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The World Bank and the Globalisation of Housing Finance

Mortgaging Development

Liam Clegg

The World Bank remains one of the most prominent actors in the field of global development, and one of the foremost international organisations in contemporary global politics. Over its history, its lending for housing has mortgaged development by prioritising financial sector expansion over the needs of low-income groups. Through this book, Liam Clegg explores the drivers of World Bank operational practices, and the contribution of these operations to state transformations across the global South.
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Mortgaging Development

Liam Clegg

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World Bank (1993a) Housing: Enabling Markets to Work (Washington, DC: World Bank).
World Bank (1993b) ‘Performance Audit Report: Senegal Urban Management and Rehabilitation Project’, Report No. 11830.
World Bank (1993c) ‘Project Completion Report: Mexico Second Urban and Regional Development Project’, Report No. 11548.
World Bank (1993d) ‘Proposed Financial Sector Adjustment Loan to the Argentine Republic’, Report No. 5862.
World Bank (1994a) ‘Project Completion Report: Mexico Housing Finance Project’, Report No. 13142.
World Bank (1994b) ‘Staff Appraisal Report: China Enterprise Housing and Social Security Reform Project’, Report No. 12757.
World Bank (1994c) ‘Staff Project Completion Report: Nigeria Second Urban Development Project’, Report No. 13279.
World Bank (1994d) ‘Staff Project Completion Report: Republic of Côte d’Ivoire Third Urban Project’, Report No. 14589.
World Bank (1994e) ‘Swaziland Project Appraisal Report: Urban Development Project’, Report No. 12753.
World Bank (1995a) ‘Project Completion Report: Republic of Mali Second Urban Development Project’, Report No. 15213.
World Bank (1995b) ‘Staff Appraisal Report: Russian Federation Housing Project’, Report No. 13022.
World Bank (1995c) ‘Tanzania: Financial Sector Adjustment Credit Project Completion Report’, Report No. 14828.
World Bank (1996a) ‘Implementation Completion Report: Mexico Second Low-Income Housing Project’, Report No. 15865.
World Bank (1996b) ‘Staff Appraisal Report: Russian Federation Enterprise Housing Divestiture’, Report No. 15112.
World Bank (1996c) ‘Staff Appraisal Report: Ukraine Housing Project’, Report No. 15033.
World Bank (1996d) ‘Staff Appraisal Report: Urban Development and Decentralization Project – Mali’, Report No. 15939.
World Bank (1997a) ‘Staff Appraisal Report: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Housing Finance and Urban Sector Reform Project’, Report No. 15331.
World Bank (1997b) ‘Staff Appraisal Report: West Bank and Gaza Housing Project’, Report No. 15926.
World Bank (1998a) ‘Implementation Completion Report: People’s Republic of China Medium-Sized Cities Development Project’, Report No. 18135.
World Bank (1998b) ‘Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Loan to the Republic of Peru for an Urban Property Rights Project’, Report No. 18245.
World Bank (1999a) ‘Implementation Completion Report: Fiji Housing Project’, Report No. 19428.
World Bank (1999b) ‘Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Loan to Venezuela for a Slum Upgrading Project’, Report No. 17924.
World Bank (1999c) ‘Project Appraisal Report on a Proposed Loan to the United Mexican States for the FOVI Restructuring Project’, Report No. 18854.
World Bank (1999d) ‘Project Completion Report: The United Mexican States Housing Market Development Project’, Report No. 19095.
World Bank (2000a) ‘Implementation Completion Report on a Loan to Albania for a Housing Project’, Report No. 20440.
World Bank (2000b) ‘Implementation Completion Report on a Loan to the Government of Lithuania for a Housing Pilot Project’, Report No. 22868.
World Bank (2001a) ‘Implementation Completion Report on a Loan to the Republic of Poland for a Housing Project’, Report No. 22243.
World Bank (2001b) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Islamic Republic of Mauritania Urban Development Program’, Report No. 22893.
