Chapter 14: The crisis of the European project: a new political destiny for partitions?
The chapter first summarizes some key issues related to the enhanced ethno-national dimension of the European nation-states, unable to cope with the implications of the post-Cold War context and state stabilization, especially in contexts where minorities and diversities prevailed. Then, the narrative focuses on the role of the EU, its “golden age”, and the effectiveness of conditionality, which lasted for a decade. This was an important period because an alternative to the parochialism of the nation-state was envisaged and partially pursued to the benefit of democracy, citizens’ and minorities’ rights, peoples’ mobility, and cultural syncretism. Beginning in 2005, however, the EU crisis has deeply affected the attractiveness of the project, encouraging a renationalization of domestic and foreign policies, which have weakened the perspective of integration, while new partition demands have emerged not only in the Balkans, but also within EU member-states.
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