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Conflict of Laws and the Internet

Pedro de Miguel Asensio

The ubiquity of the Internet contrasts with the territorial nature of national legal orders. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of jurisdiction, choice of law and enforcement of judgments issues concerning online activities in the areas in which private legal relationships are most affected by the Internet. It provides an in-depth study of EU Law in this particularly dynamic field, with references to major developments in other jurisdictions. Topics comprise information society services, data protection, defamation, copyright, trademarks, unfair competition and contracts, including consumer protection and alternative dispute resolution.
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TABLE OF LEGISLATION

Pedro de Miguel Asensio

EUROPEAN UNION

 

Treaty of Amsterdam, OJ C 340, 10.11.1997, p. 1 1.28

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, TFEU, OJ C 326, 26.10.2012, p. 47

Art 3(1) 4.20

Art 3(2) 1.132, 4.20

Art 16(1) 3.01

Art 34 5.188

Art 35 5.188

Art 36 4.36, 5.61, 5.188

Art 52 5.188

Art 56 2.08, 5.187, 5.188

Art 62 5.188

Art 81 1.28

Art 101 5.146, 5.189, 6.194

Art 101(1) 5.145

Art 102 5.146

Art 114 4.37

Art 118 4.37, 4.39

Art 169 6.33

Art 207(1) 4.20

Art 216 1.132

Treaty of Lisbon 2007, OJ C 306, 17.12.2007, p. 1 1.28, 4.37

Treaty on European Union, TEU, OJ C 326, 26.10.2012, p. 13

Art 6 4.29

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (CFREU), OJ C 326, 26.10.2012 1.120, 3.134

Art 7 3.01

Art 8 3.01, 3.56

Art 8(1) 3.01, 3.104

Art 17 4.29

Art 17(2) 4.29

Art 38 6.33

Regulations

Regulation (EC) 2100/94 Community plant variety rights, OJ L 227, 1.9.1994, p. 1 4.39, 5.122

Pt 6 5.91

Regulation (EC) 44/2001 Brussels I Regulation (Jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters), OJ L 12, 16.1.2001, p. 1 1.35, 1.125, 2.29, 4.46

Art 25 3.93

Art 26 3.93

Regulation (EC) 6/2002 Community designs (CDR), OJ L 3, 5.1.2002, p. 1 4.39, 4.116, 5.13, 5.67, 5.98, 5.124, 5.128, 5.150, 5.209, 5.210

Art 79 5.91, 5.92

Art 79.3 5.93, 5.97, 5.100

Art 80 5.91

Art 82 5.91, 5.106

Art 82(1)-(3) 5.94

Art 83(1)-(4) 5.210

Art 82(1) 5.210

Art 82(4) 5.93

Art 82(5) 5.94, 5.100, 5.210

Art 83 5.91, 5.94, 5.210

Art 88(2) 5.123

Art 88(3) 5.123

Art 89(1)(d) 5.123

Art 90 4.162

Art 90(3) 5.199, 5.215

Regulation 733/2002 Implementation of the .eu Top Level Domain, OJ L 113, 30.4.2002, p. 1 (repealed) 5.48, 5.50

Art 4(2)(b) 5.18, 5.48

Art 4(2)(d) 5.49

Regulation (EC) 805/2004 European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims, OJ 2004 L 143, p. 15

Art 6(1)(d) 6.43

Regulation (EC) 874/2004 Public policy rules concerning the implementation and functions of the .eu Top Level Domain and the principles governing registration, OJ L 162, 30.4.2004, p. 40 (repealed) 5.48, 5.49

rec 5 5.55

Art 2 5.48

Art 5 5.52, 5.55

Art 10(1) 5.50

Art 14 5.48

Art 18 5.53

Art 21 5.50, 5.51, 5.56

Art 21(1) 5.50

Art 21(4) 5.51, 5.53, 5.56

Art 22 5.50

Art 22(13) 5.51, 5.54

Art 24(1) 5.56

Regulation (EC) 1896/2006 creating a European order for payment procedure, OJ L 34124.12.2015, p. 1 6.202

Regulation (EC) 864/2007 Rome II Regulation (Law applicable to non-contractual obligations), OJ L 199, 31.7.2007, p. 40 1.28, 1.82, 1.83-1.94, 1.98, 1.99, 2.32, 2.33, 2.33, 2.66, 2.86, 3.134-3.140, 3.145, 3.155, 4.96-4.102, 4.104, 4.120, 4.144, 5.183, 6.182, 6.216

Preamble 2.33

rec 7 1.85, 5.191

rec 16 2.88

rec 17 2.88

rec 21 5.171

rec 26 4.13, 4.99, 5.113

rec 32 6.188

rec 35 2.33, 5.185

Art 1 2.85, 4.100

Art 1(1) 1.91

Art 1(2) 1.91, 1.92

Art 1(2)(g) 1.92, 2.36, 2.92, 3.108, 3.137, 3.138, 3.154, 4.145

Art 3 1.83, 2.85, 4.96

Art 4 1.93, 2.67, 2.88, 2.93, 2.97, 3.135, 5.163, 5.165, 5.17, 5.1721

Art 4(1) 1.80, 2.88, 2.89, 2.91, 4.96, 5.127, 5.171

Art 4(2) 2.90, 4.96

Art 4(3) 2.91, 4.96, 5.163, 5.172

Arts 5-9 2.88

Art 5 1.93, 2.94, 2.97

Art 5(1) 2.94, 2.95

Art 5(1)(a) 2.95

Art 6 1.93, 2.67, 2.93, 2.97, 5.157, 5.169, 5.171, 5.176, 5.185, 5.188, 5.206, 6.35

Art 6(1) 2.44, 5.168, 5.169, 5.170, 5.171, 5.172, 5.174, 5.175, 5.176, 5.181, 5.185, 6.181

Art 6(2) 5.163, 5.164, 5.165, 5.167, 5.200

Art 6.3 6.194

Art 6.3(a) 5.190

Art 6(3)(b) 5.192, 5.193

Art 6(4) 1.93, 2.87, 5.172

Art 7 1.93

Art 8 1.93, 2.67, 2.93, 2.97, 4.13, 4.97, 4.100, 4.103, 5.88, 5.113, 5.120, 5.169

