Human Rights, Trade, Patents, Health and the Environment
Chapter 5: From test tube babies to human clones: salient issues in the international law of biomedicine
Socio-political, ethical and legal debates have always surrounded biomedicine. Reproductive medicine and, particularly, in vitro fertilisation, remain fields of legal and ethical controversy. Other contested areas are the use of human embryos for scientific research or therapeutic purposes, somatic gene therapy, and interventions in the germ line. Particular concern has arisen from the possibility of human cloning. In this regard, many jurisdictions distinguish between “reproductive” cloning leading to the creation of an identical human being, on the one hand, and “therapeutic” cloning on the other hand. These areas provide ample material for the delicate interplay between domestic and international law. .
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