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Intellectual Property Jurisdiction Strategies

Where to Litigate Unitary Rights vs National Rights in the EU

Torsten B. Larsen

This timely and practical guide compares the jurisdictional advantages of litigating a national IP right with those of the corresponding European unitary IP right. The study offers IP practitioners a meticulous yet principled basis for their jurisdictional decisions and shows why it is advantageous for infringers to litigate based on a national IP right and rightholders to litigate based on a European unitary IP right.
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INDEX

Where to Litigate Unitary Rights vs National Rights in the EU

Torsten B. Larsen

Please note that ‘IP’ stands for ‘intellectual property’.

 

actor sequitur forum rei see defendant's domicile rule

Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (AUPC)

see also patents; Unitary Patent (UP)

central division rule 10.10, 10.14

defendant's domicile rule

infringement actions 5.375.52

invalidity actions 5.54

non-infringement actions 5.53

domicile of defendant

defendant's domicile rule 5.365.54

establishment rule 6.486.56

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.2511.27

forum delicti rule 9.1159.131

multiple defendants' rule 8.468.59

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.29

establishment rule

infringement actions 6.496.54

invalidity actions 6.56

non-infringement actions 6.55

exclusive jurisdiction rule

infringement actions 11.26

non-infringement actions 11.27

forum delicti rule 7.06, 7.29, 9.1159.131

infringement actions 9.1169.129

invalidity actions 9.131

non-infringement actions 9.130

infringement actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.375.52

establishment rule 6.496.54

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.26

forum delicti rule 9.1169.129

multiple defendants' rule 8.478.57

international jurisdiction rules 3.263.28

invalidity actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.54

establishment rule 6.56

forum delicti rule 9.131

multiple defendants' rule 8.59

invalidity raised in a non-infringement action 11.27

invalidity raised in an infringement action 11.26

jurisdiction framework 2.562.66, 2.702.71

multiple defendants' rule

infringement actions 8.478.57

invalidity actions 8.59

non-infringement actions 8.58

non-infringement actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.53

establishment rule 6.55

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.27

forum delicti rule 9.130

multiple defendants' rule 8.58

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.29

Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights see TRIPS Agreement (Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights)

applicable law 1.42

AUPC see Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (AUPC)

avoiding forum shopping see forum shopping, avoiding

Brussels Convention (Convention on Jurisdiction and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil/Commercial Matters) 2.04, 2.11, 2.33

Brussels I Regulation (Regulation on Jurisdiction and Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments on Civil and Commercial Matters)

applicable law limits 1.42

defendant's domicile rule 5.06

establishment rule 6.09, 6.11

‘fall back’ nature of see ‘fall back’ rules

international jurisdiction rules 3.04, 3.09, 3.14

jurisdiction framework 2.04, 2.06

Community Design Regulation (CDR) 2.32, 2.33

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 2.39, 2.40, 2.42, 2.43, 2.46, 2.51, 2.55

European Union Trademark (EUTM) 2.10, 2.11, 2.12, 2.13, 2.28, 2.30

evaluation of 2.76

Unitary Patent (UP) 2.602.63, 2.67, 2.692.74

legal basis for 2.04

multiple defendants' rule 8.38, 8.42

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.32

predictability principle 4.08

proximity principle 4.124.13

‘cascade rules’

international jurisdiction rules

Community Design Regulation (CDR) 3.14

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 3.18

European Union Trademark Regulation (EUTMR) 3.09

jurisdiction framework

Community Design Regulation (CDR) 2.31, 2.36

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 2.37, 2.40, 2.41, 2.42, 2.45, 2.46, 2.48, 2.55

domicile of defendant 2.77

European Union Trademark (EUTM) 2.09, 2.17, 2.30

multiple defendants' rule 8.32, 8.38

CDR see Community Design Regulation (CDR)

central division rule

applying to a European unitary IP right 10.0410.09

applying to a national IP right 10.03

in the AUPC 10.10, 10.14

infringement actions 10.05

invalidity actions 10.07, 10.13

justification for 10.09

non-infringement actions 10.06, 10.12

Charter of Fundamental Rights 4.04

CJEU see Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)

Community Design (CD)

see also Community Design Regulation (CDR) below; designs

international jurisdiction rules applying to a European unitary IP right 3.143.17

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.312.36

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.33, 2.34, 2.352.36

registered designs 9.100, 9.101, 9.103

unregistered designs 3.16, 5.27, 6.39, 9.100, 9.102, 9.103

Community Design Regulation (CDR)

compared with EUTMR 2.34, 2.35

defendant's domicile rule 5.245.28

infringement actions 5.255.26

invalidity actions 5.28

non-infringement actions 5.27

domicile of defendant

defendant's domicile rule 5.245.28

establishment rule 6.366.40

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.1911.21

forum delicti rule 9.979.105

multiple defendants' rule 8.388.41

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.187.22

establishment rule

infringement actions 6.376.38

invalidity actions 6.40

non-infringement actions 6.39

forum delicti rule

infringement actions 9.989.103

invalidity actions 9.105

non-infringement actions 9.104

infringement actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.255.26

establishment rule 6.376.38

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.20

forum delicti rule 9.989.103

multiple defendants' rule 8.39

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.197.20

invalidity actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.28

establishment rule 6.40

forum delicti rule 9.105

multiple defendants' rule 8.41

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.22

invalidity raised in a non-infringement action 11.21

invalidity raised in an infringement action 11.20

multiple defendants' rule

infringement actions 8.39

invalidity actions 8.41

non-infringement actions 8.40

non-infringement actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.27

establishment rule 6.39

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.21

forum delicti rule 9.104

multiple defendants' rule 8.40

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.21

plaintiff’s domicile rule

infringement actions 7.197.20

invalidity actions 7.22

non-infringement actions 7.21

Community Patent Agreement (1989) 11.16

Community Patent Convention (1975)

and defendant's domicile rule 5.18, 5.41

and establishment rule 6.22

and jurisdiction framework 2.11

and plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.09

Community Plant Variety (CPV)

international jurisdiction rules applying to a European unitary IP right 3.183.25

