Show Less
You do not have access to this content

Administrative Justice in the UN

Procedural Protections, Gaps and Proposals for Reform

Niamh Kinchin

The UN’s capacity as an administrative decision-maker that affects the rights of individuals is a largely overlooked aspect of its role in international affairs. This book explores the potential for a model of administrative justice that might act as a benchmark to which global decision-makers could develop procedural standards. Applied to the UN’s internal justice, refugee status determination, NGO participation and the Security Council, the global administrative justice model is used to appraise the existing procedural protections within UN administrative decision-making.
Show Summary Details
This content is available to you

Index

Niamh Kinchin

Access to information

administrative justice 65–6

Formal Internal Justice System 89–90, 98, 101

targeted sanctions 184

UNHCR RSD 154–8, 170

Accountability

deficit 3, 5–6, 9–12, 19, 22

external accountability (UN) 22, 151–4

internal accountability 5, 20, 73, 107, 137

Adler, Michael 18, 41, 43, 59

Administrative decision-making

administrative justice 20, 22–3, 27, 37, 39, 41–2, 44–5, 47, 50

fairness 58

Formal Internal Justice System 71–4, 77, 97

global space 1–3, 5, 19, 22, 203

nature 1

OIOS 107–8, 121–2, 131–2, 135

rationality 55, 56

targeted sanctions 177

transparency 65

UN 5, 9, 17, 20, 27, 32, 36–7, 47, 201, 203

UNHCR RSD 138–9

Administrative law 1–2, 6, 9–10, 12–14, 17, 203

administrative justice 18–19, 26, 36, 42–3, 46, 55

Afghanistan 152, 177

AIDS-Free World (NGO) 115

Al-Qaida 176–7, 187, 192

Alternative Dispute Resolution 98–9

Amerasinghe, Chittharanjan Felix 33–4, 141

Annan, Kofi 184

Attribution 30–31

Austin, John 37

Australia 26, 45, 50–51, 55, 193

Bentham, Jeremy 37

Bovens, Mark 7

Brennan, Sir Gerard (Former Australian High Court Justice) 51

Canada 24–5

Cassese, Sabino 68

Central African Republic 106, 114, 127–9

Chad 157

Chapter VII resolutions (UN Charter) 81

Children

asylum seekers 143, 149, 160, 164, 172

victims of sexual abuse 104, 114, 160–61

Chimni, B.S. 47

Chinkin, Caroline 32

Choucha refugee camp 150, 157, 166

Civil law 13, 24, 130

Codex Alimentarius Commission 67

Common law 13, 24, 45, 55, 99, 111

Compensation

targeted sanctions 195

UN liability 31

UN tribunals 76–7, 79, 87–8, 97, 99

Complaints

administrative justice 64, 68

Formal Internal Justice System 72, 94

OIOS 102, 105, 108, 112, 114, 116–19, 121–5, 127, 129, 132–5

targeted sanctions 194

UNHCR RSD 150, 157, 169

Comprehensive and economic sanctions 175–6

Confidentiality

Formal Internal Justice System 72

OIOS 12–13, 125, 133

targeted sanctions 188–91, 199

transparency 65

UNHCR RSD 157–8, 171

Constituency (global) 46–50, 201

Global community 48–54

Consultants (UN) 93–4, 102

Contractors (UN) 20, 93–4, 102, 107

Cosmopolitanism 15, 48–54, 201

Creyke, Robin 46

Customary international law 27, 29, 30

Damages (UN Tribunals) 86–8, 99

Derrida, Jaques 17

Disability (UNHCR RSD) 149

Domestic law 34–6, 50, 109, 129–30

Domestic legal personality 34

Due process 14–17, 20, 47, 58, 63–4, 68

Formal Internal Justice System 71, 91, 100

OIOS 117, 126, 131, 133

targeted sanctions 182, 193, 202

Dyzenhaus, David 38

Economic and Social Committee 137

Effective remedy

administrative justice 61, 80

Formal Internal Justice System 87–8, 99

targeted sanctions 194–5

Egypt (Oromos) 152–3

Eligibility Officers (UNHCR RSD) 147–8, 151, 159, 163, 171–2

Ethics Office (UN) 121–2, 132

European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations 153

European Court of First Instance 194

European Court of Human Rights 30–31, 68

European Court of Justice

targeted sanctions 178, 182, 185, 194

European Ombudsman 68

Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme 137, 142–4, 149–52, 155, 160, 168–9

Standing Committee 137, 143

Expeditious decision-making 65

UNHCR RSD 25, 12, 16, 17

Fair hearing 62, 184

Field (the)

Formal Internal Justice System 93, 101–2

OIOS 104, 115, 125, 137, 129, 134–5

UNHCR RSD 136–7, 140, 174

Focal Point (the) 186–8

France 13, 25, 55, 114, 166

Franck, Thomas 52

Franks Committee (UK) 58

Fuller, Lon L. 38, 40

Gender

OIOS complaints 127

UNHCR RSD 148, 160, 165, 172

Germany 13, 25

Ghana 26

Global Administrative Law (GAL) 10–16, 47

Global decision-making bodies 2–3, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16–17, 20, 27, 34–5, 39, 64, 66

