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Public Private Partnership for WTO Dispute Settlement

Enabling Developing Countries

Amrita Bahri

Public Private Partnership for WTO Dispute Settlement is an interdisciplinary work examining the growing interaction between business entities and public officials. Crucially, it identifies how this relationship can enable developing countries to effectively utilize the provisions of the World Trade Organization Dispute Settlement Understanding (WTO DSU).
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Bibliography

Enabling Developing Countries

Amrita Bahri

BOOKS

Baldwin RR, Doha and Beyond: The Future of the Multilateral Trading System (Cambridge University Press 2004)
Bhagwati J, India in Transition: Freeing the Economy (Clarendon Press 1993)
Blink J and Dorton I, Economics (Oxford University Press 2007)
Bown CP, Self-Enforcing Trade: Developing Countries and WTO Dispute Settlement (Brookings Institution Press 2009)
Bryman A, Social Research Methods (Oxford University Press 2012)
Frankfurt FR, India’s Political Economy 1947–2004: The Gradual Revolution (Oxford University Press 2005)
Goh BC, Law Without Lawyers, Justice Without Courts (Ashgate, Dartmouth 2002)
Grossman GM and Helpman E, Special Interest Politics (The MIT Press 2001)
Hertel TW and Winters A (eds), Poverty and the WTO: Impacts of the Doha Development Agenda (co-publication of the World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan UK 2006)
Honkonen T, The Common But Differentiated Responsibility Principle in Multilateral Environmental Agreements (Wolters Kluwer 2009)
Johnson D and Turner C, European Business: Policy Challenges for the New Commercial Environment (Taylor & Francis 1998)
Kirton JJ, G20 Governance for a Globalised World (Ashgate 2013)
Komesar N, Imperfect Alternatives: Choosing Institutions in Law, Economics and Public Policy (University of Chicago Press 1994)
Maclean RM, EU Trade Barrier Regulation: Tackling Unfair Foreign Trade Practices (London: Thomson, Sweet & Maxwell 2006)
Mastel G, American Trade Laws After the Uruguay Round (M.E. Sharpe 1996)
Michalopoulos C, Developing Countries in the WTO (Palgrave 2001)
Petersmann EU, Constitutional Functions and Constitutional Problems of International Economic Law: International and Domestic Foreign Trade Law and Foreign Trade Policy in the United States, the European Community and Switzerland (University Press 1991)
Pollack MA and Shaffer GC (eds), Transatlantic Governance in the Global Economy (Lanham MD: Rowman & Littlefield 2001)
Pollack MA and Shaffer GC, When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods (Oxford University Press 2009)
Robles AC, The Asia-Europe Meeting: The Theory and Practice of Interregionalism (London: Routledge 2008)
Shaffer GC, Defending Interests: Public-Private Partnerships in WTO Litigation (Brookings Institution Press 2003)
Shaffer GC and Melendez-Ortiz R (eds), Dispute Settlement at the WTO: The Developing Country Experience (Cambridge University Press 2010)
Sinha A, The Regional Roots of Developmental Politics in India: A Divided Leviathan (Bloomington: Indiana University Press 2005)
Watkins D and Burton M, Research Methods in Law (Routledge 2013)