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.442.50

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.442.50

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.392.43

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.512.55

Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO) 1.09

defendant's domicile rule 5.35

establishment rule 6.47

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.01, 11.23, 11.24, 11.36

forum delicti rule 9.114

jurisdiction framework 2.42, 2.47, 2.49

jurisdiction limits 1.36

jurisdiction rules 3.24

jurisdiction strategies 1.28

multiple defendants' rule 8.45

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.28

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR)

defendant's domicile rule

infringement actions 5.305.33

invalidity actions 5.35

non-infringement actions 5.34

domicile of defendant

defendant domicile rule 5.295.35

establishment rule 6.416.47

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.2211.27

forum delicti rule 9.1069.114

multiple defendants' rule 8.428.45

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.237.28

establishment rule 6.416.47

infringement actions 6.426.45

invalidity actions 6.47

non-infringement actions 6.46

forum delicti rule 9.1069.114

infringement actions 9.1079.112

invalidity actions 9.114

non-infringement actions 9.113

infringement actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.305.33

establishment rule 6.426.45

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.23

forum delicti rule 9.1079.112

multiple defendants' rule 8.43

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.247.26

invalidity actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.35

establishment rule 6.47

forum delicti rule 9.114

multiple defendants' rule 8.45

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.28

invalidity raised in a non-infringement action 11.24

invalidity raised in an infringement action 11.23

multiple defendants' rule 8.428.45

infringement actions 8.43

invalidity actions 8.45

non-infringement actions 8.44

non-infringement actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.34

establishment rule 6.46

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.24

forum delicti rule 9.113

multiple defendants' rule 8.44

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.27

plaintiff’s domicile rule

infringement actions 7.247.26

invalidity actions 7.28

non-infringement actions 7.27

Community Trademark (CTM) 2.11, 2.16

Community Trademark Regulation (CTMR)

forum delicti rule 9.110

jurisdiction framework 2.11, 2.16, 2.20, 2.33

Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)

avoiding forum shopping principle 4.15

defendant's domicile rule 5.16, 5.24

establishment rule 6.20, 6.24, 6.41

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.15

forum delicti rule 9.269.27, 9.39, 9.65

multiple defendants' rule 8.24

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.07, 7.23

predictability principle 4.08

proximity principle 4.12

CPVO see Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO)

CPVR see Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR)

CTM see Community Trademark (CTM)

CTMR see Community Trademark Regulation (CTMR)

defamation, forum delicti rule 9.40

defendant's domicile rule

see also domicile of defendant

application of relevant Agreement or Regulation 5.15

designs 5.60

domicile in the AUPC

infringement actions 5.375.52

invalidity actions 5.54

non-infringement actions 5.53

domicile in the CDR

infringement actions 5.255.26

invalidity actions 5.28

non-infringement actions 5.27

domicile in the CPVR

infringement actions 5.305.33

invalidity actions 5.35

non-infringement actions 5.34

domicile in the EU/EFTA

infringement actions 5.055.11

invalidity actions 5.13

non-infringement actions 5.12

domicile in the EUTMR

infringement actions 5.175.20

invalidity actions 5.23

non-infringement actions 5.215.22

domicile outside the EU/EFTA 5.14

European unitary IP right, applying to 5.155.54

in the AUPC 5.365.54

in the CDR 5.245.28

in the CPVR 5.295.35

in the EUTMR 5.165.23

infringement actions 5.175.20, 5.255.26, 5.305.33, 5.375.52

invalidity actions 5.23, 5.28, 5.35, 5.54

non-infringement actions 5.215.22, 5.27, 5.34, 5.53

Jenard report 5.41

legal persons, domicile for 5.10, 5.43

meaning of ‘domicile’ 5.085.10

national IP right, applying to 5.035.14

natural persons, domicile for 5.09, 5.42, 5.46

patents 5.655.68

plant variety cases 5.615.64

Pocar report 5.41

‘principal place of business’ 5.10, 5.43, 5.45, 5.47

‘residence’ 5.405.41, 5.44

and special jurisdiction rules 4.10

‘statutory seat’ 5.10

trademarks 5.565.59

designs

see also Community Design (CD); Community Design Regulation (CDR)

defendant's domicile rule 5.60

establishment rule 6.62

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.33

forum delicti rule 9.62, 9.1009.103, 9.137

international jurisdiction rules 3.34

invalidity actions 1.14

multiple defendants' rule 8.14, 8.62

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.36

registered 8.14, 9.1009.101, 9.103

unregistered 3.16, 5.27, 6.39, 8.14, 9.62, 9.100, 9.102, 9.103

domicile of defendant

and the AUPC

infringement actions 9.1169.129, 9.130, 11.26

invalidity actions 8.59, 9.131

multiple defendants' rule 8.478.57

and the CDR

infringement actions 5.255.26, 6.376.38, 7.197.20, 8.39, 9.989.103

invalidity actions 5.28, 6.40, 7.22, 8.41, 9.105

non-infringement actions 5.27, 6.39, 7.21, 8.40, 9.104

and the CPVR

infringement actions 5.305.33, 7.247.26, 8.43, 9.1079.112, 11.23

invalidity actions 5.35, 6.47, 7.28, 8.45, 9.114

non-infringement actions 5.34, 6.46, 7.27, 8.44, 9.113, 11.24

defendant’s domicile rule

applying to a European unitary IP right 5.155.54

applying to a national IP right 5.035.14

infringement actions 5.055.11, 5.175.20, 5.255.26

invalidity actions 5.13, 5.23, 5.28

non-infringement actions 5.12, 5.215.22, 5.27

in the EFTA

defendant's domicile rule 5.045.13

establishment rule 6.046.17

forum delicti rule 9.049.73

international jurisdiction rules applying to a national IP right 3.05

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.162.27, 2.34, 2.442.50, 2.68

