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Intellectual Property Jurisdiction Strategies

Where to Litigate Unitary Rights vs National Rights in the EU

Torsten B. Larsen

This timely and practical guide compares the jurisdictional advantages of litigating a national IP right with those of the corresponding European unitary IP right. The study offers IP practitioners a meticulous yet principled basis for their jurisdictional decisions and shows why it is advantageous for infringers to litigate based on a national IP right and rightholders to litigate based on a European unitary IP right.
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TABLE OF CASES

Where to Litigate Unitary Rights vs National Rights in the EU

Torsten B. Larsen

EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE

 

Akzo Nobel NV and Others v Commission of the European Communities, case C-97/08 of 10 September 2009 161

Andrew Owusu v N.B. Jackson, trading as ‘Villa Holidays Bal-Inn Villas’ and others, case C-281/02 of 1 March 2005 83, 94, 116, 154, 175, 243, 251

Antonio Marinari v Lloyds Bank plc and Zubaidi Trading Company, case C-364/93 of 19 September 1995 84, 85, 184, 186, 187

AS-Autoteile Service GmbH v Pierre Malhé, case C-220/84 of 4 July 1985 92, 176

Athanasios Kalfelis v Bankhaus Schröder, Münchmeyer, Hengst and Co. and others, case C-189/87 of 27 September 1988 153, 154, 176

Aventis Pasteur SA v OB, Case C-358/08 of 2 December 2009 161

Bayerische Motoren Werke AG v Acacia S.r.l., case C-433/16 (pending) 4, 11, 211, 247, 252

Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) v JPMorgan Chase Bank NA, Frankfurt Branch, case C-144/10 of 12 May 2011 248, 251

Besix SA v Wasserreinigungsbau Alfred Kretzschmar GmbH & Co. KG (WABAG) and Planungs- und Forschungsgesellschaft Dipl. Ing. W. Kretzschmar GmbH & KG (Plafand), case C-256/00 of 19 February 2002 83, 84, 87, 93

Blanckaert & Willems PVBA v Luise Trost, Case-139/80 of 18 March 1981 117, 119

Brite Strike Technologies Inc. v Brite Strike Technologies SA, case C-230/15 of 14 July 2016 4, 11, 33, 41, 44, 247, 248, 249

CDC Cartel Damage Claims Hydrogen Peroxide SA v Evonik Degussa GmbH and Others, case C-352/13 of 21 May 2015 154, 155, 157, 163

Concurrence Sàrl v Samsung Electronics France SAS and Amazon Services Europe Sàrl, case C-618/15 of 21 December 2016 4, 11, 193, 202

Coty Prestige Lancaster Group GmbH v First Note Perfumes NV, case C-360/12 (pending) 4, 11, 84, 87, 124, 167, 194, 213, 214, 215, 216, 219, 220, 222, 225, 226, 229

Custom Made Commercial Ltd v Stawa Metallbau GmbH, case C-288/92 of 29 June 1994 83, 88

Daniela Mühlleitner v Ahmad Yusufi and Wadat Yusufi, case C-190/11 of 6 September 2012 178

Danmarks Rederiforening, acting on behalf of DFDS Torline A/S v LO Landsorganisationen i Sverige, acting on behalf of SEKO Sjöfolk Facket för Service och Kommunikation, case C-18/02 of 5 February 2004 84, 85, 181, 186, 189, 204, 214

Dansommer A/S v Andreas Götz, case C-8/98 of 27 January 2000 248

De Bloos, SPRL v Société en commandite par actions Bouyer, case C-14/76 of 6 October 1976 87, 117, 119, 120

DHL Express France SAS v Chronopost SA, case C-235/09 of 12 April 2011 97, 99, 101, 103, 123, 127, 128, 130, 142, 144, 145