Art 8(1) 4.67, 4.97, 4.98, 4.121, 4.151, 5.113, 5.114, 5.116, 5.126

Art 8(2) 5.103, 5.105, 5.124, 5.125, 5.127, 5.128

Art 8(3) 1.93, 2.87, 4.97, 5.113

Art 10 1.93

Art 11 1.93

Art 12 1.93

Art 12(1) 1.89

Art 14 1.93, 2.67, 2.86, 2.87, 2.93, 2.97, 4.96, 5.172

Art 14(1) 2.87

Art 14(1)(b) 2.87

Art 14(2) 2.87, 6.188

Art 14(3) 2.87

Art 15 1.94, 2.89, 2.97, 4.121, 5.116

Art 15(a) 2.97, 5.116

Art 15(b) 2.97, 5.116

Art 15(d) 2.97

Art 15(g) 2.97, 5.116

Art 16 1.94, 2.87, 6.188

Art 17 1.94

Art 21 1.94

Art 22 1.94

Art 23 2.90

Art 26 1.94, 2.87

Art 27 2.33, 5.124

Art 28(1) 1.92, 2.94

Art 30 3.138, 3.145

Art 30(2) 3.108

Art 31 2.85

Regulation (EC) 593/2008 Rome I Regulation (Law applicable to contractual obligations), OJ L 177, 4.7.2008, p. 6. 1.28, 1.82, 1.83-1.94, 1.98, 1.99, 1.100, 2.41, 2.42, 4.101, 6.20, 6.30, 6.47, 6.51, 6.52, 6.53, 6.55, 6.56, 6.88, 6.89, 6.140, 6.141, 6.142, 6.181, 6.195, 6.215

Preamble 6.148

rec 7 1.85

rec 13 6.139

rec 20 6.166

rec 21 6.169

rec 24 6.46, 6.58

rec 37 6.188, 6.191

Art 1(2) 1.89

Art 1(2)(a) 6.178

Art 2 1.83

Art 3 1.90, 4.141, 5.55, 6.135, 6.137, 6.139, 6.155, 6.177, 6.180

Art 3(3) 6.188

Art 3(4) 6.191

Art 3(5) 6.137

Art 4 1.90, 6.147-6.149, 6.150, 6.160, 6.162, 6.163, 6.170, 6.171, 6.172, 6.177, 6.180

Art 4(1) 6.32, 6.33, 6.68, 6.123, 6.149, 6.150, 6.151, 6.155, 6.157, 6.158, 6.159, 6.160, 6.163, 6.165, 6.168, 6.169

Art 4(1)(a) 6.152

Art 4(1)(b) 6.152, 6.157, 6.158

Art 4(1)(c) 6.54, 6.167

Art 4(1)(d) 6.154

Art 4(1)(e) 6.153

Art 4(1)(f) 6.153

Art 4(1)(g) 6.154, 6.155

Art 4(1)(h) 6.154

Art 4(2) 6.149, 6.157, 6.159, 6.162, 6.165, 6.166, 6.168, 6.169

Art 4(3) 6.149, 6.150, 6.165, 6.166, 6.172

Art 4(4) 6.149, 6.168

Art 5 6.37, 6.138, 6.147

Art 5(2) 1.90, 6.138

Art 6 1.90, 3.51, 4.114, 5.55, 6.12, 6.36, 6.38, 6.138, 6.143, 6.144, 6.145, 6.147, 6.170, 6.171, 6.177, 6.179

Art 6(1) 5.170, 6.57, 6.143, 6.170, 6.222

Art 6(1)(b) 2.41, 2.43

Art 6(1)(c) 3.51

Art 6(2) 6.144, 6.145, 6.222

Art 6(4)(a) 6.31, 6.39, 6.40

Art 6(4)(b) 6.37, 6.38

Art 6(4)(c) 6.38

Art 6(4)(d) 6.38

Art 6(4)(e) 6.38

Art 7 1.90, 6.38, 6.138, 6.147

Art 8 1.90, 6.138, 6.146, 6.147, 6.172

Art 8(2) 6.172

Art 8(3) 6.172

Art 8(4) 6.172

Art 9 1.90, 6.68, 6.138, 6.188, 6.190, 6.191, 6.193, 6.199

Art 9(1) 5.174, 6.188, 6.190, 6.191

Art 9(2) 6.188

Art 9(3) 6.31, 6.196, 6.197, 6.198, 6.199

Art 10 6.137

Art 10(1) 6.177

Art 10(2) 6.177

Art 11 6.137, 6.178, 6.183

Art 11(1) 6.179

Art 11(2) 6.179

Art 12 6.67, 6.173

At 12(2) 6.174

Art 13 6.137, 6.178

Art 19 6.151

Art 21 1.90, 6.138, 6.189

Art 23 6.144

Regulation (EC) 207/2009 Community Trademarks

Art 103(2) 4.162

Regulation 330/2010 Application of Article 101(3) TFEU to categories of vertical agreements and concerted practices, OJ L 102, 23.04.2010 p. 1 5.145

Regulation 1151/2012 Quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs, OJ L 343, 14.12.2012, p. 1 4.39

Regulation (EU) 1215/2012 Brussels I Regulation (Recast), Jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters, OJ L 351, 20.12.2012 p. 1 1.28, 1.33-1.61, 1.63, 1.72, 1.85, 1.101, 1.103, 1.117, 1.125-1.130, 1.131, 2.29, 2.41, 2.42, 2.66, 3.78, 3.79, 3.84, 3.94, 3.95, 3.100, 3.133, 3.137, 3.154, 4.40, 4.47, 4.155, 4.170, 5.67, 5.92, 5.93, 5.117, 5.148, 5.177, 5.215, 5.218, 6.20, 6.30, 6.33, 6.44, 6.47, 6.51, 6.52, 6.53, 6.55, 6.56, 6.89, 6.143, 6.146, 6.210

Ch II 4.83, 5.109, 6.35, 6.37, 6.125, 6.128

Ch III 3.100, 3.155, 3.160, 4.92

rec 15 1.42, 1.46, 6.92

rec 16 1.48, 2.80, 2.88, 3.123, 6.92

rec 25 4.95

Art 1 1.33, 1.51, 1.108, 3.115

Art 2 4.92

Art 2(a) 1.56, 1.128, 4.51, 4.162, 4.163

Art 4 1.43, 1.46, 1.47, 1.48, 1.54, 2.68, 2.69, 2.71, 3.60, 3.82, 3.91, 3.115, 4.48, 4.49, 4.52, 4.53, 4.54, 4.57, 4.60, 4.68, 4.91, 4.134, 4.148, 5.72, 5.79, 5.84, 5.93, 5.95, 5.147 5.198, 6.91, 6.126

