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The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

Law, Practice and Procedure

P. Chandrasekhara Rao and Philippe Gautier

This book provides a first-hand insight into the constitution, jurisdiction, procedure and judicial practice of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. It provides a valuable guide to the jurisprudence of the Tribunal over the past 20 years, and serves as a reference point for practical information on how cases are received and handled by the Tribunal.
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INDEX

Law, Practice and Procedure

P. Chandrasekhara Rao and Philippe Gautier

administrative arrangements see agreements

admissibility 3.0203.022, 4.225, 4.226, 5.051

challenges to 3.021, 3.022

contentious proceedings, in 3.1633.202

conduct (acquiescence, estoppel) 3.2003.202

exhaustion of local remedies 3.1813.182, 5.0525.055

cases on the merits 3.1833.186

urgent proceedings 3.1873.189

/jurisdiction (distinction) 3.0213.024

legal interest 3.1633.174

locus standi3.021, 3.163, 3.1903.199

genuine link 3.1953.197

nationality of claims 3.1983.199, 5.0565.059

registration of vessel 3.1903.194

object of application 3.1753.180

advisory proceedings 3.2043.233, 4.002, 4.3084.333, 4.3444.346, 5.018, 5.019

advisory opinion 4.3244.326, 5.074

intergovernmental organizations and 3.229, 4.320, 4.326

non-governmental organizations and 4.3444.346

Seabed Disputes Chamber 2.075, 3.013, 3.033, 3.2033.233, 4.3084.326

applicable procedural law 4.3104.311

discretionary powers 3.208

jurisdiction 3.2033.208, 5.018

legal question 3.203, 3.204, 3.207

oral statements 4.275, 4.316

proceedings 4.3154.323

request 3.2053.206, 4.3124.314

written statements 4.268, 4.275, 4.322, 4.323

Tribunal 3.2093.233, 4.3274.336, 5.018, 5.019

applicable procedural law 4.328

discretionary powers 3.225

jurisdiction 3.203, 3.2093.224

legal basis of 3.2103.216

scope of 3.217–3.22

legal question 3.2323.233

oral statements 4.328, 4.345

prerequisites 3.2263.233

proceedings 4.3334.336

request 4.3294.332

written statements 4.3344.336

affidavit 4.072, 4.131, 4.143, 4.145

agreements

see also conventions/treaties

administrative 2.1352.139

conferring jurisdiction on the Tribunal 3.030, 3.0343.035, 3.160, 3.216, 4.221, 4.295, 4.338, 4.350, 6.001

de facto5.035

international 1.065, 2.020, 2.127, 3.034, 3.159, 3.209, 3.227–9, 4.221, 5.004

bilateral 1.020, 1.028, 3.1103.115, 3.166, 4.210

multilateral 1.020, 1.066, 2.021, 2.107, 3.161, 4.330

tacit 5.004, 5.0365.037

amicus curiae4.3424.346

applicable law 3.003, 3.014, 3.017, 3.2343.242, 4.006

application 4.0324.044, 4.2714.275

admissibility see admissibility

agent 4.0374.041

annexes 4.042

claims 4.0354.036

contents 4.034

correction 4.044

language 4.042

notification/transmission of 3.086, 3.087,4.043, 4.045, 4.047

object 3.1753.180

permission to intervene, for 4.213

prompt release, for see prompt release proceedings

signature 4.041

/special agreement (distinction) 4.059

time-limits 3.024, 3.135

appointing authority see arbitration

arbitral tribunal see arbitration

arbitration

see also provisional measures

Annex VII, under 1.040, 1.044, 2.0552.059, 3.054, 4.165

appointing authority 2.0542.060

appointment of arbitrators 2.0552.060

commercial 3.125, 4.267, 4.268

compulsory 1.040, 1.044, 2.0552.059

jurisdiction 3.049, 3.069

prima facie3.047, 3.144, 4.141

ratione materiae3.002

provisional measures, and 3.1393.143

similarity to ad hoc chamber 2.092

special 1.036, 1.042, 3.002, 3.043, 3.069

transfer agreements 3.082, 3.083

UNCITRAL Rules 3.125

written notification 2.055

archipelagic states 1.017

Area 1.013, 1.015, 1.017, 1.018, 1.033, 2.039, 2.075, 2.139, 3.009, 3.032, 3.117, 3.119, 3.124, 3.126, 3.127, 3.172, 3.173, 3.206, 3.240, 3.242, 4.219, 4.267, 4.274, 4.309, 4.318, 4.351, 5.027, 5.067, 5.074, 5.080

best environmental practice 5.069

bunkering activities 4.207, 5.0615.063

case law see Table of cases

chambers of the Tribunal see special chambers

coastal State 1.047, 3.046, 3.0533.057, 3.064, 3.067, 3.170

bunkering, and 5.0615.063

/flag State relationship 5.0855.086

jurisdiction 1.046, 3.053, 3.054

obligations 3.212, 4.330

sovereign rights 1.046, 3.053, 3.054, 3.056, 4.181

Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) 2.029, 5.004, 5.016, 5.017

common heritage of mankind 1.018, 3.172, 5.080

common interest 3.173, 5.006

environment as 5.0715.072

stocks of 3.212

compétence de la compétence see jurisdiction

compromis see special agreement

compulsory procedures under part XV of Convention 1.0341.054

choice of procedure 1.0361.044

limitations and exceptions 1.0451.054

obligation to abide by 1.0341.035

conciliation (under Convention, art. 284) 1.032, 1.047

commission 1.048, 1.054

compulsory 1.053, 3.048

continental shelf

activities on 3.0643.065

delimitation 3.098, 3.166, 5.016,5.017, 5.019

beyond 200 nm 5.004, 5.016, 5.017

contentious proceedings

see also application

agent 2.014, 2.039, 2.040, 4.021, 4.028, 4.030, 4.0374.041, 4.044, 4.047, 4.050, 4.058, 4.065, 4.066, 4072, 4.079, 4.080, 4.081, 4.093, 4.096, 4.098, 4.101, 4.106, 4.108, 4.110, 4.120, 4.122, 4.126, 4.130, 4.133, 4.233, 4.238, 4.279, 4.287, 4.312, 4.317, 5.060

consultations with the parties 2.066, 2.071, 4.0514.055, 4.076, 4.086, 4.089, 4.097