Dieter Krombach v André Bamberski, case C-7/98 of 28 March 2000 82

Dumez France SA and Tracoba SARL v Hessische Landesbank and others, case C-220/88 of 11 January 1990 85, 87, 186, 187, 199

e-Date Advertising GmbH v X and Olivier Martinez and Robert Martinez v MGN Limited, joined cases C-161/10 and C-509/09 of 25 October 2011 18, 84, 93, 120, 139, 141, 178, 184, 188, 190, 191, 193, 196, 197, 199, 204, 206, 214

Europemballage and Continental Can v Commission, case 6/72 of 18 April 1975 161

Eva-Maria Painer v Standard Verlags GmbH, case C-145/10 of 1 December 2011 154, 155, 156, 157, 160, 161

Ferdinand M.J.J. Duijnstee v Lodewijk Goderbauer, case C-288/82 of 15 November 1983 248

Fiona Shevill, Ixora Trading Inc., Chequepoint SARL and Chequepoint International Ltd v Presse Alliance SA, case C-68/93 of 7 March 1995 14, 18, 84, 85, 87, 93, 178, 180, 181, 182, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 194, 196, 197, 200, 203, 204, 205, 206, 214, 215

Folien Fischer AG, Fofitec AG v Ritrama SpA, case C-133/11 of 25 October 2012 4, 5, 8, 11, 13, 31, 34, 38, 53, 118, 120, 209–11, 214, 215, 221, 225, 243

Francesco Benincasa v Dentalkit Srl, case C-269/95 of 3 July 1997 83, 88, 186

Freeport plc v Olle Arnoldsson, case C-98/06 of 11 October 2007 154, 155, 157

Gantner Electronic GmbH v Basch Exploitatie Maatschappij BV, case C-111/01 of 8 May 2003 251

Geigy v Commission, case 52/69 of 14 July 1972 161

Gesellschaft für Antriebstechnik mbH & Co. KG v Lamellen und Kupplungsbau Beteiligungs KG (Gat LuK), case C-4/03 of 13 July 2006 15, 38, 53, 89, 95, 121, 162, 179, 193, 212, 243, 247, 248, 249

GIE Groupe Concorde and Others v The Master of the vessel ‘Suhadiwarno Panjan’ and Others, case C-440/97 of 28 September 1999 83, 84

Glaxosmithkline and Laboratoires Glaxosmithkline v Jean-Pierre Rouard, case C-462/06 of 22 May 2008 154

Group Josi Reinsurance Company SA v Universal General Insurance Company (UGIC), case C-412/98 of 13 July 2000 26, 92, 93, 186, 248

Gubisch Maschinenfabrik KG v Giulio Palumbo, case C-144/86 of 8 December 1987 209, 210

Handelskwekerij G. J. Bier BV v Mines de potasse d'Alsace SA, case C-21/76 of 30 November 1976 85, 87, 119, 179, 186, 187, 199, 213

Hi Hotel HCF SARL v Uwe Spoering, case C-387/12 of 3 April 2014 4, 11, 18, 89, 193, 202, 204, 205, 206, 207, 214

Hummel Holding A/S v Nike Inc., Nike Retail B.V., case C-617/15 (pending) 4, 11, 30, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127

Hypote|$$|Ahcní banka a.s. v Udo Mike Lindner, case C-327/10 of 17 November 2011 84, 93, 94

Imperial Chemical Industries v Commission, case 48/69 of 14 July 1972 161

Jakob Handte & Co. GmbH v Traitements mécano-chimiques des surfaces (TMCS) SA, case C-26/91 of 17 June 1992 83, 84, 92, 186

Johann Gruber v Bay Wa AG, case C-464/01 of 20 January 2005 200

Lagardère Active Broadcast v Société pour la perception de la rémunération équitable (SPRE) and Gesellschaft zur Verwertung von Leistungsschutzrechten mbH (GVL), case C-192/04 of 14 July 2005 89

Land Berlin v Ellen Mirjam Sapir and Others, case C-645/11 of 11 April 2013 153, 154, 157

Land Oberösterreich v ČEZ as, case C-343/04 of 18 May 2006 191, 248

Lloyd's Register of Shipping v Société Campenon Bernard, case C-439/93 of 6 April 1995 116, 117, 119

