Chapter 5: Minilateralism and forum shopping: negotiations and multiple arenas
A Forensic Analysis
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While supporters of Kyoto attacked the formation of different arenas for political action such as the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate, this chapter argues that the use of multiple arenas was functional for the development of the Paris Agreement, and details the various bilateral, minilateral and plurilateral arenas that helped build agreement in a process described as ‘interactive minilateralism’.

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