deliberations 4.1464.147

confidentiality 4.1484.150

Drafting Committee 4.1554.161

initial 2.036, 4.007, 4.077, 4.1504.154

judges' written notes 4.151

on draft judgment 4.1554.161

President's working paper 4.151, 4.153

voting 4.150, 4.1624.164

experts see experts

final submissions 4.1064.111

incidental proceedings see incidental proceedings

judges see judges

joinder of proceedings 4.0564.058

official languages 2.0972.105, 4.103, 4.104, 4.282

oral proceedings 4.078

camera, in 4.096

closure 4.1064.111

dates of the hearings 4.004, 4.052, 4.084, 4.085, 4.117

information to be provided 4.0874.088

interpretation 4.1014.102

length of hearing 4.0894.090

minutes 4.1014.105

opening 4.0844.086

oral statements 2.101, 2.102, 4.082, 4.088, 4.0914.094, 4.101, 4.186, 4.198

order of presentation 4.0914.094

public 4.0954.096

questions to parties 4.0974.100

representation of parties 4.0794.083

transcripts/verbatim records 2.103, 4.1034.105, 4.107, 4.125

Seabed Disputes Chamber, before see Seabed Disputes Chamber

special chambers see special chambers

submission of new documents 4.0704.072, 4.088, 4.178, 4.245

urgent proceedings see urgent proceedings

witnesses see witnesses

written pleadings 4.0594.070

additional 4.270, 4.2774.278

annexes 2.100, 4.021, 4.042, 4.0644.065, 4.067, 4.073, 4.076, 4.171, 4.322

counter-memorial 4.059, 4.060, 4.061, 4.076, 4.204, 4.215

memorial 4.059, 4.060, 4.061, 4.134, 4.195, 4.215

order of 4.059

public availability 4.074, 4.075

rectification 4.020, 4.044, 4.067

rejoinder 4.059, 4.060, 4.063, 4.207

reply 4.059, 4.060, 4.063

signature 4.066

time-limits 4.007, 4.052, 4.0624.063, 4.068, 4.197, 4.270, 4.277

written proceedings 4.0594.076

see also written pleadings

closure of written proceedings 4.0704.072

conventions/treaties

see also agreements

The Hague Conventions (1899, 1907) 1.003

International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (1946) 3.174

Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies (1947) 2.006

Revised General Act for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes (1948) 1.058

Pact of Bogotá (1948 American Treaty on Pacific Settlement) 1.058

article XXXI 1.062, 1.077

European Convention for the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes (1957) 1.058

Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone (1958) 1.004

Convention on the High Seas (1958) 1.004

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas (1958) 1.004, 1.005

Convention on the Continental Shelf (1958) 1.004, 2.073

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961) 2.048

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969) 5.024, 5.028

International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (1974) 5.033

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78) 1.068

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982) see Table of articles of the Convention, the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention, the Statute and the Rules of the Tribunal

Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA Convention, 1988) 3.239, 5.033

Convention for the Protection of the Marine environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR Convention, 1992) 1.068, 1.071, 3.112

Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT) (1993) 3.103, 3.104, 3.107

Agreement relating to the implementation of Part XI of the Convention (1994) see Table of articles of the Convention, the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention, the Statute and the Rules of the Tribunal

Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (1995) 1.019, 1.020, 1.066, 3.161, 3.162, 4.222, 4.335

Agreement on Cooperation and Relationship between the United Nations and the Tribunal (1997) 2.0172.018, 4.049

Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the Tribunal (1997) 2.0072.009, 2.019, 2.048, 2.063

Premises Agreement (2000) 2.010

Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (2001) 1.019

Agreement between the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and the Federal Republic of Germany regarding the Headquarters of the Tribunal (2004 Headquarters Agreement) 2.0112.012, 2.015, 2.049

International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks of 18 May 20071.020, 1.066, 3.162

Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (2009) 1.020, 5.063

Convention on the Determination of the Minimal Conditions for Access and Exploitation of Marine Resources within the Maritime Areas under Jurisdiction of the Member States of the SRFC (MCA) (2012) 3.212, 3.217, 3.219, 3.228, 3.231, 5.033

costs

entities other than States Parties 4.350, 4.351

experts and witnesses 4.128, 4.352

judgments, in 4.353

judicial 4.3524.354

States Parties to the Convention 4.3474.349

counter-claim see incidental proceedings

customary law

duty to cooperate 1.071, 1.074, 5.024

environmental impact assessment 5.024

identification of rules of 5.024

precautionary principle/approach 5.0255.028

damage 2.009, 2.012, 3.182, 3.186, 3.198, 5.051, 5.054

see also liability; responsibility

compensation 1.002, 2.009, 3.186, 3.199, 5.056, 5.057, 5.073,

adequate 3.149, 3.153

entitlement to claim 5.080

monetary 4.287, 4.293

obligation to provide recourse for 5.069

International seabed Authority, liability for 3.127

irreparable 3.141, 3.1483.151, 3.153, 4.174

reparation for 5.044, 5.056

restitutio in integrum5.024

risk 3.149, 3.151, 3.155, 3.156, 5.064

to private persons 3.182, 3.185, 4.132, 5.024, 5.044, 5.0515.053, 5.055, 5.058

to States (direct) 3.169, 3.183, 3.186, 3.188, 3.189, 3.198, 5.024, 5.044, 5.053, 5.054, 5.056, 5.060, 5.073

to the environment 3.132, 3.139, 3.141, 3.147, 3.151–3.155, 4.171, 4.174, 4.250, 5.011, 5.012, 5.024, 5.027, 5.055, 5.069, 5.0715.072, 5.080, 6.011

decisions see judgments; orders

declarations

under article 287 of the Convention 1.0371.039, 1.0421.044, 3.0723.081

arbitration in absence of 1.040

revocation of 1.041

State practice 3.0743.076

Tribunal practice 3.077–81

under article 298 of the Convention 1.043, 1.049, 1.051, 1.052, 1.054, 1.063, 1.064

delimitation disputes 1.0491.052, 1.064, 3.048, 3.0613.063, 3.166, 4.210, 4.219, 5.004, 6.006

military activities/law enforcement 3.064–7

under article 36 of the Statute of the ICJ see International Court of Justice, Statute

detaining state 2.094, 3.066, 3.1303.133, 3.136, 3.138, 3.175, 3.177, 3.179, 3.195, 4.219, 4.2414.244, 4.2484.250, 4.2524.255, 4.284, 4.295