Lokman Emrek v Vlado Sabranovic, case C-218/12 of 17 October 2013 200

L’Oréal SA and Others v eBay International AG and others, case C-324/09 of 12 July 2011 20, 183, 184, 185, 206, 232

Maersk Olie & Gas A/S v Firma M de Haan en W. De Boer, case C-39/02 of 14 October 2004 251

Mario Reichert, Hans-Heinz Reichert and Ingeborg Kockler v Dresdner Bank AG, case C-261/90 of 26 March 1992 176

Martin Blomqvist v Rolex SA and Manufacture des Montres Rolex SA, case C-98/13of 6 February 2014 220, 232

Martin Peters Bauunternehmung GmbH v Zuid Nederlandse Aannemers Vereniging, case C-34/82 of 22 March 1983 88

Melzer v MF Global UK Ltd, case C-228/11 of 16 May 2013 214

Mulox IBC Ltd v Hendrick Geels, case C-125/92 of 13 July 1993 87

Nintendo Co. Ltd. v BigBen Interactive GmbH, BigBen Interactive S.A., case C-25/16 (pending) 4, 11, 162, 163, 164, 165

Parfums Christian Dior SA and Parfums Christian Dior BV v Evora BV, case C-337/95 of 4 November 1997 177

Peak Holding AB v Axolin-Elinor AB (formerly Handelskompaniet Factory Outlet i Löddeköpinge AB, case C-16/03 of 30 November 2004 158

Peter Pammer v Reederei Karl Schlüter GmbH & Co. KG, joined cases C-585/08 and C-144/09 of 7 December 2010 178, 200, 203, 207, 220, 232

Peter Pinckney v KDG Mediatech AG, case C-170/12 on 3 October 2013 4, 11, 18, 89, 181, 183, 193, 194, 196, 197, 201, 202, 203, 204, 206, 214, 221, 223

Petra Engler v Janus Versand GmbH, case C-27/02 of 20 January 2005 200

Pez Hejduk v EnergieAgentur NRW GmbH, case C-441/13 of 22 January 2015 4, 11, 193, 202, 204, 214, 223

Reisch Montage AG v Kiesel Baumaschinen Handels GmbH, case C-103/05 of 13 July 2006 154

Réunion européenne SA and Others v Spliethoff's Bevrachtingskantoor BV and the Master of the vessel, case C-51/97 of 27 October 1998 84, 85, 153, 154, 176, 186, 187, 214

Roche Nederland BV and Others v Frederick Primus, Milton Goldenberg, case C-539/03 of 13 July 2006 89, 154, 156, 159, 160, 161, 183, 193

Rudolf Kronhofer v Marianne Maier and others, case C-168/02 of 10 June 2004 85, 186, 187, 188, 199, 214

SAR Schotte GmbH v Parfums Rothschild SARL, case 218/86 of 9 December 1987 116, 131, 168

Shearson Lehmann Hutton Inc. v TVB Treuhandgesellschaft für Vermögensverwaltung und Beteiligungen mbH, case C-89/91 of 19 January 1993 186, 200

Silhouette International Schmied GmbH & Co. KG v Hartlauer Handelsgesellschaft mbH, case C-355/96 of 16 July 1988 158

Solvay SA v Honeywell Fluorine Products Europe BV and Others, case C-616/10 of 12 July 2012 154, 155, 159, 163, 251

Somafer SA v Saar-Ferngas AG, case 33/78 of 22 November 1978 85, 116, 117, 118

P Stora Kopparbergs Bergslags v Commission, case C-286/98 P of 16 November 2000 161

Theodorus Engelbertus Sanders v Ronald van der Putte, case C-73/77 of 14 December 1977 248

The owners of the cargo lately laden on board the ship ‘Tatry’ v The owners of the ship ‘Maciej Rataj’, case C-406/92 of 6 December 1994 209, 210

Unibet (London) Ltd and Unibet (International) Ltd v Justitiekanslern, case C-432/05 of 13 March 2007 82

