Chapter 7: Late “medieval” political thought (1000–1300)
The systems of political thought developed in this period have had the longest influence on the world and still linger today. Zhu Xi’s neo-Confucianism became such a powerful force that it completely transformed political thought in East Asia. Similarly, medieval Islamic not only set the and Christian political thought. For example, this is the period in which Al-Ghazali becomes a dominant intellectual force in Islamic thought, while his rival Islamic thinker, Ibn Rushd, has more impact on the West than in the Muslim world. Indeed, St. Thomas Aquinas, the most important Western thinker since Aristotle, formed his ideas in reaction to Ibn Rushd, in ways that influenced the West for many centuries.
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