see also prompt release proceedings

bond imposed by 3.175, 4.249, 4.241

bond to be posted with 3.138, 4.004, 4.253, 4.254, 4.295

confiscation and 3.1773.180, 4.250

domestic courts of 3.130, 3.179, 4.295

fines imposed by 3.130, 4.249

diplomatic means 1.010, 1.067, 3.021, 3.091, 3.092, 3.103, 3.111

diplomatic privileges and immunities 2.007, 2.0472.049, 2.063, 2.114, 2.120

diplomatic protection 3.194, 3.198, 3.199, 5.024, 5.044, 5.053, 5.059, 5.060

see also nationality of claims

Draft Articles on 3.185, 3.194, 5.055, 5.058

/functional protection (distinction) 5.060

discontinuance see incidental proceedings

dispute (notion) 3.0383.042

due diligence obligation 5.028, 5.0675.069, 5.081, 5.086, 5.087

see also obligation to ensure

duty to cooperate 1.071, 1.074, 3.153, 5.011, 5.013, 5.014, 5.024, 5.064, 5.070

environmental impact assessment 5.024, 5.069, 5.070, 5.081

erga omnes obligations 3.167, 5.080

European Union 2.0672.068, 5.064

party to the Convention 1.037, 3.029

exchange of information 1.071, 2.130, 2.138, 3.153, 4.049, 5.013, 5.014, 5.070

exchange of views (Convention, art. 283) 1.0291.031, 3.018, 3.019, 3.042, 3.071, 3.0903.100, 3.166, 4.022

requirement of 3.071, 3.090, 3.0913.100

role of 3.093

exclusive economic zone (EEZ) 1.015, 1.017, 1.046, 1.064, 3.045, 3.055, 3.057, 3.0633.067, 3.098, 3.129, 3.132, 3.134, 3.166, 3.212, 4.181, 4.207, 4.245, 4.294, 4.330, 5.061, 5.062, 5.066, 5.071, 5.085

advisory opinion and 5.085

bunkering 4.207, 5.0615.064

delimitation 3.098, 3.166

fisheries 3.045, 3.0643.066, 3.132, 3.134, 3.212, 4.294, 4.330, 5.087

pollution 3.132

scientific activities 3.055, 3.057, 3.064, 3.065

sovereign rights 1.064, 3.056, 3.058, 3.063, 4.181

experts 2.014, 2.0702.074, 2.125, 2.138, 3.153, 4.052, 4.079, 4.0814.083, 4.087, 4.102, 4.114, 4.115, 4.1184.129, 4.131, 4.133, 4.149, 4.278, 4.279, 4.341, 4.352, 5.014, 5.070

see also evidence; witnesses

called by the Tribunal 2.070, 2.072, 4.115, 4.128, 4.278

corrections to transcripts 4.104, 4.125

costs see costs

examination of 4.1224.124, 4.127

independence of 3.153, 4.082, 4.083, 4.122, 5.014, 5.070

list of 2.138

official languages, and 4.102

opinion 4.115, 4.128, 4.129, 4.133, 4.278

panel of 1.066, 2.125

privileges and immunities 2.014, 2.074

solemn declaration 4.122

technical 2.071, 4.082

under article 289 of the Convention 2.0702.074, 4.149, 4.279

voir dire4.123

written statements 4.126, 4.131

evidence 2.041, 2.101, 3.1923.194, 4.052, 4.081, 4.0864.091, 4.102, 4.104, 4.1124.145, 4.152, 4.186, 4.278, 5.036, 5.037, 5.078

see also experts; witnesses

actori incumbit probatio4.1374.139

affidavit see affidavit

burden of proof 4.1134.117, 4.137

documentary 4.1324.133, 4.145

information from intergovernmental organizations 4.134

inquiry 4.115, 4.128, 4.278

prima facie4.1414.142

requested by the Tribunal 4.115, 4.128, 4.130, 4.278

scientific 5.017, 5.028

standard of proof 4.1404.144, 5.037

FAO see Food and Agricultural Organization

fish stocks

endangered 3.152, 5.025

of common interest/shared 3.212, 4.330

optimum utilization 5.012

straddling 1.019, 3.103, 3.1613.162, 4.222, 4.335

sustainable exploitation 2.090, 3.212, 4.330

fishing

EEZs, in 3.045, 3.0643.066, 3.132, 3.134, 3.212, 4.294, 4.330, 5.087

experimental 3.152, 3.155, 5.012, 5.025

illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) 3.064, 3.0663.067, 3.212, 4.294, 5.034, 5.066, 5.084, 5.0865.087, 6.006, 6.011

imprisonment penalty 3.057, 3.136, 3.170

third-party 5.012

flag State

see also liability; prompt release proceedings; vessels

application for release of vessel 3.133, 3.137, 3.201, 4.014, 4.2384.240

confiscation and 3.179

genuine link see genuine link

injured state, as 3.170

liability for IUU fishing 3.212, 5.084, 5.086

notification of arrest of vessel to 3.136

obligations 3.197, 3.198, 5.0475.050, 5.055, 5.065, 5.066, 5.087

protection by 3.198, 5.051

exhaustion of local remedies 5.0525.055

functional 5.060

nationality of claims principle 5.0565.059

registration of vessels 3.1903.194, 3.196, 3.198, 4.117, 4.138, 4.139, 4.145, 4.241, 5.045, 5.046, 5.049

status 3.135, 3.1903.194, 4.1374.139, 4.143

Food and Agricultural Organization 1.020, 2.138

forum prorogatum see jurisdiction

freedoms of the high seas 1.017, 1.046, 3.053, 3.167, 5.040

laying submarine cables and pipelines 3.053

navigation 3.047, 3.197, 3.238, 3.053

other internationally lawful uses of the sea 1.046, 3.053, 3.186, 5.054

overflight 1.015, 3.053

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT, 1994) 1.074, 3.119, 3.240

genuine link 3.1953.197, 4.207, 5.0455.048

Guide to proceedings 4.020

Guidelines concerning the Preparation and Presentation of Cases before the Tribunal 4.008

Guidelines concerning the posting of a bond or other financial security 4.008, 4.011, 4.255