jurisdiction framework governing a national IP right 2.052.06

multiple defendants' rule 8.048.29

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.04

establishment rule

applying to a European unitary IP right 6.196.56

applying to a national IP right 6.036.18

infringement actions 6.056.15, 6.216.33, 6.376.38, 6.426.45, 6.496.54

invalidity actions 6.17, 6.35, 6.40, 6.47, 6.56

non-infringement actions 6.16, 6.34, 6.39, 6.46, 6.55

in the EU

defendant's domicile rule 5.045.13

establishment rule 6.046.17

forum delicti rule 9.049.73

international jurisdiction rules applying to a national IP right 3.04

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.112.15, 2.33, 2.392.43, 2.67

jurisdiction framework governing a national IP right 2.04

multiple defendants' rule 8.048.29

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.04

and the EUTMR

infringement actions 5.175.20, 6.216.33, 7.087.14, 8.338.35, 9.779.93

invalidity actions 5.23, 6.35, 7.17, 8.37, 9.96

non-infringement actions 5.215.22, 6.34, 7.157.16, 8.36, 9.949.95

exclusive jurisdiction rule

applying to a European unitary IP right 11.1411.27

applying to a national IP right 11.0311.13

forum delicti rule

applying to a European unitary IP right 9.759.131

applying to a national IP right 9.039.74

in the CDR 9.105

in the EUTMR 9.779.93

infringement actions 9.059.64, 9.989.103, 9.1079.112

invalidity actions 9.719.73, 9.96, 9.114, 9.131

non-infringement actions 9.659.70, 9.949.95, 9.104, 9.113, 9.130

international jurisdiction rules applying to a European unitary IP right

Community Design (CD) 3.143.17

Community Plant Variety (CPV) 3.183.25

European Union Trademark (EUTM) 3.093.13

Unitary Patent (UP) 3.263.30

international jurisdiction rules applying to a national IP right 3.033.07

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right

Community design 2.312.36

Community Plant Variety (CPV) 2.372.55

European Union Trademark (EUTM) 2.092.30

Unitary Patent (UP) 2.562.74

jurisdiction framework governing a national IP right 2.032.07

multiple defendants' rule

applying to a European unitary IP right 8.318.59

applying to a national IP right 8.038.30

infringement actions 8.058.27, 8.338.35, 8.39, 8.43, 8.478.57

invalidity actions 8.29, 8.37, 8.41, 8.45, 8.59

non-infringement actions 8.28, 8.36, 8.40, 8.44, 8.58

outside the EU/EFTA

domicile rule 5.14

establishment rule 6.18

forum delicti rule 9.74

international jurisdiction rules applying to a national IP right 3.063.07

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.282.30, 2.352.36, 2.512.55, 2.692.74

jurisdiction framework governing a national IP right 2.07

multiple defendants' rule 8.30

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.05

plaintiff’s domicile rule

applying to a European unitary IP right 7.067.29

applying to a national IP right 7.037.05

infringement actions 7.087.14, 7.197.20, 7.247.26

invalidity actions 7.17, 7.22, 7.28

non-infringement actions 7.157.16, 7.21, 7.27

EFTA see European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

enforcement of IP rights

effective, principles of 4.034.06

Enforcement Directive (ED) 4.05

trademarks 9.52

EPO see European Patent Organisation (EPO)

equality of arms principle 3.22

establishment rule

application of relevant Agreement or Regulation 6.19

in the AUPC

infringement actions 6.496.54

invalidity actions 6.56

non-infringement actions 6.55

‘branch, agency or other establishment’ requirement 6.07

in the CDR

infringement actions 6.376.38

invalidity actions 6.40

non-infringement actions 6.39

close connection requirement 6.09, 6.10, 6.11

in the CPVR

infringement actions 6.426.45

invalidity actions 6.47

non-infringement actions 6.46

designs 6.62

domicile outside the EU/EFTA 6.18

in the EU/EFTA

infringement actions 6.056.15

invalidity actions 6.17

non-infringement actions 6.16

European unitary IP right, applying to 6.196.56

in the AUPC 6.486.56

in the CDR 6.366.40

in the CPVR 6.416.47

in the EUTMR 6.206.35

infringement actions 6.216.33, 6.376.38, 6.426.45, 6.496.54

invalidity actions 6.35, 6.47, 6.56

non-infringement actions 6.34, 6.39, 6.46, 6.55

in the EUTMR

infringement actions 6.216.33

invalidity actions 6.35

non-infringement actions 6.34

Jenard report 6.13

national IP right, applying to 6.036.18

operation of establishment 6.08

patents 6.676.70

‘place of business’ 6.52, 6.53

plant variety cases 6.636.66

Pocar report 6.13

‘residence’ 6.51

trademarks 6.586.61

EUIPO see European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)

European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), fair trial, right to 4.04

European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) 4.04

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

domicile of defendant in

defendant's domicile rule 5.045.13

establishment rule 6.046.17

forum delicti rule 9.049.73

international jurisdiction rules applying to a national IP right 3.05

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.162.27, 2.34

jurisdiction framework governing a national IP right 2.052.06

multiple defendants' rule 8.048.29

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.04

domicile of defendant outside

defendant's domicile rule 5.14

establishment rule 6.18

forum delicti rule 9.74

international jurisdiction rules applying to a national IP right 3.063.07

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.282.30, 2.352.36

jurisdiction framework governing a national IP right 2.07

multiple defendants' rule 8.30

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.05

European Union (EU)

domicile of defendant in

defendant's domicile rule 5.045.13

establishment rule 6.046.17

forum delicti rule 9.049.73

international jurisdiction rules applying to a national IP right 3.04

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.112.15, 2.33

jurisdiction framework governing a national IP right 2.04

multiple defendants' rule 8.048.29

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.04

domicile of defendant outside

defendant's domicile rule 5.14

establishment rule 6.18

forum delicti rule 9.74

international jurisdiction rules applying to a national IP right 3.063.07

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.282.30, 2.352.36

jurisdiction framework governing a national IP right 2.07

multiple defendants' rule 8.30

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.05

European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)

competence 3.12, 3.16

and exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.01, 11.18, 11.21, 11.31

and forum delicti rule 9.101

and international jurisdiction rules 3.12

and jurisdiction framework 2.14, 2.26, 2.34

and jurisdiction rules 3.16, 3.32, 1.36

European Union Trademark (EUTM)

international jurisdiction rules applying to a European unitary IP right 3.093.13