ARTICLES

Alesina A, Londregan J and Rosenthal H, ‘A Model of the Political Economy of the United States’ (1993) 87(1) The American Political Science Review 12
Bohanes J and Garza F, ‘Going Beyond Stereotypes: Participation of Developing Countries in WTO Dispute Settlement’ (2012) 4(1) Trade Law & Development 45
Bown CP, ‘Participation in WTO Dispute Settlement: Complainants, Interested Parties and Free Riders’ (2005) 19(2) World Bank Economic Review 287
Bown CP and Hoekman BM, ‘WTO Dispute Settlement and the Missing Developing Country Cases: Engaging the Private Sector’ (2005) 8(4) Journal of International Economic Law 861
Caliskan O, ‘An Analysis of the Airbus-Boeing Dispute From the Perspective of the WTO Process’ (2010) 10(4) Ege Academic Review 1129
Charnovitz S, ‘Opening the WTO to Non-Governmental Interests’ (2000) 24(1) Fordham International Law Journal 173
Cortes P, ‘Does the Proposed European Procedure Enhance the Resolution of Small Claims?’ (2008) 27(1) Civil Justice Quarterly 83
Davis CL and Bermeo SB, ‘Who Files? Developing Country Participation in GATT/WTO Adjudication’ (2009) 71(3) The Journal of Politics 1033
Delimatsis P, ‘Transparency in the WTO’s Decision-Making’ (2014) 27(3) Leiden Journal of International Law 701
Deshman AC, ‘Horizontal Review between International Organizations: Why, How, and Who Cares about Corporate Regulatory Capture’ (2011) 22(4) European Journal of International Law 1089
Ewing-Chow M, ‘Are Asian WTO Members Using the WTO DSU “Effectively”?’ (2013) 16(3) Journal of International Economic Law 669
Galanter M, ‘Contract in Court; or Almost Everything You May or May not Want to Know about Contract Litigation’ (2001) 3 Wisconsin Law Review 577
Gao H, ‘China’s Participation in the WTO: A Lawyer’s Perspective’ (2007) 11 Singapore Year Book of International Law 72
Gao H, ‘Taking Justice into Your Own Hand: The TBI Mechanism in China’ (2010) 44 Journal of World Trade 633
Gao H, ‘Public-Private Partnership: The Chinese Dilemma’ (2014) 48(5) Journal of World Trade 983
Grossman G and Helpman E, ‘Protection for Sale’ (1994) 84(4) The American Economic Review 833
Guzman AT and Simmons BA, ‘Power Plays and Capacity Constraints: The Selection of Defendants in WTO Disputes’ (2005) 34 Journal of Legal Studies 557
Horn H, Johanneson L and Mavroidis PC, ‘The WTO Dispute Settlement System 1995–2010: Some Descriptive Statistics’ (2011) 45(6) Journal of World Trade 1107
Horn H, Mavroidis PC and Wijkstrom E, ‘In the Shadow of the DSU: Addressing Specific Trade Concerns in the WTO SPS and TBT Committees’ (2013) 47(4) Journal of World Trade 729
Hsieh PL, ‘China’s Development of International Economic Law and WTO Legal Capacity Building’ (2010) 13(4) Journal of International Economic Law 997
Jayaram R and Lanjaw PF, ‘Small Scale Industry, Environmental Regulation and Poverty: The Case of Brazil’ (2004) 18(3) The World Bank Economic Review 443, 447
Jiang X and Tan S, ‘Non-Litigation Tradition in China’ 2008 4 Legal System and Society 239
Lau LJ, ‘Gain Without Pain: Why Economic Reforms in China Worked’ 1998 China’s Political Economy 43
Leibowitz LE, Polino TM and Frank MA, ‘WTO Negotiations on Trade Facilitation: Prospects for Cutting Red Tape at the Borders and Opening Doors for Developing Countries’ (2007) 1 International Trade Law Review 4
Li X, ‘Understanding China’s Behavioral Change in the WTO Dispute Settlement System: Power, Capacity, and Normative Constraints in Trade Adjudication’ (2012) 52(6) Asian Survey: University of California Press 1111
Lu C, ‘Legal Services in China: Facing the WTO’ (2003) 20 UCLA Pacific Basin Law Journal 278
Makkai T and Braithwaite J, ‘In and Out of the Revolving Door: Making Sense of Regulatory Capture’ (1992) 12(1) Journal of Public Policy 61
Martin CE, ‘Sovereignty, Meet Globalization: Using Public-Private Partnerships to Promote the Rule of Law in a Complex World’ (2009) 202 Military Law Review 91
Mitchell AD, ‘A Legal Principle of Special and Differential Treatment for WTO Disputes’ (2006) 5(3) World Trade Review 445
Nishijima M and Saes MS, ‘Tariff Discrimination on Brazil’s Soluble Coffee: An Economic Analysis’ (2010) 30(2) Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 293
Nordstrom H and Shaffer GC, ‘Access to Justice in the World Trade Organization: The Case for a Small Claims Procedure?’ (2008) 7(4) World Trade Review 587
Prost O, ‘Can European Businesses Trust the WTO?’ (2004) European Lawyer 22
Qian H, ‘Trade Associations and Private Antitrust Litigation in China’ (16 April 2013) 4(1) CPI Antitrust Chronicle 2
Qureshi AH, ‘Participation of Developing Countries in the WTO Dispute Settlement System’ (2003) 47(2) Journal of African Law 174
Rhodes RAW, ‘The New Governance: Governing without Government’ (1996) 44 Political Studies 652
Shaffer GC, ‘The Challenges of WTO Law: Strategies for Developing Country Adaptation’ (2006) 5(2) World Trade Review 177
Shaffer GC, Badin MRS and Rosenberg B, ‘The Trials of Winning at the WTO: What Lies Behind Brazil’s Success’ (2008) 41(2) Cornell International Law Journal 383
Shaffer GC, Busch M and Reinhardt E, ‘Does Legal Capacity Matter? A Survey of WTO Members’ (2009) 8 World Trade Review 559
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Snyder F, ‘We Need a Global Food Safety Agency: Reflections on the Hidden Jurisprudence of the WTO’ (2013) 1(2) Peking University School of Transnational Law 162
Song J, ‘A Comparative Study on the Trade Barriers Regulation and Foreign Trade Barrier Investigation Rules’ (2007) 41(4) Journal of World Trade 799
Takeuchi H, ‘Political Economy of Trade Protection: China in the 1990s’ (2013) 3 International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 1
Tietje C and Nowrot K, ‘Forming the Centre of a Transnational Economic Legal Order? Thoughts on the Current and Future Position of Non-State Actors in WTO Law’ (2004) 5(2) European Business Organization Law Review 321
Turner JC and McGee JA, ‘Small Claims Reform: A Means of Expanding Access to the American Civil Justice System’ (2000) 5(1) University of the District of Columbia Law Review 177
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Yongnian Z, ‘Will China Become More Democratic? A Realistic View of China’s Democratisation’ (1998) China’s Political Economy 167