Verein für Konsumenteninformation v Karl Heinz Henkel, case C-167/00 of 1 October 2002 26, 85, 176, 186

Wintersteiger AG v Products 4U Sondermaschinenbau GmbH, case C-523/10 of 19 April 2012 4, 11, 12, 21, 38, 47, 87, 89, 93, 118, 120, 139, 176–208, 210, 211, 214, 216, 217, 218, 219, 221, 224, 227, 229, 230, 231, 232

Zino Davidoff SA v A & G Imports Ltd and Levi Strauss & Co. and Others v Tesco Stores Ltd and Others, joined cases C-414/99 to C-416/99 of 20 November 2001 158

Zuid-Chemie BV v Philippo's Mineralenfabriek NV/SA, case C-189/08 of 16 July 2009 85, 186, 187, 214

Advocate General opinions

Antonio Marinari v Lloyds Bank plc and Zubaidi Trading Company, case C-364/93, opinion of AG Darmon of 21 September 1994 187, 199

Aventis Pasteur SA v OB, case C-358/08, opinion of AG Trstenjak of 2 December 2009 161

Blanckaert & Willems PVBA v Luise Trost, case 139/80, opinion of AG Reischl of 5 February 1981 119

CDC Cartel Damage Claims Hydrogen Peroxide SA v Evonik Degussa GmbH and Others in case C-352/13, opinion of AG Jääskinen of 11 December 2014 154, 155, 157, 163

Coty Prestige Lancaster Group GmbH v First Note Perfumes NV, case C-360/12, opinion of AG Jääskinen of 21 November 2013 84, 87, 124, 167, 194, 213, 214, 216, 219, 226, 229

Danmarks Rederiforening, acting on behalf of DFDS Torline A/S v LO Landsorganisationen i Sverige, acting on behalf of SEKO Sjöfolk Facket för Service och Kommunikation, case C-18/02, opinion of AG Jacobs of 18 September 2003 84, 85

De Bloos, SPRL v Société en commandite par actions Bouyer case 14/76, opinion of AG Reischl of 15 September 1976 119

Dumez France SA and Tracoba SARL v Hessische Landesbank and others, case C-220/88, opinion of AG Darmon of 23 November 1989 187, 199

e-Date Advertising GmbH v X and Olivier Martinez and Robert Martinez v MGN Ltd., joined cases C-161/10 and C-509/09, opinion of AG Cruz Villalón of 29 March 2011 204

Eva-Maria Painer v Standard Verlags GmbH, case C-145/10, opinion of AG Trstenjak of 12 April 2011 156, 157, 160

Fiona Shevill, Ixora Trading Inc., Chequepoint SARL and Chequepoint International Ltd v Presse Alliance SA, case C-68/93, opinion of AG Darmon (first opinion) of 14 July 1994 84, 87, 187

Fiona Shevill, Ixora Trading Inc., Chequepoint SARL and Chequepoint Ltd v Presse Alliance SA, case C-68/93, opinion of AG Léger (second opinion) of 10 January 1995 215

Folien Fischer AG, Fofitec AG v Ritrama SpA, case C-133/11, opinion of AG Jääskinen of 19 April 2012 8, 209, 211

Fonderie Officine Meccaniche Tacconi SpA v Heinrich Wagner Sinto Maschinenfabrik GmbH (HWS), case C-334/00, opinion of AG Geelhoed of 31 January 2002 199

Freeport plc v Olle Arnoldsson, case C-98/06, opinion of AG Mengozzi of 24 May 2007 155

Handelskwekerij G. J. Bier BV v Mines de potasse d'Alsace SA, case C-21/76, opinion of AG Capotorti of 10 November 1976 199

Hummel Holding A/S v Nike Inc., Nike Retail B.V, case C-617/15, opinion of AG Tanchev of 12 January 2017 30, 123, 124, 125

Land Oberösterreich v ČEZ as, case C-343/04, opinion of AG Poiares Maduro of 11 January 2006 191