Art 4(1) 3.125, 6.92

Art 5 1.39

Art 6 2.70, 3.91, 5.93, 5.108

Art 6(1) 1.37, 1.38, 1.40, 3.90, 6.36

Arts 7-9 1.48, 1.61, 6.79

Art 7 1.48, 1.52, 1.85, 2.72, 2.80, 3.80, 3.92, 6.91, 6.92

Art 7(1) 1.49, 1.50, 4.50, 5.93, 6.31, 6.32, 6.42, 6.68, 6.91, 6.92, 6.93, 6.94, 6.95, 6.96, 6.97, 6.100, 6.122, 6.127, 6.134, 6.157

Art 7(1)(a) 6.96, 6.98, 6.100, 6.111

Art 7(1)(b) 6.96, 6.100, 6.102, 6.103, 6.104, 6.105, 6.106, 6.107, 6.108, 6.109, 6.110, 6.111, 6.112, 6.113, 6.116, 6.118, 6.123

Art 7(1)(c) 6.96

Art 7(2) 1.40, 1.50, 2.72, 2.73, 2.78, 2.79, 2.80, 2.81, 2.82, 2.84, 2.88, 3.60, 3.87, 3.92, 3.102, 3.115, 3.117, 3.119, 3.120, 3.122, 3.125, 3.126, 3.127, 3.133, 4.49, 4.50, 4.54, 4.56, 4.60, 4.61, 4.66, 4.68, 4.71, 4.72, 4.73, 4.74, 4.76, 4.77, 4.79, 4.81, 4.82, 4.84, 4.86, 4.91, 4.134, 4.148, 4.150, 5.69, 5.72, 5.82, 5.83, 5.85, 5.90, 5.93, 5.100, 5.101, 5.102, 5.104, 5.105, 5.106, 5.110, 5.116, 5.117, 5.119, 5.149, 5.150, 5.151, 5.152, 5.153, 5.155, 5.156, 5.157, 5.158, 5.159, 5.160, 5.162, 5.166, 5.191, 5.197, 5.198, 6.41, 6.72, 6.93, 6.94

Art 7(3) 1.51, 3.115, 4.42, 4.43, 5.93

Art 7(5) 1.52, 3.82, 5.93

Art 8 1.53, 3.92, 5.69

Art 8(1) 1.53, 1.54, 2.71, 4.49, 4.54, 4.55, 4.56, 4.57, 4.58, 4.59, 4.68, 5.72, 5.79, 5.80, 5.81, 5.96, 5.97, 5.147, 5.192, 5.198, 5.210, 6.128

Arts 10-16 6.37

Arts 10-23 1.46

Art 14 6.72

Art 15 6.58

Arts 17-18 3.85

Arts 17-19 6.35, 6.44

Art 17 5.162, 6.42, 6.45, 6.46, 6.49

Art 17.1 6.35

Art 17(1)(c) 2.41, 2.43, 2.82, 3.51, 4.73, 4.114, 6.57, 6.60

Art 17(2) 6.36, 6.125

Art 17(3) 6.37, 6.86

Art 18 6.83, 6.125

Art 18(1) 1.37, 1.38, 6.36, 6.125

Art 19 1.73, 3.93, 3.115, 6.81, 6.83

Arts 20-22 6.90

Arts 20-23 6.88

Art 20 6.90, 6.128

Art 21 6.90, 6.128

Art 21(1) 1.37

Arts 24-26 2.68

Art 23 3.93, 6.90, 6.128

Art 24 1.37, 1.38, 1.4, 1.43, 2.68, 3.115, 4.48, 5.69, 6.71, 6.92

Art 24(1) 6.37

Art 24(3) 4.48, 5.68

Art 24.4 4.02, 4.48, 4.164, 5.68, 5.69, 5.71, 5.72, 5.73, 5.75, 5.76, 5.77, 5.79, 5.217

Art 25 1.37. 1.38, 1.42, 1.44, 1.45, 1.58, 2.68, 3.93, 3.115, 3.160, 4.49, 5.52, 5.69, 5.93, 5.148, 6.71, 6.72, 6.76, 6.79, 6.92, 6.97

Art 25(1) 1.45, 6.71, 6.74, 6.75, 6.76

Art 25(2) 1.45, 6.77, 6.78

Art 25(5) 6.74

Art 26 1.42, 1.44, 1.45, 3.115, 4.49, 5.69, 5.93, 5.148, 6.71

Art 26(1) 2.68

Art 26(6) 6.73

Art 27 1.42

Arts 29-32 1.57, 1.60

Art 29 1.58, 3.97

Art 30 1.59, 3.97

Art 30(3) 3.98

Art 31(2) 1.58, 3.101, 5.69, 6.79

Art 31(3) 3.101

Art 31(4) 3.101

Art 32 1.58

Art 33 1.57, 1.60

Art 34 1.57, 1.60, 1.125

Art 35 1.55, 1.56, 1.125, 4.51, 4.61, 4.91, 4.92, 4.93, 4.94, 5.76, 5.198

Art 45 1.125, 1.126, 1.129, 3.159, 3.160, 3.164, 5.69, 5.217

Art 45(1) 1.130, 3.163

Art 45(1)(e) 4.164

Art 45(2) 1.112

Art 45(2)(e) 6.130

Art 45(3) 6.130

Art 54 1.109, 5.216

Art 62 1.37, 1.47, 2.70, 3.82, 4.52

Art 63 1.37, 1.47, 3.82, 4.52

Art 67 1.34, 3.89, 5.92

Art 71(a) 5.108

Art 71(b) 1.38, 5.108

Art 71(b)(1) 5.109

Art 71(b)(2) 5.109

Art 71(b)(3) 5.109, 5.110

Art 71 quinquies 5.215

Art 76(1) 1.39

Regulation (EU) 1257/2012 Enhanced cooperation in the area of the creation of unitary patent protection, OJ L 361, 31.12.2012, p. 1

Art 3 5.14

Art 5(3) 5.14, 5.123, 5.124

Art 7 5.14, 5.123, 5.124

Regulation (EU) 524/2013 Online dispute resolution (ODR) for consumer disputes, amending Reg (EC) No 2006/2004 and Dir 2009/22/EC, OJ L 16518.6.2013, p. 1 6.203, 6.218

Art 5 6.218

Regulation (EU) 608/2013 Customs enforcement of intellectual property rights, repealing Reg (EC) No 1383/2003, OJ L 181, 29.6.2013, p. 15 5.64, 5.65

Regulation (EU) 542/2014 Unified Patent Court and Benelux Court of Justice, OJ L 163, 29.5.2014, p. 1, amending Reg (EU) No 1215/2012 4.40, 5.108, 5.215

rec 7 5.110

Regulation (EU) 910/2014 Electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market, repealing Dir 1999/93/EC, OJ L 257, 28.8.2014, p. 73