BOOK CHAPTERS

Bown CP and Ruta M, ‘The Economics of Permissible WTO Retaliation’ in Bown CP and Pauwelyn J (eds), The Law, Economics, and Politics of Retaliation in WTO Dispute Settlement (Cambridge University Press 2010)
Busch M and Reinhardt E, ‘Testing International Trade Law: Empirical Studies of GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement’ in Kennedy DLM and Southwick JD, The Political Economy of International Trade Law: Essays in Honor of Robert E. Hudec (Cambridge University Press 2002)
Busch M and Reinhardt E, ‘With a Little Help from Our Friends? Developing Country Complaints and Third-Party Participation’ in Thomas C and Trachtman JP (eds), Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System (Oxford University Press 2009)
Cao F, ‘PPP in China’ in Tvarno CD (ed), Public-Private Partnerships: An International Analysis – From a Legal and Economic Perspective (Asian Link Europe Aid Conference Office 2010)
Cunningham R, ‘Trade Law and Trade Policy: The Advocate’s Perspective’ in Deardorff AV and Stern RM (eds), Constituent Interests in U.S. Trade Policies (University of Michigan Press 1998)
Danvivathana P, ‘Thailand’s Experience in the WTO Dispute Settlement System: Challenging the EC Sugar Regime’ in Shaffer GC and Melendez-Ortiz R (eds), Dispute Settlement at the WTO: The Developing Country Experience (Cambridge University Press 2010)
Degregarie C, ‘Assets and Access: Linking Lobbyists and Lawmakers in Congress’ in Herrnson PS, Shaiko RG and Wilcox C (eds), The Interest Group Connection: Electioneering, Lobbying, and Policymaking in Washington (Chatham House Publishers 1998)
Dhar B and Majumdar A, ‘Learning from the India-EC GSP Dispute: The Issues and the Process’ in Shaffer GC and Melendez-Ortiz R (eds), Dispute Settlement at the WTO: The Developing Country Experience (Cambridge University Press 2010)
Goldberg R, Lawrence R and Milligan K, ‘Brazil’s WTO Cotton Case: Negotiation Through Litigation’ in Devereaux C, Lawrence R and Watkins M (eds), Case Studies in US Trade Negotiation: Resolving Disputes 235 (Volume 2, Peterson Institute Press 2006)
Hoekman BM and Mavroidis PC, ‘WTO Dispute Settlement, Transparency and Surveillance’ in Hoekman B and Martin W (eds), Developing Countries and the WTO: A Proactive Agenda (Blackwell Publishing 2001)
Hoekman BM, Horn H and Mavroidis PC, ‘Winners and Losers in the Panel Stage of the WTO Dispute Settlement System’ in Thomas C and Trachtman JP (eds), Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System (Oxford University Press 2009)
Howse R and Nicolaïdis K, ‘Legitimacy and Global Governance: Why Constitutionalizing the WTO is a Step Too Far’ in Porter R, Sauve P, Subramanian A and Zampetti A (eds), Efficiency, Equity, Legitimacy: The Multilateral Trading System at the Millennium (Brookings Institution Press 2001)
Joseph S, ‘The WTO, Poverty, and Development’ in Joseph S (ed), Blame it on the WTO: A Human Rights Critique (Oxford Scholarship Online, September 2011)
Kniivila M, ‘Industrial Development and Economic Growth: Implications for Poverty Reduction and Income Inequality’ in Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Industrial Development for the 21st Century: Sustainable Development Perspectives (United Nations 2007)
Kooiman J, ‘Findings, Speculations and Recommendations’ in Kooiman J (ed), Modern Governance: New Government – Society Interactions (Sage Publications 1993)
Liyu H and Gao H, ‘China’s Experience in Utilizing the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism’ in Shaffer GC and Melendez-Ortiz R (eds), Dispute Settlement at the WTO: The Developing Country Experience (Cambridge University Press 2010)
Powell W, ‘Neither Market nor Hierarchy: Network Forms of Organization’ in Frances J, Levacic R, Mitchell J and Thompson G (eds), Markets, Hierarchies & Networks: The Coordination of Social Life (Sage Publications 1991)
Rechenberg HK, ‘NGOs’ in Bernhardt R (ed), Encyclopaedia of Public International Law (Vol 9, North – Holland 1986)
Roessler F, ‘Special and Differential Treatment of Developing Countries Under the WTO Dispute Settlement System’, in Ortino F and Petersman EU (eds), The WTO Dispute Settlement System 1995–2003 (Kluwer Law International 2004)
Shaffer G, ‘Developing Country Use of the WTO Dispute Settlement System: Why it Matters, the Barriers Posed, and its Impact on Bargaining’, in Hartigan J (ed) and Elsevier, Trade Disputes and the Dispute Settlement Understanding of the WTO: An Interdisciplinary Assessment (Vol 6, Emerald Group Publishing 2009) 172
Shaffer GC, Badin MRS and Rosenberg B, ‘Winning at the WTO: The Development of a Trade Policy Community Within Brazil’ in Shaffer GC and Melendez-Ortiz R (eds), Dispute Settlement at the WTO: The Developing Country Experience (Cambridge University Press 2010)
Shaffer, G, Nedumpara J, Sinha A and Bahri A, ‘Equalizing Access to the WTO: How Indian Trade Lawyers Build State Capacity’ in Wilkins D, Khanna V and Trubek D (eds), The Indian Legal Profession in the Age of Globalization (Cambridge University Press 2017)
Shaffer GC and Sutton C, ‘The Rise of Middle-Income Countries in the International Trading System’ in Peerenboom R and Ginsburg T (eds), Law and Development of Middle-Income Countries: Avoiding the Middle-Income Trap (Cambridge University Press 2014)
Taslim MA, ‘How the DSU Worked for Bangladesh: The First Least Developed Country to Bring a WTO Claim’ in Shaffer GC and Melendez-Ortiz R (eds), Dispute Settlement at the WTO: The Developing Country Experience (Cambridge University Press 2010)
Veiga PDM, ‘Trade Policy-making in Brazil: Changing Patterns in State-Civil Society Relationship’ in Halle M and Wolfe R (eds), Process Matters: Sustainable Development and Domestic Trade Transparency (Geneva, IISD 2007)

