transcript, 2012 WL 608706 148, 159, 1612, 193, 196, 200201, 262, 293, 328
Court of Appeals, Canton of Zurich, decision n. HG060451-O/U/dz (June 18, 2012; A. Inc. and B. v Galerie C.) 46
Court of Justice, Republic and Canton of Geneva, C/4870/2013 (June 19 2015)105
Cristallina S.A. v Christie, Manson & Woods, 117 A.D.2d 284 502 N.Y.S.2d 165 (1st Dep’t 1986)203, 207, 20911, 21415, 2212, 2246, 237, 23940, 242, 331
Cromwell v County of Sac, 94 U.S. 351 (1876) 296
Cuckmere Brick Co Ltd v Mutual Finance Ltd [1971] Ch 949, [1971] 2 All ER 633154
Daubert v Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 509 U.S. 579 (1993) 47
David Seton Pollok-Morris Dickson and Susan Marjorie Glencorse Priestley v Christie Manson & Woods Ltd (unreported, out-of-court settlement) 12, 331
David Welsh v Newman International Transport, Inc., n. 2:10-cv-582- FtM-SPC, 2011 WL 3958452 (M.D.Fla, September 8, 2011) 47
De Balkany v Christie Manson & Woods [1997] 16 Trading Law Reports 163 151, 273, 292
Director General of Fair Trading v First National Bank plc [2001] UKHL 52, [2002] 1 AC 481176
Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562 196
Doty v Wilder, 15 Ill. 407 (1854)203, 254
Downie and Downie v Bruce (unreported, Supreme Court of South Australia, 17 December 1992)298
Drake v Thos Agnew & Sons Ltd [2002] EWHC 294 (QB) 2923
E.S.T., Inc. v Christie’s Inc., 6/28/2001 N.Y.L.J. 20, Index No. 112793/2000 (Sup.N.Y. Co.2001)220221, 241, 267, 331
Elidor Investments SA v Christie’s Manson Woods Ltd [2009] EWHC 3600 (QB), 2009 WL 5641047 55, 84, 175, 1813, 200, 244, 2723, 289
Estate of Nelson v Rice, 12 P. 3d 238 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2000) 221, 2345
Federal Court Ruling 4A_412/2015 of February 9, 2016 106
Federal Court Ruling 4A_432/2007 of February 8, 2008 133
Federal Court Ruling 4C.155/2006 of October 23, 2006 132
Federal Court Ruling 4C.215/2002 of November 11, 2002126
Federal Court Ruling 5A_337/2013 of October 23, 2013 95, 136, 140
Federal Court Ruling 41 II 369138
Federal Court Ruling 41 II 487118
Federal Court Ruling 53 II 143121, 142
Federal Court Ruling 56 II 96138
Federal Court Ruling 63 II 240118
Federal Court Ruling 6S.709/2000 of May 26, 2003 146
Federal Court Ruling 73 II 220128
Federal Court Ruling 73 II 224128
Federal Court Ruling 79 II 155142
Federal Court Ruling 82 II 411136
Federal Court Ruling 84 II 355138
Federal Court Ruling 88 II 430118
Federal Court Ruling 91 II 275131, 140, 142
Federal Court Ruling 92 II 234110
Federal Court Ruling 92 II 328 113
Federal Court Ruling 93 II 19110
Federal Court Ruling 95 III 21 140
Federal Court Ruling 95 III 24 113
Federal Court Ruling 109 II 24128, 140
Federal Court Ruling 110 II 293 136
Federal Court Ruling 111 II 474 1434
Federal Court Ruling 111 II 480 130
Federal Court Ruling 111 II 747 109
Federal Court Ruling 112 II 347 108, 123, 1256
Federal Court Ruling 113 II 27137
Federal Court Ruling 114 II 131 136
Federal Court Ruling 115 II 474 117
Federal Court Ruling 115 II 6210910
Federal Court Ruling 118 II 58136, 140
Federal Court Ruling 120 III 136 128
Federal Court Ruling 121 III 336 1334
Federal Court Ruling 122 III 118 104, 126
Federal Court Ruling 122 V 142 104, 126
Federal Court Ruling 123 III 165 115, 120, 126, 1289, 136, 1423, 271
Federal Court Ruling 123 III 200 136, 140
Federal Court Ruling 123 III 715 294
Federal Court Ruling 124 III 155 126
Federal Court Ruling 125 III 241 296
Federal Court Ruling 126 III 388 126
Federal Court Ruling 126 III 59 128, 1301
Federal Court Ruling 127 III 328 109, 111
Federal Court Ruling 127 V 308 137
Federal Court Ruling 128 III 271 294
Federal Court Ruling 129 III 335 132