Art 25 6.13

Regulation (EU) 2015/242, European Small Claims Procedure, amending Reg (EC) No 861/2007 6.202

Regulation (EU) 2016/679 General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), Protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, repealing Dir 95/46/EC, OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 1. 1.28, 2.66, 3.06, 3.10, 3.11-3.16, 3.23, 3.28, 3.30, 3.32, 3.52, 3.61–3.65, 3.108, 3.109, 3.155

rec 10 3.18

rec 14 3.47, 3.55

rec 19 3.18

rec 22 3.44, 3.81

rec 23 3.50

rec 24 3.54

rec 25 3.41

rec 27 3.06

rec 32 3.13

rec 36 3.70

rec 38 3.13

rec 51 3.18

rec 65 3.20

rec 71 3.18, 3.20

rec 73 3.18

rec 80 3.49

rec 81 3,18, 3.20

rec 115 3.20, 3.36

rec 122 3.63

rec 129 3.18

rec 142 3.18

rec 144 3.98

rec 145 3.79, 3.85, 3.89

rec 146 3.107

rec 147 3.89, 3.100

rec 149 3.18

rec 153 3.18, 3.20

rec 155 3.18

rec 157 3.18

rec 158 3.18

Ch III 3.15

Art 1(3) 3.29

Art 2 3.08

Art 2(1) 3.07

Art 2(2)(c) 3.08

Art 2(4) 3.07, 3.143

Art 3 3.19, 3.21, 3.33, 3.37-3.43, 3.46, 3.47, 3.48, 3.55, 3.58, 3.88, 3.103, 3.104, 3.105

Art 3(1) 3.21, 3.22, 3.41, 3.44, 3.47, 3.48, 3.69, 3.81, 3.85

Art 3(2) 2.44, 3.21, 3.42, 3.49, 3.50, 3.68

Art 3(2)(a) 3.51, 3.52

Art 3(2)(b) 3.53, 3.54

Art 3(3) 3.41

Art 4 3.19

Art 4(1) 3.06

Art 4(2) 3.07

Art 4(7) 3.19

Art 4(12) 3.16

Art 4(16) 3.21, 3.44, 3.69

Art 4(16)(a) 3.69

Art 4(22) 3.67

Art 4(23) 3.64

Art 4(23)(b) 3.64

Art 5(1)(e) 3.11

Art 6 3.12

Art 6(3)(b) 3.20

Art 7(1) 3.13

Art 7(2) 2.66

Art 8 3.13, 3.17

Art 9 3.14

Art 13 3.15

Art 14 3.15

Art 14(5)(c) 3.20

Art 17 3.15, 3.55

Art 17(1)(e) 3.20

Art 17(3)(b) 3.20

Art 20 3.15

Art 21 3.15

Art 22(2)(b) 3.20

Art 24 3.16

Art 25 3.16

Art 27 3.49

Art 33 3.16

Art 34 3.16

Art 35(10) 3.20

Art 45(2) 3.32

Art 46 3.35

Art 49 3.35

Art 49(4) 3.20

Art 55 3.21, 3.25, 3.61, 3.73

Art 56 3.21, 3.67, 3.73, 3.99

Art 56(2) 3.72

Art 57 3.24

Art 57(1)(e) 3.99

Art 58 3.24, 3.61

Art 60 3.67, 3.72, 3.99

Art 60(8) 3.74

Art 63 3.67

Art 77 3.25, 3.71, 3.76

Art 77(2) 3.74

Art 78 3.26, 3.73, 3.74, 3.76, 3.79

Art 78(3) 3.73

Art 79 3.27, 3.76, 3.77, 3.79, 3.80, 3.84, 3.88, 3.89, 3.95, 3.100, 3.101, 3.102, 3.103, 3.151, 3.160

Art 79.1 3.75, 3.85

Art 79(2) 3.78, 3.79, 3.80, 3.81, 3.85, 3.85, 3.86, 3.88, 3.89, 3.90, 3.91, 3.92, 3.93, 3.94, 3.160

Art 80 3.76, 3.78, 3.94

Art 80(2) 3.77

Art 81 3.96, 3.97, 3.98, 3.99, 3.100

Art 82 3.28, 3.75, 3.103, 3.106, 3.107, 3.137

Art 83 3.24

Art 85 3.59

Art 99 3.06

Regulation (EU) 2017/1001 European Union trademark (codification) (EUTMR), OJ L 154, 16.6.2017, p. 1 4.116, 5.13, 5.66, 5.67, 5.98, 5.124, 5.128, 5.150, 5.209, 5.210

Art 15 5.61

Arts 123–6 4.39

Art 122 5.91

Art 122(2) 5.93, 5.97, 5.100

Art 125 5.91

Art 125(1)-(3) 5.94, 5.95

Arts 125(1)-(4) 5.100, 5.210

Art 125(1) 5.95, 5.215

Art 125(2) 5.95, 5.215

Art 125(3) 5.215

Art 125(4) 5.93, 5.215

Art 125(5) 5.94, 5.100, 5.101, 5.102, 5.103, 5.104, 5.105, 5.106, 5.210

Art 126 5.91, 5.94, 5.210

Art 126(2) 5.102

Art 129(3) 5.123

Art 131 5.199, 5.215

Art 131(2) 5.215

Regulation (EU) 2017/1128 Cross-border portability of online content services in the internal market, OJ L 168, 30.6.2017, p. 1

Art 3 4.139

Art 4 4.140, 4.150

Art 7(1) 4.141

Art 7(2) 4.141

Regulation (EU) 2017/1563 Marrakesh Treaty, OJ L 242, 20.09.2017, p. 1 4.20

Regulation (EU) 2018/302 Unjustified geo-blocking and other forms of discrimination based on customers’ nationality, place of residence or place of establishment within the internal market, amending Regs (EC) No 2006/2004 and (EU) 2017/2394 and Dir 2009/22/EC, OJ L 60, 2.3.2018, p. 1 2.37–2.44, 5.162, 6.62

rec 13 2.41

rec 16 2.37

rec 26 2.42

Art 1.2 2.39

Art 1(3) 2.40

Art 1(5) 2.40, 4.78, 4.113

Art 1(6) 2.41, 2.44

Art 3 2.38

Art 3(3) 4.78, 4.113, 5.162

Art 4 2.38

Art 4(1) 2.38, 2.40

Art 4(1)(b) 4.78, 5.162

Art 5 2.38

Regulation (EU) 2018/1807 Framework for the free flow of non-personal data in the European Union, OJ L 30328.11.2018 p. 59 3.30, 6.106

rec 4 6.193

rec 16 6.106, 6.193

rec 17 6.106

Art 2 3.30

Art 2(1) 3.31

Art 4 6.193

Art 4(1) 3.30

Regulation (EU) 2019/517 Implementation and functioning of the .eu top-level domain name and amending, repealing Reg (EC) No 733/2002 and Commission Reg (EC) No 874/2004, OJ L 91, 19.03.19, p. 25 5.48

