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The Concept of Climate Migration

Advocacy and its Prospects

Benoît Mayer

This timely book offers a unique interdisciplinary inquiry into the prospects of different political narratives on climate migration. It identifies the essential angles on climate migration – the humanitarian narrative, the migration narrative and the climate change narrative – and assesses their prospects. The author contends that although such arguments will influence global governance, they will not necessarily achieve what advocates hope for. He discusses how the weaknesses of the concept of “climate migration” are likely to be utilized in favour of repressive policies against migration or for the defence of industrial nations against perceived threats from the Third World.
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Bibliography

Benoît Mayer

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL DOCUMENTS

Treaties

African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 27 June 1981.

African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa, African Union, 22 October 2009.

ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response, 26 July 2005.

ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution, 10 June 2002.

Charter of the United Nations, 26 June 1945.

Constitution of the International Organization for Migration, 19 October 1953 (amended on 20 May 1987).

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 10 December 1984.

Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa (Organization of African Unity), 10 September 1969.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 18 December 1979.

Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, 13 November 1979.

Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, 30 August 1961.

Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 November 1989.

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 13 December 2006.

Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 28 July 1951.

Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, 28 September 1954.

Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa, 14 October 1994.

General Agreement on Trade in Services, 15 April 1994.

ICJ Statute, 26 June 1945.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 16 December 1966.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 16 December 1966.

ILO Convention No. 97 concerning Migration for Employment, 1 July 1949.

ILO Convention No. 105 concerning the Abolition of Forced Labour, 25 June 1957.

ILO Convention No. 143 concerning Migrations in Abusive Conditions and the Promotion of Equality of Opportunity and Treatment of Migrant Workers, 24 June 1975.

ILO Convention No. 189 concerning Domestic Workers, 16 June 2011.

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 7 March 1966.

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, 18 December 1990.

Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 11 December 1997.

Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, 26 December 1933.

Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, 16 September 1987.

Paris Agreement, 22 April 2016 (scheduled date for a formal adoption).

Protocol No. 7 to the European Convention on Human Rights, 22 November 1984.

Protocol on the Protection and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons (International Conference on the Great Lakes Region), 30 November 2006.

Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, 13 January 1967.

Tampere Convention on the Provision of Telecommunication Resources for Disaster Mitigation and Relief Operations, 18 June 1998.

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, 13 December 2007.

United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, 5 June 1992.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 10 December 1982.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 14 June 1992.

Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, 22 March 1985.

Declarations

Accra Agenda for Action, 4 September 2008.

Caracas Declaration adopted at the special ministerial meeting of the Group of Seventy-Seven, 23 June 1989.

Cartagena Declaration on Refugees, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.66/doc.10, 1984.

Chicago Summit Declaration, North Atlantic Council, 20 May 2012.

Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development, 22 March 2002.

Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, 2 March 2005.

Principles on Status and Treatment of Refugees, Asian-African Consultative Organization, 40th Session, 24 June 2001.

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, in Report of the UN Conference on Environment and Development, A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1 (1992).

Wales Summit Declaration, North Atlantic Council, 5 September 2004.

UN General Assembly Resolutions

G.A.Res.174(II), Statute of the International Law Commission, 21 November 1947.

G.A.Res.217A(III), Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 10 December 1948.

G.A.Res.428(V), Statute of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 14 December 1950.

G.A.Res.2626(XXV), International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade, 24 October 1970.

G.A.Res.3201(S-VI), Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order, 1 May 1974.

G.A.Res.3224(XXIV), Measures to Improve the Situation of Migrant Workers, 6 November 1974.

G.A.Res.3274 (XXIX), Question of the Establishment, in Accordance with the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, of a Body to which Persons Claiming the Benefit of the Convention May Apply, 10 December 1974.

G.A.Res.3281 (XXIX), Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States, 12 December 1974.

G.A.Res.3449 (XXX), Measures to Ensure the Human Rights and Dignity of All Migrant Workers, 9 December 1975.