Hague Conventions (1907) 1.003

Hague Peace Conferences (1899, 1907) 1.003

high seas

see freedoms of the high seas

historic bays or titles 1.049, 1.052, 3.048, 3.061, 3.062

hot pursuit 3.064, 3.238

human rights 1.075, 3.155, 3.222, 3.233, 5.0385.044

considerations of humanity 3.238, 5.0395.042

due process 5.043

humanitarian law 3.238

ICC see International Criminal Court

ICJ see International Court of Justice

IHO see International Hydrographic Organization

ILC see International Law Commission

IMO see International Maritime Organization

incidental proceedings 3.142, 4.002, 4.1654.235

counter-claims 4.2034.208, 5.010

discontinuance 4.2294.235, 4.278, 5.010

intervention 4.006, 4.076, 4.2094.229

declaration of 4.076, 4.2214.227

effects of 4.2284.229

permission to intervene 4.076, 4.2134.220

protection of legal interests 4.219, 4.220

request 4.212

preliminary objections 3.023, 3.024, 3.060, 3.081, 4.004, 4.007, 4.142, 4.1894.202, 4.263, 5.010

judgment 4.1994.202

proceedings 4.1974.198

request 4.1944.196

preliminary proceedings 3.060, 4.003, 4.007, 4.1814.188, 5.010

judgment 4.1874.188

proceedings 4.186

request 4.1824.185

provisional measures see provisional measures

Inter-American Court of Human Rights 2.137

intergovernmental organizations

see also advisory proceedings; international organization

information from 4.134, 4.321, 4.322, 4.3334.334

internal waters 3.047, 5.071

International Court of Justice 1.002, 1.005, 1.036, 1.0601.064, 3.021, 2.043, 2.044, 2.136, 3.002, 3.023, 3.069, 3.070, 3.114, 3.145, 3.222, 3.225, 3.232, 4.140, 4.211, 5.004, 5.036, 5.060

contentious proceedings before 1.061, 1.062

intervention, and 4.211

jurisdiction 1.063, 3.002, 3.069, 3.070

jurisprudence 3.023, 3.145, 3.222, 3.225, 3.232, 5.004, 5.036

law of the sea disputes 1.0601.064

Rules 2.070

article 92.072

article 383.085, 3.086

article 794.195

articles 81–854.212

article 804.208

article 814.215

article 894.215

Statute 1.064, 3.229

article 162.039

article 262.092

article 361.043, 1.058, 1.0621.064, 1.077, 3.111, 3.113, 3.114

article 385.023, 5.032

article 413.148, 3.154

article 595.029

articles 62, 634.212, 4.228

article 653.208

article 664.343

International Criminal Court 2.021

International Hydrographic Organization 2.136

international law

development of 5.0035.073

fragmentation of 5.003, 6.018

sources of 5.023

agreements 5.0335.037

customary law 5.0245.028

judicial decisions 5.0295.032

International Law Commission 2.020, 3.1683.173, 3.184, 3.185, 5.024, 5.053, 5.055, 5.058

Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts (2001) 3.1683.173, 5.024, 5.079, 5.080

Draft articles on State Responsibility 3.184, 5.024, 5.053

Draft Articles on Diplomatic Protection (2006) 3.185, 5.055, 5.058

Draft articles on the responsibility of international Organizations (2011) 2.020

International Maritime Organization 1.020, 2.136

international organization 3.0273.028, 3.160, 3.2293.230, 5.0875.088

see also intergovernmental organizations

administrative agreements 2.127

communications 4.047

competent 1.046, 3.053, 3.054, 3.132, 5.071

European Union see European Union

information provided by 4.134

judges ad hoc, and 2.0672.068

Tribunal as an 2.0192.021

written declarations 1.037

International Prize Court 1.003

International Seabed Authority 1.013, 2.019, 2.024, 2.060, 2.078, 2.1222.124, 2.136, 3.032, 3.033, 3.173, 3.2033.207, 4.138, 4.266, 4.312, 4.317, 4.3214.323, 4.340, 5.018, 5.069

Assembly 2.078, 2.139, 3.033, 3.204, 3.205, 4.308, 4.312, 4.321, 4.340

contract 3.032, 3.1243.126, 4.116

Council 3.033, 3.024, 3.206, 3.207, 4.266, 4.308

Enterprise 3.032, 3.124, 4.274

exploration and exploitation activities 3.032, 3.127, 3.206, 4.116, 4.267, 4.274, 5.075

legal personality 2.019

plan of work 3.1243.126, 3.128, 4.274

Secretariat 2.136, 2.139

Secretary-General 3.127, 4.279, 4.312, 4.317, 4.326

suspension of rights and privileges 3.128, 4.266

International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) 4.340

interpretation of treaties, rules on 3.112, 5.024, 5.028

intervention see incidental proceedings

irreparable harm 3.141, 3.1483.151, 3.153, 4.174

see also damage

ISA see International Seabed Authority

ITLOS see Tribunal

judges (members of the Tribunal) 2.0222.069

absence 4.146

ad hoc2.0612.062, 2.064, 2.069

appointment 2.061, 4.319

by an entity other than a State Party 2.067, 2.068

privileges and immunities 2.063

completing cases after end of term of office 2.036

conditions of service 2.0422.046

election 2.005, 2.0232.025

incompatibilities 2.039

independence 2.0392.041

privileges and immunities 2.0072.009, 2.0132.015, 2.0472.049

regional distribution 2.0272.031

remuneration 2.0432.045

resignation 2.037

retirement 2.046

term of office 2.0322.038

judgments 3.138, 4.1554.164, 4.1874.188, 4.1994.202, 4.212, 4.231, 4.236, 4.237, 4.247, 4.2484.254, 4.2784.307

see also orders; Seabed Disputes Chamber; Tribunal

authoritative text 4.279

compliance with 4.278, 4.2834.285, 4.2874.291, 4.296, 4.297, 4.302, 5.014

costs 4.279, 4.353, 4.354

declaration appended to 4.281, 4.325

deliberations 4.1464.147

confidentiality 4.1484.150

initial 4.1504.154

Drafting Committee 4.1554.161

draft judgment 4.1554.161

essential requirements 4.2794.281

execution/enforcement 4.2854.287, 4.2924.297

final and binding 4.231, 4.236, 4.255, 5.029

interpretation 4.2984.300, 4.307

request for 4.307

prompt release proceedings, in 3.138, 4.2484.254

publication 4.282

reading of 4.237, 4.247, 4.280

revision 4.004, 4.278, 4.3014.307, 5.010

request for 4.307

separate/dissenting opinions 4.160, 4.161, 4.281, 4.325

voting 4.002, 4.009, 4.150, 4.153, 4.1624.164

jurisdiction 1.059, 3.002, 3.003, 3.0073.008, 3.0343.035, 3.041, 3.070, 6.001

see also admissibility; advisory proceedings; contentious proceedings; declarations; Seabed Disputes Chamber; special agreements