INTERVIEWS

Interview with Former Ambassador of The Permanent Mission of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh to the World Trade Organization (Video conferencing) 21 August 2013
Interview with Former Ambassador/WTO Permanent Representative of India (Audio Conferencing) 9 April 2010
Interview with an India-based trade lawyer, Delhi, India, 27 August 2013
Interview with an international economic law scholar, Singapore Management University (Audio conferencing) 24 June 2013
Interview with an international trade law scholar (Audio conferencing) 9 September 2014
Interview with an international trade law scholar, Xiamen Academy of International Economic Laws (Audio conferencing) 6 December 2013
Interview with an official representative, Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL), Geneva, Switzerland, 11 April 2013
Interview with an official representative, Centre for WTO Studies, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi, Delhi, India, 5 June 2013
Interview with an official representative, Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council (TEXPROCIL), Mumbai, India, 27 June 2013
Interview with an official representative, European Commission (Audio conferencing) 3 June 2013
Interview with an official representative, Fisheries & Fishing Communities in India, Mumbai, India, 17 June 2013
Interview with an official representative, Government of Thailand (Audio conferencing) 3 February 2014
Interview with an official representative, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva, Switzerland, 8 March 2013
Interview with an official representative, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), Geneva, Switzerland, 11 April 2013
Interview with an official representative, Ministry of Commerce, Government of India (Audio conferencing) 3 May 2013
Interview with an official representative, Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, Delhi, India, 12 June 2013
Interview with an official representative, Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, Delhi, India, 15 June 2013
Interview with an official representative, Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India, Delhi, India, 3 June 2013
Interview with an official representative, The Permanent Mission of Brazil to the World Trade Organization (Audio conferencing) 16 September 2013
Interview with an official representative, The Permanent Mission of India to the World Trade Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 12 April 2012
Interview with an official representative, The Permanent Mission of People’s Republic of China to the World Trade Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 17 September 2013
Interview with an official representative, Seafood Exporters Association of India (SEAI) (Audio conferencing) 9 September 2013
Interview with an official representative, Trade Policy Division, Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, Delhi, India, 16 June 2013
Interview with a trade lawyer, Luthra & Luthra, Delhi, India, 21 June 2013
Interview with a trade lawyer, White & Case (Geneva), London, United Kingdom, 16 May 2013