Global law 20, 27, 36–7

Global Policy Forum (NGO) 4

Goldsmith, Jack 53

Good governance 6, 18, 20, 43, 46, 66, 89

Groves, Matthew 44

Habermas, Jurgen 49–51

Popular sovereignty 49–50

Private autonomy 49–52

Harlow, Carol 12, 15–16, 43, 47, 55, 59

Hart, HLA 37–8

Hayek, Friederich 38

Held, David 53

Hovell, Devika 17

Human dignity 50–54, 201

Human rights

accountability 3

administrative justice 26–8, 39, 47–9, 60, 68

Formal Internal Justice System 76–7, 92, 96–7

Global Administrative Law 13, 15

OIOS 115, 127

targeted sanctions 179–80, 192, 197

UN 4

Independence and impartiality 39, 60–61, 64, 68

Formal Internal Justice System 71–2, 80–86, 99

OIOS 112–16, 131–3, 135

targeted sanctions 184, 191–4, 199

UNHCR RSD 147, 150–51

Independent Audit Advisory Committee (UN) 4

Inspection and Evaluation Division (OIOS) 104

Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti (NGO) 115

Institutional autonomy 33

Institutional law 20, 27, 32–4, 101, 109, 142

Interim Independent Assessment Panel 75–7, 79, 81, 87, 90–91, 93, 95–6, 100, 102, 112, 122

Interlocutory relief (UN Tribunals) 88

Internal Audit Division (OIOS) 35

Internal Justice Council 72, 74, 77–8, 81–2, 84, 86, 89, 90–91, 93, 96, 99, 101

International Court of Justice 27–8, 31, 54, 57, 66, 70

International humanitarian law 27

International Labour Organization 67

International Law Association 66–7

International Law Commission 32, 141

International legal personality 27–8, 30, 33

International Nansen Office 136

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers 14

Interpreters

OIOS 128–9, 134, 163–4

targeted sanctions 196, 200

UNHCR RSD 148, 153, 157, 161, 163–8, 171–3

Interviews

audio-file 124, 171

OIOS 21, 105, 119, 123–6, 128–9, 132–4

targeted sanctions 187, 198

transcript 124, 148, 156–7, 164, 170–71

UNHCR RSD 147–8, 153–9, 162–9, 171–2

Investigations

formal investigation (OIOS) 118–19, 126, 131–2

preliminary investigation (OIOS) 118–19, 126, 131–2, 134

preliminary investigation (targeted sanctions) 187

Iran 152, 166

Iraq 145

Italy 24–5

Judges (UN Tribunals)

ad litem 83, 99

administrative law 77–8, 97

appointment 83, 97

gender 83

remuneration 15, 30

tenure 97, 99

Judicial review

administrative justice 13, 17, 45–7, 55, 64, 69

Formal Internal Justice System 97

OIOS 132

targeted sanctions 194–5

UNHCR RSD 170

jus cogens 29, 180

Kagan, Michael 157

Kelsen, Hans 34, 37

Kenya 26, 139, 152

Keohane, Robert 8–9, 41

Kingsbury, Benedict 2, 10, 15, 56

Kompass, Anders 114–15

Krisch, Nico 2, 10, 48

La Pointe, Carmen 114–15

Latin America 24

Legal assistance

Formal Internal Justice System 85, 95, 101

targeted sanctions 196

Legal representation

administrative justice 26

Formal Internal Justice System 92, 94–5, 101–3

OIOS 125–7, 134–5

targeted sanctions 196, 200

UNHCR RSD 149, 155–64, 171–2

Libya 157

Luhmann, Niklas 41

Malaysia 64, 152, 154, 160

Management Evaluation Unit 72, 74, 82, 88–9

Mandate refugees (UNHCR) 142

Marks, Susan 19

Mashaw, Jerry 7, 8, 18, 41, 43, 56, 58–9

Material facts

Formal Internal Justice System 79, 98

OIOS 107, 110, 130–31

targeted sanctions 182, 198

UNHCR RSD 146

Mulgan, Richard 7

Mullan, David 59

NATO Kosovo Force 31

Negative responsibility (UNHCR) 173

Non-refoulement 138

Nuffield Foundation (UK) 44

Office of the Administration of Justice (UN) 72, 76–9, 84–6

Office of the Executive Director (UN) 72

Office of Human Resource Management (UN) 105–7, 117, 124, 128

Office of Legal Services (UN) 95

Office of Staff Legal Assistance (UN) 72, 78, 85–9, 94–6, 99, 102, 126

Office of the Ombudsperson of the Security Council’s 1267 Committee 178, 183–4, 187–95, 198–9, 200

