Chapter 3: 1917 and the Russian revolutions: multiple players and conflicting aspirations to independence in the collapsing empire
This chapter focuses on the geopolitical effects of the 1917 Russian revolutions on the eastern war frontline. The reconstruction of the radical changes that occurred during those months help the reader understand the process that led some of the nations under the Tsarist Empire to abandon the initial demands for autonomy and fight for independence. In this context, the chapter pays particular attention to the Bolsheviks’ expectations for a broader European revolution, the impact of the Brest-Litovsk treaty on Russian partition (especially for the Baltics and Ukraine), and the projects nurtured by Germany and, later, by the new Polish government to arrange their macro-regional national aspirations, although contested by neighbouring countries.
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