CONFERENCE PAPERS

ACWL, ‘The ACWL at Ten: Looking Back, Looking Forward’ WTO Conference, Geneva, Switzerland, 4 October 2011 <http://www.acwl.ch/e/documents/reports/ACWL%20AT%20TEN.pdf> accessed 20 September 2013
Dhar B and Majumdar A, ‘The India-EC GSP Dispute: The Issues and the Process’ ICTSD Asia Dialogue on WTO Dispute Settlement and Sustainable Development, Jakarta, Indonesia, 25 January 2006 <http://www.ictsd.org/downloads/2008/06/dhar.pdf> accessed 21 September 2014
Shaffer GC, Badin MRS and Rosenberg B, ‘Brazil’s Response to the Judicialized WTO Regime: Strengthening the State through Diffusing Expertise’ ICTSD South America Dialogue on WTO Dispute Settlement and Sustainable Development, Sao Paolo, Brazil, 22–23 June 2006 <http://www.ictsd.org/downloads/2008/05/brazils-response-to-the-judicialized-wto-regime-strengthening-the-state-through-diffusing-expertise.pdf> accessed 10 October 2014
Wolfe R, ‘How Transparency Brings Standards to Life’ Standard-Setting in International Trade, Academy of Global Governance Executive Training Seminar Series, European Research Institute, Florence, Italy, 18–20 February 2013

ONLINE PAPERS AND RELEASES

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Aydin M, ‘WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism and Developing Countries: Lessons for Turkey’ (June 2007) Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy <www.ekonomi.gov.tr/upload/BF09AE98-D8D3-8566…/Mesut_Aydin.pdf> accessed 15 June 2016
Centre for WTO Studies, ‘India, WTO and Trade Issues’ (July–August 2008) 1(1) Bi-monthly Newsletter of the Centre for WTO Studies, IIFT <http://wtocentre.iift.ac.in/NewsLetters/NewsLetter_01.pdf> accessed 20 September 2015
Charnovitz S, ‘The WTO and the Rights of the Individual’ (March/April 2001) Intereconomics <http://ssrn.com/abstract=282021> accessed 28 November 2015
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‘Global Sugar Alliance to Monitor EU Implementation of WTO Sugar Decision’ Global Alliance for Sugar Trade Reform and Liberalisation, 6 July 2006 <http://www.globalsugaralliance.org/resources.php?action=viewResource&id=51> accessed 17 August 2016
India’s Ministry of Commerce’s Response to the RTI application filed by Prashant Reddy (Advocate) vide document F No 1/13/2012-TPD, Government of India, Ministry of Commerce and Industry 6 March 2012 <https://docs.google.com/file/d/0Bxi2TzVXul5ZRTF3N3pQb05RMWktbXFRbUFoMTR3QQ/edit> accessed 17 September 2016
Kirk R, ‘2011 National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers’ Office of the United States Trade Representative, March 2011 <http://www.ustr.gov/webfm_send/2751> accessed 26 September 2016
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Melendez-Ortiz R, Bellman C and Mendoza MR (eds), The Future and the WTO: Confronting the Challenges (ICTSD Programme on Global Economic Policy and Institutions 2012) <http://www.ictsd.org/downloads/2012/07/the-future-and-the-wto-confronting-the-challenges.pdf> accessed 15 September 2014
Pio C, ‘Brazil: Political and Economic Lessons from Democratic Transitions’ (June 2013) Civil Society, Markets and Democracy Initiative <http://i.cfr.org/content/publications/images/csmd_ebook/PathwaystoFreedom/ChapterPreviews/PathwaystoFreedomBrazilPreview.pdf> accessed 9 July 2016
Press release, ‘Cabinet Committee on WTO Matters Constituted’ Prime Minister of India, 9 June 2004 <http://pmindia.nic.in/press-details.php?nodeid=11> accessed 20 September 2016
‘Secex opens public consultation on negotiating agreements with the EU and Canada’ CAMEX, 26 September 2012 <http://www.camex.gov.br/noticias/ler/item/218> accessed 29 October 2016
Spak WJ and Bond DE, ‘Steelworkers File Section 301 Petition on China’s Support of its Clean Energy Sector’ White & Case LLP, ClientAlert International Trade, 10 September 2010 <http://www.whitecase.com/alerts-09132010/#.UxRuTuN_uxl> accessed 3 March 2017
‘U.S. must break pay to Brazil relative to cotton, says Secretary of Agriculture of the country’ ABRAPA, 8 October 2012 <http://www.abrapa.com.br/noticias/Paginas/EUA-deve-romper-pagamento-ao-Brasil-relativo-a-algodao-diz-secretario-de-Agricultura-do-pais.aspx> accessed 28 October 2016
‘USTR Calls for Comments on Intellectual Property Protection and Enforcement’ USTR, January 2012 <http://www.ustr.gov/about-us/press-office/press-releases/2010/january/ustr-calls-comments-intellectual-property-protecti> accessed 29 October 2016
‘WTO, OECD Find U.S. – China Deficit Smaller Under “Value-Added” Approach’ Inside U.S. Trade: World Trade Online, 22 January 2013 <http://insidetrade.com/Inside-Trade-General/Public-Content-World-Trade-Online/wto-oecd-find-us-china-deficit-smaller-under-value-added-approach/menu-id-896.html> accessed 28 June 2016