Oral hearings (Formal Internal Justice System) 82, 91–2, 98, 100, 101

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 67

Outreach services 102, 134

Posner, Eric 53

Pound, Roscoe 44

Privileges and Immunities 35–6, 108–9, 127–8, 130, 134

Pro bono 161–2

Procedural fairness 45, 58, 163, 167, 184

Procedural standards 16–17, 21–2, 27, 37

RSD 139, 140, 174

Procedural values 17, 38–9, 41–3, 46–7, 49–50, 54, 68–9, 174

Public hearings (Formal Internal Justice System) 91, 100

Rawls, John 41

Raz, Joseph 39

Reasonable time

administrative justice 62–3, 68

Formal Internal Justice System 80, 82, 86–7, 99

OIOS 132

UNHCR RSD 149, 169

Redesign Panel on the United Nations System of Administration of Justice 71, 86, 89, 91, 93, 103

Refugee camps 150, 157–8, 166, 169

Refugee Status Determination

backlogs 146, 152–3, 170

Bangkok 140, 153, 156, 159–60, 163–4, 167

credibility 146, 148, 168

criteria 138–9, 142, 145–7, 169

fair and efficient 155, 160, 172

Kuala Lumpur 140, 154, 159, 160, 163, 164, 166–7

prima facie approach 145–6, 169

Retaliation 94, 106, 112, 114, 120–22, 132–3

Right to appeal

OIOS 119, 131

UNHCR RSD 150–51, 155, 169

Right to be heard

administrative justice 22, 46, 59, 62–4, 68

asylum seekers 21, 147–50, 170

due process 17

Formal Internal Justice System 80–82, 98–100

Office of Internal Oversight Services 112, 116–19, 131, 133

targeted sanctions 184–5, 190, 194, 200, 203

Right to property 177, 185, 194, 197

Right to respond

administrative justice 63, 69

Formal Internal Justice System 81, 86

OIOS 116–17, 131

targeted sanctions 185–6, 191

Rule of law 1, 6, 9, 10, 11, 14, 24, 37, 39, 61, 71, 76, 86, 89, 194

Rules of evidence 133, 182

Sales, Sir Philip (British High Court Justice) 51

Sanctions committees 176, 178, 182, 185–7, 190, 192, 197–8

1267 Committee 21, 177, 182–3, 185, 187–90, 192–3, 197–200

Self-representation 94–5, 102

Sexual exploitation abuse and harrassment 4, 94, 104, 106, 114, 116, 123, 127, 130, 134, 160, 162

Shaw, Malcolm 136

Slaughter, Anne-Marie 15,

Soft law 32, 74–5, 108, 139, 142

Somalia 152–3

Sossin, Lorne 23–4, 46

South Africa 26, 44

South Sudan 116

Standard of proof 57

balance of probabilities 111

civil standard 111, 130

clear and convincing 79, 98, 111–12, 130

criminal standard 111, 130

Formal Internal Justice System 79–80, 98

more probable than not 111

OIOS 110–12, 130–31

preponderance of the evidence 111

UNHCR RSD 147, 169, 182–3, 198

Stare decisis 76, 97

Statement of case (targeted sanctions) 188, 198

Stefanovic, Michael 114–15, 122

Stewart, Richard B. 2, 42

Strauss, Peter, 26

Suit of law 62, 199

Swanson, Ben 108–10, 112, 115, 120, 123–4, 126–9

Syria 145, 152, 154

Taliban 176–7

Tamanaha, Brian 38

Terrorism 21, 176–7, 191, 196, 200, 203

Torture 183, 198

Translation

OIOS 129

targeted sanctions 196–7

UNHCR RSD 176

Tunisia 150, 157, 166

ultra petitia 80

UN Administrative Tribunal 70–71

UN Appeals Tribunal 6, 71–2, 74, 76, 78–9, 81–2, 87–8, 91–2, 95, 97–100, 122, 125, 132

UN Dispute Tribunal 71–4, 77–8, 80–82, 85–91, 95–100, 113, 117–18, 121–2, 131

UN General Assembly 3, 30

Formal Internal Justice System 71, 73–6, 85–6, 90, 92, 96, 99

OIOS 108, 120, 124

targeted sanctions 178

UNHCR RSD 136, 139, 141–4, 170

UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo 31

UN Legal Counsel 31

UN Mission in South Sudan 116

UN Ombudsman and Mediation Services 72–3

UN peacekeepers 4, 21, 104, 116

UN Security Council 21, 31

targeted sanctions 175–200

UN Staff Rules and Regulations 70, 74, 88, 90, 94–5, 99, 108, 116–17, 125–6, 129

Under-Secretary -General for Internal Oversight Services 104, 114–15, 131

UNHCR doctrine 139

United States 55, 64, 111, 182

Verdirame, Guglielmo 30, 179

Vulnerability

asylum seekers 149, 157, 160–64, 167, 174, 199

OIOS 4, 128

Waldron, Jeremy 39, 53

Walker, Neil 36

Whistleblowers 94, 106, 112, 120–22, 132–3, 135

World Trade Organisation 61, 64, 66

Written reasons 40, 45, 57

UNHCR RSD 154, 158–60, 170–71

Zimbabwe 26