G.A.Res.31/36, Questions of the Establishment, in accordance with the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, of a Body to Which Persons Claiming the Benefit of the Convention May Apply, 30 November 1976.

G.A.Res.36/125, Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 14 December 1981.

G.A.Res.38/161, Process of preparation of the Environmental Perspective to the Year 2000 and Beyond, 19 December 1983.

G.A.Res.40/118, Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 13 December 1985.

G.A.Res.40/144, Declaration on the Human Rights of Individuals who are not Nationals of the Country in which they Live, 13 December 1985.

G.A.Res.41/128, Declaration on the Right to Development, 4 December 1986.

G.A.Res.46/182, Strengthening of the Coordination of Humanitarian Emergency Assistance, 19 December 1991.

G.A.Res.50/152, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 21 December 1995.

G.A.Res.53/125, Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees, 9 December 1998.

G.A.Res.55/2, Millennium Declaration, 8 September 2000.

G.A.Res.59/193, Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order, 20 December 2004.

G.A.Res.60/1, World Summit Outcome, 16 September 2005.

G.A.Res.60/147, Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law, 16 December 2005.

G.A.Res.61/295, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 13 September 2007.

G.A.Res.63/281, Climate Change and Its Possible Security Implications, 11 June 2009.

G.A.Res.66/288, The Future We Want, 27 July 2012.

Decisions of Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC and Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol

Decision 1/CP.1, The Berlin Mandate: Review of the adequacy of Article 4, paragraph 2(a) and (b), of the Convention, including proposals related to a protocol and decisions on follow-up (1995).

Decision 11/CP.1, Initial guidance on policies, programme priorities and eligibility criteria to the operating entity or entities of the financial mechanism (1995).

Decision 1/CP.7, The Marrakesh Ministerial Declaration (2001).

Decision 5/CP.7, Implementation of Article 4, paragraphs 8 and 9, of the Convention (Decision 3/CP.3 and Article 2, paragraph 3, and Article 3, paragraph 14, of the Kyoto Protocol) (2001).

Decision 7/CP.7, Funding under the Convention (2001).

Decision 10/CP.7, Funding under the Kyoto Protocol (2001).

Decision 1/CP.10, Buenos Aires programme of work on adaptation and response. (2004).

Decision 1/CMP.1, Consideration of commitments for subsequent periods for Parties included in Annex I to the Convention under Article 3, paragraph 9, of the Kyoto Protocol (2005).

Decision 3/CMP.1, Modalities and procedures for a clean development mechanism as defined in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol (2005).

Decision 31/CMP.1, Matters relating to Article 3, paragraph 14, of the Kyoto Protocol (2005).

Decision 2/CP.12, Review of the Financial Mechanism (2006).

Decision 1/CP.13, Bali Action Plan (2007).

Decision 2/CP.13, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries: approaches to stimulate action (2007).

Decision 2/CP.15, Copenhagen Accord (2009).

Decision 1/CP.16, The Cancún Agreements: Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (2010).

Decision 3/CP.17, Launching the Green Climate Fund (2011).

Decision 1/CP.17, Establishment of an Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (2011).

Decision 2/CP.17, Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (2011).

Decision 8/CP.17, Forum and work programme on the impact of the implementation of response measures (2011).

Decision 1/CP.18, Agreed outcome pursuant to the Bali Action Plan (2012).

Decision 2/CP.18, Advancing the Durban Platform (2012).

Decision 3/CP.18, Approaches to Address Loss and Damage Associated with Climate Change Impacts in Developing Countries that are Particularly Vulnerable to the Adverse Effects of Climate Change to Enhance Adaptive Capacity (2012).

Decision 24/CP.18, Economic diversification initiative (2012).

Decision 1/CMP.8, Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol pursuant to its Article 3, paragraph 9 (2012).

Decision 1/CP.19, Further advancing the Durban Platform (2013).

Decision 2/CP.19, Warsaw international mechanism for loss and damage associated with climate change impacts (2013).

