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The Harmonisation of National Legal Systems

Strategic Models and Factors

Antonios E. Platsas

This book offers a novel perspective on the leading concept of harmonisation, advocating the mutual benefits and practical utility of harmonised law. Theoretical models and factors for harmonisation are explored in detail. Antonios E. Platsas acknowledges a range of additional factors and presents harmonisation as a widely applicable and useful theory.
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Table of cases

Strategic Models and Factors

Antonios E. Platsas

NATIONAL LEVEL

Belgium 
Judgment of 27 May 1971 by the Hof van Cassatie (Franco-Suisse Le Ski) (Cour de Cassation)19
Canada 
Attorney General for Canada v. Attorney General for Ontario [1937] AC 32627
Cyprus 
Malachtou v. Armefti (1987) 1 Cyprus Law Reports 207, at 23520
Denmark 
Judgment of 6 April 1998 (Supreme Court) 19
France 
Decision of 9 April 1992 on the Maastricht Treaty on the European Union (Constitutional Council) 19
Scea Gaec des Beauches Bernard Bruno v. Societé teso Ten Elsen GmBH & CokG (Cour d’ Appel de Grenoble (Fr.)), No. 94/3859 UNILEX (Ch. Comm. 23 October 1996), CLOUT no. 20558
Germany 
Decision of 12 October 1993 on the law ratifying the Maastricht Treaty on the European Union [1994] 1 CMLR 57 (Federal Constitutional Court) 19
Ireland 
Kennedy v. The Law Society and others [2005] IESC 23167
Italy 
Granital Judgment No. 170/84 of 8 June 1984 (Constitutional Court)19
Luxembourg 
Judgment of 14 July 1954, Pasicrisie luxembourgeoise, vol. 16, 150 (Cour de Cassation) 19
New Zealand 
Attorney-General for New Zealand v. Ortiz [1982] 1 QB 349, [1982] 3 WLR 571 (CA), [1983] 2 WLR 809 (HL) 203
United Kingdom 
Arcos v. Ronaasen [1933] AC 470 155
Brown v. Bateman (1867) LR 2 CP 272193
Cammell v. Sewell (1858) 157 ER 1371203
Consorzio del Prosciutto di Parma v. Asda Food Stores Ltd [1999] 1 CMLR 696 22
Davy v. Leeds Corporation [1964] 3 All ER 390, [1964] 1 WLR 1218, 16 P & CR 244, 62 LGR 628, [1964] RVR 776, 128 JP 541 191
Fairchild v. Glenhaven Funeral Services Ltd [2002] 3 WLR 89 at 119167, 175
Gibson v. East Riding of Yorkshire Council, The Times, 6 July 2000 23
Greatorex v. Greatorex [2000] 1 WLR 1976 167
Interfoto Picture Library Ltd v. Stiletto Visual Programmes Ltd [1988] 1 All ER 348, at 353 (CA) 144
Kaur v. Lord Advocate [1980] 3 CMLR 79130
Nyali Ltd v. Attorney General [1955] 1 All ER 646 at 653; [1956] 1 QB 1, at 16–17171
Preist v. Last [1903] 2 KB 148 157
R v. Immigration Officer at Prague Airport, ex parte European Roma Rights Centre [2004] UKHL 55, [2005] WLR 1 147
Re Moore & Co. v. Landauer & Co. [1921] 2 KB 519 155
Re Valentine’s Settlement [1965] Ch. 831 (CA) 199
Re Wilson [1954] Ch. 733, at 741199
Reid v. Metropolis Police Commissioner [1973] 2 All ER 97203
Thornton v. Shoe Lane Parking Ltd [1971] 2 QB 163 146
Universal Cargo Carriers Corp. v. Citati [1957] 2 QB 401154, 157
Walford v. Miles [1992] 2 WLR 174, at 181 (HL) 144
White v. Jones [1993] 3 All ER 481 at 501167
Winkworth v. Christie, Manson & Woods Ltd [1980] 1 All ER 1121203
United States 
Delchi Carrier, SpA v. Rotorex Corp., No. 88-CV-1078, 1994 WL 495787 (NDNY 9 September 1994); affirmed in part by 71 F.3d 1024 (2d Cir. 1995) 58
Lawrence v. Texas, 539 US 558 (2003), at 586–605 and especially 589–92 186
New State Ice Co. v. Liebmann 285 US 262 (1932), at 311187, 204