/admissibility (distinction) 3.0213.024

advisory 3.2033.233, 4.327, 5.009, 5.0185.019

/applicable law (distinction) 2.237

challenges to 3.016, 3.018, 3.021, 3.023, 3.024, 3.060, 3.085, 4.1904.193, 4.200, 4.202, 4.208

/competence (distinction) 3.017

compétence de la compétence3.020

compulsory 1.038, 1.051, 3.010, 3.018, 3.024, 3.0433.047, 3.057, 3.058, 3.062, 3.071, 3.071, 3.079, 3.083, 3.088, 3.089, 4.019, 4.033, 4.139, 4.165, 4.170

consent to 3.0683.115

contentious 3.0363.038, 3.093, 3.1593.162, 3.213

definition 3.015

examination proprio motu3.019, 3.060, 4.114, 4.117, 4.139, 4.181, 4.182, 4.185, 4.186, 4.192

forum prorogatum3.0853.087

limitations (Convention, art. 297) 3.0483.060, 4.248

objections to see challenges to

optional exceptions (Convention, art. 298) 1.022, 1.0491.054, 3.052, 3.054, 3.0613.067, 6.009

prima facie3.047, 3.060, 3.144, 3.146, 3.174, 3.189, 4.141, 4.142, 4.1814.186, 5.007, 5.072

ratione materiae1.045, 3.0023.006, 3.016, 3.017, 3.0383.067, 3.239, 4.006, 4.035

existence of dispute 3.0383.042

dispute relating to the Convention 3.0433.049

multilateral agreements other than the Convention, under 3.1593.162

ratione personae3.003, 3.005, 3.016, 3.017, 3.0253.037, 4.006

access to Tribunal 3.003, 3.017, 3.018, 3.0253.035, 3.141, 4.006, 4.210

entities other than States Parties 3.003, 3.026, 3.0303.035, 4.338

indispensable party 3.025, 3.0363.037

States Parties 3.0273.029

ratione temporis3.016

special chambers 3.009

jurisprudence (of the Tribunal) 3.024, 3.079, 3.153, 3.1743.202, 4.136, 4.250, 5.002, 5.005, 5.007, 5.064, 5.070, 5.072, 6.006, 6.011

law enforcement activities 1.049, 1.064, 3.061, 3.0643.067

lex specialis1.067, 3.239

liability

see also responsibility

definition 5.075

exemption from 5.081

for lawful acts 5.082

international organizations 3.212, 5.087, 5.088

International Seabed Authority 3.127

IUU fishing, for 3.212, 5.084, 5.086

flag State 3.212, 4.330, 5.048, 5.084, 5.086

preferential treatment 5.083

rules of international law 5.082

sponsoring State 3.206, 4.318, 5.028, 5.0765.079, 5.083, 5.084, 5.086

Mare liberum1.0011.003

marine scientific research 1.010, 1.015, 1.017, 1.036, 2.138, 3.045, 3.055, 3.064

cessation or suspension of 1.046, 3.055

disputes relating to 3.055, 3.064

regulation of 1.017, 3.055

maritime features 3.063

Meeting of States Parties 2.007, 2.012, 2.0242.031, 2.038, 2.0432.046, 2.048, 2.108, 2.112, 2.115, 2.1322.134, 4.286, 4.351, 6.003

elections 2.0252.031, 2.038

functions and powers 2.112, 2.115, 2.132, 2.134, 4.351

military activities 1.049, 3.061, 3.0643.067

minutes

hearing, of 2.104, 2.111, 4.1014.105, 4.180, 4.282

meetings, of 4.054, 4.263, 5.004, 5.034, 5.035

publication 4.180, 4.282

Montreux Compromise 1.036

multilateral agreements 1.020, 1.0661.068, 2.021, 2.107, 3.161, 3.1593.162, 3.228, 4.330

nationality of claims 3.021, 3.170, 3.1983.199, 5.051, 5.0565.060

principle 3.199, 5.051, 5.0565.059

nationality of ships 3.192, 3.196, 4.138, 4.139, 5.045, 5.058

natural or juridical person 1.033, 2.067, 3.032, 3.1243.125, 3.127, 4.047, 4.2714.275, 5.028, 5.059, 5.067, 5.069

NGOs 3.035, 4.002, 4.321, 4.3374.246

amicus curiae, as 4.3424.346

indirect participation 4.341

parties, as 4.3384.340

obligations

coastal State see coastal State

direct 5.060, 5.069, 5.073, 5.081

due diligence 5.028, 5.0675.069, 5.081, 5.086, 5.087

erga omnes3.167, 5.080

flag State see flag State

general 3.170, 5.024, 5.028, 5.0645.066

primary 5.075

sponsoring State 5.068, 5.069

to ensure 1.074, 5.028, 5.065, 5.0675.069, 5.075

offences

criminal 4.295

environmental 1.077

fishery 3.057, 3.066, 3.132, 3.134, 3.178, 4.219

pollution 3.045, 3.132, 3.134, 3.178

official languages 2.0972.105, 2.111, 4.021, 4.042, 4.065, 4.072, 4.1014.105, 4.282

orders 4.180, 4.278, 4.279, 4.281, 4.2834.297, 5.038

see also judgments

compliance 4.2834.297

declaration/opinion appended to 4.281

prescribing provisional measures 3.1573.158, 4.1794.180, 4.2904.292

publication 4.282

patent of navigation 3.191, 3.193, 4.117, 4.139

Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ) 1.002, 1.058, 3.038, 3.222

