Chapter 7: Post-Cold War conflicting principles: post-Socialist sovereignty, ethnic states and territorial integrity
The chapter focuses on the processes that led to the reshaping of the European maps with the unification of Germany and the partition of the three Socialist federations. The impact of the German unification on the ethno-national projects nurtured in Europe has been described particularly in relation to the South-East European collapse, the Moldavian and the Caucasus partitions between 1991 and 1992. The conflicts that followed and the EU attempts to regulate the borders’ stability, as well as the respect of minority rights, are described together with the gradual strategy of the EU enlargement and the US/ NATO intervention in the Balkans, despite the growing frustrations recorded in Russia. The narrative continues by discussing other examples of partitions, including Cyprus, Georgia and ultimately Ukraine, while new aspirations for independence are marking the political life of some Western countries, especially Spain, Belgium and the United Kingdom, with unprecedented multilevel potential partitions that may affect the EU, following the example of “Brexit”.
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