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How to be an Academic Superhero

Establishing and Sustaining a Successful Career in the Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities

Iain Hay

In universities across the world, academics struggle to establish and sustain their careers while satisfying intensifying institutional demands. Drawing from the author’s decades of observation and experience in academia, this exceptional book responds to the challenges of fostering and sustaining a successful academic career.
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Index

Establishing and Sustaining a Successful Career in the Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities

Iain Hay

Aarhus University (Sweden) 105

Academia.edu 20, 47, 48, 49, 65, 146

academic careers

in a competitive environment 1–2

making an early impact 38–9

offsetting disruptions 205

see also career development; career success

academic labour 2, 105

academic partners 86, 148–9

Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) 60, 61

academic superheroes, institutional demand for 3

Academic360.com 63

AcademicCareers.com 63

AcademicJobsEU.com 63

AcademicKeys.com 63

Academics Without Borders 167

accommodation exchanges (sabbatical) 183

achievement

demonstrating 87

focus, in job applications 70

rewarding yourself for 102

administrative roles 95–6, 162

administrative support 84

advertisements (job) 61–4

advice

on career development 4–5

intensifying need for professional 3

on publishing 110–11, 122, 123

on research teams 149

on retirement 210–12

on securing funding 138

see also mentors/mentoring

Advice for New Faculty Members4, 154

adviser-led research 35–6

advisers

asking high flyers to be 45

asking for publishing advice 114

co-publishing with students 144

finding good 19–22

helping students overcome isolation 18

proficiency and reputation 145

teams 19

advisory relationships 19, 25, 144–5

affiliations (institutional) 14

Altmetric 48

application-tracking systems (ATSs) 65

Aspiring Academics4

Australia 4, 8, 66, 105, 130, 133, 145, 175

Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research 119

Australian Research Council (ARC) 139–40, 142

author order 118

author societies 129–30

autoethnographies 152

autonomy/freedom 6, 99, 194, 195

awards 145–6, 175, 176

AWB/USF (Academics Without Borders/Universitaires sans frontières 167

Bailey, D.N. 164

Bain, K. 152

Ball, L. 22

barriers, management of 102

Beall, J. 117

behaviour(s) 53, 74, 195–6

Berlatsky, N. 129

blogs/blogging 11, 49, 110, 123, 131, 133

Bloomsbury 126

Boice, R. 4, 106, 154

book proposals 126–8

book publishers

announcements on markets and audiences 115

book marketing questions 131

finding the right 125–6

negotiating contracts 129–30

proposal forms 126–7

quality 126

see also publishing

book reviewing 47

Bostic, P. 203–4

Brandon, J. 133

Brown, M. 160–61

Burkeman, O. 92

bush lawyers 54

Cameron, I. 154

Canada 133, 145, 155, 168

Cantwell, R.H. 5

career development

advisers 19, 22

doctorates as foundation for 14

holistic 5

initiatives and volumes supporting 4–5

introspection in 92

jobs and 59

mentoring and 23

plans/planning 5, 38, 91–8

promotion of work 43

service roles 162

career success

advice and guidance 5

broader conceptions of 4, 5

celebrating 198–9

collegiality and 190

demonstration of achievement and 87

marginalization of diverse understanding of 2

mentors and 23

as perceived by early-career academics 6–7

publishing and 110

rhetoric of 4

specialization 35

teaching well as a key to 161

CareerBuilder.com 65

Carlson, S. 41

celebrating 198–9

challenges, dealing with 187–8

Charles Sturt University (Australia) 105

Check, E. 171

children 16, 104–5, 203–8

The Chronicle of Higher Education63, 83

Clarivate Analytics 114

Clauset, A. 59

clerical support 84

co-authorship 111–12, 118–19, 144

cold calling 64

collaboration

attracting postgraduate students 146

in grant writing 142

jobs and scope for 60

raising your profile through 50

colleagues

associations/relationships with 44–7, 136, 190

introductions to, at job interviews 74

publishing with senior 118–19

reactions to consulting 172–3

relationships with 197

see also peer mentoring; peer recognition

collegiality 38, 47, 53, 74, 189–90

commitments 47, 103

community of learners 153–4

community service 9, 160–61, 197

competitive academic environment 1–2, 3, 13, 44

computing facilities 84

conference papers, invitations to give 38

conference proceedings 50, 117

conferences

connecting with colleagues at 45

job advertisements 63–4

negotiating support for attending 85

organizing and participating in 136–7

raising your profile through 49, 50

speaking at 135, 136

confidence 14–15, 73, 125, 156

Conjunct Consulting 171

consulting 171–4

advantages and disadvantages 173

challenges 172–3

conflicts of interest 173–4

finding work 171–2

contracts (publishing) 118, 129–30

contributing 2, 6, 9, 47, 95–6, 166

copy-editing 131

copyright 48, 126, 130

The Courage to Teach154

Cournia, Z. 166, 167

cover letters 66–7

creative activity, expectations of 94–5

credentials 20, 30, 57, 62, 112, 148, 176

credibility 51, 77, 125, 142, 151, 203

critical friends 136

critical learning environment 152

critical reflection 155

Crone, W.C. 4–5, 43, 91–2, 148–9, 201, 209

cross-disciplinary comparability 110

cultural norms 53

culture shock 201

CVs

first impressions 30

formatting guidelines 30–31

misrepresentations 30

post-PhD and academic jobs 62

preparing 26–31

provision of, with job applications 68

on recruiter databases 65

setting out effective 27–9

on web pages 49

Davies, E. 209, 210, 212

De Cruz, H. 106

Debowski, S. 4

department chair (role) 163

department rankings 60

departmental seminars 51–2

digital doppelgangers 193

The dirty little secret of sabbatical 182–3

disciplines

finding jobs in adjacent 64

hierarchies of publication type 117

looking at scholarly work in other 41

see also HASS (humanities, arts and social sciences); STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics)

discrimination, in hiring 59

disruptions 99, 200, 205

dissertations 124

distractions 15, 99, 102, 198

doctoral advisers see advisers

doctorates 13–18

domain names 49

Douglas, A.S. 159

dress code, at job interviews 74

Drew, D.E. 15, 44, 163, 189

Drew’s law on publishing papers 118

DuckDuckGo 48

Duffy, M. 103

Duncan, R. 99, 194

early-career academics (ECAs)