Decision 3/CP.19, Long-term climate finance (2013).

Decision 1/CP.20, Lima Call for Climate Action (2014).

Decision 20/CP.20, Forum and work programme on the impact of the implementation of response measures (2014).

Decision 4/CMP.10, Guidance relating to the clean development mechanism (2014).

Decision 1/CP.21, Adoption of the Paris Agreement (2015).

UN Reports

Independent expert on human rights and international security, Report, A/HRC/15/32, 5 July 2010.

Independent expert on the situation of human rights in Haiti, Report, A/HRC/20/35/Add.1, 4 June 2012.

Representative of the Secretary-General on internally displaced persons, Report, E/CN4/2002/95, 16 January 2002.

Secretary General, The Realization of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, E/CN.4/Sub.2/1997/7, 2 July 1997.

Secretary General, Report on the work of the Organization, A/53/1, 27 August 1998.

Secretary General, Report on the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, A/58/277, 12 August 2003.

Secretary General, Implementing the Responsibility to Protect, A/63/677, 12 January 2009.

Secretary General, Report on Climate Change and its Possible Security Implications, A/64/350, 11 September 2009.

Secretary General, Follow-up to the Second World Assembly on Ageing, A/66/173, 22 July 2011.

Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Report, A/67/299, 13 August 2012.

Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Report, A/68/283, 5 August 2013.

Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Report, A/HRC/26/35, 3 April 2014.

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Report, E/2012/51, 20 April 2012.

UNHCR Documents

Division of International Protection, Note on the Mandate of the High Commissioner for Refugees and his Office, 2013.

ExCom Conclusion 22 (XXXII), Protection of Asylum-Seekers in Situations of Large-Scale Influx, 21 October 1981.

ExCom Conclusion 40 (XXXVI), Voluntary Repatriation, 18 October 1985.

ExCom Conclusion 109 (LX), Protracted Refugee Situations, 8 December 2009.

ExCom Policy Framework and Implementation Strategy, UNHCR’s Role in Support of an Enhanced Humanitarian Response to Situations of Internal Displacement: Policy Framework and Implementation Strategy, EC/58/SC/CRP 18, 11 February 2008.

ExCom Working Group on Solutions and Protection, Report, EC/SCP/64, 12 August 1991.

Guidelines on International Protection No. 4, “International Flight or Relocation Alternative” within the Context of Article 1A(2) of the 1951 Convention and/or 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, 2003.

Handbook and Guidelines on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status, HCR/1P/4/eng/Rev. 3, 2011.

Resettlement Handbook and Country Chapters, 2011.

ILC Documents

Draft Articles on Diplomatic Protection, adopted on 6 December 2007.

Draft Articles on Prevention of Transboundary Harm from Hazardous Activities, 11 May 2001.

Draft Articles on the Protection of Persons in the Event of Disasters, adopted in first reading on 6 August 2014.

Draft Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts, adopted in second reading on 12 December 2001.

Eduardo Valencia-Ospina, Preliminary Report on the Protection of Persons in the Event of Disasters, A/CN.4/598, 2008.

Eduardo Valencia-Ospina, Second Report on the Protection of Persons in the Event of Disasters, A/CN.4/615, 2009.

Memorandum by the Secretariat, Protection of Persons in the Event of Disasters, A/CN.4/590/Add.1, 19 June 2008.

Responsibility of International Organizations, adopted on 9 December 2011.

Shinya Murase, First report on the protection of the atmosphere, A/CN.4/667, 2014.

Documents from Other Intergovernmental Organizations

African Development Bank’s Involuntary Resettlement Policy of November 2003.

Asian Development Bank’s Safeguard Policy Statement of June 2009.

CESCR, General Comment No. 2: International technical assistance measures, 2 February 1990.

CESCR, General Comment No. 3: The nature of State parties’ obligations, 14 December 1990.

CESCR, General Comment No. 7: The right to adequate housing: forced evictions, 20 May 1997

CESCR, General Comment No. 12: The right to adequate food, 19 May 1999.