Peter Pammer v Reederei Karl Schlüter GmbH & Co. KG, case C-585/08 and Hotel Alpenhof GesmbH v Oliver Heller, case-C-144/09, opinion of AG Trstenjak of 18 May 2010 203

Peter Pinckney v KDG Mediatech AG, case C-170/12, opinion of AG Jääskinen of 13 June 2013 181, 183, 196, 197, 204

Réunion européenne SA and Others v Spliethoff's Bevrachtingskantoor BV and the Master of the vessel Alblasgracht V002, case C-51/97, opinion of AG Cosmas of 5 February 1998 84

Roche Nederland BV and Others v Frederick Primus, Milton Goldenberg, case C-539/03, opinion of AG Léger of 8 December 2005 156, 183

Solvay SA v Honeywell Fluorine Products Europe BV and Others, case C-616/10, opinion of AG Cruz Villalón of 29 March 2012 159

Verein für Konsumenteninformation v Karl Heinz Henkel, case C-167/00, opinion of AG Jacobs of 14 March 2002 26, 85, 176

Wintersteiger AG v Products 4U Sondermaschinenbau GmbH, case C-523/10, opinion of AG Villalón of 16 February 2012 176, 177, 178, 180, 182, 184, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 196, 197, 201, 202, 204

NATIONAL COURTS

Austria

Oberster Gerichtshof

Boss Cigarettes, Case 4 Ob 110/01 [2002] 188, 203

Domain Name Grabbing, Case 17 Ob 2/07d [2009] 177

Red Bull, Case 4 Ob 81/01t [2002] 189

13 May 1998, 9NdA 4/97 [1998] 152

21 May 2007, 8 ObA 68/06t [2007] 153

Belgium

Lower courts

Roche v Glaxo Wellcome, 20 February 2001 [2001] 208

Röhm Enzyme, 12 May 2000 [2001] 208, 249

Novo Nordisk v DSM, 19 January 2001 [2002] 208

Denmark

Maritime and Commercial Court

Hummel A/S v Ellos A/S and Others, V-151–04, 9 February [2007] 163

France

Cour de Cassation

Castellblanch SA v Champagne Louis Roederer SA, Case No. 01–03.225, 9 December 2003 [2004] 188, 189, 195, 197

Sté Agrisilos and SARL Saint Maury v SA GRE Manufacturas and Sté Kitch, Case No. 03–16.980, 31 January 2006 [2007] 188

Saint-Tropez A/S v Reuven’s II (Societe), 25 March 2009 [2009] 195

Y et Héritiers v Syndicat de Copropriété Le Syracuse, 19 December 2007 [2007] 153

Lower courts

Cour d’Appel de Paris, Normalu v Acet, 26 April 2006, No 2005/5038 189

TGI Paris, Dijkstra Plastics v Saier Verpackungstechnik 208

TGI Nanterre, SG2 v Brokat Informationssysteme GmbH, 13 October 1996 189

Germany

Bundesgerichtshof

23 October 2001, XI ZR 83/01 [2001] 153

9 June 2004, 4C84/2004 [2004] 153

13 October 2004, I ZR 163/02 [2005] 153, 189

14 December 2006, ZR 11/04 [2006] 163

30 November 2009, IX ZR 55/09 [2009] 153

27 June 2007, XII ZB, 114/06 [2008] 94

Bundesarbeitsgericht

23 January 2008, 5 AZR 60/07 [2008] 94

Lower courts

InstGE 1, 146, 03/28/2002, 4 0 137 InstGE 2, 82, 2 F (unreported) 155

Landgericht Düsseldorf, Detergent for Plastic Production Machines, 1996, 1, 3, 5 249

Landgericht Düsseldorf, 25 March 1999, 4 O 198/97, Impstoff II, [1999] 195, 208

Landgericht Düsseldorf, 4 0 128/00, Gesellschaft für Antriebstechnik mbH & Co. KG v. Lamellen und Kupplungsbau Beteiligungs KG, [2003] IL Pr 5 243, 247, 249

