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Liquid Nationalism and State Partitions in Europe

Stefano Bianchini

This timely book offers an in-depth exploration of state partitions and the history of nationalism in Europe from the Enlightenment onwards. Stefano Bianchini compares traditional national democratic development to the growing transnational demands of representation with a focus on transnational mobility and empathy versus national localism against the EU project. In an era of multilevel identity, global economic and asylum seeker crises, nationalism is becoming more liquid which in turn strengthens the attractiveness of ‘ethnic purity’ and partitions, affects state stability, and the nature of national democracy in Europe. The result may be exposure to the risk of new wars, rather than enhanced guarantees of peace.
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Chapter 3: 1917 and the Russian revolutions: multiple players and conflicting aspirations to independence in the collapsing empire

Stefano Bianchini


This chapter focuses on the geopolitical effects of the 1917 Russian revolutions on the eastern war frontline. The reconstruction of the radical changes that occurred during those months help the reader understand the process that led some of the nations under the Tsarist Empire to abandon the initial demands for autonomy and fight for independence. In this context, the chapter pays particular attention to the Bolsheviks’ expectations for a broader European revolution, the impact of the Brest-Litovsk treaty on Russian partition (especially for the Baltics and Ukraine), and the projects nurtured by Germany and, later, by the new Polish government to arrange their macro-regional national aspirations, although contested by neighbouring countries.

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