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.092.30

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.162.27

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.112.15

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.282.30

lex specialis principle 2.14, 2.15

European Union Trademark Regulation (EUTMR)

see also Brussels I Regulation (Regulation on Jurisdiction and Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments on Civil and Commercial Matters); European Union Trademark (EUTM)

and Brussels I Regulation 2.14

compared with CDR 2.34, 2.35

defendant's domicile rule 5.165.23

infringement actions 5.175.20

invalidity actions 5.23

non-infringement actions 5.215.22

domicile of defendant

defendant's domicile rule 5.165.23

establishment rule 6.206.35

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.1511.18

multiple defendants' rule 8.328.37

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.077.17

establishment rule 6.206.35

infringement actions 6.216.33

invalidity actions 6.35

non-infringement actions 6.34

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.1511.18

infringement actions 11.1611.17

non-infringement actions 11.18

forum delicti rule 9.769.96

infringement actions 9.779.93

invalidity actions 9.96

non-infringement actions 9.949.95

forum rules 2.22

infringement actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.175.20

establishment rule 6.216.33

forum delicti rule 9.779.93

multiple defendants' rule 8.338.35

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.087.14

invalidity actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.23

establishment rule 6.35

forum delicti rule 9.96

multiple defendants' rule 8.37

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.17

invalidity raised in a non-infringement action 11.18

invalidity raised in an infringement action 11.1611.17

jurisdiction framework 2.09, 2.11

multiple defendants' rule 8.328.37

infringement actions 8.338.35

invalidity actions 8.37

non-infringement actions 8.36

non-infringement actions

defendant's domicile rule 5.215.22

establishment rule 6.34

forum delicti rule 9.949.95

multiple defendants' rule 8.36

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.157.16

plaintiff’s domicile rule

infringement actions 7.087.14

invalidity actions 7.17

non-infringement actions 7.157.16

European unitary IP right

central division rule 10.0410.09

and defendant's domicile rule see European unitary IP right, and defendant’s domicile rule

and enforcement rule see European unitary IP right, and enforcement rule

and exclusive jurisdiction rule see European unitary IP right, and exclusive jurisdiction rule

and forum delicti rule see European unitary IP right, and forum delicti rule

and jurisdiction framework see European unitary IP right, jurisdiction framework governing

and multiple defendants' rule see European unitary IP right, and multiple defendants' rule

versus national IP right see national IP right/ European unitary IP right comparison

and plaintiff’s domicile rule see European unitary IP right, and plaintiff’s domicile rule

European unitary IP right, and defendant’s domicile rule 5.155.54

in the AUPC

infringement actions 5.375.52

invalidity actions 5.54

non-infringement actions 5.53

in the CDR

infringement actions 5.255.26

invalidity actions 5.28

non-infringement actions 5.27

in the CPVR 5.295.35

infringement actions 5.305.33

invalidity actions 5.35

non-infringement actions 5.34

in the EUTMR

infringement actions 5.175.20

invalidity actions 5.23

non-infringement actions 5.215.22

European unitary IP right, and enforcement rule 6.196.56

in the AUPC

infringement actions 6.496.54

invalidity actions 6.56

non-infringement actions 6.55

in the CDR

infringement actions 6.376.38

invalidity actions 6.40

non-infringement actions 6.39

in the CPVR 6.416.47

infringement actions 6.426.45

invalidity actions 6.47

non-infringement actions 6.46

in the EUTMR

infringement actions 6.216.33

invalidity actions 6.35

non-infringement actions 6.34

European unitary IP right, and exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.1411.27

in the AUPC 11.2511.27

infringement actions 11.26

non-infringement actions 11.27

in the CDR 11.1911.21

infringement actions 11.20

non-infringement actions 11.21

in the CPVR 11.2211.27

infringement actions 11.23

non-infringement actions 11.24

in the EUTMR 11.1511.18

infringement actions 11.1611.17

non-infringement actions 11.18

European unitary IP right, and forum delicti rule 9.759.131

in the AUPC

infringement actions 9.1169.129

invalidity actions 9.131

non-infringement actions 9.130

in the CDR 9.979.105

infringement actions 9.989.103

invalidity actions 9.105

non-infringement actions 9.104

in the CPVR 9.1069.114

infringement actions 9.1079.112

invalidity actions 9.114

non-infringement actions 9.113

in the EUTMR 9.769.96

infringement actions 9.779.93

invalidity actions 9.96

non-infringement actions 9.949.95

European unitary IP right, and multiple defendants' rule 8.318.59

in the AUPC 8.468.59

infringement actions 8.478.57

invalidity actions 8.59

non-infringement actions 8.58

in the CDR 8.388.41

infringement actions 8.39

invalidity actions 8.41

non-infringement actions 8.40

in the CPVR 8.428.45

infringement actions 8.43

invalidity actions 8.45

non-infringement actions 8.44

in the EUTMR 8.328.37

infringement actions 8.338.35

invalidity actions 8.37

non-infringement actions 8.36

European unitary IP right, and plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.067.29

in the CDR

infringement actions 7.197.20

invalidity actions 7.22

non-infringement actions 7.21

in the CPVR

infringement actions 7.247.26

invalidity actions 7.28

non-infringement actions 7.27

in the EUTMR 7.077.17

infringement actions 7.087.14

invalidity actions 7.17

non-infringement actions 7.157.16

European unitary IP right, jurisdiction framework governing

Community design 2.312.36

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.34

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.33

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.352.36

Community Plant Variety (CPV) 2.372.55

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.442.50

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.392.43

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.512.55

European Union Trademark (EUTM) 2.092.30

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.162.27

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.112.15

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.282.30

Unitary Patent (UP) 2.562.74

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.692.74

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.67

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.692.74

EUTM see European Union Trademark (EUTM)