Landgericht Frankfurt, 25 March 2010, 2­03 O 580/08 208

Landgericht München, 23 October 2008, 7 O 17209/07 208

Kammergericht Berlin, 1997 CR 685 189

Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf, 31 January 2012, I-20 U 175 125

Oberlandesgericht Dresden, 28 July 2009, 14 U 1008/08 208

Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf, 22 July 1999, Shussfadengreifer, [2001] 194

Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf, 12 May 2005, I­2 U 67/03, No 34 208

Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf, 8 November 2005, Az. I-20 U 110/04, Rodeo 97

Oberlandesgericht Karlsruhe, 2 May 2002, 3 U 312/01, Maritime v Hotel Maritime, [2002] 189

Oberlandesgericht Karlsruhe, 10 July 2002, 6 U 9/02, INTEL v Intel S.r.l, [2002] 189

Oberlandesgericht (OLG) Köln, IHR 2005, 167 116

Oberlandesgericht Köln, 30 October 2007, Internet-Fotos, [2008] 189

Oberlandesgericht München, 25 October 2001, 6 U 5508/00 208

Oberlandesgericht München, 15 November 2001, 29 U 3769/01, [2002] 189

Oberlandesgericht (OLG) Rostock, IPRspr. 2009, Nr. 174 117

Italy

Corte di Cassazione

8 August 1989, Judgment No 3657/89 [1989] 208

17 October 2002, Judgment No 14769 [2003] 208

19 December 2003, Judgment No 19550 [2004] 208

10 June 2013, Judgment No 14508 211

Lower courts

Tribunale di Brescia, 11 November 1999, Judgment No 4107 [2002] 208

Tribunale di Milano, JA Motte v Tecno SpA [1981] 913 D Series I-16.4-B3 249

Tribunale di Milano, 29 March 2005 [2005] 208

Tribunale di Milano, 29 November 2007 60696/07 251

Tribunale di Milano, 6 August 2008 [2009] 208

Tribunale di Roma, 1 February 2000 [2000] 208

Tribunale di Torino, 10 March 2009 [2010] 251

Tribunale di Venezia, 16 April 2011, unpublished 251

Netherlands

Hoge Raad

Bus Berzelius Umwelt-Service AG v Chemconserve BV Reakt Ltd., 99/245 HR, 2004, IL, pr. 9 [2004] 195

Interlas v Lincoln, 24 November 1989 [1991] 249

Roche v Primus, 11 November 2007 [2008] 251

Supreme Court

Cordis v Schneider, 22 December 1994, IER 1995, 6 249

Lower courts

Brard v ACS, 26 January 1995 (docket no 95/87) 249

British Telecommunication v Plumetazz, 31 March 1994 (docket no 94/1044) 249

De Groot v Euro Agra, Aqual Tigra, 12 December 1993 249

Gerechtshof Amsterdam, 12 November 2010, Scor Holding (Switzerland) AG and Others [2010] 153

Gerechtshof ‘s-Gravenhage, 16 January 1992, Pipe Liners v Wavin [1993] 249

Gerechtshof ‘s-Gravenhage, 3 February 1994, Applied Research Systems v Organon, [1994] 249

Gerechtshof ‘s-Gravenhage, Chiron v Organon Teknika-UBI, 1 December 1994 [1995] 249

Gerechtshof ‘s-Gravenhage, 23 April 1998, Expandable Grafts Partnership v Boston Scientific [1999] 155, 156, 157, 249

Hof’s Gravenhage, 22 January 1998, [1999] 208

Lincoln v Interlas (1) BIE 1991, 23 249

Philips v Hermogram, BIE 1992, 80 249

Rechtbank Breda, 29 June 2011, Mivena v Geogreen c.s. LJN: BR0157 208

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 28 August 1990, De Boer Staalinrichtingen v Cewaco [1992] 249

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 15 April 1992, Vredo v Veenhuis [1994] 249

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 30 November 1993, Wiener v Llovera [1995] 249

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 22 July 1994, Chiron v Organon Teknika-UBI [1994] 156, 249

