Chapter 8: Summary and conclusion
The first section of this chapter will present the chapter summaries. It will be followed by three attempts to portray some general perspectives on automation and autonomous operations in spatial mobilities: the current and upcoming statuses of automation and autonomous operations in spatial mobilities; the levels of automation and autonomous operation for spatial mobility; and the development and implementation of automation processes for spatial mobilities. The chapter will then conclude with two future prospects: some thoughts on the future society of automated mobility, and an assessment of potential future research directions on automation for spatial mobilities, notably in light of the upcoming introduction of AVs.
Automation has been presented in this book as a process that pertains to mobility devices and controls, as well as to mobile individuals. Thus, automation of traffic controls (Chapter 3) may relate to individuals, notably to car drivers, being directed as to when they may have to stop and when they may proceed, whereas automation in public transportation (Chapter 4) pertains mainly to mobility systems, as well as to professional drivers, operators, and pilots. Virtual mobilities, outlined in Chapter 5, involve mostly individuals, when engaged in telephone calls or in Internet sessions. The upcoming AVs, exposed in Chapter 6, will replace private light-duty cars, as well as buses and trucks, eliminating the need to drive, by both professional and non-professional drivers.
Automated mobility is on its way to becoming a way of life. Our bodies and minds, by their very nature,...
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