NEWSPAPER REPORTS

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Pizzigati S, ‘To End Extreme Poverty, End Extreme Wealth’ Inequality. org, 27 January 2013 <http://inequality.org/extreme-poverty-extreme-wealth/> accessed 24 September 2016
‘PM disbands four Cabinet panels, to set up four key committees’ Times of India, Delhi, 11 June 2014 <http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/PM-disbands-four-Cabinet-panels-to-set-up-four-key-committees/articleshow/36369253.cms> accessed 12 June 2014
‘Right to Health: Seizure of Generic Drugs in Transit to Brazil in European Ports’ CONNECTAS: Human Rights, 14 September 2013 <http://www.conectas.org/en/actions/foreign-policy/news/right-to-health-seizure-of-generic-drugs-in-transit-to-brazil-in-european-ports> accessed 11 November 2016
Scissors D, ‘The Fall and Rise of Chinese State-Owned Enterprises’ in the Testimony before the U.S.–China Economic and Security Review Commission on Chinese State-Owned Enterprises and U.S.–China Economic Relations The Heritage Foundation, 1 April 2011 <http://www.heritage.org/research/testimony/2011/04/chinese-state-owned-enterprises-and-us-china-economic-relations> accessed 20 May 2015
Shashikant S, ‘Concerns Voiced at TRIPS Council over Seizure of Drugs’ SUNS, 11 June 2009 <http://www.twnside.org.sg/title2/health.info/2009/twnhealthinfo20090602.htm> accessed 11 November 2016
Sinha K, ‘Corruption rate in India is double of global average’ The Times of India, Delhi, 9 July 2013 <http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-07-09/india/40468760_1_global-corruption-transparency-international-huguette-labelle> accessed 24 September 2016
Walker A, ‘The WTO has failed Developing Nations’ The Guardian, 14 November 2011 <http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/nov/14/wto-fails-developing-countries> accessed 8 June 2016
Weinraub B, ‘Economic Crisis Forcing Once Self-Reliant India to Seek Aid’ New York Times, New Delhi, 29 June 1991 <http://www.nytimes.com/1991/06/29/world/economic-crisis-forcing-once-self-reliant-india-to-seek-aid.html> accessed 12 July 2016
Wilson B, ‘Rift between developing and developed countries seen as root of WTO stalemate’ The Western Producer, 12 July 2012 <http://www.producer.com/2012/07/rift-between-developing-and-developed-countries-seen-as-root-of-wto-stalemate/> accessed 4 June 2016
‘WTO, OECD Find U.S. – China Deficit Smaller Under “Value-Added” Approach’ Inside U.S. Trade: World Trade Online, 22 January 2013 <http://insidetrade.com/Inside-Trade-General/Public-Content-World-Trade-Online/wto-oecd-find-us-china-deficit-smaller-under-value-added-approach/menu-id-896.html> accessed 28 June 2016
‘WTO raps EU over sugar subsidies’ BBC News, London, 4 August 2004 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3536710.stm> accessed 24 October 2015