Art 4 5.48

Art 4(5) 5.53

Art 5(2) 5.52, 5.56

Art 10(f) 5.53

Art 20 5.48

Regulation (EU) 2019/1150 Promoting fairness and transparency for business users of online intermediation services, OJ L 186, 11.7.2019, p. 57. 2.20, 2.26, 5.140, 5.148, 6.27, 6.61, 6.192, 6.204, 6.208

rec 37 6.204

rec 44 5.148, 6.72

Art 1(2) 2.20, 5.173, 5.174, 6.29

Art 1.5 5.173, 6.29

Art 11 6.204

Art 12 5.148, 6.208

Art 12(1) 6.208

Art 14 5.148

Directives

Trade Marks Directive 1988, OJ L 40, 11.2.1989, p. 1 (repealed)

Art 5(1) 5.10

Directive 93/13/EEC Unfair Contract Terms, OJ L 95, 21.4.1993, p. 29 5.140, 6.24, 6.85, 6.86, 6.145, 6.221

Art 3(1) 6.84

Art 3(2) 6.24

Art 5 6.25, 6.145

Art 6 6.221

Art 6(2) 6.26, 6.144

Annex 6.84, 6.85, 6.220

Directive 93/83/EEC Satellite broadcasting and cable retransmission, OJ L 248, 6.10.1993, p. 15 4.18, 4.132, 4.135, 4.150

Art 1(2)(b) 4.131

Directive 95/46/EC Protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31 (repealed) 3.06, 3.17, 3.19, 3.29, 3.32, 3.34, 3.40, 3.45, 3.55, 3.76, 3.105

Art 4 3.40, 3.62

Art 4(1)(a) 3.21, 3.41

Art 4(1)(b) 3.41

Art 4(1)I 3.42

Directive 96/9/EC Legal protection of databases, OJ L 77, 27.3.1996, p. 20 4.18

Directive 98/34/EC, information in the field of technical standards and regulations, OJ L 204, 21.7.1998, p. 37 (repealed) 2.03

Directive 98/71/EC Legal protection of designs OJ L 289, 28.10.1998, p. 28 5.09

Directive 98/84/EC legal protection of services based on, or consisting of, conditional access OJ L 320, 28.11.1998, p. 54 2.03

Directive 1999/44, repealed by Dir (EU) 2019/771 6.102

Directive 2000/31/EC, E-Commerce Directive, OJ L 178, 17.7.2000, p. 1 2.01, 2.04, 2.06, 2.08, 2.11, 2.16, 2.17, 2.18, 2.21, 2.26, 2.28, 2.30, 2.32, 2.33, 2.36, 2.47, 2.50, 2.51, 2.52, 2.53-2.60, 2.99, 3.127, 3.143, 3.166, 4.145, 4.146, 4.148, 5.141, 5.183, 5.186, 5.187, 5.205, 6.10–6.13

rec 8 2.01

rec 9 2.61

rec 11 2.61

rec 18 2.03

rec 19 2.15

rec 21 2.25

rec 22 2.21, 2.31, 2.62

rec 23 2.29, 2.31, 2.32, 5.185

rec 25 2.23

rec 35 6.13

rec 42 2.54

rec 45 2.57

rec 48 2.55, 2.64

rec 55 2.27

rec 56 2.27

rec 57 2.23

rec 58 2.14, 3.127

rec 60 3.127

Art 1(4) 2.31, 2.32, 5.185

Art 1(5) 2.27

Art 1(5)(b) 3.07

Art 1(5)I 5.190

Art 2(a) 2.03

Art 2I 2.15

Art 2(h) 2.24, 2.25, 5.184

Art 2(i) 5.184

Art 3 2.02, 2.23, 2.31, 2.32, 2.34, 2.98, 3.141, 3.142, 3.144, 4.35, 5.184, 5.185

Art 3(1) 2.21, 2.22, 2.27, 2.34, 2.98, 6.12

Art 3(2) 2.21, 2.22, 2.27, 2.34, 2.98, 3.144, 4.130, 5.184

Art 3(3) 4.130, 5.185, 6.12

Art 3(4) 2.22, 2.35, 2.63

Art 3(4)(a) 2.22

Art 3(4)(b) 2.22

Art 3(5) 2.22

Art 4 2.02, 2.06

Art 5 2.10, 2.11, 2.12, 2.13

Art 5(1) 6.123

Art 5(1)I 2.11, 2.12, 2.13, 2.19

Arts 6-8 2.10

Art 8 5.187

Arts 9-11 2.10, 6.10

Art 9(2) 6.11

Art 10 6.11

Art 11 6.11

Art 10 2.11

Arts 12-14 2.53, 2.64, 5.203

Arts 12-15 2.05, 2.10, 2.45, 2.61, 2.64

Art 12(3) 2.46

Art 13(2) 2.46

Art 14 2.59, 4.125

Art 14(1) 2.59, 5.204

Art 14(3) 2.46, 3.166

Art 15 2.56, 2.57

Art 15(1) 2.56

Art 17 6.201

Art 20 2.13

Art 21 2.61

Annex 2.11, 2.30, 4.130, 5.184

Directive 2001/29 InfoSoc Directive (harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society) OJ L 167, 22.6.2001, p. 10 4.18, 4.24, 4.32

rec 4 4.27

rec 9 4.27

Art 3(1) 4.22, 4.125

Art 4 4.36

Art 4(1) 4.109

Art 5 4.25, 4.27, 4.147

Art 5(1) 4.25

Art 5(2)(b) 4.26, 4.43

Art 5(3)(b) 4.20, 4.25

Art 5(3)(n) 4.26

Art 8 4.90

Art 8(3) 2.46, 4.21, 4.45, 4.159

Directive 2001/84/EC Resale right for the benefit of the author of an original work of art, OJ L 272, 13.10.2001, p. 32 4.18

Directive 2002/58/EC ePrivacy Directive (Privacy and electronic communications), OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p. 37 3.09

Directive 2002/65/EC Distance marketing of consumer financial services, OJ L 2719.10.2002 6.14, 6.44

Art 12(2) 6.144

Directive 2003/33/EC Approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the advertising and sponsorship of tobacco products, OJ L 152, 20.6.2003, p. 16