access to mentoring 2

challenge for 3

doctoral experience and confidence 14–15

publishing see publishing

working hours 103–4

see also academic careers

Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) 139

editorial boards 168–70

Edward Elgar Publishing 115

efficiencies 104

Ekman, E.M. 203

electronic alerts 40, 193

electronic mail 192

Elsevier 27, 111, 115, 126

Emerson, L. 154

Employee Assistance Programmes (EAPs) 187

employment conditions

considerations 83–6

example letter intending to clarify 87

explicit and authenticated assurances 86

negotiating 82–7

EURAXESS – Researchers in Motion 63

expectations, of academics 3, 9, 84, 93–6, 97, 208, 213

experience 15, 25, 67, 155

ExpertGuide 49

expertise 25, 35, 46, 49, 50, 51, 70, 74, 145, 149

exploitation 47, 142, 145, 190, 197

Facebook 48, 65, 123, 132, 191, 192, 193

Faculty Early Career Development Program (CAREER) 175

Faculty and Staff Assistance Programmes (FSAPs) 187

feedback

on job interviews 58, 81

on performance reviews 180

Feibelman, P.J. 3, 136

Fellowship of the Higher Education Academy 155

fellowships 62–4, 112, 175, 184

FindAPostDoc.com 63

first impressions 202–3

Fiske, P. 158, 166

Flinders Partners 171

flipped classrooms 155, 202

flow 197–8

focus of work 14, 35–7, 92, 101

forgiveness 196

free labour 105

Free, R. 152–3, 154

Freie Universität Berlin 167

From Dissertation to Book124

Frost, C. 127–8

funding

cost/benefit approach to 140

negotiating 85

for sabbaticals 184

securing 138–43

seeking for students 146

see also grants

Furstenberg, F.F. 5

Gallehr, D.R. 209

Gelles, R.J. 15

Geography Faculty Development Alliance (GFDA) 4

Germano, W. 124

Gertenschlager, B. 125

Getting it Published124–5

Gladsden, G. 191

Gladwell, M. 73

Global Consulting Network 172

‘global’ publishing houses 126

goals 100

Goldsmith, J.A. 5

goodwill 47

Google Alerts 193

Google Scholar 2, 20, 45, 48

Graduate Certificates in University Teaching 4

Graduate Teaching Assistant courses 4

grant proposals 45, 140

Grant, W. 5

grant writing 138, 139, 142

grants 1, 62, 175

gratitude 196

Gray, P. 15, 44, 163, 189

group mentoring 23

guest lectures 51–2

happiness 4, 194–9

Hardy, I. 156

HASS (humanities, arts and social sciences) 5, 8, 13, 17, 62, 99, 148, 166, 171, 208