Committee on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, General Recommendation No. 26: Women migrant workers, 2008.

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, General Recommendation No. 30, Discrimination against non-citizens, 1 October 2002.

Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, General Comment No. 2 on the rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families, 2013.

Council Directive 2004/83/EC on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted, 29 April 2004.

Council Directive 2001/55/EC on minimum standards for giving temporary protection in the event of a mass influx of displaced persons and on measures promoting a balance of efforts between member states in receiving such persons and bearing the consequences thereof, 20 July 2001.

Customs Co-operation Council, Recommendation to expedite the forwarding of relief consignments, 8 June 1970.

Directive 2011/95/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on standards for the qualification of third country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection, for a uniform status for refugees or for persons eligible for subsidiary protection, and for the content of the protection granted, 13 December 2011 [EU Qualification Directive]

EU Council Presidency note to Strategic Committee on Immigration, Frontiers and Asylum, No. 12148/02 ASILE 43, 20 September 2002.

Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, E/CN4/1998/53/Add2, 11 February 1998.

HRC, General Comment No. 15: The position of aliens under the Covenant, 11 April 1986.

HR Council, Guiding Principles on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights, HR Council Res. 21/11, 18 October 2012.

HR Council, Universal Periodic Review of China, A/HRC/25/5, 2013.

HR Council, HR Council Resolutions 18/22, 30 September 2011.

HR Council, HR Council Resolutions 7/23, 28 March 2008.

HR Council, HR Council Resolutions 10/4, 25 March 2009.

HRC, General Comment No. 18: Non-discrimination, 10 November 1989.

HRC, General Comment No. 27, Freedom of movement, 2 November 1999.

HRC, Internally Displaced Persons, HRC Resolution 1998/50, 17 April 1998.

IASC, Guidance note on using the cluster approach to strengthen humanitarian response, 2006.

IASC, Operational guidelines on the protection of persons in situations of natural disasters, 2011.

ICRC, Guidelines for the Domestic Facilitation and Regulation of International Disaster Relief and Initial Recovery Assistance, 2007.

ILO Recommendation No. 2: “Reciprocity of Treatment of Foreign Workers” (1919).

ILO, Note concerning the Co-ordination of International Responsibility in the Field of Migration, Agreed on the Secretariat Level between the United Nations and the International Labour Organization, 15 December 1947, in 30:5 ILO Official Bulletin 418.

ILO, Multilateral Framework on Labour Migration: Non-Binding Principles and Guidelines for a Rights-Based Approach to Labour Migration, 2006.

IOM, Discussion Note: Migration and the Environment, MC/INF/288, 2007.

IOM Council Resolution No. 1150, 7 June 2007.

IOM, Review of the IOM Strategy, Council Resolution No. 1204, 1 December 2010.

OECD Development Assistance Committee’s Guidelines for Aid Agencies on Involuntary Displacement and Resettlement in Development Projects (1992).

Report of the High-Level Panel on Financing for Development, A/55/1000, 2001.

Statement of the President of the Security Council, S/23500, 31 January 1992.

UN Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Status of Refugees and Stateless Persons, Final Act, 189 UNTS 137, 25 July 1951.

UN Conference on the Elimination or Reduction of Future Statelessness, Final Act, A/CONF9/14, 30 August 1961.

UN Department of Public Information, Security Council Holds First-Ever Debate on Impact of Climate Change on Peace, Security SC/9000, 2007.

UN Department of Public Information, Security Council, in Statement, Says “Contextual Information” on Possible Security Implications of Climate Change Important, SC/10332, 2011.

UN Department of Public Information, Press Conference on Impact of Climate Change on Marshall Islands, 2013.

UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, Chair’s Summary of the Second Session Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, 19 June 2009.

World Bank’s Operational Policy and Bank Policy.

Other Authoritative Documents Developed by Non-Governmental Organizations

Declaration of principles for international humanitarian relief to the civilian population in disaster situations, International Conference of the Red Cross, 1969.