EUTMR see European Union Trademark Regulation (EUTMR)

exclusive jurisdiction rule

in the AUPC 11.2511.27

infringement actions 11.26

non-infringement actions 11.27

in the CDR 11.1911.21

infringement actions 11.20

non-infringement actions 11.21

in the CPVR 11.2211.27

infringement actions 11.23

non-infringement actions 11.24

designs 11.33

European unitary IP right, applying to 11.1411.27

in the CDR 11.1911.21

in the CPVR 2.48

in the EUTMR 11.1511.18

in the EUTMR 11.1511.18

infringement actions 11.1611.17

non-infringement actions 11.18

infringement actions 11.0411.12

invalidity raised in a non-infringement action 11.13

in the CDR 11.21

in the CPVR 11.24

in the EUTMR 11.18

invalidity raised in an infringement action 11.0411.12

in the AUPC 11.26

in the CDR 11.20

in the CPVR 11.23

in the EUTMR 11.1611.17

national IP right, applying to 11.0311.13

non-infringement actions 11.13

patents 11.3811.41

perpetuatio fori principle 11.08, 11.11

plant variety cases 11.3411.37

trademarks 11.2911.32

fair trial, right to 4.04

‘fall back’ rules

Brussels I Regulation

defendant's domicile rule 5.20

international jurisdiction rules 3.09, 3.14

jurisdiction framework 2.122.14, 2.41

multiple defendants' rule 8.32, 8.42

Lugano Convention

international jurisdiction rules 3.14

jurisdiction framework 2.47, 2.48, 2.50, 2.77

multiple defendants' rule 8.32, 8.42

Folien Fischer judgment

facts and reasoning 9.669.67

impact 9.70

interpretation 9.689.69

forum actoris see plaintiff’s domicile rule

forum delicti rule

in the AUPC 7.06, 7.29, 9.1159.131

infringement actions 9.1169.129

invalidity actions 9.131

non-infringement actions 9.130

in the CDR

infringement actions 9.989.103

invalidity actions 9.105

non-infringement actions 9.104

in the CPVR

infringement actions 9.1079.112

invalidity actions 9.114

jurisdiction framework 2.37

non-infringement actions 9.113

defamation 9.40

designs 9.62, 9.1009.103, 9.137

domicile outside the EU/EFTA 9.74

in the EU/EFTA

infringement actions 9.059.64

invalidity actions 9.719.73

non-infringement actions 9.659.70

European unitary IP right, applying to 9.759.131

in the AUPC 9.1159.131

in the CDR 9.979.105

in the CPVR 9.1069.114

in the EUTMR 9.769.96

infringement actions 9.779.93, 9.1079.112

invalidity actions 9.96, 9.105, 9.114, 9.131

non-infringement actions 9.949.95, 9.104, 9.113, 9.130

in the EUTMR

infringement actions 9.779.93

invalidity actions 9.96

non-infringement actions 9.949.95

and international jurisdiction rules 1.17

international jurisdiction rules

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 3.19

European Union Trademark Regulation (EUTMR) 3.103.11

Unitary Patent (UP) 3.27

Jenard report 9.41

jurisdiction framework

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 2.48, 2.53

European Union Trademark (EUTM) 2.09, 2.17

‘mosaic’ rule 9.38, 9.40, 9.45

national IP right, applying to 9.039.74

patents 9.1429.145

place of registration 9.399.41, 9.47, 9.539.61

and plaintiff’s domicile rule 9.32, 9.33, 9.38, 9.41, 9.127

plant variety cases 9.1389.141

Schlosser report 9.41

territoriality 9.33, 9.41, 9.45, 9.46

trademarks 9.33, 9.399.41, 9.45, 9.1339.136

forum domicilii see defendant's domicile rule

forum negotii see establishment rule

forum non-conveniens doctrine

central division rule 10.11

defining 1.27

establishment rule 6.06

forum delicti rule 9.06

multiple defendants' rule 8.06

forum shopping, avoiding 4.154.16, 9.219.24

defining forum shopping 1.22

harmful events

see also infringement actions

forum delicti rule 9.135, 9.140, 9.144

applying to a European unitary IP right 9.79, 9.81, 9.87, 9.107, 9.1099.111

applying to a national IP right 9.05, 9.09, 9.19, 9.52, 9.55, 9.56, 9.58

international jurisdiction rules 3.04

jurisdiction framework 2.67

infringement actions

applying to a European unitary IP right

in the AUPC 6.496.54, 8.478.57, 9.1169.129

in the CDR 5.245.28, 6.376.38, 7.197.20, 8.39, 9.1079.112, 11.1611.17

in the CPVR 5.305.33, 6.426.45, 7.247.26, 8.43

in the EUTMR 5.175.20, 6.216.33, 7.087.14, 8.338.35, 9.779.93

forum delicti rule 9.989.103

applying to a national IP right

defendant's domicile rule 5.055.11

establishment rule 6.056.15

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.0411.12

forum delicti rule 9.059.64

multiple defendants' rule 8.058.27

in the AUPC

defendant's domicile rule 5.375.52

establishment rule 6.496.54

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.26

forum delicti rule 9.1169.129

multiple defendants' rule 8.478.57

in the CDR

defendant's domicile rule 5.255.26

establishment rule 6.376.38

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.20

forum delicti rule 9.989.103, 9.1079.112

multiple defendants' rule 8.39

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.197.20

central division rule 10.05

in the CPVR

defendant's domicile rule 5.305.33

establishment rule 6.426.45

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.23

multiple defendants' rule 8.43

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.247.26

defendant's domicile rule

in the CDR 5.255.26

in the CPVR 5.305.33

in the EU/EFTA 5.055.11

defining 1.12

establishment rule

in the CPVR 6.426.45

in the EU/EFTA 6.056.15

in the EUTMR 6.216.33

in the EU/EFTA

defendant's domicile rule 5.055.11

