Chapter 9: Multilevel partitions, globalization, and the metamorphosis of the nation-state
The chapter focuses on the post-Cold War scenarios, which are marked by globalization and peoples’ mobility that seem to affect European identities. A wave of neo-nationalism, although the programs of the neo-nationalist parties differ considerably from each other, is pressurizing either a “return to sovereignty” against the EU integration or independence for stateless nations. These demands actually suggest a “return” to the supremacy of ethnicity in nationhood and statehood, by rejecting any form of diversity, even if this is patently in contrast with the increasing diversification of the post-modern societies. This behavior, however, is widely shared in Europe by policy makers, diplomats, the media and part of the population, even though there is a liberal belief that the Western civic nationalism represents a powerful shield against the ethnic homogeneity and its authoritarian political culture.
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