Federal Court Ruling 130 III 321 294
Federal Court Ruling 130 III 686 126
Federal Court Ruling 132 II 161 136, 140
Federal Court Ruling 132 III 32 132
Federal Court Ruling 137 III 27 132
Federal Court Ruling C 134/1987/mp (unpublished) 1289, 140, 142, 256
Federal Ins. Co. v Winters, 354 S.W.3d 287 (Tenn. 2011) 243
Firestone & Parson, Inc. v Union League of Philadelphia, 672 F.Supp.819 (E.D.Pa. 1987) 233
First National Commercial Bank Plc v Humberts [1995] 2 All ER 673 202
Fordham v Christie Manson & Woods Ltd (1977) EGD 94 96
Foxley v Sotheby’s Inc., 893 F. Supp. 1224 (1995 U.S. Dist. Lexis 5332)223, 228, 257
Frye v United States, 293 F. 1013 (D.C. Cir. 1923)47
GLM Corp. v Klein, 665 F.Supp. 283 (S.D.N.Y. 1986) 226, 240
Granville Oil & Chemicals Ltd v Davis Turner & Co. Ltd [2003] EWCA Civ 570; [2003] 2 CLC 418 172
Great Peace Shipping Ltd v Tsavliris Salvage (International) Ltd [2002] EWCA Civ 1407, [2003] QB 679 18890, 192
Greenberg Gallery, Inc. v Bauman and Entwistle, 817 F. Supp 167, 173 (D.C. 1993), aff’d, 1994 U.S. App. LEXIS 27175 [D.C. Cir. 1994] 21, 48, 296
Greenwood v Koven, 92 Civ. 2574 (CSH), 1993 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18272 (S.D.N.Y. 1993); on reconsideration, 880 F. Supp. 186 (S.D.N.Y. 1995); 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3769212, 21619, 221, 2245, 227, 309
Hadcock v Osmer, 153 N.Y. 604, 47 N.E. 923 (1897) 237
Hadley v Baxendale [1854] 156 ER 145201
Harrison & Jones Ltd v Bunten & Lancaster Ltd [1953] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 318, 326, [1953] 1 All ER 903 189
Hedley Byrne v Heller [1964] AC 465159, 164, 195
Henderson v Merrett Syndicates Ltd [1994] 3 WLR 761 193
Hicks v Minturn, 19 Wend. 550, 1838 WL 3032 (N.Y. Sup. 1838) 207
Hilton v Barker Booth & Eastwood [2005] 1 WLR 567 16
Holston v Pennington, 304 S.E.2d 287 (Va.,1983) 2545, 257
Hoos v Weber [1974] 232 Estates Gazettes 1379 193, 2723
In re Cape plc and Others [2006] EWHC 1316 (Ch), [2007] Bus LR 109 168
In re Estate of Rothko, 43 N.Y.2d 305, 372 N.E.2d 291, 401 N.Y.S.2d 449, aff’d 56 A.D.2d 499, 392 N.Y.S.2d 870 (1977) 239
Interoceania Corp. v Sound Pilots, Inc., 107 F.3d 86 (2d Cir. 1997) 297
Jeanne Marchig et al. v Christie’s Inc., 762 F. Supp. 2d 667; 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9466 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 31, 2011), aff’d, No. 11-cv-461 (2d Cir. July 12, 2011) 58, 226, 237, 24044, 331
Johann Gruber v Bay Wa AG, ECJ 20 January 2005, Case C-464/01, ECR 2005 p. I-00439 178
Kennedy v Panama etc. Mail Co. [1867] LR QB 580 1878
Kitchen v Sotheby’s, 2008 N.Y. Slip. Op. 50264(U), 18 Misc. 3d. 1132 (A) 244
Kohler v Leslie Hindman, Inc., No. 95-1752, 80 F.3d 1181; 34 Fed.R.Serv.3d 1342 21822, 224, 227
Krahmer v Christie’s Inc., 903 A.2d 773 203
Kremer v Janet Fleisher Gallery, Inc., 320 Pa. Super. 384, 467 A.2d 377 (1983) 209
Lancelot Thwaytes v Sotheby’s [2015] EWHC 36 (Ch), Case No: HC- 2012-000042 155, 15962, 261, 263
Leaf v International Galleries [1950] 2 KB 86 190, 197
LG Augsburg, 22 O 3163/10, January 27, 201218, 22
Lipschitz v Stein, 65 A.D.3d 573, 884 N.Y.S.2d 442 (2d Dept. 2009)47
Lord of Shalford v Shelley’s Jewelry, Inc., 127 F.Supp.2d 779, 784 (2000) 211
Luxmoore-May and Another v Messenger-May Baverstock (a firm), Court of Appeal, Civil Division, [1990] 1 All ER 1067, [1990] 1 WLR 1009 (CA 1989)58, 1545, 15760, 193, 200, 2612, 274
Mann v Messrs Chetty and Patel (A firm) [2000] EWCA Civ 267, [2001] CP Rep 24 46
Maynard v West Midlands Regional Health Authority [1985] 1 All ER 635, [1984] 1 WLR 6341567
Menzel v List, 24 N.Y.2d 91, 246 N.E.2d 742, 298 N.Y.S.2d 979 (1969)239
