Human Rights, Trade, Patents, Health and the Environment
Chapter 4: The biotech challenge to human dignity, life and freedom of choice: human rights
A growing number of human rights treaties contain provisions specifically addressing biotechnological concerns. Human rights bodies constantly deal with biotech-related cases. Human dignity has inspired and guided the development of human rights in this area. Many human rights have a bioethical dimension. The right to life involves fundamental bioethical questions, such as the beginning of human life and the personhood of embryos. Biomedical research is linked to the protection of health. The right to adequate food may lead to an enhancement of support for agricultural research. The respect for personal autonomy requires respect for the principle of informed consent in biomedical and genetic research. The right to privacy protects confidentiality of genetic data and the individual’s right to know (or not to know) about the results of genetic tests. The right to family life might also be a relevant factor in the management of genetic data. Finally, biotechnology raises new risks of discrimination (e.g. discrimination based on genetic features).
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