Art 3 5.180

Directive 2004/48/EC Enforcement of IP rights, OJ L 195, 02.06.2004 p. 16 4.18, 4.21, 4.32, 4.155, 4.163, 4.172, 5.98, 5.205

Art 6 4.90, 4.95

Art 7 4.21, 4.90, 4.95

Art 9 4.21, 4.90

Arts 10-12 4.21

Art 11 2.46, 4.45

Directive 2005/29/EC Unfair commercial practices, OJ L 149, 11.6.2005, p. 22. 2.32, 5.130, 5.138, 5.139, 5.140, 5.186, 5.187, 6.55

rec 9 5.129

Art 2(b) 5.137, 5.138

Art 2(d) 5.137

Art 3 5.141

Art 5 5.141

Art 5(2) 5.141

Art 6(1)(b) 5.130

Art 6(2)(a) 5.130

Annex I 5.129, 5.141, 5.142

Directive 2006/24/EC Retention of data generated or processed in connection with the provision of publicly available electronic communications services or of public communications networks, OJ L 105, 13.4.2006, p. 54 (no longer in force) 3.03

Directive 2006/114/EC Misleading and comparative advertising (codified version) OJ L 376, 27.12.2006, p. 21 5.139, 5.140, 5.143

Directive 2006/115/EC Right and Lending Right (codifying Dir 92/100/EEC) OJ L 376, 27.12.2006, p. 28 4.18, 4.23

Directive 2006/116/EC Protection of copyright and certain related rights (codifying Dir 93/98/ EEC) OJ L 372, 27.12.2006, p. 12 4.18

Directive 2006/123/EC Services in the internal market, OJ L 376, 27.12.2006, p. 36 2.08, 2.32

Art 2(2) 2.40

Art 20 2.37

Directive 2008/52/EC Mediation in civil and commercial matters, OJ L 1324.5.2008, p. 3 6.203, 6.206, 6.208

rec 13 6.206

Art 1 6.207

Art 5(2) 6.207

Art 6(1) 6.209

Art 6(4) 6.210

Directive 2009/22/EC Injunctions for the protection of consumers’ interests 5.170, 6.203

Directive 2009/24/EC Protection of computer programs (codifying Dir 91/250/EEC) OJ L 111, 5.5.2009, p. 16 4.18, 4.36

Directive 2010/13/EU Audiovisual Media Services, OJ L 95, 15.4.2010, p. 1, as amended 2.09, 2.23, 2.24, 2.29, 4.148

Art 1 2.09

Art 3 4.130

Art 3.1 2.24

Art 4 2.23

Directive 2011/83 Consumer rights, amending Dirs 93/13/EEC and 1999/44/EC and repealing Dirs 85/577/EEC and 97/7/EC, OJ L 304, 22.11.2011, p. 64 2.11, 6.14–6.18, 6.23, 6.55

rec 17 6.45

rec 20 6.15, 6.16

rec 24 6.17

Art 2 6.16, 6.17

Art 2(2) 5.138

Art 2(7) 6.15

Art 3(3) 6.14

Art 4 6.15

Art 6 6.17

Art 8 6.17

Arts 9-16 6.17

Directive 2011/92/EU Combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, OJ L 335, 17.12.2011 p. 1 2.60

Art 25 2.60

Directive 2012/28/EU Orphan works, OJ L 299, 27.10.2012, p. 5 4.18

Art 1.2 4.138

Art 4 4.138

Directive 2013/11/EU Alternative dispute resolution for consumer disputes, amending Reg (EC) No 2006/2004, OJ L 165, 18.6.2013, p. 63 6.203, 6.216, 6.218

Art 2 6.217

Art 2(1) 6.219

Art 2(2)(b) 6.204

Art 10 6.220

Art 11 6.222

Art 13 6.219

Arts 18-20 6.216

Art 20(2) 6.217

Directive 2014/26/EU Collective rights management, OJ L 84, 20.3.2014, p. 72 4.18

Directive 2014/104/EU Certain rules governing actions for damages under national law for infringements of the competition law provisions of the Member States and of the EU, OJ L 349, 5.12.2014, p. 1 5.146

Directive (EU) 2015/1535 Procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical regulations and of rules on Information Society services, OJ L 241, 17.9.2015, p. 1 5.189

Art 1(1)(b) 2.03

Directive (EU) 2015/2436 Trade marks (Recast) OJ L 336, 23.12.2015, p. 1 5.09, 5.66, 5.218

Art 10 5.10

Art 15 5.61

Directive (EU) 2016/680 Protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by competent authorities for the purposes of the prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties, and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA, OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 89 3.08, 3.36

Art 36(2) 3.36

Directive (EU) 2016/943 Protection of undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure OJ L 157, 15.6.2016, p. 1 5.139

Directive (EU) 2017/541 Terrorism, OJ L 88, 31.3.2017, p. 6 2.60

Art 21 2.60

Directive 2017/1564 Marrakesh Treaty, OJ L 242, 20.09.2017, p. 6 4.20, 4.25

Directive (EU) 2019/770 Contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services, OJ L 136, 22.5.2019, p. 1 6.19, 6.20, 6.22, 6.23, 6.47, 6.105, 6.107, 6.108

rec 12 6.104

recs 16-18 6.47

rec 19 6.22, 6.106

rec 23 6.68

rec 24 6.22

rec 80 6.20

Art 2 6.106

Art 3(2) 6.106

Art 4 6.19

Art 22 6.20

Directive (EU) 2019/771 Contracts for the sale of goods, amending Reg (EU) 2017/2394 and Dir 2009/22/ EC, and repealing Dir 1999/44/EC, OJ L 136, 22.5.2019, p. 28 6.19, 6.20, 6.23, 6.47, 6.102

rec 20–21 6.47

rec 65 6.20

Art 3(3) 6.107

Art 4 6.19

Art 2 6.20

Directive 2019/789/EU Legal framework on the exercise of copyright and related rights in order to facilitate the cross-border provision of online services that are ancillary to broadcasts, and retransmissions of certain television and radio programmes originating in other Member States OJ L 242, 20.09.2017, p. 6 4.19, 4.132, 4.134, 4.135, 4.136, 4.150

rec 9 4.135

Art 3 4.133, 4.148

Art 3(2) 4.133

Art 5(3) 4.137

Art 8(2) 4.137

Art 9(2) 4.137

Directive 2019/790/EU Copyright and related rights in the Digital Single Market amending Dirs 96/9/EC and 2001/29/EC, OJ L 130, 17.5.2019, p. 92 2.58, 2.59, 4.19, 4.27, 4.38, 4.147, 6.191

rec 62 2.59

rec 64 4.22

rec 81 6.191

Art 2(6) 2.58, 2.59

Art 3 6.186

Art 5 4.148, 6.168

Art 6 6.186

Art 7(1) 6.186

Art 9 4.148

Art 15 4.19

Art 17 2.58, 2.59, 4.19, 4.45, 4.125

TREATIES, CONVENTIONS AND OTHER INSTRUMENTS

 