Preparatory Commission for the International Seabed Authority and for the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea 2.024

port State 5.071

powers

discretionary 3.056, 3.118, 3.208

inherent 5.009, 5.010

supervisory 2.113

precautionary approach/principle 5.0255.028, 5.069

President 2.040, 2.0502.053, 2.017

see also Seabed Disputes Chambers

appointing authority, as 2.0542.060

completing cases after end of office 2.051

delegation of powers 4.063

when the Tribunal is not sitting 2.052, 4.055, 4.063, 4.074, 4.075, 4.084, 4.085, 4.134, 4.174, 4.186, 4.197, 4.217, 4.226, 4.231, 4.234, 4.299, 4.305

election 2.003, 2.005

functions 2.052, 2.066, 2.126, 2.137

absence of judges 4.146, 4.164

ad hoc chamber 4.261

appointment of staff 2.116

consultations with the parties 4.0504.055, 4.0754.077, 4.082, 4.086, 4.092, 4.096, 4.097, 4.126, 4.177

drafting Committee 4.155, 4.157

ex officio member of Chamber of Maritime Delimitation Disputes 2.087

ex officio member of Chamber of Summary Procedure 2.093

examination of witnesses and experts 4.122

external relations 2.052, 2.126

formal requirements of pleadings 4.045

implementation of article 17(4) of the Statute 2.0662.068

incompatibilities 2.040, 2.041

judge's vacancy 2.038

preliminary proceedings 4.183

provisional measures 4.173, 4.180

questions to parties 4.0994.100, 4.124

rectification of pleading 4.022, 4.044, 4.067

selection of members of the chambers 2.078

signature of transcript of hearing 2.104, 4.105

signature of Tribunal's decision 4.279, 4.324

supervision of administration 2.003, 2.113

voting 4.162

Working paper 4.151, 4.153

Meeting of States Parties 2.134, 6.003

privileges and immunities 2.014, 2.0472.049, 2.063

remuneration 2.044

resignation 2.037

term of office 2.050

United Nations General Assembly 6.003

vacancy 2.037, 2.053

Vice-President 2.0502.053

election 2.003, 2.005

ex officio member of Chamber of Summary Procedure 2.093

functions 2.053

term of office 2.050

procedural rights see protection of marine environment

procès-verbal4.054, 4.295, 4.349

prompt release proceedings 2.094, 3.024, 3.066, 3.067, 3.075, 3.089, 3.1293.138, 3.177, 3.187, 3.194, 4.002, 4.004, 4.007, 4.011, 4.023, 4.033, 4.058, 4.068, 4.084, 4.090, 4.093, 4.139, 4.144, 4.150, 4.174, 4.2364.255, 4.284, 4.294, 5.043

application 3.137, 3.200, 4.014, 4.2384.242

contents 4.241

on behalf of the flag State 3.137, 4.2384.240

bonds/security 3.1303.138, 3.175, 3.177, 3.194, 4.004, 4.241, 4.2494.255, 4.284, 4.294, 4.295, 5.034

bank guarantee 4.251, 4.253, 4.255, 4.287

bank transfer 4.255

factors for a reasonable bond 4.249

Guidelines 3.138, 4.008, 4.011, 4.255

human rights, and 5.041

letter of undertaking (P&I club) 4.255

non-financial 4.250

posting with the detaining State 4.2534.254

posting with the Registrar 3.138, 4.004, 4.008, 4.011, 4.020, 4.254, 4.255

Chamber of Summary Procedure 4.242

conditions 3.1313.137, 3.194

definition and objective 3.129, 3.120

exhaustion of local remedies, and 3.187

jurisdiction of the Tribunal

compulsory 4.033, 4.139

in case of confiscation 3.1773.179, 4.111

limitations 3.136, 5.043

hearing 4.084, 4.090, 4.245, 4.246

judgments 3.135, 3.138, 4.247, 4.248

proceedings 4.2434.247

self-contained procedure, as 4.002

statement in response 4.004, 4.093, 4.244

time-limits 4.084, 4.2454.247

urgent proceedings 3.1873.189, 4.023, 4.068, 4.072, 4.144, 4.150, 4.153, 4.154, 4.237, 4.244, 4.245, 4.348, 5.021

protection of marine environment 1.015, 1.017, 1.036, 1.046, 2.085, 2.138, 3.053, 3.054, 3.132, 3.147–3.153, 3.167, 3.169, 5.011, 5.013, 5.024, 5.027, 5.049, 5.0645.072, 5.083, 6.012

see also obligations, due diligence, general, to ensure

environment as common interest 5.071–5.072

protection of procedural rights 3.153, 5.005, 5.070, 6.012

provisional measures 1.038, 2.036, 2.095, 3.010, 3.065, 3.089, 3.096, 3.105, 3.1393.158, 3.189, 4.006, 4.007, 4.014, 4.019, 4.022, 4.023, 4.033, 4.055, 4.068, 4.084, 4.108, 4.141, 4.142, 4.150, 4.1654.180, 4.278, 4.284, 4.286, 4.2884.290, 4.296, 5.007, 5.0115.015, 5.025, 5.026, 5.042, 5.064, 5.070, 5.071, 5.072

at the request of a party 4.166

bank guarantee 5.042

binding character 4.289

Chamber of Summary Procedure 2.095, 4.167

revision of provisional measures prescribed by 2.095

compliance 4.180, 4.284, 4.286, 4.2884.290

exhaustion of local remedies and 3.189

hearing 4.084, 4.090, 4.172

human rights and 5.042

incidental proceedings (Convention, article 290, para. 1) 4.1654.180

modification or revocation of provisional measures 4.289

obligation by parties to report on action taken 3.158, 4.007, 4.180

orders 3.1573.158, 4.1794.180, 4.278

pending the constitution of an arbitral tribunal (Convention, article 290, para. 5) 1.038, 3.010, 3.065, 3.089, 3.105, 3.1393.158, 4.014, 4.019, 4.022, 4.033, 4.165, 4.170, 5.021, 5.072

compulsory jurisdiction 3.140

definition and objective 3.1393.141

modification of provisional measures by arbitral tribunal 3.142

prima facie jurisdiction of the arbitral tribunal 3.144, 3.146, 5.072

request 4.019, 4.022, 4.170

self-contained proceedings 3.142, 4.165

time-limits of two weeks 4.019, 4.170

plausibility of rights 3.1453.146

preservation of rights 3.139, 3.147, 3.1483.150

prevention of serious harm to the marine environment 3.139, 3.147, 3.151, 3.152, 3.155, 5.071

see also damage

proceedings 4.1724.178

protection of procedural rights 3.153, 5.070

request 3.143, 3.155, 3.157, 4.014, 4.019, 4.022, 4.028, 4.1654.171, 4.173, 4.178, 4.179