headhunters 64, 65

health 4, 103, 194–9

Help readers find your article 111

helping others 197

Henrich, J. 159

hierarchy (institutional) 59

high flyers, asking input from 45

high-quality publishers 125

high-quality publishing 118

high-quality research 59

high-quality teaching 67, 155, 156

high-status/prestigious institutions 2, 13, 14, 59

HigherEdJobs.com 63

Hirsch (h) index 2, 118

Honeywood, P. 17

HotJobs.com 65

hours of work 103–4

human-ness 154

IdeaConnection 172

ideas, checking websites for 114

identity 37, 52, 193, 208, 212

‘impostor’ phenomenon 152

income, retirement planning 210

independent review activities 180

influence 7

Inspiring Academics152

Institute of Advanced Studies, University of Warwick 175

Institute of Australian Geographers 175

institutional hierarchies 2, 59

institutions

affiliations 14

demand for academic superheroes 3

moving between 201–3

raising your profile within your own 51

see also research agencies; research-intensive institutions; universities

intellectual property 113, 172

Interdisciplinary Research Leadership Programme 175

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) 118

International Professors Project (IPP) 167

international scholarships 145

Internet

job advertisements 63

online markers of productivity 1–2

preserving online reputation 192–3

reading relevant media 41

teaching quality evaluations 2

see also online resources; social media; web pages; web presence; websites

interpersonal skills 67

interruptions 99–100, 106, 198, 200

invitations (professional/academic) 38

isolation 17–18, 198, 201

Jabour, A. 24

Jenkins, A. 209, 210, 212

job applications 66–71

job interviews 72–80

dealing with rejection 81–2

dealing with successful 82–7

do your homework 72

dress code at 74

feedback on 58, 81

follow-up visits 82

how to act 73–4

meeting graduate students or staff 76–7

overdisclosure 77

questions/questioning 74, 76, 77–8, 79

rehearsal 78

response pathways 79

selection committee interviewing 77–80

talks/presentations 74–6, 135

as a two-way process 72–3

job offers, negotiating 82–7

job satisfaction 7, 176, 189

jobs

advertisements for 61–4

finding the right 59–65

negative impact on health 103

negotiating conditions 82–7

see also employment conditions

Jobs.ac.uk 63

Johnson, A.M. 5, 148

journal articles

invitations to contribute 38

see also publishing

Journal Citation Reports (JCR) 114

journal-finding software 115

journals

dedicated to teaching 154–5

dissemination of work by online 113

linking organized conferences/symposiums to 49

missions 115, 116–17

negotiating subscriptions to 85

reading key 40

reviewers 169

Kahane, D. 151

Kawulich, B.B. 8

key figures, identifying 45

keynote addresses 38

keywords, on web pages 49

laboratory space 85

labour, free 105

Laurance, W.F. 59

leadership 53, 162–5, 170, 175

learned societies 170

lectures 151

Leiden Ranking (CWTS) 60, 61

letters

clarifying negotiated job conditions 86, 87

see also cover letters; recommendation letters

Lewis, P. 189

life satisfaction 2, 6, 166, 176, 183, 189, 196, 207

LinkedIn 20, 45, 47, 48, 49, 65, 123, 191, 203

listservs 40–41, 48, 64

local cultures, learning about 53, 202

Long, J. 23

mailing lists 45

major life events 203–8

Mallinger, M. 164

management associations (professional) 164

management job interviews 79

manuscript reviewing 38, 47

markets (publishing) 115, 126, 127–8

Marsden Fund (New Zealand) 140

Martin, B. 194, 195, 197, 198

Mascarelli, A. 171

Mason, M.A. 203