Maastricht Principles on extraterritorial obligations of states in the area of economic, social and cultural rights, adopted by a group of experts in international law and human rights, 28 September 2011.

Responsibility and liability under international law for environmental damage, ILA Resolution adopted on 4 September 1997.

Universal Declaration of Rights of Mother Earth, adopted by the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, 22 April 2010.

Decisions of International Jurisdictions

Affaire des forêts de Rhodope central (Greece v. Bulgaria) UNRIAA III pp. 1405–36 (1933), Judgment (Merits), 1933.

Certain Phosphate Lands in Nauru (Nauru v. Australia), Preliminary Objections, ICJ Reports 1992.

Corfu Channel (UK v. Albania), Merits, ICJ Reports 1949.

East Timor (Portugal v. Australia), ICJ Reports 1995.

ECHR (Plenary), Soering v. UK, 14038/88 (7 July 1989).

ECHR (Chamber), D. v. UK, 30240/96 (2 May 1997).

ECHR (Grand Chamber), Thlimmenos v. Greece, judgment of 6 April 2000.

ECHR (Grand Chamber), N. v. UK, 26565/05, 27 May 2008.

ECHR (Grand Chamber), Sufi v. UK, 8319/07, 28 June 2011.

ICJ, Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary v. Slovakia) (Judgment, 1997)

Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, ICJ, Advisory Opinion of 8 July 1996, ICJ Rep 226, 8 July 1996.

Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France), ICJ Reports 1954.

Nuclear Tests (New Zealand v. France), (1978) ICJ Pleadings Vol.II at 264–5.

PCIJ, Series A, No. 2, Mavrommatis Palestine Concessions (Greece v. UK) (Objection to the Jurisdiction of the Court, 1924).

PCIJ, Series A, No. 9, Factory at Chorzów (Judgment (Jurisdiction), 1927).

PCIJ, Series A/B, No. 74, Phosphates in Morocco (Preliminary Objections, 1938).

Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay), judgment of 20 April 2010, ICJ Reports 2010.

Nuremberg Military Tribunal, United States v. Flick, (1952) 6 Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals under Control Council Law No. 10.

Responsabilité de l’Allemagne à raison des dommages causés dans les colonies portugaises du sud de l’Afrique (Portugal v. Germany), sentence sur le principle de la responsabilité, (1928) II UNRIAA 1011.

United States v. Canada, 3 RIAA 1907 (1941).

DOMESTIC LEGAL DOCUMENTS

Legislation

Sweden, Aliens Act, SFS 2005:716.

Finland, Aliens Act, Act No. 301/2004,30 April 2004.

Court Decisions

AD (Tuvalu), [2014] NZIPT 501370-371 (Immigration and Protection Tribunal of New Zealand).

Adams v. New Jersey Steamboat Co., 151 N.Y. 163, 167 (1896).

Almog v. Arab Bank plc, 471 F. Supp. 2d 257, 291 (E.D.N.Y. 2007).

Case 1000208 [2010] RRTA 339 (Refugee Review Tribunal of Australia), 13 April 2010.

In re S. Afr. Apartheid Litig, 617 F. Supp. 2d 228, 257–8 (S.D.N.Y. 2009).

Ioane Teitiota v. Ministry of Business, [2013] NZHC 3125, case CIV-2013-404-3528 (High Court of New Zealand).

Native Village of Kivalina v. ExxonMobil Corp, 663 F. Supp. 2d 863 (N.D. Cal. 2009).

Native Village of Kivalina v. ExxonMobil Corp, 696 F.3d 849 (C.A.9 (Cal.) 2012 appeals); 133 S.Ct. 2390 (Mem) U.S. 2013.

N99/30231 [2000] RRTA 17 (Refugee Review Tribunal of Australia), 10 January 2000.

Presbyterian Church of Sudan v. Talisman Energy, 244 F. Supp. 2d 289, 323 (S.D.N.Y. 2003).