EU REPORTS AND DOCUMENTS

European Commission DG-Trade, ‘Final Report: Interim Evaluation of the European Union’s Trade Barrier Regulation (TBR)’ June 2005 <http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2005/october/tradoc_125451.pdf> accessed 25 September 2016
European Commission: External Trade, ‘Global Europe: A Stronger Partnership to Deliver Market Access for European Exporters’ <http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2007/april/tradoc_134591.pdf> accessed 19 March 2016
European Commission, ‘General Overview of Active WTO Dispute Settlement Cases Involving the EU as Complainant or Defendant and of Active Cases under the Trade Barriers Regulation’ <http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2007/may/tradoc_134652.pdf> accessed 8 April 2016
European Commission, ‘Guidelines for Successful Public-Private Partnerships’ March 2003 <http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/guides/ppp_en.pdf> accessed 29 July 2016
European Commission, ‘How the EU Works with the WTO’ <http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2013/april/tradoc_150988.pdf> accessed 19 March 2016
European Commission, ‘The EU and Brazil solve dispute over soluble coffee’ IP/01/987 (11 July 2001) <europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-01-987_en.pdf>accessed 24 October 2015
European Commission, ‘Trade Barrier Regulation: Opening Markets for European Exporters’ 2008 <http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2005/april/tradoc_122567.pdf> accessed 3 July 2016

WORKING PAPERS

Boehm F, ‘Regulatory Capture Revisited – Lessons from Economics of Corruption’(2007) Internet Centre for Corruption Research Working Paper 22 <http://www.icgg.org/downloads/Boehm%20-%20Regulatory%20Capture%20Revisited.pdf> accessed 20 December 2014
Bown CP and McCulloch R, ‘Developing Countries, Dispute Settlement, and the Advisory Centre on WTO Law’ (January 2010) The World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper 5168 <http://elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/pdf/10.1596/1813-9450-5168> accessed 10 October 2015
Busch ML and Reinhardt E, ‘The WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism and Developing Countries’ (April 2004) Swedish International Development and Cooperation Agency, Trade Brief <http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/mlb66/SIDA.pdf> accessed 15 November 2016
Echandi R, ‘How to Successfully Manage Conflicts and Prevent Dispute Adjudication in International Trade’ (April 2013) ICTSD Issue Paper No 11 <http://www.ictsd.org/downloads/2013/04/how-to-successfully-manage-conflicts-and-prevent-dispute-adjudication-in-international-trade.pdf> accessed 22 September 2016
Francis J, Horn H and Kaunitz N, ‘Trading Profiles and Developing Country Participation in the WTO Dispute Settlement System’ (December 2008) ICTSD Issue Paper No 6 <http://www.peacepalacelibrary.nl/ebooks/files/ICTSD_Francois_Trading-Profiles.pdf> accessed 21 September 2016
Ghani E, Kerr WR and O’Connell SD, ‘The Exceptional Persistence of India’s Unorganized Sector’(May 2013) The World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper 6454 <http://elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/pdf/10.1596/1813-9450-6454> accessed 15 July 2014
‘Globalisation and Emerging Economies’ (March 2009) Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Policy Brief <http://www.oecd.org/tad/tradedev/42324460.pdf> accessed 30 October 2015
Insights from the International Institute for Sustainable Development, ‘Special and Differential Treatment’ (Spring 2003) IISD Trade and Development Brief <http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2003/investment_sdc_may_2003_2.pdf> accessed 4 June 2015
Jatkar A and McFarlene L, ‘Brazil in the WTO Dispute Settlement Understanding: A Perspective’ (2013) Briefing Paper 1, Cuts International <http:///C:/Users/Amrita/Downloads/Briefing_Paper13Brazil_in_the_WTO_Dispute_Settlement_Understanding-A_Perspective.pdf> accessed 10 July 2015
Kasteng J, Karlsson A and Lindberg C, ‘Differentiation between Developing Countries in the WTO’ (June 2004) Report 2004: 14 E, Swedish Board of Agriculture, International Affairs Division <http://www2.jordbruksverket.se/webdav/files/SJV/trycksaker/Pdf_rapporter/ra04_14E.pdf> accessed 3 August 2016
Meagher N, ‘Representing Developing Countries before the WTO: The Role of the Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL)’ (2015) European University Institute, RSCAS Policy Paper 2015/02 <http://cadmus.eui.eu/handle/1814/35747> accessed 15 May 2016
Notage H, ‘Developing Countries in the WTO Dispute Settlement System’ (January 2009) Global Economic Governance Programme, GEG Working Paper 2009/47 <www.globaleconomicgovernance.org/sites/geg/files/Nottage_GEGWP> accessed 6 June 2016
Page S and Kleen P, ‘Special and Differential Treatment of Developing Countries in the World Trade Organization’ (2005) Global Development Studies No. 2 <http://www.worldfuturecouncil.org/fileadmin/user_upload/papers/40725_Gl_Dev_Stud_2.pdf> accessed 5 June 2016
Plasai V, ‘Coordinating Trade Litigation’ (April 2013) ICTSD Issue Paper No 14 <http://www.ictsd.org/sites/default/files/research/2013/04/coordinating-trade-litigation1.pdf> accessed 24 September 2016
Rodrik D, ‘Industrial Policy for the Twenty-First Century’ (2004) CEPR Discussion Paper No 4767 <http://ssrn.com/abstract=666808> accessed 18 November 2015
Shaffer GC, ‘Developing Country Use of the WTO Dispute Settlement System: Why it Matters, the Barriers Posed, and its Impact on Bargaining’ (May 2005) ICTSD Research paper: Legal Capacity <http://www.ictsd.org/themes/global-economic-governance/research/developing-country-use-of-the-wto-dispute-settlement> accessed 15 September 2016
Shaffer GC, ‘How to Make the WTO Dispute Settlement System Work for Developing Countries: Some Proactive Developing Country Strategies’ (March 2003) ICTSD Resource Paper No 5 <http://ictsd.org/downloads/2008/06/dsu_2003.pdf> accessed 18 July 2016
Wilke M, ‘Practical Considerations in Managing Trade Disputes’ (December 2012) ICTSD Information Note 11 <http://ictsd.org/downloads/2013/02/practical-considerations-in-managing-trade-disputes.pdf> accessed 27 September 2015