Mickle v Christie’s, Inc., 207 F. Supp. 2d 237 (S.D.N.Y. 2002) 211, 21718, 22022, 229
Miller v Minister of Pensions [1947] 2 All ER 372 196, 294
Missouri ex rel. Jay Bee Stores, Inc. v Edwards, 636 S.W.2d 61 (Mo. 1982). 215
Morin v Bonhams & Brooks Ltd [2004] 1 All ER (Comm) 880 151, 2723, 289
Nataros v Fine Arts Gallery of Scottsdale, Inc., 126 Ariz. 44, 612 P.2d 500 (1980) 22930
Nelson v Sotheby’s Inc., 128 F. Supp. 2d 1172 (N.D. Ill. 2001) 608
New Texas Auto Auction Services, L.P. v Gomez De Hernandez, 249 S.W.3d 400 (Tex. 2008) 203, 256
Nicholson & Venn v Smith-Marriott [1947] 177 LT 189 191
Pacnet Network Ltd v KDDI Corp., 912 N.Y.S.2d 178 (1st Dept 2010) 224
Parke-Bernet Galleries, Inc. v Robert A. Franklyn, 26 N.Y.2d 13 (1970) 2556
Pike, Sons & Co v Ongley and Thornton (1887) 18 QBD 708 149
Raiffeisen Zentralbank Osterreich AG v The Royal Bank of Scotland plc [2010] EWHC 1392 (Comm), [2010] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 123 197
Ravenna v Christie’s, Inc., 289 A.D.2d 15, 734 N.Y.S.2d 21, 2001 N.Y. Slip Op. 09730 238
Reale v Sotheby’s, Inc., 278 A.D.2d 119, 718 N.Y.S.2d 37, 2000 WL 1868592, 2000 N.Y. Slip Op. 11338 208, 21314, 217, 227, 241, 298
Record Club of America, Inc. v United Artists Records, Inc., 890 F.2d 1264 (2d Cir. 1989)216
Rexnord Holdings, Inc. v Bidermann, 21 F.3d 522 (2d Cir. 1994) 217
Richard Bottorff v Joe Ault et al., 374 F.2d 832 (7th Cir. 1967)204
Richard L. Feigen & Co. v Weil, No. 13935/90 (N.Y. Sup. 1992), aff’d, 191 A.D.2d 278, 595 N.Y.S.2d 683 232
Rose v National Auction Group, Inc., 466 Mich. 453, 646 N.W.2d 455 (2002) 206
Rosin v First Bank of Oak Park, 126 Ill. App.3d 230, 466 N.E.2d 1245 (Ill. App. 1 Dist.,1984)254
Scheps v Fine Art Logistic Ltd [2007] EWHC 541 (QB) 167
Schwinn v Griffith, 303 N.W.2d 258 (Minn., 1981) 254
Shared Network Services Limited v Nextira One UK Limited [2011] EWHC 3845 (Comm); 2011 WL 9503202 1723
Simon-Whelan v Andy Warhol Foundation et al., No. 07 Civ. 6423, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 44242 41
Socimer International Bank Ltd v Standard Bank London Ltd [2008] EWCA Civ. 116 1812
Solle v Butcher [1950] 1 KB 671 189
South Australia Asset Management Corp v York Montague Ltd [1997] AC 191165, 199, 298
Spencer-Churchill v Faggionato Fine Arts Ltd and Others [2012] EWHC 2318 (Ch)200
Spurling v Bradshaw [1956] 1 WLR 461 167
Steven Brooks v Sotheby’s et al., No. 13-cv-02183 RS (N.D. Cal. 2013)205
Struna v Wolf, 126 Misc.2d (1031), 484 N.Y.S.2d 392 (Sup. Ct. 1985) 159
Sveaas v Christie’s Inc., no. 10 Civ 4263 (LTS), 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 49118 (S.D.N.Y. April 20, 2011); on appeal Docket no. 11-2064 (2nd Cir. 2011)2224, 227, 240, 2434
Teheran-Europe Co Ltd v S T Belton (Tractors) Ltd [1968] 2 QB 545 149
Thome v Alexander & Louisa Calder Foundation, 70 A.D.3d 88, 890 N.Y.S.2d 16 (1st 2009) leave to appeal denied, 15 N.Y.3d 703, 933 N.E.2d 216 (2010)293, 296
Thomson v Christie Manson & Woods Ltd and Others [2004] EWHC 1101, [2004] PNLR 42, on appeal [2005] EWCA Civ 555 (12 May 2005) 23, 1636, 195, 255, 272, 289, 2946
Tomlinson v Congleton Borough Council [2004] 1 AC 46 164, 166
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, Inc. and Guido Orsi v Christie’s, Inc., 2008 WL 4972888 (N.Y. Sup.) 62, 756
Trasteco Ltd v Kunsthaus Lempertz KG, LG Köln, 28 September 2012, 2 O 457/08 14
Veazie v Williams, 49 U.S. (8 How.) 134 (1850) 203
Wadsworth v Adams, 138 U.S. 380 (1890)211
Wagon Mound (no. 1) [1961] AC 388 198
Warner Theatre Assoc. Ltd P’ship v Metropolitain Life Inc. Co., 97 Civ. 4914, 1997 WL 685334 (S.D.N.Y. November, 4, 1997) 223
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