R. v. Immigration Appeal Tribunal, [1997] Imm. A.R. 145.

Sepet and Another v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, [2003] UKHL 15.

0907346 [2009] RRTA 1168 (Refugee Review Tribunal of Australia), 10 December 2009.

Miscellaneous

Fingar, Thomas. Statement for the record, House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 25 June 2008.

US Department of Defense, Quadrennial Defense Review, 2014.

US Secretary Colin Powell, Remarks to the National Foreign Policy Conference for Leaders of Non-Governmental Organizations, Washington, DC, 26 October 2001.

US Senate Res. 98, 105th Cong, “Byrd-Hagel Resolution,” 143 Cong. Rec. S8138-39, 25 July 1997.

US White House Office of the Press Secretary, U.S.-China Joint Announcement on Climate Change, 2014.

SECONDARY LITERATURE

Books

Afifi, Tamer and Jäger, Jill (eds). Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability (Springer, 2010).

Amerasinghe, Chittharanjan Felix. Diplomatic Protection (O.U.P. 2008).

Anderson, Bridget. Us and Them? The Dangerous Politics of Immigration Control (O.U.P. 2013).

Anderson, Bridget and Keith, Michael (eds). Migration: A COMPAS Anthology (Centre on Migration, Policy and Society, Oxford University, 2014).

Andreasen, Alan. Strategic Marketing for Nonprofit Organizations, 7th ed. (Pearson, 2008).

Angelsen, Arild (ed.). Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options (Center for International Forestry Research, 2009).

Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism (Meridian, 1958).

Aristotle. The Nicomachean Ethics, D. Ross, transl. (O.U.P. 1980).

Ayers, Jessica (ed.). Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change: Scaling It Up (Routledge, 2014).

Bailliet, Cecilia (ed.). Security: A Multidisciplinary Normative Approach (Nijhoff, 2009).

Baker, James. In the Common Defense: National Security Law for Perilous Times (C.U.P. 2007).

Barnett, Michael. Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism (Cornell U.P. 2011).

Barnett, Michael and Finnemore, Martha. Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics (Cornell U.P. 2004).

Barnett, Michael and Weiss, Thomas G. (eds). Humanitarianism in Question: Politics, Power, Ethics (Cornell U.P. 2008).

Beitz, Charles. The Idea of Human Rights (O.U.P. 2009).

Bem, Kazimierz; Field, Nina and Maclellan, Nic. A Price Too High: The Cost of Australia’s Approach to Asylum Seekers (A Just Australia, 2007).

Bétaille, Julien and Prieur, Michel (eds). Les Catastrophes écologiques et le droit: échecs du droit, appels au droit (Bruylant, 2012).

Betten, Lammy. International Labour Law: Selected Issues (Kluwer, 1993).

Betts, Alexander (ed.). Global Migration Governance (O.U.P. 2011).

Betts, Alexander. Survival Migration: Failed Governance and the Crisis of Displacement (Cornell U.P. 2013).

Bhargava, Rajeed and Reifeld, Helmut (eds). Civil Society, Public Sphere and Citizenship (Sage, 2005).

Bjola, Corneliu and Kornprobst, Markus (eds). Arguing Global Governance (Routledge, 2011).

Bodansky, Daniel; Brunnée, Jutta and Hey, Ellen (eds). The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law (O.U.P. 2007).

Booth, Colin et al. (eds). Solutions to Climate Change Challenges in the Built Environment (Wiley, 2012).

Brainard, Leal; Jones, Abigail and Purvis, Nigel (eds). Climate Change and Global Poverty: A Billion Lives in the Balance? (Brookings Institution, 2009).

Brown, Oli. Migration and Climate Change (IOM, 2008).

Brunnée, Jutta; Doelle, Meinhard and Rajamani, Lavanya (eds). Promoting Compliance in an Evolving Climate Regime (C.U.P. 2012).

Bulkeley, Harriet. Cities and Climate Change (Routledge, 2013).