.eu ADR Rules 5.49

para A1 5.52

para A4(c) 5.51, 5.53

para B12(a) 5.52, 5.54

para B12(d) 5.52, 5.54

Agreement between the EC and the Kingdom of Denmark on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters, OJ L 79, 21.3.2013, p. 4 1.35

Agreement of The Hague Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs 1925 5.06

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights of 15 April 1994, 1869 UNTS 299 (TRIPS) 4.04, 4.10, 4.12, 4.95, 4.171, 5.01, 5.71, 5.112, 5.199

Pt II 4.05

Pt III 4.06, 4.175, 5.04, 5.194

Art 1.1 4.04

Art 3 4.13

Art 3.1 4.04

Art 4 4.04

Art 6 4.04

Art 10 4.05

Art 11 4.05

Art 12 4.05

Art 13 4.05

Art 15 5.04

Art 16 5.04

Art 17 5.04

Art 19 5.04

Art 22 5.02

Art 25 5.04

Art 26 5.04

Art 27 5.04

Art 28 5.04

Art 30 5.04

Art 31 5.04

Art 33 5.04

Art 39 5.02, 5.200

Art 41(2) 4.06

Art 42 4.175

Arts 44-48 4.157

Art 44 4.157

Art 44(1) 4.06

Art 45 4.06

Art 50 4.06, 4.21, 4.90, 4.157

Art 50(2) 4.163

ALI Principles: Principles Governing Jurisdiction, Choice of Law, and Judgments in Transnational Disputes, American Law Institute, 2008 4.16, 4.105, 4.114, 4.117, 4.122, 5.199

301 4.122

313(1)(c) 4.107

321 4.117, 4.118, 4.122, 5.115

Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) of 25 November 2010 4.08

Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886 4.01, 4.10, 4.12, 5.01

Art 2(1) 4.03

Art 5 4.14

Art 5(1) 4.01, 4.13

Art 5(2) 4.02, 4.13, 4.14, 4.48, 4.99, 4.121

Art 6 bis 4.03, 4.05

Art 6bis(2) 4.13

Art 6bis(3) 4.13

Art 7 4.03, 4.05

Art 7(6) 4.03

Art 7(8) 4.13

Art 9(2) 4.03

Art 10 4.13

Art 10(1) 4.03

Art 10(2) 4.03

Art 10bis(1) 4.03

Art 10bis(2) 4.03

Art 20 4.07

Brussels Convention of 27 September 1968 on Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters, consolidated version, OJ C 27, 26.1.1998, p. 1 1.35, 1.125, 3.01

CLIP Principles: European Max Planck Group on Conflict of Laws in Intellectual Property (CLIP), 2011 4.16, 4.117, 5.199

Art 3:201 4.107

Art 3:201(2) 4.107

Art 3:201(3) 4.107

Art 3:602 4.110

Art 3:602(1) 5.120

Art 3:602(1)(b) 4.110

Art 3:603 4.117, 4.118, 4.151, 5.115

Art 3:603(2) 4.118

Art 3:604(1) 4.124

Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG), 1980, 1489 UN TS 3 1.78, 6.09, 6.108

Art 1(a) 6.07

Convention on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, 22 December 1986, 24 ILM 1575 1.96

Cybercrime Convention 2001 (Council of Europe) 1.21

EDPB, Guidelines 3/2018 3.47, 3.52, 3.54

EU-US Privacy Shield, OJ L 20701.08.2016, p. 1 3.33

European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), 1950, 119 UNTS 99 1.30, 3.134, 3.163, 4.29

Art 6 1.30, 1.120, 3.128

Art 8 3.01, 3.162, 3.164, 3.166

Art 10 3.162, 3.164, 3.166, 4.174

Art 1, Protocol 1 4.29

European Patent Convention (EPC), 1973 as revised 5.07, 5.14

Art 2(2) 5.80

Art 64(1) 5.80

Art 99 5.07

Art 138 5.07

Guidelines on Vertical Restraints, EU Commission, OJ C 130, 19.5.2010, p. 1 5.145

Hague Convention on Exclusive Choice of Court Agreements, 2005, 44 ILM 1294 1.76, 1.117, 1.134, 6.73

Ch III 6.73

Art 1 6.73

Art 2 5.78, 6.73

Art 2(3) 5.78

Art 3 6.76

Art 3(c)(ii) 6.77

Art 5 6.73

Art 6 6.73

Art 8.1 1.134, 4.154

Art 9(c)(i) 1.112

Art 9(g) 5.47

Art 11 1.123

Art 26(6) 6.73

Hague Convention of 2 October 1973 on the law applicable to products liability, 1056 UNTS 191 1.92, 1.96, 2.94

Hague Convention of 2 July 2019 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil or Commercial Matters 1.76, 1.117, 1.135, 3.153, 4.17, 4.154, 4.157, 4.165

Art 1 1.135

Art 2(1)(f) 3.153

Art 2(1)(k) 3.153

Art 2(1)(m) 4.17

Art 5 6.131

Art 5(1)(g) 6.132, 6.133

Art 5(2) 6.131, 6.132

Art 10 1.123

Hague Principles on Choice-of-law in International Contracts 2015 6.139

Art 3 6.139

ICC Consolidated Code on Advertising and Marketing Communication Practice, 2011 5.137

ICC eTerms 2004 6.08

ILA Guidelines on Intellectual Property and Private International Law 4.108

Inter-American Convention on the Law Applicable to International Contracts 1994, 33 ILM 732 1.96

Lugano Convention of 30 October 2007 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters, OJ L 339, 21.12.2007, p. 3. 1.35, 1.38, 1.117, 1.125, 4.46, 4.47, 4.79, 5.108

Art 5 1.52

Art 5(1) 6.91

Art 5(3) 4.66

Art 6(1) 1.54

Arts 18-21 6.88

Art 22 1.43

Art 22(4) 5.73

Art 23 1.45, 6.72, 6.76

Art 24 1.45

Art 31 4.91

Art 34(2) 1.112

Art 34(4) 5.47

Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks 1891 5.06, 5.68

Protocol 1989 5.06, 5.68

Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled of 27 June 2013 4.07

New York Convention of 10 June 1958 on the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards, 330 UNTS 3