Massey University (New Zealand) 145

Master of Tertiary Education 155

mastery 194–5

Matthew Effect 43

Maven 172

media engagement(s) 51, 123, 132, 135

mental health problems 185

mentors/mentoring 23–5

benefits 24

career anxiety and calls for 1

career development 98

differential access to 2

participant-driven 24–5

problems with 23–4

Merton, R.K. 13, 43, 117

Mewburn, I. 3, 133

mindfulness 196

Mintz, S.B. 182–3

moderation, in work activities 106

Monash University (Australia) 145

Monster.com 65

multi-rater reviews 180

National Centre for Research Methods (UK) 149

National Science Foundation (NSF) (USA) 175

National Tertiary Education Union (Australia) 105

Naturejobs 65

Nehring, D. 2

neoliberalism 2, 4

networks/networking 43–4

advice in major life events 206

at conferences 137

attracting postgraduate students 146

and consulting 171

expanding 134

finding the right job through 62

overcoming isolation 18

relocation and 203

teaching-related 156

volunteering and 166

see also social media

The New Academic 4

New To Teaching programmes 4

New Zealand 8, 66, 110, 130, 140, 145, 155

newspapers

job advertisements 63

reading relevant 41

‘next book’ provision 129

‘no’, saying 47, 106, 107–9

office services 84

office space 85

online resources

for consulting 171, 172

development of speaking skills 136

finding the right book publisher 126

for identifying key figures 45

open-access publishing 117, 133

opportunities, awareness of 41–2

optimism 196

oral business cards 47

ORCID 146

O’Shaugnessy, L. 16

Otis, L. 124

Outstanding Research Supervisor of the Year 146

Oxford University Press 115, 125

Palgrave 125, 126

Palmer, P.J. 154

partner (research/scholarly) 24, 48, 79, 148, 150, 173, 208

partner (spouse) 24, 38, 61, 67, 73, 82, 86, 196, 204, 208

part-time employment 15–16

part-time study 15, 16

participant observation 8

Pasteur, L. 36

peer mentoring 23

peer recognition 43, 44, 175–6

perfectionism 121–2

performance review 179–80

performance-based cultures 1, 2

Perkel, J.W. 100

personal benefits, negotiating 86

personal relationships 44, 103, 144–5

Persson, T. 65

Peter Principle 164

PhD students, average age of, US 16

Philipsen, M. 203–4

Pink, D.H. 194

Pinterest 191, 192

Pitt, R. 3

plagiarism 45, 54

planning

career management 5, 38, 91–8

income for retirement 210

and keeping informed 42

optimizing realistic 101

and time management 100–102

Planning Institute of Australia 172

postdoctoral fellowships 62–4

postgraduate certification 4, 155

postgraduate students

access to mentoring 2

attracting 144–7

meeting at job interviews 76–7

online journals for dissemination of work by 113

publishing courses for 111

posts (online) 49, 192, 193

praise 58, 70

pregnancy 203–8

Preparing Future Faculty (PFF) programme 4

presentations 134–7

at job interviews 74–6

practising/rehearsal 75, 136

pressures 9, 185, 186

prioritizing 101

privacy settings (online) 192

problem solving 102

procrastination 15

productivity 1–2, 6, 38, 53, 99, 100, 110, 144

professional development 23, 25, 26, 40, 42, 54, 85, 155, 156, 179

professional societies/associations 38, 40, 42, 45, 50, 53, 63–4, 85, 111, 164, 170

proficiency(ies) 145, 167

profiles (academic/personal) 47–52, 93–6

progress, analysing 102

project-based learning 151

promotion

of work 122, 123, 131, 132

see also self-promotion; tenure

psychological distress 185

psychosocial support 23

public recognition 176

public relations units 51, 135, 176

publication(s)

