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Information Sovereignty

Data Privacy, Sovereign Powers and the Rule of Law

Radim Polcak and Dan J.B. Svantesson

This thought-provoking work elaborates on the assumption that information privacy is, in its essence, comparable to information sovereignty. This seemingly rudimentary observation serves as the basis for an analysis of various information instruments in domestic and international law. It also provides for the method to resolve situations where informational domains of individuals and/or states collide. Information Sovereignty combines a philosophical and methodological analysis of the phenomena of information, sovereignty and privacy. It also encompasses more practical discussions of cybersecurity and cross-border processing of personal data, including in the context of cross-border discovery of digital evidence.
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Table of authorities

Data Privacy, Sovereign Powers and the Rule of Law

Radim Polcak and Dan J.B. Svantesson

AUSTRALIA

Commonwealth

Cases

Dow Jones & Co Inc v Gutnick (2002) 210 CLR 575 37, 43

Legislation

Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) 218

Privacy Act 1988 (Cth), Art 5B 219

New South Wales

Cases

LARS SA v Bone China Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 730 151

Macquarie Bank Limited and another v Berg [1999] NSWSC 526 69

Murakami v Wiryadi [2010] NSWCA 7 151

CANADA

Cases

Google Inc v Equustek Solutions Inc, et al <https://scc-csc.lexum.com/scc-csc/scc-l-csc-a/en/item/15737/index.do> 39, 49

Lawson v Accusearch Inc dba Abika.com [2007] 4 FCR 314 45–6

Legislation

Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) SC 2000, c 5 46

COUNCIL OF EUROPE

Legislation

Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime (ETS No 185)

Arts 2–11 194

Art 22 194

CZECH REPUBLIC

Cases

1994/10/12 – Pl. ÚS 4/94: Anonymous Witness (1994) [Decision of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic] 150

2011/03/22 – Pl. ÚS 4/94: Data Retention (2011) [Decision of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic] 84

Czech Cybersecurity Act 183, 184, 185, 186

EUROPEAN UNION

Cases

Criminal Proceedings against Bodil Lindqvist (Case C-101/01) (6 November 2003) 215

Google Spain SL, Google Inc v Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (AEPD), Mario Costeja González (Case C-131/12) ECLI:EU:C:2014:317 17, 44, 149, 223–7, 229, 230

Maximillian Schrems v Data Protection Commissioner (C-362/14) ECLI:EU:C:2015:650 203, 212, 213, 214

Pammer v Reederei Karl Schlüter GmbH & KG and Hotel Alpenhof GesmbH v Oliver Heller [2010] (Joined Cases C-585/08 and C-144/09) ECLI:EU:C:2010:740 [2010] ECR I-12527 39

Weltimmo v Hungarian Data Protection Authority (Case C-230/14) ECLI:EU:C:2015:639 46

Legislation

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2000) 111

Art 8 230

Commission Decision 2000/520/EC of 26 July 2000 pursuant to Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the adequacy of the protection provided by the safe harbour privacy principles and related frequently asked questions issued by the US Department of Commerce (notified under document number C (2000) 2441) 212, 215

Directive 95/46/EC on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data 44

Directive (EU) 2016/1148 concerning measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems across the Union, Art 4(1)(a) 174

Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels I Regulation) 38

Regulation (EU) 2016/679 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (‘General Data Protection Regulation’) viii, ix, 39

Art 3 219, 220, 222, 233

FRANCE

Cases

International League Against Racism & Anti-Semitism (LICRA) v Yahoo! Inc [2000] County Court of Paris 38

Legislation

Code of Civil Procedure 38

French Penal Code 1791, Article R645-1 38

Haute Autorité pour la Diffusion des œuvres et la Protection des droits d'auteur sur Internet 2008 21, 22

GERMANY

Legislation

Basic Law 90

ISRAEL

Cases

Attorney-General of the Government of Israel v Eichmann (Israel Sup Ct 1962), Int’l L Rep, vol 36, p 277, 1968 (English translation) 194

NORWAY

Cases

Anders Behring Breivik mot State v/Justis- og beredskapsdepartementet 15-107496TVI-OTIR/02 89

SINGAPORE

Legislation

Personal Data Protection Act (Act No 26/2012)

Art 2(1) 218

Art 13 218, 219

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Legislation

Data Protection Act 2011, s 69 231

UNITED KINGDOM

Cases

Pollard v Photographic Co (1888) 40 Ch D 345 82

UNITED NATIONS

Cases

‘Corfu Channel’ (United Kingdom v Albania) [1949] ICJ Rep 4 70–71

‘Legal Status of Eastern Greenland’ (Denmark v Norway) PCIJ Series A/B No 53 (5 April 1933) 105

‘Oil Platforms’ (Iran v US) [2003] ICJ Rep 161 (6 November 2003) 178

Republic of the Philippines v People’s Republic of China PCA Case No 2013-19 104

‘Right of Passage over Indian Territory’ (Portugal v India) [1960] ICJ Rep 6 (12 April 1960) 105

‘SS “Lotus”’ (France v Turkey) PCIJ Series A No 10 (1927) 198

Legislation

Charter of the United Nations, adopted by the UN General Assembly of 24 October 1970 75

Art 2(1) 62

Declaration on Principles of International Law Concerning Friendly Relations and Co-Operation among States in Accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, A/RES/25/2625, 1970 68

UNITED STATES

Cases

Hilton v Guyot 159 US 113 (1895) 70

In the Matter of a Warrant to Search a Certain E?Mail Account Controlled and Maintained by Microsoft Corporation 14 July 2016 (Docket No 14?2985) <http://pdfserver.amlaw.comj/microsoft_ca2_20160714.pdf>39, 200, 201, 202, 204

Sidis v FR Pub Corporation, 113 F 2d 806 (2d Cir 1940) 82–4

Legislation

Communication Decency Act (CDA) 1996 49

Electronic Communications Privacy Act 1986 200

Restatement (Third) of US Foreign Relations Law 1987

s 403 149

s 403(2) 148–9

s 403(3) 148–9

SPEECH Act (Securing the Protection of our Enduring and Established Constitutional Heritage Act) 2010 39

OTHER

Legislation

‘EU-US Privacy Shield Framework’ <www.privacyshield.gov/EU-US-Framework> 214, 217

FCC Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture of 13 April 2002, File No EB-10-EH-4055 170, 171

‘Harvard Research Draft Convention on Jurisdiction with Respect to Crime’ (‘Harvard Draft’) 47, 141, 143, 146, 193

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Art 19 63