establishment rule 6.056.15

forum delicti rule 9.059.64

multiple defendants' rule 8.058.27

European unitary IP right, applying to, infringement actions 7.247.26

in the EUTMR

defendant's domicile rule 5.175.20

establishment rule 6.216.33

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.1611.17

forum delicti rule 9.779.93

multiple defendants' rule 8.338.35

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.087.14

exclusive jurisdiction rule, national IP right 11.0411.12

forum delicti rule

in the AUPC 9.1169.129

in the CPVR 9.1079.112

in the EU/EFTA 9.059.64

in the EUTMR 9.779.93

international jurisdiction rules 3.04

choice by plaintiff 3.32

Community Design Regulation (CDR) 3.15

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 3.19

European Union Trademark Regulation (EUTMR) 3.10

Unitary Patent (UP) 3.27

and invalidity 1.28

invalidity raised in

in the CDR 11.20

in the CPVR 11.23

in the EUTMR 11.1611.17

multiple defendants' rule

in the AUPC 8.478.57

in the CDR 8.39

in the CPVR 8.43

in the EU/EFTA 8.058.27

offline infringements 9.87, 9.88, 9.124

online infringements 9.87, 9.124

plaintiff’s domicile rule

in the CDR 7.197.20

in the EUTMR 7.087.14

threatened 1.30

Wintersteiger judgment

facts and reasoning 9.089.11

impact 9.519.64

industrial property rights 9.07

interpretation 9.129.50

intellectual property jurisdiction see jurisdiction, IP

intellectual property law, principles 4.19

intellectual property rights (IPRs)

jurisdictional scope 1.071.09

European unitary IP right see European unitary IP right

national IP right see national IP right

international jurisdiction rules

applying to a European unitary IP right 3.083.30

Community Design (CD) 3.143.17

Community Plant Variety (CPV) 3.183.25

European Union Trademark (EUTM) 3.093.13

Unitary Patent (UP) 3.263.30

applying to a national IP right 3.033.07

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 3.05

domicile of defendant in the EU 3.04

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 3.063.07

‘competent courts’ 3.22, 3.23

focus areas 1.151.18

identification of nature of, necessity for 5.01, 6.01, 7.01, 8.01, 9.01, 10.01, 11.01

trademark cases 3.323.33

where advantageous to the plaintiff 12.04

invalidity actions

applying to a European unitary IP right

in the AUPC 5.54, 6.56, 8.59

in the CDR 5.28, 6.40, 7.22, 8.41, 9.105

in the CPVR 5.35, 6.47, 7.28, 8.45, 9.114

in the EUTMR 5.23, 6.35, 7.17, 8.37, 9.96

applying to a national IP right 5.13, 6.17, 8.29, 9.719.73

in the AUPC

defendant's domicile rule 5.54

establishment rule 6.56

forum delicti rule 9.131

multiple defendants' rule 8.59

in the CDR

defendant's domicile rule 5.28

establishment rule 6.40

forum delicti rule 9.105

multiple defendants' rule 8.41

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.22

central division rule 10.07, 10.13

in the CPVR

defendant's domicile rule 5.35

establishment rule 6.47

forum delicti rule 9.114

multiple defendants' rule 8.45

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.28

defendant's domicile rule

in the AUPC 5.54

in the CDR 5.28

in the CPVR 5.35

in the EU/EFTA 5.13

in the EUTMR 5.23

defining 1.14

designs 1.14

establishment rule

in the AUPC 6.56

in the CDR 6.40

in the CPVR 6.47

in the EU/EFTA 6.17

in the EUTMR 6.35

in the EU/EFTA, national IP right 5.13

in the EUTMR

establishment rule 6.35

forum delicti rule 9.96

multiple defendants' rule 8.37

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.17

forum delicti rule

in the AUPC 9.131

in the CDR 9.105

in the CPVR 9.114

in the EU/EFTA 9.719.73

in the EUTMR 9.96

and infringement 1.28

international jurisdiction rules 3.04

choice by plaintiff 3.32

Community Design Regulation (CDR) 3.16

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 3.24

European Union Trademark Regulation (EUTMR) 3.12

Unitary Patent (UP) 3.29

multiple defendants' rule

in the AUPC 8.59

in the CDR 8.41

in the CPVR 8.45

in the EU/EFTA 8.29

in the EUTMR 8.37

and non-infringement 1.29

patents 1.14

plaintiff’s domicile rule

in the CDR 7.22

in the CPVR 7.28

in the EUTMR 7.17

plant variety cases 1.14

trademarks 1.14

IPRs see intellectual property rights (IPRs)

jurisdiction, IP

actions brought in plaintiff’s home Member State 1.25

advantage for the plaintiff in IP litigation 1.21

available fora 1.24

example 1.041.05

extent of 1.26

framework see jurisdictional framework

international rules 1.151.18, 1.22

limits 1.331.44, 9.389.47

litigations 1.101.14

purpose 1.021.03

scope 1.061.18

strategies 1.01, 1.191.32

territorial 1.26

unlimited full 9.389.47

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right 2.082.74

Community Design (CD)

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.34

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.33

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.282.30

Community Plant Variety (CPV)

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.442.50

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.392.43

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.512.55

European Union Trademark (EUTM)

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.162.27

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.112.15

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.282.30

Unitary Patent (UP)