Seabed Disputes Chamber 3.128

Straddling Fish Stocks Agreement, and 3.162

undue burden 3.156

urgency 3.1543.155, 4.023, 4.174, 4.237

urgent proceedings 2.095

Registrar 2.004, 2.1102.114, 2.116

accountability 2.112, 2.113

Deputy Registrar 2.005, 2.110, 2.116

election 2.004, 2.005, 2.110

functions 2.1112.113, 4.0454.046

certified copy 4.073, 4.183

channel of communication 4.032, 4.046, 4.047

deliberations 4.149

election process of judges 2.025, 2.038

external relations 2.126, 2.127, 2.135, 2.137

minutes of hearing 4.105

notifications/communications 4.030, 4.039, 4.045, 4.048, 4.049, 4.087, 4.108, 4.110, 4.134, 4.183, 4.213, 4.243, 4.314, 4.321

posting of bond with see prompt release proceedings

publications of the Tribunal 4.282

removal of cases 4.231, 4.235, 4.278

signature of Tribunal’s decisions 4.279, 4.324

submission of cases 4.025, 4.035, 4.046

transmission of questions to parties 4.037, 4.097, 4.328

verification of formal requirements 4.020, 4.044, 4.045, 4.067

Meeting of States Parties 2.134, 6.003

privileges and immunities 2.114, 2.120

rank and remuneration 2.111, 2.132

term of office 2.110, 4.004

Registry

conciliation committee 2.108

external cooperation 2.1352.139

Deputy Registrar see Registrar

functions 2.098, 2.103, 2.106, 4.023, 4.101, 4.103, 4.157

Guide to Proceedings 4.020

Joint Appeals Board 2.108

requests for information 4.0144.015, 4.017, 4.0214.022

Registrar see Registrar

staff 2.1152.116, 4.347

privileges and immunities 2.1192.121

recruitment 2.117

UN laissez-passer 2.018

Staff Regulations 2.012, 2.108, 2.118

Staff Rules 2.012, 2.118

Resolution on the Internal Judicial Practice of the Tribunal 4.008, 4.150, 4.155, 4.159, 4.160

reservation 1.043, 1.063, 1.064, 3.052, 3.076, 3.080, 3.114, 3.115

responsibility

see also liability; international Law Commission, flag State

damage see damage

international organizations 2.020

/liability (distinction) 5.075

State 3.087, 3.168, 3.171, 3.184, 3.198, 3.218, 5.024, 5.028, 5.053, 5.0735.088

injured 3.1693.171, 3.186, 5.024, 5.080

specially affected 3.170

third party 3.036

Rio Declaration (1992) 5.027, 5.028

scientific activities see marine scientific research

Seabed Committee 1.0091.010

Seabed Disputes Chamber 1.014, 1.038, 2.066, 2.0752.079, 2.139, 3.002, 3.009, 3.013, 3.017, 3.032, 3.033, 3.089, 3.1163.128, 3.173, 3.2033.208, 3.210, 3.216, 3.242, 4.002, 4.006, 4.007, 4.033, 4.2644.277, 4.284, 4.293, 4.3074.326, 4.328, 4.344, 4.356, 5.018, 5.027, 5.067, 5.074, 5.086, 6.005

ad hoc chamber 2.079, 3.089, 3.122, 4.264

advisory proceedings see advisory proceedings

applicable law 3.242

see also applicable law

composition 2.077, 2.078, 2.139

contentious proceedings 2.075, 4.007, 4.2644.277

see also contentious proceedings

disputes other than exclusively between States Parties and States Parties and the Authority 4.2694.277

additional written pleadings 4.277

instituted by application 4.2714.275

instituted by notification of special agreement 4.276

discretionary powers of the Authority 3.208, 3.118

judges ad hoc2.066, 3.233, 4.319

see also judges

judgments 2.077, 4.284

revision and interpretation 4.307

jurisdiction 1.038, 2.075, 2.079, 3.002, 3.009, 3.013, 3.017, 3.032, 3.089, 3.1163.128, 3.033, 3.2033.233, 4.006

advisory see advisory proceedings

categories of disputes 2.079, 3.017, 3.117, 3.1203.128, 3.173

compulsory 1.038, 3.117, 4.033

limitations 3.118, 3.119

members 2.077, 2.078, 2.139

preliminary ruling 3.125, 4.2674.268

President 2.078, 4.320, 4.321

procedural rules 4.2644.265

provisional measures see provisional measures

quorum 2.077

request 3.2053.206, 4.3124.314

suspension of rights and privileges of a member of the International Seabed Authority 3.128, 4.266

unique status of 2.075, 3.009, 4.006

written statements 4.268, 4.275, 4.277, 4.322, 4.323

self-governing associated States 3.027

settlement of disputes by peaceful means 1.0231.026, 1.029, 1.032, 1.056, 1.067, 3.091, 3.092, 3.101, 3.104, 3.162, 5.007, 6.003

special agreements (compromis) 3.0833.084, 4.0264.031

certified copy 4.029

entry into force 2.128, 4.028

notification 4.029, 4.030, 4.045, 4.059, 4.270, 4.276, 4.277, 4.299

special chambers 2.0802.095, 2.076, 2.079, 3.009, 3.083, 3.122, 4.002, 4.256, 4.258,6.015

ad hoc2.066, 2.067, 2.079, 2.080, 2.0892.092, 3.009, 3.029, 4.002, 4.2564.258, 4.260, 4.264, 4.307

composition 2.066, 2.0912.092, 4.307

transfer of cases to 1.074

Chamber of Summary Procedure 2.066, 2.080, 2.0932.095, 3.009, 4.002, 4.167, 4.242, 4.256, 4.258, 4.259

prompt release 4.242

provisional measures 4.167

Judges ad hoc2.066, 2.067

see also judges

judgments of 2.080

revision and interpretation 4.307

jurisdiction 3.009

proceedings 4.002, 4.2564.263

standing 2.066, 2.0812.088, 3.009, 4.002, 4.256, 4.258, 4.259, 4.307

Chamber for Fisheries Disputes 2.083, 2.084, 2.086, 4.258

Chamber for Marine Environment Disputes 2.083, 2.085, 2.086, 4.258

Chamber for Maritime Delimitation Disputes 2.087, 4.258

composition and quorum 2.066, 2.081, 2.082

sponsoring State 2.067, 2.068, 3.206, 4.271, 4.2734.276, 4.318, 5.028, 5.068, 5.069, 5.075, 5.076, 5.078, 5.079, 5.081, 5.083

liability see liability

obligations see obligations

State enterprise 1.033, 2.067, 3.032, 3.124, 3.125, 3.126, 4.047, 4.270, 4.271, 5.028, 5.067

