Chapter 2: The foundational thinkers (600–400 BC)
This chapter focuses on the three thinkers who can be considered foundational for the political thought of the three major early civilizations of India, East Asian and the Ancient Greece and Rome, respectively, the Buddha, Confucius and Socrates. Each of these individuals set forth political philosophies that transcended caste, status and class so made political ethics potentially accessible to all. Yet, the attitudes of the three toward women and those outside the elite are ambiguous.
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