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.68

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.67

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.692.74

jurisdiction framework governing a national IP right 2.032.07

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.052.06

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.04

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.07

governing a national IP right vs a European unitary right 2.02

lex specialis principle, jurisdiction framework 2.14, 2.15, 2.42, 2.47, 2.49

limits 1.331.44

applicable law 1.42

jurisdictional 1.341.41

recognition and enforcement 1.44

substantive intellectual property law 1.43

lis pendens rule 9.65

Lugano Convention (Convention on Jurisdiction and Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters)

defendant's domicile rule

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 5.30, 5.33

national IP right 5.05

entry into force 2.05

establishment rule 6.42

‘fall back’ nature of see ‘fall back’ rules

forum delicti rule 9.110

international jurisdiction rules

applying to a national IP right 3.05

Community Design Regulation (CDR) 3.14

European Union Trademark Regulation (EUTMR) 3.09, 3.12

jurisdiction framework 2.05, 2.06

Community Design Regulation (CDR) 2.32, 2.34, 2.36

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 2.40, 2.44, 2.462.53, 2.55

European Union Trademark (EUTM) 2.10, 2.162.22

evaluation of 2.76

Unitary Patent (UP) 2.602.63, 2.68, 2.692.74

multiple defendants' rule 8.38, 8.42

‘mosaic’ rule, forum delicti rule 9.38, 9.40, 9.45

multiple defendants' rule

in the AUPC

infringement actions 8.478.57

invalidity actions 8.59

non-infringement actions 8.58

in the CDR

infringement actions 8.39

invalidity actions 8.41

non-infringement actions 8.40

close connection requirement 8.09

in the CPVR

infringement actions 8.43

invalidity actions 8.45

non-infringement actions 8.44

designs 8.14, 8.62

domicile outside the EU/EFTA 8.30

in the EU/EFTA

infringement actions 8.058.27

invalidity actions 8.29

non-infringement actions 8.28

European unitary IP right, applying to 8.318.59

in the AUPC 8.468.59

in the CDR 8.388.41

in the CPVR 8.428.45

in the EUTMR 8.328.37

infringement actions 8.338.35, 8.43, 8.478.57

invalidity actions 8.37, 8.41, 8.45, 8.59

non-infringement actions 8.36, 8.40, 8.44, 8.58

in the EUTMR

infringement actions 8.338.35

invalidity actions 8.37

non-infringement actions 8.36

national IP right, applying to 8.038.30

patents 8.16, 8.64

plant variety cases 8.63

substantially identical law requirement 8.10, 8.34

trademarks 8.13, 8.61

national IP right

central division rule 10.03

compared with European unitary IP right see national IP right and European unitary IP right

defendant's domicile rule applying to

domicile of defendant in the EU/EFTA 5.045.13

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 5.14

establishment rule applying to

domicile of defendant in the EU/EFTA 6.046.17

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 6.18

exclusive jurisdiction rule applying to 11.0311.13

forum delicti rule applying to

domicile of defendant in the EU/EFTA 9.049.73

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 9.74

jurisdiction framework governing

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.052.06

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.04

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.07

multiple defendants' rule applying to 8.038.30

domicile of defendant in the EU/EFTA 8.048.29

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 8.30

plaintiff’s domicile rule applying to

domicile of defendant in the EU/EFTA 7.04

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 7.05

where advantageous to the plaintiff 12.03

national IP right/European unitary IP right comparison

available fora 12.05

central division rule 10.02

defendant's domicile rule 5.02

establishment rule 6.02

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.02

forum delicti rule 9.02

generally 1.02, 1.08

international jurisdiction rules 3.02

jurisdiction framework 2.02

multiple defendants' rule 8.02

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.02

negative declaration 1.05

non-infringement actions 5.365.54

allowing 1.31

applying to a European unitary IP right

in the AUPC 5.53, 8.58, 9.130

in the CDR 5.27, 6.39, 7.21, 8.40, 9.104

in the CPVR 5.34, 6.46, 7.27, 8.44, 9.113

in the EUTMR 5.215.22, 6.34, 7.157.16, 8.36, 9.949.95

applying to a national IP right

defendant's domicile rule 5.12

establishment rule 6.16

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.13

forum delicti rule 9.659.70

multiple defendants' rule 8.28

in the AUPC

defendant's domicile rule 5.53

establishment rule 6.55

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.27

forum delicti rule 9.130

multiple defendants' rule 8.58

in the CDR

defendant's domicile rule 5.27

establishment rule 6.39

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.21

forum delicti rule 9.104

multiple defendants' rule 8.40

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.21

central division rule 10.06, 10.12

in the CPVR

defendant's domicile rule 5.34

establishment rule 6.46

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.24

forum delicti rule 9.113

multiple defendants' rule 8.44

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.27

declaration of non-infringement 1.05

defendant's domicile rule

in the AUPC 5.53

in the CDR 5.27

in the CPVR 5.34

in the EU/EFTA 5.12

in the EUTMR 5.215.22

defining 1.13

establishment rule

in the AUPC 6.55

in the CPVR 6.46

in the EU/EFTA 6.16

in the EUTMR 6.34

in the EU/EFTA, national IP right 5.12, 6.16, 8.28, 9.659.70

in the EUTMR

defendant's domicile rule 5.215.22

establishment rule 6.34

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.18

forum delicti rule 9.949.95

multiple defendants' rule 8.36

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.157.16

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.13

Folien Fischer judgment

facts and reasoning 9.669.67

impact 9.70

interpretation 9.689.69

forum delicti rule

in the AUPC 9.130

in the CDR 9.989.103, 9.104

in the CPVR 9.113

in the EU/EFTA 9.659.70

in the EUTMR 9.949.95

international jurisdiction rules 3.04

choice by plaintiff 3.32

Community Design Regulation (CDR) 3.15

Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR) 3.203.23

European Union Trademark Regulation (EUTMR) 3.11

Unitary Patent (UP) 3.28

and invalidity 1.29

invalidity raised in

in the CDR 11.21

in the CPVR 11.24

in the EUTMR 11.18

multiple defendants' rule

in the AUPC 8.58

in the CDR 8.40

in the CPVR 8.44

in the EU/EFTA 8.28

in the EUTMR 8.36

plaintiff’s domicile rule

in the CDR 7.21

in the CPVR 7.27

in the EUTMR 7.157.16

patent, unitary see Unitary Patent (UP)