REGIONAL LEVEL

EEC/EC/EU 
C-388/95 Belgium v. Spain [2000] ECR I-312166
C-387/97 Commission v. Greece [2000] ECR I-504758
39/72 Commission v. Italy [1973] ECR 10189, 90
96/81 Commission v. Netherlands [1982] ECR 179163, 89
6/64 Costa v. ENEL [1964] CMLR 42520, 62
141/78 France v. United Kingdom [1979] ECR 292366
11/70 Internationale Handelgesellschaft [1972] CMLR 25520, 62
C-212/04 Konstantinos Adeneler and others v. Ellinikos Organismos Galaktos (ELOG) [2006] ECR I-0605763
106/77 Simmenthal [1977] 2 CMLR 120
C-41/74 Van Duyn v. Home Office (CJEU, 1974) 23
26/62 Van Gend en Loos [1963]
CMLR 10520, 62
ECR 1, 1366
C-37 and 58/06 Viamex Agrar Handels GmbH and another v. Hauptzollamt Hamburg-Jonas [2008] ECR I-6963
Council of Europe 
Airey v. Ireland (1979) 2 EHRR 305130
Buchholz judgment of 6 May 1981, Series A no. 42, para. 50 223
Capuano judgment of 25 June 1987, Series A no. 119, para. 25223
Dudgeon v. United Kingdom, 23 September 1981 (No. 45), 45 EHRR 149, para. 57 of the judgment227
Dudgeon judgments of 22 October 1981, Series A no. 26, para. 56224
Ettl and others judgment of 23 April 1987, Series A no. 117, para. 40) 223
Guincho judgment of 10 July 1984, Series A no. 81, para. 32223
Handyside v. United Kingdom, Series A, vol. 24, 7 December 1976 58, 64, 223, 223–4, 225, 227, 228, 229
paras 49, 50, 67229
paras 54, 572234
para. 56227
(1981) 58 ILR 15058
No. 5493/72, Judgment of 7 December 1976, para. 50221
(1979–80) 1 EHRR 737, para. 48225
Keegan v. Ireland (1994) 18 EHRR 342 201
Le Compte I judgment of 23 June 1981, Series A no. 43, para. 51223
Loizidou v. Turkey
Series A, vol. 310, 2058
(1995) 103 ILR 62258
Minelli judgment of 25 March 1983, Series A no. 62, paras 34, 35223
Modinos v. Cyprus, 22 April 1993 (No. 259), 16 EHRR 485227
Murphy v. Ireland [2003] ECHR 352, 10 July 2003223, 226, 228, 229
Müller and others v. Switzerland judgment of 24 May 1988, Series A, no. 133
para. 36224, 2256
(1991) 13 EHRR 212 226
Neumeister judgment of 27 June 1968, Series A no. 8, 42–3, para. 21 223
Norris v. Ireland, 26 October 1988 (No. 142), 13 EHRR 186, para. 45 227
Open Door and Dublin Well Woman v. Ireland [1992] ECHR 68; (1993) 15 EHRR 244 130
Otto Preminger Institute A 295-A (1995) 19 EHRR 34, 20 September 1994223, 225, 229
Sunday Times v. United Kingdom (1979) 2 EHRR 245
paras. 50, 59221
judgment of 26 April 1979, Series A no. 30, para. 47223
Weeks judgment of 2 March 1987, Series A no. 114, paras 40, 47, 50–53223
Organisation of American States 
Advisory Opinion OC-4/84 of 19 January 1984, Proposed Amendments to Naturalisation Provisions of the Constitution of Costa Rica (1984) Inter-Am. Ct HR A 4221

INTERNATIONAL LEVEL

Permanent Court of International Justice 
Legal Status of the South-Eastern Territory of Greenland (Norway v. Denmark), 1932 PCIJ Series A, No. 8 66
International Court of Justice 
Nuclear Tests (Australia v. France), Interim Protection, Order of 22 June 1973, [1973] ICJ Rep. 99 66
Nuclear Tests (New Zealand v. France), Interim Protection, Order of 22 June 1973, [1973] ICJ Rep. 135 66
International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea 
Separate Opinion of Judge Cot in the Volga Case (Russian Federation v. Australia), International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea, Judgment of 23 December 2002221