Burchill, Scott and Linklater, Andrew (eds). Theories of International Relations, 5th ed. (Macmillan, 2013).

Burroughs, William. Climate Change in Prehistory: The End of the Reign of Chaos (C.U.P. 2005).

Buzan, Barry; Wæver, Ole and De Wilde, Jaap. Security: A New Framework for Analysis (Lynne Rienner, 1998).

Cadman, Timothy (ed.). Climate Change and Global Policy Regimes: Towards Institutional Legitimacy (Macmillan, 2013).

Cahill, Kevin (ed.). The Pulse of Humanitarian Assistance (Fordham U.P. 2007).

Camilleri, Joseph. Civilization in Crisis: Human Prospects in a Changing World (C.U.P. 1976).

Carmona, Magdalena Sepúlveda. The Nature of the Obligations under the ICESCR (Intersentia, 2003).

Castles, Stephen. The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World, 4th ed. (Macmillan, 2009).

Cernea, Michael (ed.). The Economics of Involuntary Resettlement: Questions and Challenges (World Bank, 1999).

Chatterjee, Deen (ed.). The Ethics of Assistance: Morality and the Distant Needy (C.U.P. 2004).

Chesterman, Simon. Just War or Just Peace? Humanitarian Intervention and International Law (O.U.P. 2001).

Chesterman, Simon (ed.). Secretary or General: The UN Secretary-General in World Politics (C.U.P. 2007).

Cholewinski, Ryszard. Migrant Workers in International Human Rights Law: Their Protection in Countries of Employment (Clarendon, 1997).

Cholewinski, Ryszard; de Guchteneire, Paul and Pécoud, Antoine (eds). Migration and Human Rights: The United Nations Convention on Migrant Workers’ Rights (C.U.P. 2010).

Cholewinski, Ryszard; Perruchoud, Richard and McDonald, Euan (eds). International Migration Law: Developing Paradigms and Key Challenges (Asser, 2007).

Clancy, Joy. Biofuels and Rural Poverty (Routledge, 2013).

Cohen, Roberta and Deng, Francis Mading. Masses in Flight: The Global Crisis of Internal Displacement (Brookings Institution, 1998).

Collins, Harry and Evans, Robert. Rethinking Expertise (Univ. Chicago Pr. 2007).

Comfort, Louise Kloos; Boin, Arjen and Demchak, Chris (eds). Designing Resilience (Univ. Pittsburgh Pr. 2010).

Correa, Elena. Preventive Resettlement of Populations at Risk of Disaster: Experiences from Latin America (World Bank, 2011).

Correa, Elena; Ramírez, Fernando and Sanahuja, Haris. Populations at Risk of Disaster: A Resettlement Guide (World Bank, 2011).

Craig, John and Lynk, Michael (eds). Globalization and the Future of Labour Law (C.U.P. 2006).

Crawford, James. The Creation of States in International Law (O.U.P. 2007).

Crawford, James. State Responsibility: The General Part (C.U.P. 2013).

Curd, Martin and Psillos, Stathis (eds). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science (Routledge, 2008).

Dauvergne, Catherine. Making People Illegal: What Globalization Means for Migration and Law (C.U.P. 2008).

Davies, Sara and Glanville, Luke (eds). Protecting the Displaced: Deepening the Responsibility to Protect (Nijhoff, 2010).

de Guttry, Andrea; Gestri, Marco and Venturini, Gabriella (eds). International Disaster Response Law (Asser, 2012).

Del Vecchio Good, Mary-Jo et al. (eds). Postcolonial Disorders (Univ. Cal. Pr. 2008).

Deng, Francis et al. (eds). Sovereignty as Responsibility: Conflict Management in Africa (Brookings Institution, 1996).

Deudney, Daniel and Matthew, Richard (eds). Contested Grounds: Security and Conflict in the New Environmental Politics (St. Univ. N.Y. Pr. 1999).

Diamond, Jared. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed (Penguin, 2011).

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