REPORTS AND COMMUNICATIONS

Commission (EC), ‘Implementing the Community Lisbon Programme – Modern SME Policy for Growth and Employment’ (Communication) COM (2005) 551 final
Commission (EC) to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 18 April 2007, ‘Global Europe: A Stronger Partnership to Deliver Market Access for European Exporters’ (Communication) COM (2007) 183 final
Commission (EC), ‘The Global Challenge of International Trade: A Market Access Strategy for the European Union’ (Communication) COM (1996) 53 final
SPS Committee Paper, ‘Specific Trade Concerns: Note by the Secretariat’ [G/SPS/GEN/204/Rev13] 26 February 2013 <https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S006.aspx?Query=(@Symbol=%20g/sps/gen/204/rev.13*)&Language=ENGLISH&Context=FomerScriptedSearch&languageUIChanged=true#> accessed 4 June 2016
TBT Committee Paper, ‘Specific Trade Concern Raised in the TBT Committee: Note by the Secretariat’ [G/TBT/GEN/74/Rev9] 17 October 2011 <docsonline.wto.org/imrd/directdoc.asp?DDFDocuments/t/G/TBT/…doc> accessed 4 June 2016
World Trade Organization, Dispute Settlement Body, Special Session, ‘Contribution of Ecuador to the Improvement of the Dispute Settlement Understanding of the WTO’ submitted by Ecuador [TN/DS/W/9] 8 July 2002
World Trade Organization, Dispute Settlement Body, Special Session, ‘Negotiations on the Dispute Settlement Understanding’ submitted by Cuba, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and Zimbabwe [TN/DS/W/19] 9 October 2002
World Trade Organization, Dispute Settlement Body, Special Session, ‘Negotiations on Improvements and Clarifications of the Dispute Settlement Understanding’ submitted by Mexico [TN/DS/W/23] 4 November 2002
World Trade Organization, Dispute Settlement Body, Special Session, ‘Text for LDC Proposal on Dispute Settlement Understanding Negotiations’ submitted by Haiti in the name of LDC [TN/DS/W/37] 22 January 2003
World Trade Organization, Dispute Settlement Body, Special Session, ‘Text for the African Group Proposals on Dispute Settlement Understanding Negotiations’ submitted by Kenya in the name of African Group [TN/DS/W/42] 24 January 2003
World Trade Organization, Dispute Settlement Body, Special Session, ‘Responses to Questions on the Specific Input from China’ submitted by China [TN/DS/W/57] 19 May 2003
World Trade Organization, ‘Eighth WTO Ministerial Conference’ Report by the Director-General [WT/MIN(11)/5] 18 November 2011 <http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/minist_e/min11_e/min11_5_e.pdf> accessed 28 March 2017
World Trade Organization, General Council, ‘Preparation for the Fourth Session of the Ministerial Conference’ [WT/GC/W/442] 19 September 2001
World Trade Organization, ‘Trade Policy Review: Brazil’ Report of the Secretariat [WT/TPR/S/140] 1 November 2004 <http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp239_e.htm> accessed 6 July 2016
United Nations Economic and Social Council, ‘Committee for Development Policy’ Report on the sixth session [E/2004/33] 29 March – 2 April 2004 <http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/cdp/cdp_ecosoc/e_2004_33_en.pdf> accessed 15 June 2016