Art II 6.212, 6.214

Art II(2) 6.214

Art II(3) 5.33

Art V 6.213

Art VII(1) 6.214

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, 20 March 1883 (as amended) 828 UNTS 305 5.01, 5.71, 5.199

Art 1(2) 5.02

Art 4 5.03, 5.112

Art 6 bis 5.03, 5.115

Art 6 quinquies 5.03, 5.112

Art 10bis 5.02

Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) 1970, WIPO Publication No 274, 1160 UNTS 231 5.07, 5.68, 5.71

Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations of 26 October 1961 4.01

Art 2(2) 4.01

Art 2(4) 4.01

Rome Convention 1980 1.88, 1.99, 6.160

Art 4 6.165, 6.169

Art 5(4)(b) 6.39

Art 6 6.172

Art 7 6.190

Art 7(1) 6.196

Art 11 6.178

Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (Rules of Procedure), ICANN, 1999 as amended 5.27, 5.29, 5.30, 5.36, 5.37, 5.39, 5.40, 5.46

Supplemental ADR Rules 5.49

Trademark Law Treaty of 1994 (WIPO) 28 October 1994, 2037 UNTS 35 5.06

UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules 6.215

UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration 6.215

Art 7(4) 6.214

Art 34 5.34

UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce 1996 6.04, 6.05, 6.06, 6.08, 6.77, 6.214

Art 5 6.05, 6.11

Art 5bis 6.05

Art 6 6.05

Art 7 6.05

Art 8 6.05

Art 11 6.05

Art 12 6.05

Art 13 6.05

Art 14 6.05

Art 15 6.05

UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures 2001 6.04, 6.05, 6.08, 6.214

Art 8 6.05

Art 9 6.05

Art 10 6.05

Art 11 6.05

Art 12 6.05

UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Transferable Records 2018 6.05

UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Mediation and International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, 2018 6.211

UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation, 2002 6.211

UNIDROIT Principles on Commercial Contracts 6.140

Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPC Agreement), OJ C 175, 20.6.2013, p. 1 4.39, 5.14, 5.107, 5.108

Art 1 5.14

Art 31 5.108

Art 32 5.107

Art 89(1) 5.14

Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP), 1999, ICANN 5.26, 5.27, 5.28, 5.29, 5.30, 5.31, 5.32, 5.33, 5.34, 5.35, 5.36, 5.37, 5.38, 5.39, 5.40, 5.41, 5.46, 5.50, 5.51

United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts, UNCITRAL New York, 2005 6.06, 6.07, 6.08, 6.77, 6.214

Art 1 6.07

Art 3 6.07

Art 6 6.06, 6.198

Art 10 6.198

Art 10(3) 6.121

Art 11 6.06

Art 12 6.06

Art 13 6.06

Art 14 6.06

United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, opened for signature on 7 August 2019 6.211

Art 1 6.211

Art 2 6.211

Art 4 6.211

Art 5 6.211

WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control 2003

Art 13(2) 5.180

WIPO Copyright Treaty of 20 December 1996 4.07

WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty of 20 December 1996 4.07

WIPO Joint Recommendation Concerning Provisions on the Protection of Marks, and Other Industrial Property Rights in Signs, on the Internet 2001 4.110, 4.114, 5.58, 5.59, 5.60, 5.121, 5.131, 5.176, 5.195

WIPO Model Provisions on Protection against Unfair Competition, 1996 5.136

NATIONAL LEGISLATION

Austria

PIL Act, Art 34(1) n 4.100

Belgium

PIL Act

Art 93 4.100

Art 93(2) 4.103

Bulgaria

PIL Act 2005

Art 71 4.103

Art 74 4.103

Art 110 4.103

Canada

Uniform Electronic Commerce Act 1999 6.08

China

Law on the Application of Laws to Civil Relationships Involving a Foreign Element of the People’s Republic of China, 2010

Art 50 4.97

France

Lois HADOPI (Loi no 2009-669 du 12 juin 2009 and Loi no 2009-1311) 4.24

Germany

Code of Civil Procedure (Zivilprozessordnung)

32 4.80

328 1.104

890 1.108

Network Enforcement Act (Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz) 1 September 2017 (BGBl. I S. 3352) 2.60, 2.63

s 1(2) 2.63

s 1(3) 2.60

s 4(3) 2.63

Italy

PIL Act, Art 54 4.100

Decreto-legge n.135 (14.12.2018) convertito con modificazioni dalla Legge n.12 (11.02.2019) (G.U. n. 36, 12.02.19), Art 8-ter (2) 6.66

Romania

Civil Procedure Code 2010

Art 1081(2)(5) 4.47

Art 2624 4.104

Spain

Act 34/2002 concerning the implementation in Spain of the e-commerce Directive

Art 4(2) 2.18

Art 17 2.53

Civil Code, Art 10(4) 4.100

Switzerland

Act of Private International Law 1987

Art 110(2) 4.97

United Kingdom

Defamation Act 2013 3.110

s 9 3.129

s 9(2) 3.129, 3.157

Digital Economy Act 2010 4.24

United States of America

Constitution 1.65, 3.156

First Amendment 4.167

Anti-cybersquatting Consumer Protection Act (ACPA), 15 U.S.C. 1125(d) 1.71, 5.41, 5.42, 5.43, 5.44, 5.45

Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998, 15 US C 6501–6505 3.05, 3.43

Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data Act (CLOUD Act) (H.R. 4943), enacted as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018, Pub. L. 115-141 3.36

Communications Decency Act (CDA)

s 230 1.124, 2.51, 3.166

s 230(c) 2.51

s 230(c)(1) 2.51

Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) 2.47, 2.50, 2.52

s 512 (Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act (OCILLA)) 2.52

Foreign Money Judgments Recognition Act 1962 1.103

Foreign Country Money Judgments Recognition Act 2005 1.103

s 4(c)(1) 1.112

Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act (OCILLA) (codified as 512 DMCA) 2.52

SPEECH Act 2010 (Securing the Protection of Our Enduring and Established Constitutional Heritage), 28 USC 4101–4105 3.114, 3.156

4102–3 3.156

4102(a) 3.165

4102(c) 3.166

4101(1) 3.156

4102(b)(1) 3.158

4104 3.156

4102(b)(1) 3.157

Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act 2018 2.51

Uniform Electronic Transactions Act 1999 6.08

Second Restatement of Conflict of Laws (1971) 1.98

150 3.148

150(2) 3.148

150(3) 3.148

153 3.148

Third Restatement on Foreign Relations Laws 1.103

Fourth Restatement of Foreign Relations Law 409 3.43