asking high flyers for input on manuscripts 45

growing significance attached to 1

hierarchies 117

and likelihood of funding 140

long-term success 59

quality of 110

publishers

assistance in writing 110–111

websites 114, 115

see also book publishers

publishing

academic papers 110–23

advice on 110–111, 122, 123

aiming for quality 117–18

avoiding perfectionism 121–2

collections 137

copy-editing process 131

developing a pipeline of papers 119

directing work to most appropriate outlets 114–17

Drew’s Law on 118

familiarization with publishing procedures 111

frequency 118

guidelines 118–19

learning about local metrics and cultures of publishing 111–12

with peers and senior colleagues 118–19

persistence 122

process and timelines 120–21

promoting your work 122, 123

revising papers thoroughly 121

starting early 112–14

books 124–33

developing a proposal 126–8

finding the right publisher 125–6

writing and selling 131–2

conference proceedings 50

purpose 195

QS World University Rankings 60

qualifications 13–18, 93, 155–6

ranking 1, 60–61, 110

reciprocity 46–7

recognition 43–4, 175–6

recommendation letters 70

Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE) 118–19

recruiters 64, 65

refereeing papers 106–7

referees 57–8

references 58

Regan, K. 153

rejection, dealing with 81–2

relationships

advisory 19, 25, 144–5

with colleagues 44–7, 136, 190, 197

creating and deepening 196

exploitative 142

with faculty, college or research offices 52

mentoring 25

and recognition 43–4

in research teams 149

with sourcers and recruiters 65

with supportive referees 57–8

sustaining social 206

see also personal relationships

relocations 201–3

reports, on sabbaticals 184

reproduction rights 130

reputation(s) 20, 51, 118, 125, 126, 145, 191–3

research

activity, numerical measures 2

adviser-led 35–6

expectations of (full) professors 94

and family caring roles 208

focus of 35–7

groundwork 36

keeping abreast of current 40–42

promotion of 43

relocation and 202

taking on projects that appeal to students 146

see also teaching–research nexus

research agencies

as clearing houses for consulting 171–2

explicit salary levels 83

and funding 140, 141

informing of relevant outcomes and products 142–3

professional development programmes 42

relationships with 52

research culture 13, 14, 51

research statements 69

research teams

characteristics of successful 149

joining or starting 38, 148–50

multidisciplinary 148

partners in 148–9

time management strategies 101

see also collaboration

research-intensive institutions 14, 59, 157

ResearchGate 20, 47, 48, 49, 146

respect 47, 74, 190

ReStore 149

résumé 26, 172

see also CVs

retirees 210–12

retirement 208–12

retreat rights 84

reviewing 38, 47, 169

rewards 102

Richards, J.I. 113–14

Rogers, W. 152

role models/modelling 1, 23, 24, 46, 93, 154

romantic/sexual relationships 145

royalties 129

sabbaticals 85, 181–4

Sage 110, 111, 115

salary 7, 83

Sale, P. 164

saying ‘no’ 47, 106, 107–9

Scevak, J.J. 5

schedules/scheduling 47, 101

see also work plans

Scholarly Open Access 117

scholarly societies/associations 40, 50, 158, 170, 180

scholarly work see research

scholarship(s) 25, 112, 145, 158, 180

Schueneman, D. 65

Scopus 48

selection criteria, responses to 67–8

self-discipline 106, 207

self-nomination 169, 176

self-promotion 43

self-review 179

seminars 134, 151

senior scholars/academics 2, 8, 45–6, 50, 57, 118–19

series publications 125

service, contributing 2, 6, 9, 47, 95–6, 166

service roles 15, 26, 38, 50, 84, 104, 157, 162, 168, 207, 209

Shanghai Ranking 60

SHERPA/RoMEO 48

Sherrington, P. 5

short books 125

Simon Fraser University (Canada) 145

Singapore 66, 171

Smith, D.L. 164

Smith, E. 156

Snapchat 132

social media 191–2, 193, 203

see also individual networking sites