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 8 May 1995, Chiron v Murex (docket no K695/303) and 7 December 1995 [1998] 249

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 22 May 1995, Raychem Corp. v Thermon [1995] 249

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 14 December 1995, Hoffmann La Roche v Organon Teknika [1996] 249

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 15 July 1998, Augustine v Mallinckrodt Medical [1998] 195

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 29 September 1999, DSM v. Orffa [1999] 195

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 23 August 2007, Bacardi & Company Ltd. v Bat Beverage GmbH and Others [2007] 161, 163

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 27 February 2008, Acco v. Nobel [2008] 195

Rechtbank ‘s-Gravenhage, 24 March 2010, Vacu Products v. WMF [2010] 195

Norway

Høyesteretts kjæremålsutvalg

Kjell Tore Skjevesland v Geveran Trading Co. Ltd., 17 August 1995 153

Scotland

Mary Adamson Lorimer Stewart and Others v Trafalgar House Steamship Co. Ltd. [2013] CSOH 37 251

Bonnier Media Ltd. v Smith [2003] SC 36, 2002 [ETMR] 86 189

UVG Ambulances Ltd. v Auto Conversions Ltd. Wilker Auto Conversions [2000] ECDR 479 195

Sweden

Högsta Domstolen

Thessalian Paper Industry Svenska AB i likvidation konkursbo v Peter F och Leif O, 26 October 1999 153

Flootek, 14 June 2000, Case Ö 2095–99 208

Aredal Foam Systems HB v MSR Dosiertechnik GmbH, 27 April 2007, Case Ö 210–07 188

Michael Engström v Tylden & Co., 4 July 2012, Case Ö 2256–10 195

Switzerland

Bundesgericht

4 April 2007, 4C.439/2006 – Eurojobs Personaldienstleistungen SA v Eurojob AG, 128 III BGE 447

Handelsgericht Zürich

Eurojobs Personaldienstleistungen SA v Eurojob AG, 23 October 2006 [2006] 251

16 October 2006, [2007] Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil, 258 251

United Kingdom

House of Lords

Canada Trust Co and Others v Stolzenberg and Others [2000] UKHL 51; [2000] 4 All ER 481; [2000] 3 WLR 1376 153

Supreme Court

Lucasfilm Ltd and Others v Ainsworth and Another [2011] UKSC 39 248, 251

Lower courts

Alberta Inc. v Katanga Mining Ltd [2008] EWHC 2679 94

Anton Durbeck GmbH v Den Norske Bank ASA [2003] 2 WLR 1296, 1309 116

Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) Anstalt Des Offentlichen Rechts v JP Morgan Chase Bank NA, 2010 EWCA Civ 390 248, 251

Coin Controls Ltd. v Suzo International (UK) Ltd and Others, [1999] Ch 33 156, 249

Equitas Ltd and another v Wave City Shipping Co Ltd and Others, Christopher Clarke LJ (2005) EWHC 92 208

Fort Dodge Animal Health Ltd. and Others v Akzo Nobel NV [1998] FSR 222 249

IBS Technologies PVT Ltd. v APM Technologies SA, unreported, 7 April 2003, [2003] All ER (D) 105 116, 195

Knorr-Bremse Systems for Commercial Vehicles Ltd v Haldex Brake Products GmbH [2008] EWHC 156 (Pat) [2008] IL Pr 26 208, 251

Prudential Assurance Co Ltd. v Prudential Insurance Co of America [2003] EWCA Civ 327 [2003] 1 WLR 2295 249

Samsung Electronic (UK) Ltd. v Apple Inc., High Court of Justice, Chancery Division Patents Court, 9 July 2012, HC 11 C 03050 6

Sandisk Corporation v Koninklijke Philips Electronics NV and Others [2007] EWHC 332 (Ch), [2007] IL Pr 22 251

ADMINISTRATIVE DECISIONS FROM THE EUIPO

 

MFB Diffusion SARL v Jinjun YU, Case R 584/2009–3, Board of Appeal, 25 January 2010 158