World Bank (2002a) ‘Program Document for a Proposed Structural Adjustment Loan to the Oriental Republic of Uruguay’, Report No. 24515.
World Bank (2002b) ‘Programme on Improving Living Standards through Caracas Upgrading Project’, World Bank Press Release, 17 September.
World Bank (2002c) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Republic of Latvia Housing Project Loan’, Report No. 23552.
World Bank (2002d) Bridging Troubled Waters (Washington, DC: World Bank).
World Bank (2003a) ‘Program Document for a Financial Sector Adjustment to the Republic of Colombia’, Report No. 25472.
World Bank (2003b) ‘Project Completion Report: Jordan – Housing Finance and Urban Sector Reform’, Report No. 11403.
World Bank (2004a) Housing Finance Reforms in Bangladesh: Unleashing Supply to Meet Growing Demand (Washington, DC: World Bank).
World Bank (2004b) ‘Implementation Completion Report: Armenia Title Registration Project’, Report No. 28931.
World Bank (2004c) ‘Program Document for a Proposed Loan to the United Mexican States for Affordable Housing and Urban Poverty Structural Adjustment’, Report No. 26627.
World Bank (2004d) ‘Project Appraisal Document: United Republic of  Tanzania Local Government Support Programme’, Report No. 29751.
World Bank (2004e) ‘Project Document for a Proposed Second Programmatic Financial Sector Adjustment Loan to the Republic of Colombia’, Report No. 29666.
World Bank (2005a) ‘Implementation Completion Report: FOVI Restructuring Project’, Report No. 34218.
World Bank (2005b) ‘Program Document for a Proposed Programmatic Loan to Brazil for Sustainable and Equitable Growth, Housing Sector Reform’, Report No. 31756.
World Bank (2005c) ‘Project Performance Assessment Report: Russian Federation Housing Project and Enterprise Housing Divestiture Project’, Report No. 32689.
World Bank (2005d) ‘Project Performance Report: Moldova First Cadastre Project’, Report No. 32344.
World Bank (2005e) ‘Proposed Programmatic Loan for Sustainable and Equitable Growth (Housing Sector Reform) to the Federal Republic of Brazil’, Report No. 31756.
World Bank (2005f) World Bank: Economic Growth in the 1990s – Learning from a Decade of Reform (Washington, DC: World Bank).
World Bank (2006a) ‘Implementation Completion Report: China Enterprise Housing and Social Security Reform Project’, Report No. 32366.
World Bank (2006b) ‘Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Loan to the Arab Republic of Egypt for a Mortgage Finance Project’, Report No. 36379.
World Bank (2006c) ‘Proposed First Finance and Growth Development Policy Loan to the United Mexican States’, Report No. 34552.
World Bank (2007) ‘Program Document for a Proposed Third Affordable Housing and Urban Poverty Reduction Development Policy Loan to the United Mexican States’, Report No. 40751.
World Bank (2008) ‘Proposed Loan to the Sociedad Hipotecaria Federal with the Guarantee of the United Mexican States for a Private Housing Finance Markets Strengthening Project’, Report No. 45818.
World Bank (2009a) ‘Program Document for a Proposed Loan to the Arab Republic of Egypt for an Affordable Mortgage Finance Program Development Policy Loan’, Report No. 48305.
World Bank (2009b) ‘Project Performance Assessment Report: Slovenia Real Estate Registration Modernization Loan’, Report No. 55112.
World Bank (2009c) ‘Proposed Loan to the Republic of Latvia for a Financial Sector Development Policy Loan’, Report No. 49937.
World Bank (2010a) ‘Project Performance Assessment Report: Brazil Programmatic Loan for Sustainable and Equitable Growth, Housing Sector Reform’, Report No. 55445.
World Bank (2010b) ‘Project Performance Assessment Report: United Mexican States FOVI Restructuring Loan, Affordable Housing and Urban Poverty Sectoral Adjustment Loan, Second Affordable Housing and Urban Poverty Sectoral Adjustment Loan, and Third Affordable Housing and Urban Poverty Sectoral Adjustment Loan’, Report No. 54193.
World Bank (2010c) ‘Project Performance Assessment Report: The Kyrgyz Republic Land and Real Estate Registration Service’, Report No. 55382.
World Bank (2010d) ‘Project Proposal Document for United Republic of Tanzania Housing Loan’, Report No. 52750.