territorial sea 1.006, 1.015, 1.017, 3.047

delimitation 3.166, 4.145, 5.016, 5.035

time-limits

answers to questions 4.077, 4.100

Chamber of Summary Procedure 2.094

constitution of arbitral tribunal 2.059, 3.155

correction of verbatim records 4.107

discontinuance 4.235

first election of judges 2.024

for reaching a settlement 1.025, 1.026, 3.101

intervention 4.215, 4.217, 4.223, 4.226

judgments

dissenting or separate opinions 4.161

interpretation 4.299

revision 4.3054.307

oral proceedings 4.007, 4.085

preliminary objections 4.007, 4.1944.196

preliminary proceedings 4.183, 4.186

prompt release proceedings 3.024, 3.135, 3.138, 4.004, 4.007, 4.068, 4.084, 4.085, 4.087, 4.090, 4.237, 4.242, 4.245, 4.247, 4.268

application 3.024, 3.135

provisional measures 4.004, 4.019, 4.068, 4.177

reports 4.180, 4.290

request 4.019, 4.170

statements in response 4.004, 4.177

suspension of 2.059

written observations 4.134, 4.186, 4.197, 4.217, 4.226, 4.299, 4.305

written pleadings 4.007, 4.020, 4.052, 4.062, 4.063, 4.067, 4.197, 4.270, 4.277, 5.022

written statements 4.268, 4.272, 4.275, 4.322, 4.334

travaux préparatoires3.112, 3.114

Tribunal see advisory proceedings; application; contentious proceedings; judges; judgments; jurisdiction; orders; President; Registrar; Registry; Seabed Disputes Chamber; special chambers

committees 2.096

expenses 2.1222.125

voluntary trust fund 2.125

external relations 2.1262.128

cooperation with other institutions 2.1352.139

Meeting of States Parties see Meeting of States Parties

United Nations, with 2.1292.131, 2.135

Financial Regulations 2.122

inauguration 2.005

inherent functions/powers 5.0095.010

legal status 2.0192.020

observer status at UNGA 2.017, 2.019

official languages 2.0972.105

quorum 2.026

Rules see Table of articles of the Convention, the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention, the Statute and the Rules of the Tribunal

seat 2.006, 2.016

Statute see Table of articles of the Convention, the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention, the Statute and the Rules of the Tribunal

UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission 2.136, 2.138

UN Conference on the Law of the Sea

First (1958) 1.004, 1.005

Second (1960) 1.006

Third (1973–82) 1.011–1014

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982)

see also Table of articles of the Convention, the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention, the Statute and the Rules of the Tribunal

adoption 1.014

entry into force 2.132

United Nations

Appeals Tribunal 2.108

Charter 4.285, 5.019

article 331.023, 1.033, 3.092

common system 2.108, 2.129

Dispute Tribunal 2.108

Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (DOALOS) 2.135, 4.355, 4.358

General Assembly (UNGA) 1.007, 1.009, 1.021, 2.017, 2.019, 4.340, 4.355, 4.356, 6.003

Joint Staff Pension Fund 2.108

Security Council 1.049, 2.130, 3.061, 4.285

Secretary-General 1.037, 1.041, 1.042, 1.049, 2.005, 2.019, 2.024, 2.025, 2.052, 2.055, 2.057, 2.059, 2.111, 2.125, 2.128, 2.130, 2.133, 2.135, 3.061, 3.222, 4.015, 4.049, 4.279, 4.287, 4.326, 4.355

depositary of Convention 1.037, 1.041, 1.042, 1.049, 2.130, 2.133, 3.061, 4.015, 4.114

list of arbitrators maintained by 2.055, 2.057, 2.059

UNCITRAL 3.125

UNEP 2.135, 2.138

UNESCO 2.136, 2.138

urgency 3.1543.155, 3.204, 4.051, 4.084, 4.146, 4.150, 4.171, 4.244, 4.308, 4.315, 5.013, 5.042

use of force 1.075, 3.064, 3.238, 5.039

verbatim records 2.103, 4.125, 4.128

vessels

see also flag state

arrest and/or detention 2.094, 3.024, 3.037, 3.045, 3.047, 3.064, 3.066, 3.067, 3.075, 3.080, 3.081, 3.097, 3.1303.133, 3.135, 3.136, 3.179, 3.186, 3.187, 3.191, 3.194, 3.200, 3.238, 4.081, 4.108, 4.111, 4.132, 4.138, 4.139, 4.236, 4.241, 4.250, 4.287, 4.294, 4.296, 4.297, 5.039, 5.041, 5.042, 5.044, 5.052, 5.054, 5.061, 6.006

legality of force used in 3.238, 4.132, 5.039

unlawful 3.045, 3.067, 3.186, 4.138, 5.042, 5.054, 5.061, 6.006

bunkering activities see bunkering activities

captain/master 3.130, 3.183, 3.198, 4.072, 4.087, 4.130, 4.294, 4.295, 5.041, 5.044, 5.049

cargo 3.183, 3.186, 3.198, 4.238, 4.241, 4.249, 4.250, 4.297, 5.052, 5.054, 5.056

confiscation 2.008, 2.013, 3.067, 3.1773.180, 3.201, 4.111, 4.295, 5.043

crew 1.038, 2.094, 3.010, 3.129, 3.1313.133, 3.135, 3.136, 3.138, 3.155, 3.170, 3.175, 3.176, 3.183, 3.198, 3.200, 4.004, 4.014, 4.108, 4.110, 4.111, 4.129, 4.132, 4.144, 4.236, 4.237, 4.241, 4.248, 4.250, 4.252, 4.254, 4.284, 4.287, 4.295, 4.296, 5.021, 5.0405.044, 5.049, 5.052, 5.057, 5.058

hot pursuit 3.064

immunity of warships 3.047, 4.296, 4.297

owners of the cargo 3.183, 3.186, 3.198, 4.238, 5.052, 5.054, 5.056

registration see flag State

shipowners 3.136, 3.137, 3.179, 3.183, 3.186, 3.198, 4.072, 4.111, 4.238, 4.241, 4.295, 5.043, 5.045, 5.052, 5.054, 5.055

unity of the ship 3.198, 5.060

witnesses 2.014, 4.052, 4.056, 4.079, 4.081, 4.087, 4.091, 4.102, 4.104, 4.115, 4.118, 4.1194.125, 4.1274.131, 4.132, 4.145, 4.341

see also evidence; experts

called by the Tribunal 4.115, 4.128

corrections to transcripts 2.104, 4.104, 4.125

examination of 4.1224.124, 4.127

-expert 4.122

independence of 4.122

lists of 4.087, 4.119, 4.120

official languages, and 4.102

written statements 4.126, 4.131, 4.145