The Social Transformation of American Medicine124, 196

Solem, M. 4

Sparke, M. 160

speaking 50, 134–7

special circumstances, non-disclosure in job applications 67

speciality groups, raising your profile through 51

specialization 35

Springer 115, 126

Starr, Paul 124, 196

start-up research funding, negotiating 85

statements of teaching philosophy 69–70

status 6, 13, 176, 203

staying fresh 185–8

STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) 62, 148

Sternberg, R.J. 23, 98

Strategic Sustainability Consulting 172

stress(es) 185, 186, 206–7

student memberships 40

students

making known your professional identity to 52

online journals for dissemination of work by 113

using as data-givers 159

using their work to keep informed 41

see also PhD students; postgraduate students

study groups, participating in 51

study leave, negotiating 85

subscriptions (professional) 85

success

in securing funding 139–40

see also academic success

supervisors see advisers

support 2, 21–2, 23, 84, 85, 86, 187–8, 206

Survive and Thrive5

Sutherland, K.A. 4, 5, 110, 155

Sweden 105, 155

symposiums 49

the system, learning and using 53–4, 202

talks see presentations

teachers, successful 152–3

teaching 151–5

expectations of 84, 93–4

experience, as a tutor 15

getting a qualification 155–6

online quality evaluation 2

performance and academic success 7

quality of 2, 151

relocations and 202

risk-taking in 154

transformational experiences 152–3

teaching assistantships 15

teaching philosophy, statements of 69–70

teaching–research nexus 157–61

tenure 6, 83–4, 124, 134, 155, 164, 176, 179, 204, 205

tertiary teaching qualifications 155, 157

textbooks 112, 160

theses

contributing service as examiner 47

invitations to supervise 38

inviting colleagues to examine supervised 45

Thody, A. 91, 93

Thomson, P. 133

360-degree reviews 180

time/aspiration 206–7

time management 99–109

‘time-sink’ roles 50

timeframes 198

Times Higher Education University Awards 146

Times Higher Education University Workplace Survey 99, 103

Times Higher Education World University Ranking 60

Tower, L.E. 24

transitions 200, 201–3

trust 45, 152

tutor teaching experience 15

tutorials 151

Twitter 48, 65, 123, 132, 191, 192

U3A 50

underpinning positions 84

UniJobs 63

unions, enlisting support from 187–8

United Kingdom 4, 17–18, 58, 66, 105, 130, 133, 139, 146, 175

United States 4, 8, 15, 16, 58, 66, 69–70, 84, 124, 130, 133, 152, 175

universities

as clearing houses for consulting 171–2

explicit salary levels 83

professional development programmes 42

publishing courses 111

rankings 60, 61

see also high-status prestigious institutions

University College London Consultants 171–2

University of California – Berkeley Career Center 70, 167

University of Oxford (UK) 105

University of Warwick (UK) 175

Vitae 149

volunteering 166–70, 197

Ward, K. 99, 103, 105, 162, 204

Watson’s Syndrome 15

web pages 48, 49, 146

web presence 31, 48–9, 61, 146

Web of Science 48

Webometric rankings 60, 61

websites

attracting postgraduate students 146

finding the right job through 62

publishers 114, 115

sabbatical accommodation exchanges 183

salary information on 83

of societies supporting scholarship of teaching 158

see also blogs/blogging

Wells, T.T. 67, 69, 70, 75

What the Best College Teachers Do152

Wikipedia 191

Wilbur, H.M. 57, 72

Wiley 110, 115

Wingfield, B. 208

Wolf-Wendel, L. 99, 103, 105, 162, 204

Wolff, J. 58

women academics 102–3

challenges of getting qualified 16

difficulty of administrative roles 162

lack of suitable role models and mentors 24

work demands 100

see also children; pregnancy

work hours, logging 103

work plans (weekly) 102–3, 104, 105–6, 107

work–life balance 4, 23, 102, 106, 201, 207, 209, 214

workload(s) 74, 99, 156, 169–70, 187, 208

workplace instability 208–9

YouTube 191

Zelinsky, W. 189