World Bank (2010e) ‘Project Proposal Document for Loan to the Kingdom of Morocco for a Sustainable Access to Finance Development Policy Loan’, Report No. 52301.
World Bank (2011) ‘Program Document for Financial Sector Development Policy Credit to the Republic of Uganda’, Report No. 62013.
World Bank (2012) ‘Implementation Completion and Results Report: Grant to the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia for a Financial Sector Capacity Building Project’, Report No. ICR00002183.
World Bank (2013a) ‘Implementation Completion and Results Report: United Mexican States Private Housing Finance Markets Strengthening Project’, Report No. ICR00002803.
World Bank (2013b) ‘Implementation Completion and Results Report: United Republic of Tanzania Local Government Support Programme’, Report No. ICR00002201.
World Bank (2013c) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Federal Republic of Nigeria Housing Finance Project’, Report No. 78760.
World Bank (2014) ‘Implementation Status and Results: Tanzania Housing Finance Project’, Report No. 14959.
World Bank (2015a) ‘Implementation Completion and Results Report: Uganda Financial Sector Development Policy Credit’, Report No. ICR00003139.
World Bank (2015b) ‘Implementation Status and Results Report: Kenya Informal Settlements Improvement Project’, Report Number 19335.
World Bank (2015c) ‘Tanzania Housing Finance Project – Implementation Status and Results Report’, Report Number 26333.
World Bank (2015d) World Bank Independent Evaluation Group – Financial Inclusion: A Foothold on the Ladder toward Prosperity? (Washington, DC: World Bank).
World Bank (2015e) World Bank Group Stocktaking of the Housing Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa (Washington, DC: World Bank).
World Bank (2016a) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Bangladesh Pro-Poor Slums Integration Project’, Report No. PAD 522.
World Bank (2016b) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Colombia Basic Sanitation and Water Supply Project’, Report No. PAD 1718.
World Bank (2016c) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Côte d’Ivoire Urban Water Supply Project’, Report No. PAD 1920.
World Bank (2016d) ‘Project Appraisal Document: India Urban Water Supply Modernization Project’, Report No. PAD 440.
World Bank (2016e) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Indonesia National Slum Upgrading Project’, Report No. PAD 1477.
World Bank (2016f) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Mali Urban Water Supply Project’, Report No. PAD 1792.
World Bank (2016g) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Tanzania Water Sector Support Project’, Report No. PAD 1757.
World Bank (2016h) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Republic of Congo Urban Development and Poor Neighbourhood Upgrading Project’, Report No. PAD 1266.
World Bank (2016i) ‘Project Appraisal Document: Zimbabwe National Water Project’, Report No. PAD 1569.
World Bank (2016j) Providing Water to Poor People in African Cities Effectively: Lessons from Utilities Reform (Washington, DC: World Bank).
World Bank (2016k) World Fecal Sludge Management: Diagnostics and Guidelines for Service Delivery in Poor Urban Areas (Washington, DC: World Bank).
Wu, Weiping (2004) ‘Sources of Migrant Housing Disadvantage in Urban China’, Environment and Planning A 36(7): 1285–1304.
Wu, Weiping, and Hansheng Wang (2002) ‘As Immigrant in Metropolis: The Analysis on Housing Condition of the Floating Population in Beijing and Shanghai’, Sociological Research 3(2): 92–110.
Yeung, Stanley, and Rodney Howes (2006) ‘The Role of the Housing Provident Fund in Financing Affordable Housing Development in China’, Habitat International 30(2): 343–356.
Zanetta, Cecilia (2004) The Influence of the World Bank on National Housing and Urban Policies (Aldershot: Ashgate).
Zavisca, Jane (2012) Housing the New Russia (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).
Zhang, Li (2011) ‘The Political Economy of Informal Settlements in Post-Socialist China’, Geoforum 42(4): 473–483.
Zhang, Xing Quan (2000) ‘The Restructuring of the Housing Finance System in Urban China’, Cities 17(5): 339–348.