patents

see also Unified Patent Court (UPC); Unitary Patent (UP)

defendant's domicile rule 5.655.68

establishment rule 6.676.70

European vs purely national 8.16

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.3811.41

forum delicti rule 9.1429.145

international jurisdiction rules 3.373.38

invalidity actions 1.14

multiple defendants' rule 8.16, 8.64

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.417.42

PDO see Protected Designation of Origin (PDO)

perpetuatio fori principle 11.08, 11.11

PGI see Protected Geographical Indication (PGI)

place of action and place(s) of effect 9.329.34

see also forum delicti rule

place(s) of effect subject to connecting factors 9.359.37

plaintiff’s domicile rule

application of relevant Agreement or Regulation 7.17

in the CDR

infringement actions 7.197.20

invalidity actions 7.22

non-infringement actions 7.21

in the CPVR

infringement actions 7.247.26

invalidity actions 7.28

non-infringement actions 7.27

designs 7.36

domicile outside the EU/EFTA 7.05

European unitary IP right, applying to 7.067.29

in the CDR 7.187.22

in the CPVR 7.237.28

in the EUTMR 7.077.17

infringement actions 7.087.14

invalidity actions 7.17, 7.22, 7.28

non-infringement actions 7.157.16, 7.21, 7.27

in the EUTMR

infringement actions 7.087.14

invalidity actions 7.17

non-infringement actions 7.157.16

and forum delicti rule 9.32, 9.33, 9.38, 9.41, 9.127

national IP right, applying to 7.037.05

patents 7.417.42

plant variety cases 7.377.40

trademarks 7.317.35

plant variety cases

see also Community Plant Variety Regulation (CPVR)

CPV protection not combined with protection of 1.09

defendant's domicile rule 5.615.64

establishment rule 6.636.66

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.3411.37

forum delicti rule 9.1389.141

international jurisdiction rules 3.353.36

invalidity actions 1.14

multiple defendants' rule 8.63

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.377.40

‘pollution,’ avoiding 4.07, 9.259.28

predictability principle 4.084.09, 9.159.17

principles

of effective enforcement of IP rights 4.034.06

of IP law 4.19

of private international law 4.074.18

private international law, principles

forum shopping, avoiding 4.154.16

predictability 4.084.09

proximity 4.104.14

Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) 1.35, 1.07

Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) 1.35, 1.07

proximity principle 4.104.14, 9.10, 9.189.20

recognition and enforcement 1.44

Registered Community Design (RCD) 2.33, 2.13

Rome II (Regulation on the Law Applicable to Non-Contractual Obligations)

applicable law 1.42

defendant's domicile rule 5.46

forum delicti rule 9.19

Rules of Procedure of the Unified Patent Court (ROP)

and defendant's domicile rule 5.43, 5.47, 5.48

and establishment rule 6.53

and exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.26

and forum delicti rule 5.42, 9.124

Speciality Guaranteed right (SPG) 1.35, 1.07

substantive intellectual property law 1.43

territoriality

forum delicti rule 9.33, 9.41, 9.45, 9.46

jurisdiction 1.26

principles of IP law 4.19

trademarks

see also European Union Trademark (EUTM); European Union Trademark Regulation (EUTMR)

defendant's domicile rule 5.565.59

establishment rule 6.586.61

exclusive jurisdiction rule 11.2911.32

forum delicti rule 9.33, 9.39, 9.45, 9.1339.136

international jurisdiction rules 3.323.33

invalidity actions 1.14

multiple defendants' rule 8.13, 8.61

place of registration 9.399.41, 9.47, 9.539.61

plaintiff’s domicile rule 7.317.35

registered and unregistered 8.13

unenforceable 9.52

unregistered 9.62

TRIPS Agreement (Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights)

forum delicti rule 9.54

multiple defendants' rule 8.15, 8.16

principles of IP law 4.19

Unified Patent Court (UPC) 1.19, 1.40, 2.69

competence 2.56, 2.69, 8.48, 9.118

defendant's domicile rule 5.43, 5.50, 5.51

forum delicti rule 9.118, 9.120, 9.121, 9.124

jurisdiction framework 2.60, 2.63, 2.64, 2.65, 2.66, 2.67, 2.68, 2.69

multiple defendants' rule 8.48, 8.52

seat 2.58

as supranational court 2.63, 5.42, 9.118

Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) 9.41

unitary character principle 11.23

unitary European IP right see European unitary IP right, governing

Unitary Patent Regulation (UPR) 1.09, 1.07

Unitary Patent (UP) 2.562.74

see also Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (AUPC)

international jurisdiction rules applying to a European unitary IP right 3.263.30

jurisdiction framework governing a European unitary IP right

domicile of defendant in the EFTA 2.68

domicile of defendant in the EU 2.67

domicile of defendant outside the EU/EFTA 2.692.74

Unregistered Community Design (UCD) 1.04

UPC see Unified Patent Court (UPC)

weaker party, no protection of 9.489.50

Wintersteiger judgment

facts and reasoning 9.089.11

impact 9.519.64

industrial property rights 9.07

interpretation 9.129.50

narrow 9.299.31

principles

forum shopping, avoiding 9.219.24

narrow interpretation 9.299.31

no protection of the weaker party 9.489.50

place of action and place(s) of effect 9.329.34

place(s) of effect subject to connecting factors 9.359.37

‘pollution,’ avoiding 9.259.28

predictability 9.159.17

proximity 9.189.20

unlimited full jurisdiction and limited forum jurisdiction 9.389.47